The Hindu Lead Article (In COVID storm, the key principles driven home) – May 15, 2021

The Hindu Lead Article (In COVID storm, the key principles driven home) – May 15, 2021

Dead men do tell tales and history bears witness that pandemics leave their imprint among those they leave behind. In India, a full reckoning would take place when the pandemic is fully behind us. For further reading, visit “The Hindu”. Below is today’s advanced word list-1 for The Hindu Lead Article (In COVID storm, the key principles driven home) – May 15, 2021.

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Courtesy: The Hindu

Today’s Advanced Word List 1 for The Hindu Lead Article (In COVID storm, the key principles driven home) – May 15, 2021:

  1. storm (noun) – outburst, outbreak, eruption, surge.
  2. hammer/drive something home (phrase) – to make someone clearly understand something by emphasizing it repeatedly.
  3. adherence (noun) – compliance, observance, conformity.
  4. mitigate (verb) – reduce, lessen, decrease, make less severe.
  5. traumatic (adjective) – painful, distressing, disturbing.
  6. fallout (noun) – adverse results/consequence; after-effects, repercussions.
  7. pandemic (noun) – the worldwide spread of a new disease; The illness spreads around the world and typically affects a large number of people across a wide area.
  8. tell tales (phrase) – to expose another person’s faults/misdeeds.
  9. bear witness to (phrase) – be evidence of, be proof of, confirm, prove.
  10. leave behind (phrasal verb) – abandon.
  11. reckoning (noun) – estimation, evaluation, appraisal.
  12. ghastly (adjective) – terrible, frightful, grim, horrible.
  13. universal health care (noun) – It refers to a health care system that provides health care and financial protection to all citizens of a particular country. It also means that all individuals and communities receive the health services they need without suffering financial hardship.
  14. universal health coverage (noun) – It means that all individuals and communities receive the health services they need without suffering financial hardship. (Courtesy: WHO)
  15. National Health Service Act in 1946 (noun) – The Act provided for the establishment of a comprehensive health service for England and Wales, that was free at the point of use and universally available to all.
  16. revolutionise (verb) – make far-reaching changes in, restructure, reorganize, reform.
  17. delink (verb) – separate, segregate, isolate, dissociate.
  18. benchmark (noun) – standard, base/basis, point of reference.
  19. public health (noun) – the branch of medicine handling public health; public health is also the science of protecting and improving the health of people and their communities through education, policy making and research for disease and injury prevention.
  20. comprehensive (adjective) – all-inclusive, broad-based; complete, thorough, detailed.
  21. so far (phrase) – until now, up to the present, up to this point.
  22. Planning Commission (noun) – an institution in the Government of India established in 1950, which formulated India’s Five-Year Plans, among other functions to oversee the country’s economic and social development. NITI Aayog formed in 2015, replaced “The Planning Commission”.
  23. NITI Aayog (noun) – The National Institution for Transforming India, also called NITI Aayog, was formed via a resolution of the Union Cabinet on January 1, 2015. NITI Aayog is the premier policy ‘Think Tank’ of the Government of India, providing both directional and policy inputs. (Think tank is a panel of experts who provide advice and ideas on political, social or economic issues).
  24. progressive (adjective) – continuing, continuous, increasing, growing, developing, ongoing. 
  25. centrepiece (noun) – highlight, main feature, centre of attention, focal point.
  26. Ayushman Bharat (noun) – Ayushman Bharat is National Health Protection Scheme in India, which will cover over 10 crore poor and vulnerable families (approximately 50 crore beneficiaries) providing coverage up to 5 lakh rupees per family per year for secondary and tertiary (highly specialized) care hospitalization.
  27. hype (noun) – publicity, advertising, promotion, propaganda.
  28. get away from (phrasal verb) – escape, elude/dodge, get rid of.
  29. woefully (adverb) – very badly; deplorably, sadly/regrettably.
  30. hoopla (noun) – disturbance, uproar, tumult, ruckus, clamour.
  31. end up (phrasal verb) – come/appear, find oneself (to a particular course of action in the end).
  32. go on to (phrasal verb) – continue, carry on, proceed.
  33. -intensive (adjective/usually in combination) – (in business) concentrating on a particular thing.
  34. virtuous cycle/spiral (noun) – when the economy is in a virtuous cycle, investment, productivity growth, job creation, demand and exports feed into (or beneficial/positive effect on) each other and enable animal spirits in the economy to thrive/grow. (animal spirits refers to the emotions and instincts that guide the behaviour of investors and consumers).
  35. personnel (noun) – force, staff, employees, workforce.
  36. well-looked after (adjective) – well-taken care.
  37. populace (noun) – population, inhabitants, people/public.
  38. much more (phrase) – a lot more.
  39. mumbo-jumbo (noun) – nonsense, double-talk, empty talk, meaningless talk, gibberish, blabber.
  40. silence (verb) – suppress, quell, repress, muffle.
  41. rationalist (noun) – someone who views & acts based on knowledge & reason rather than on beliefs & emotions.
  42. alien (noun) – foreigner, foreign national, non-native, outsider.
  43. ethos (noun) – morality, attitudes, beliefs, principles; spirit, character.
  44. novel coronavirus (nCoV) (SARS-CoV-2) (noun) – a new strain (type/variety) coronavirus that has not been previously identified in humans. (Courtesy: WHO)
  45. loom (verb) – emerge, appear, become visible, take a threatening shape.
  46. flanking (adjective) – being on each side of something; edging, bordering.
  47. proclaim (verb) – announce, declare, pronounce (officially); publicize, make public, make known.
  48. step in (phrasal verb) – act, take action, become involved, get involved.
  49. make clear (phrase) – explain, clarify, elucidate.
  50. endorse (verb) – uphold, support, ratify, approve, justify.
  51. privilege (verb) – give a privilege/advantage.
  52. myth (noun) – mistaken belief, misconception, fallacy, false notion, misbelief, fairy story, fairy tale.
  53. speak of (phrasal verb) – mention, talk about, discuss, refer to.
  54. inauguration (noun) – the formal admission of someone to the office; introduction, formation, beginning (of something).
  55. set back (phrasal verb) – delay, hold back, slow down, decelerate.
  56. rationalism (noun) – a principle which supports a way of thinking/living with opinions and knowledge than (religious) beliefs and emotions.
  57. expertise (noun) – knowledge, command, mastery, prowess, skilfulness.
  58. Nehruvian (adjective) – relating to the (political) ideologies/policies of Jawaharlal Nehru.
  59. bizarre (adjective) – strange, unusual, unconventional/eccentric, ridiculous.
  60. stem-cell (noun) – cells with the potential to divide into more stem cells or can become any type of cell in the body.
  61. AYUSH (noun) – Ayurveda, Yoga & Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha and Homoeopathy; The Ministry of AYUSH is purposed with developing education, research and propagation of indigenous alternative medicine systems in India.
  62. come under (phrasal verb) – be subjected to.
  63. fire (noun) – criticism, censure, condemnation.
  64. peddle (verb) – advocate, promote, recommend, champion.
  65. weight (noun) – influence, leverage, sway, muscle, power, authority.
  66. perceive (verb) – view, regard, consider.
  67. ecosystem (noun) – complex situation/environment.
  68. empower (verb) – authorize, entitle, permit, allow.
  69. abrupt (adjective) – sudden, immediate, unexpected.
  70. lockdown (noun) – an emergency protocol implemented by the authorities that prevents people from leaving from a place; An extended state of confinement/encirclement/isolation of a person by the authority.
  71. address (noun) – speech, talk, discourse.
  72. diktat (noun) – order, regulation, decree.
  73. take to (phrasal verb) – begin, start, resort to, turn to.
  74. authoritatively (adverb) – with authority; reliably, dependably, legitimately.
  75. rally (noun) – gathering, march/procession, meeting.
  76. surge (noun) – sudden increase or rise of something.
  77. campaign (noun) – canvassing, electioneering, an act of soliciting (asking for/requesting) votes; an organized effort that seeks to influence the decision-making progress within a specific group.
  78. the last word (phrase) – final decision, final statement, conclusive comment/remark, final say.
  79. epidemiologist (noun) – an expert in the study of how disease spreads and can be controlled.
  80. anguished (adjective) – agonized, tormented, heartbroken, suffering.
  81. genomic (adjective) – relating to the gene (genetic material) of a living thing.
  82. civilized (adjective) – cultured, developed, well-mannered.
  83. wholesale (adjective) – complete, total, outright, extensive/widespread.
  84. junking (noun) – discarding, scrapping, abandoning, jettisoning.
  85. protocol (noun) – procedure, convention; habit, pattern, method, system.
  86. data integrity (noun) – accuracy of data.
  87. hesitancy (noun) – reluctance, unwillingness, disinclination.
  88. shorthand (noun) – a short and simple way of expressing something.
  89. credibility (noun) – trustworthiness, reliability, dependability, integrity.
  90. Gross domestic product (GDP) (noun) – a measure of economic activity in a country. It is the total value of a country’s annual output of goods and services.
  91. baseline (noun) – a starting point (used for comparisons).
  92. withhold (verb) – refuse to give, fail to disclose, hold back.
  93. periodic (adjective) – regular, recurrent, repeated, cyclical.
  94. imperative (noun) – necessary condition, precondition, essential requirement.
  95. owe (verb) – be indebted to someone.
  96. implications (noun) – consequence/outcome, ramification, repercussion.
  97. rescue (verb) – save.
  98. mortality (noun) – (in a particular time/for a cause) the rate/number of death.
  99. acknowledge (verb) – admit, accept, recognize, realize.
  100. Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME) (noun) – The Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME) is an independent global health research center at the University of Washington.
  101. discrepancy (noun) – difference, variance, contradiction, incompatibility.
  102. diligently (adverb) – carefully, attentively, thoroughly.
  103. worst-off (adjective) – poorest, underprivileged, disadvantaged.
  104. anxious (adjective) – worried, concerned, distressed, bothered.
  105. overwhelming (adjective) – very large, huge, enormous.
  106. morass (noun) – confusion, chaos/muddle, entanglement/mix-up.
  107. consistently (adverb) – always, each time, invariably.
  108. hammer (verb) – criticize, censure, attack, condemn, castigate.
  109. slide (noun) – decline, fall, drop, descend (in quality to a lower level). 
  110. breadline (noun) – a line of people expecting free food.
  111. obsession (noun) – the particular condition of having unwanted and repeated thoughts, feelings, ideas &, etc., about someone or something (all the time); fixation, preoccupation, concern, mania/craze/phobia.
  112. Vishwaguru (noun) – a reformer and teacher/master to the entire world.
  113. egg on (phrasal verb) – urge or encourage someone to do something that is usually not good/wise; incite, instigate, provoke, goad, nudge, exhort.
  114. misleading (adjective) – deceptive, confusing, pseudo.
  115. deride (verb) – ridicule, mock, make fun of, insult.
  116. Povertarianism (noun) – It proposes an idea that the (Congress) party is not interested in ushering real economic freedom because that would negate (make ineffective) large parts of its welfarist/populist appeal.
  117. freebie (noun) – a thing that is provided without charge; giveaway, handout.
  118. sound (verb) – look like, seem, appear.
  119. welfarism (noun) – the principles/policies of a welfare state.
  120. prioritise (verb) – make a point of, highlight, call attention to (something as very important).
  121. social security (scheme/benefit) (noun) – (In India) social security schemes/benefits cover these (Pension, Health Insurance, and Medical Benefit, Disability Benefit, Maternity Benefit, Gratuity) social insurances. Employers in the organized sector are entitled to coverage under these social security schemes. A large number of Indian workers in the unorganized/informal sector may not have an opportunity to participate in each of these schemes.
  122. safety net (noun) – something which gives protection against misfortune or difficulty.
  123. stunning (adjective) – impressive, remarkable, outstanding, incredible.
  124. disregard (noun) – negligence, indifference, non-observance, inattention.
  125. age (noun) – era, epoch, period.
  126. austerity (noun) – It is an economic policy that aims to reduce government budget deficits through reductions in government spending, increases in tax revenues, or both (in the wake of the financial crisis). It simply means “cost-cutting” or “deficit-cutting” by a government.
  127. absolute poverty (noun) – Absolute poverty is when household (family) income is below a certain level, which makes it impossible for the person or family to meet basic needs of life including food, shelter, safe drinking water, education, healthcare, etc.
  128. International Monetary Fund (IMF) (noun) – an international organization of 189 countries, headquartered in Washington, D.C., working to foster global monetary cooperation, secure financial stability, facilitate international trade, promote high employment and sustainable economic growth, and reduce poverty around the world.
  129. vulnerable (adjective) – relating to a weak/neglected person who is in need of special care/support/protection; ill-protected, easily affected by, prone to, at risk of.
  130. embarrassment (noun) – shame, humiliation, indignity, ignominy, loss of pride, loss of face.
  131. sociologist (noun) – a person who does the scientific study of society, including patterns of social relationships, social interaction, and culture.
  132. give a free run (phrase) – make someone/something to move uninterruptedly.
  133. desperation (noun) – hopelessness, despair, distress; riskiness.
  134. court (verb) – risk, invite, attract; woo, pursue.
  135. boast (verb) – brag, self-praise, congratulate oneself, self-satisfy, exaggerate, overstate.
  136. contrary to (phrase) – conflicting with, opposed to.
  137. far fewer (phrase) – much less (with a large difference).
  138. rational (adjective) – logical, well reasoned, sensible, coherent, wise.
  139. beat back (phrasal verb) – repel, fight off, repulse, force back.
  140. distortion (noun) – misrepresentation.
  141. speed pill (noun) – highly addictive drug; a drug used to feel more alert and focused, and in some cases, to feel high.
  142. variant (noun) – different or form or version or mutant of something (virus).


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2. Definitions (elementary level) & Synonyms provided for the words above are my personal work and not that of Oxford University Press. Tentative definitions/meanings are provided for study purposes only and they may vary in a different context.  
3. This word list is for personal use only. Reproduction in any format and/or Commercial use of it is/are strictly prohibited.

Today’s Advanced Word List 1 for The Hindu Lead Article (In COVID storm, the key principles driven home) – May 15, 2021:

The Hindu Lead Article (In COVID storm, the key principles driven home) – May 15, 2021 The Hindu Lead Article (In COVID storm, the key principles driven home) – May 15, 2021 The Hindu Lead Article (In COVID storm, the key principles driven home) – May 15, 2021 The Hindu Lead Article (In COVID storm, the key principles driven home) – May 15, 2021 The Hindu Lead Article (In COVID storm, the key principles driven home) – May 15, 2021 The Hindu Lead Article (In COVID storm, the key principles driven home) – May 15, 2021 The Hindu Lead Article (In COVID storm, the key principles driven home) – May 15, 2021

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