The Hindu Lead Article (India needs a renewed health-care system) – Jul 17, 2021

The Hindu Lead Article (India needs a renewed health-care system) – Jul 17, 2021

India has a new Union Health Minister after the recent cabinet reshuffle. So, what does the new Health Minister need to learn from previous experience,… For further reading, visit “The Hindu”. Below is today’s advanced word list-1 for The Hindu Lead Article (India needs a renewed health-care system) – Jul 17, 2021.

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Today’s Advanced Word List 1 for The Hindu Lead Article (India needs a renewed health-care system) – Jul 17, 2021:

  1. pandemic (noun) – the worldwide spread of a new disease; The illness spreads around the world and typically affects a large number of people across a wide area.
  2. public health (noun) – public health is the science of protecting and improving the health of people and their communities through education, policy-making, and research for disease and injury prevention.
  3. reshuffle (noun) – change, reorganization, rearrangement.
  4. take forward (phrasal verb) – give one’s attention to, deal/cope with, address, handle.
  5. front (noun) – a particular situation.
  6. given (preposition) – considering, taking into account, bearing in mind.
  7. act on/upon (phrasal verb) – comply with, act in accordance with, follow, go along with.
  8. enable (verb) – give the means to, make possible, facilitate.
  9. per capita (adverb & adjective) – per person, for each; relating to each person.
  10. Gross State Domestic Product (GSDP) (noun) – it is defined as a measure, in monetary terms, of the volume of all goods and services produced within the boundaries of the State during a given period of time, accounted without duplication.
  11. reflect (verb) – indicate, show, display, demonstrate.
  12. case fatality rate/ratio (noun) – in epidemiology, the proportion of people who die from a particular disease compared to all individuals diagnosed with the disease over a certain period of time.
  13. implication (noun) – consequence/outcome, ramification, repercussion.
  14. divergence (noun) – difference, dissimilarity, variance, departure.
  15. difference (noun) – dissimilarity, contrast, deviation, unevenness, variation.
  16. effectiveness (noun) – efficacy.
  17. proportion (noun) – ratio.
  18. deficiency (noun) – insufficiency, lack, shortage, inadequacy, deficit.
  19. in contrast (phrase) – when compared to another.
  20. robust (adjective) – strong, vigorous, powerful.
  21. translate (verb) – change, convert, alter, transform.
  22. outreach (noun) – the level of reaching out/activity/effort; involvement.
  23. timely (adjective) – prompt, appropriate, opportune, well timed, at the right time.
  24. rational (adjective) – logical, clear-sighted, well reasoned, sensible, reasonable.
  25. neglect (noun) – disregard, oversight, negligence, carelessness, heedlessness, lack of concern, laxity, irresponsibility.
  26. nearabout (adverb) – nearly, almost, about, approx.
  27. Central Vista (noun) – it is a grand redevelopment project for building what will be the power corridor of India, having a new Parliament building, a common central secretariat, and revamped three-km-long Rajpath, from the Rashtrapati Bhavan to the India Gate.
  28. set up (phrasal verb) – create, start, begin, initiate, institute, establish.
  29. acquire (verb) – buy, get, obtain.
  30. National Health Mission (NHM) (noun) – It was launched by the government of India in 2013 subsuming the National Rural Health Mission and National Urban Health Mission. The NHM envisages achievement of universal access to equitable, affordable & quality health care services that are accountable and responsive to people’s needs.
  31. in – terms (phrase) – with regard to, regarding, concerning, as to, in respect of, with reference to.
  32. result in (phrasal verb) – cause, bring on, bring about, call forth, give rise to.
  33. immunisation (noun) – the process whereby a person is made immune or resistant to an infectious disease, typically by the administration of a vaccine. Vaccines stimulate the body’s own immune system to protect the person against subsequent infection or disease.
  34. systemic (adjective) – affecting all parts in a system; constructional, organizational, structural.
  35. vaccination (noun) – treatment with a vaccine to protect against a particular disease; immunization.
  36. shortage (noun) – shortfall, deficiency, inadequacy, insufficiency.
  37. pathetic (adjective) – woeful, poor, unsatisfactory.
  38. amount to (verb) – be equal to, be equivalent to, represent.
  39. Parliamentary Standing Committee/Parliamentary panel (noun) – it is a committee (consisting of Members of Parliament) constituted usually on an annual basis to enable detailed consideration/discussion on all bills (all proposed laws).
  40. National Health Policy, NHP 2017 (noun) -The target is to achieve “Health for All”, which has been the basic objective of National Health Policy NHP 2017.
  41. regulation (noun) – supervision, overseeing, monitoring, inspection.
  42. highlight (verb) – underline, underscore, emphasize.
  43. regulate (verb) – control, oversee, administer, govern something (by using rules and regulations).
  44. untold (adjective) – unreported, unrevealed, undisclosed, unpublished, secret, suppressed.
  45. distress (noun) – hardship, trouble, difficulty, misfortune.
  46. unregulated (adjective) – unrestricted, unchecked, uncontrollable.
  47. lacking (adjective) – without.
  48. efficacy (noun) – effectiveness, efficiency, power/ability to give estimated results.
  49. mortality (noun) – (in a particular time/for a cause) the rate/number of death.
  50. determinant (noun) – factor, issue, concern, point, matter.
  51. mucormycosis or black fungus (noun) – Mucormycosis or black fungus is an aggressive and invasive fungal infection caused by a group of molds/moulds/fungi called mucormycetes. (fungi is a plural form of fungus).
  52. outbreak (noun) – outburst, flaring up, breakout, sudden appearance/occurrence of something.
  53. irrational (adjective) – unreasonable, illogical, groundless, baseless, unjustifiable.
  54. steroid (noun) – a type of chemical substance (hormones) found in our body. Steroids can be artificially introduced into our bodies to improve our strength.
  55. accumulating (verb) – increasing, multiplying.
  56. comprehensive (adjective) – all-inclusive, broad-based; all-embracing, complete, thorough.
  57. Clinical Establishments (Registration and Regulation) Act, 2010 (CEA) (noun) – The Clinical Establishments (Registration and Regulation) Act, 2010 has been enacted by the Central Government to provide for registration and regulation of all clinical establishments in the country with a view to prescribe the minimum standards of facilities and services provided by them. 
  58. framework (noun) – structure, system.
  59. invoke (verb) – cite, refer to, adduce.
  60. provision (noun) – clause, (legal) term, stipulation, requirement, condition.
  61. conspicuously (adverb) – prominently, mainly, importantly (to attract attention).
  62. stark (adjective) – clear, distinct, evident, obvious, striking.
  63. public interest (noun) – the public good; the advantage/benefit of the community in general.
  64. NITI Aayog (noun) – The National Institution for Transforming India, also called NITI Aayog, was formed via a resolution of the Union Cabinet on January 1, 2015. NITI Aayog is the premier policy ‘Think Tank’ of the Government of India, providing both directional and policy inputs. (Thinktank is a panel of experts who provide advice and ideas on political, social or economic issues).
  65. prescription (noun) – (authoritative) recommendation, method, measure.
  66. corollary (noun) – consequence, conclusion/end result, repercussion.
  67. fly in the face of (phrase) – go against, flout, defy, disobey, disregard, ignore; break, violate, contravene, breach.
  68. privatisation (noun) – transfer of a business, industry, academic institutions, or service from public to private ownership and control.
  69. in the midst of (phrase) – in the middle of.
  70. irrational (adjective) – unreasonable, illogical, groundless, baseless, unfounded, unjustifiable.
  71. epidemic (noun) –  the widespread spread of an infectious disease to a large number of people in a given population within a short period of time. 
  72. acknowledge (verb) – accept, recognize, realize.
  73. exploit (verb) – take advantage of, make use of, utilize.
  74. tier (noun) – level.
  75. metropolitan (noun) – a region consisting of a densely populated urban core and its less-populated surrounding territories, sharing industry, infrastructure, and housing.
  76. hand over (phrasal verb) – pass, assign, transfer. 
  77. presumably (adverb) – probably, in all likelihood, undoubtedly, seemingly.
  78. run (verb) – manage, organize, direct, control.
  79. Viability Gap Funding (noun) – a capital grant from the government that bridges the gap between project cost and the price quoted by the developer.
  80. worrisome (adjective) – worrying, distressing/upsetting, troublesome.
  81. hitherto (adverb) – previously, earlier, so far/thus far, until now.
  82. mandate (noun) – instruction, direction, order, requirement.
  83. hesitancy (noun) – reluctance, unwillingness, disinclination.
  84. vaccine hesitancy (noun) – a reluctance or refusal to be vaccinated or to have one’s children vaccinated; reluctance or refusal to vaccinate despite the availability of vaccines.
  85. decisively (adverb) – resolutely, firmly, strong-mindedly, determinedly.


 1. Click each one of the words above for their definition, more synonyms, pronunciation, example sentences, phrases, derivatives, origin and etc from
2. Definitions (elementary level) & Synonyms provided for the words above are my personal work and not that of Oxford University Press. Tentative definitions/meanings are provided for study purposes only and they may vary in a different context.  
3. This word list is for personal use only. Reproduction in any format and/or Commercial use of it is/are strictly prohibited.

Today’s Advanced Word List 1 for The Hindu Lead Article (India needs a renewed health-care system) – Jul 17, 2021:

The Hindu Lead Article (India needs a renewed health-care system) – Jul 17, 2021
The Hindu Lead Article (India needs a renewed health-care system) – Jul 17, 2021
The Hindu Lead Article (India needs a renewed health-care system) – Jul 17, 2021
The Hindu Lead Article (India needs a renewed health-care system) – Jul 17, 2021

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