The Hindu Lead Article (How the Chinese Communist Party endures) – Jul 01, 2021

The Hindu Lead Article (How the Chinese Communist Party endures) – Jul 01, 2021

Citizens in China encapsulate the transformation of the country under the leadership of the Communist Party of China (CPC) thus: under Mao Zedong,… For further reading, visit “The Hindu”. Below is today’s advanced word list-1 for The Hindu Lead Article (How the Chinese Communist Party endures) – Jul 01, 2021.

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Today’s Advanced Word List 1 for The Hindu Lead Article (How the Chinese Communist Party endures) – Jul 01, 2021:

  1. Chinese Communist Party (CCP) (noun) – also known as the Communist Party of China (CPC); it is the founding and ruling political party of modern China, officially known as the People’s Republic of China (PRC).
  2. in large measure (phrase) – to a great extent.
  3. sum up (phrasal verb) – summarize, review, evaluate, assess, appraise.
  4. course (noun) – plan of action, method of working, approach, procedure, strategy.
  5. encapsulate (verb) – express succinctly, summarize, sum up, give a summary of. 
  6. stand up (phrasal verb) – rise, get up.
  7. course (noun) – route, way, track, direction, path.
  8. inevitably (adverb) – unavoidably, certainly, definitely.
  9. steer (verb) – guide, conduct, direct/lead.
  10. ride out (phrasal verb) – resist, hold out against, combat, grapple with, oppose.
  11. succession (noun) – sequence, series.
  12. resilient (adjective) – strong, sturdy, well built, buoyant, quick to recover, flexible, durable.
  13. cynosure (noun) – focal point, central point, centre of attention.
  14. longevity (noun) – continuance, continuity, continuation, lasting power, long life, durability.
  15. marker (noun) – sign; distinctive feature.
  16. longue duree (noun) – French, literally means the ‘long term’ or ‘long duration’ (in historical discourse/events that occur nearly imperceptibly over a long period of time, as opposed to current or recent, perceptible events).
  17. over the course of (phrase) – during.
  18. colonial (adjective) – relating to the period of the (British/French) colonies.
  19. carve up (phrasal verb) – divide, cut (something into parts).
  20. carved up like a melon (phrase) – But less than one hundred years ago, China came to the brink of being “carved up like a melon” by foreign powers. Over the course of the late 19th and early 20th centuries, Britain, France, Germany, Japan, Russia and the United States claimed control over Chinese trade and territory, known as “spheres of influence.” One of the world’s largest civilizations was forced to sign unequal treaties.
  21. humiliation (noun) – shame, indignity, ignominy, loss of pride, loss of face.
  22. heap (verb) – accumulate, collect; confer on, give, grant.
  23. bring about (phrasal verb) – cause, create, give rise to, produce.
  24. comity (noun) – an association of nations with harmony, understanding, cooperation.
  25. fuse (verb) – combine, put together, blend, merge, mingle.
  26. collective (adjective) – combined, united/joint, cooperative (by all people as a group).
  27. rejuvenation (noun) – restoration, revitalization, revival.
  28. identity (noun) – individuality, character, originality.
  29. ideology (noun) – a system of belief, set of principles.
  30. People’s Liberation Army (PLA) (noun) – People’s Liberation Army (PLA) is the armed forces of the country of China and the Communist Party of China (CPC). It is one of the largest military forces in the world.
  31. sinews (noun) – the parts of an organization that give strength to it.
  32. simmer (verb) – burn, fume, smoulder, be boiling over; rage, storm.
  33. explosive (adjective) – fiery, stormy, fierce, impassioned, passionate, intense.
  34. demolish (verb) – destroy, bulldoze, knock down, pull down.
  35. liberation (noun) – freedom, independence.
  36. comprehensive (adjective) – all-inclusive, broad-based; all-embracing.
  37. unparalleled (adjective) – exceptional, unique, rare, unequalled.
  38. underpin (verb) – support, strengthen, reinforce, fortify.
  39. nationalist (noun/adjective) – relating to nationalism.
  40. humiliate (verb) – embarrass, humble, make ashamed, degrade, disgrace, discomfit.
  41. stand up to (phrase) – defy, confront, challenge, oppose openly; withstand, endure, survive, come through.
  42. impose (verb) – force, thrust, inflict, press, urge; put a restriction on.
  43. perceived (adjective) – understandable, recognisable, noticeable, distinguishable, observable.
  44. sovereignty (noun) – Sovereignty means the independent authority of the State, not being subject to the control of any other State or external power; independent authority/control, self-government, self-rule.
  45. for instance (phrase) – as an example.
  46. categorical (adjective) – unequivocal, absolute, explicit, definite, certain.
  47. dilution (noun) – reduction in value/power/force of something.
  48. pushback (noun) – resistance, opposition, force back, repulse drive.
  49. case in point (phrase) – example, instance, typical case, sample.
  50. The ‘Wolf Warrior’ diplomacy (noun) – dubbed “wolf-warrior diplomacy,” this new approach seems popular inside China and reinforces a presumed transition of Chinese diplomacy from conservative, passive, and low-key to assertive, proactive, and high-profile. It describes offensives by Chinese diplomat to defend China’s national interests, often in confrontational ways.
  51. diplomacy (noun) – international politics, foreign affairs, foreign policy; negotiations, discussions, talks, dialogue (related to international politics).
  52. backdrop (noun) – situation, scenario, context.
  53. elite (noun) – high society people; the group of most powerful people in a society; best.
  54. undermine (verb) – weaken, subvert, sabotage, damage.
  55. in the eyes of (phrase) – in the view of; in the opinion of.
  56. come out (phrasal verb) – become known, emerge, transpire.
  57. Bolshevik revolution (noun) – leftist, socialist, anti-capitalist.
  58. marxism (noun) – a radical, revolutionary political philosophy by Karl Marx.
  59. sinicize (verb) – make something Chinese.
  60. populist (adjective) – relating to the political approach which claims that it is representing the common/ordinary people.
  61. sinicization (noun) – the process of making something Chinese.
  62. ground (verb) – educate, instruct, prepare.
  63. strategy (noun) – plan of action (in order to achieve a more expansive set of political, economic, and security interests).
  64. industrialisation (noun) – the extensive development of industries in a region, country, culture, etc.
  65. capitalist (noun) – a person with the idea of personal profit and success.
  66. morph (verb) – change, transform, alter.
  67. socialism (noun) – it’s a state-controlled economy in which the state controls the means of production: factories, offices, resources, and firms. Since the government controls almost all of society’s functions, it can make better use of resources, labours, and lands.
  68. characteristic (noun) – attribute, feature, quality, aspect.
  69. in the same vein (phrase) – in the same style; of similar kind.
  70. Tiananmen (Square Incident/Protest) (noun) – the famous landmark gathering and protest by a large number of Chinese youth, that started on April 15, 1989 and was forcibly suppressed on June 4, 1989 at Tiananmen Square in Beijing, China. The popular national movement inspired by the Beijing protests is sometimes called the ’89 Democracy Movement. In this massive pro-democracy protest, many (in hundreds) were killed in a brutal clampdown by the communist authorities. It is commonly known as the June Fourth Incident.
  71. centralisation (noun) – the process of having functions, powers, people or things only in a central location or authority.
  72. on the heels of (phrase) – very soon after something, following closely after something.
  73. decentralisation (noun) – the process of distributing or dispersing functions, powers, people or things away from a central location or authority.
  74. simmering (adjective) – burning, fuming, raging, smouldering. 
  75. dissatisfaction (noun) – discontent, disaffection, disquiet, unhappiness, frustration, vexation, annoyance, irritation.
  76. stem from (phrasal verb) – originate from, arise/come from, emanate from.
  77. burst out (phrasal verb) – to flow out of something suddenly with great force; break out, erupt.
  78. foster (verb) – encourage, promote, develop.
  79. solidarity (noun) – unity, harmony, cooperation.
  80. crush (verb) – shatter, damage, devastate, demolish, destroy.
  81. chaos (noun) – disorder, disarray, turmoil, disorganization, disruption.
  82. channelise (verb) – conduct, direct, guide.  
  83. plank (noun) – a fundamental point.
  84. clamp down on (phrasal verb) – prevent, stop, put an end to; keep under control.
  85. centralise (verb) – concentrate, bring under one roof, consolidate, control (under one authority).
  86. tendency (noun) – inclination, disposition, penchant.
  87. upper hand (noun) – a dominating position.
  88. imperative (adjective) – vitally important, necessary, essential, crucial/critical.
  89. unprecedented (adjective) – not done or experienced before.
  90. juxtapose (verb) – place side by side; compare, place against another.
  91. world/international/global order (noun) – the arrangement of power and authority that provides the system for the conduct of diplomacy and world politics in relation to the entire world.
  92. disintegration (noun) – breakdown, fragmentation, collapse.
  93. socialist (adjective) – adhering to the principles of socialism; leftist.
  94. bloc (noun) – alliance, association, union.
  95. stalinist (adjective) – relating to the means of governing and related policies implemented by Soviet statesman Joseph Stalin.
  96. comrade (noun) – associate, partner, colleague, fellow, friend; a fellow socialist/communist.
  97. underscore (verb) – underline, emphasize, highlight.
  98. necessity (noun) – (essential) requirement, prerequisite, indispensable thing.
  99. conviction (noun) – belief, opinion, view, thought, idea.
  100. slew of (noun) – a large number of, lot, range.
  101. spill out (phrasal verb) – flow, come out.
  102. dispense with (phrasal verb) – forgo, give up, relinquish, renounce.
  103. low profile (noun) – avoiding of much attention or publicity.
  104. don (verb) – put on, get dressed in, get into, slip into, change into.
  105. mantle (noun) – (figuratively) anything that conceals something else; a cloak; (generally) a type of loose garment. 
  106. great power (noun) – a country that has a great international influence, resources, and military strength.
  107. aplomb (noun) – self-confidence, self-assurance, calmness, composure, poise, self-possession (particularly in a difficult situation).
  108. aftermath (noun) – consequences, after-effects, repercussions.
  109. pandemic (noun) – the worldwide spread of a new disease; The illness spreads around the world and typically affects a large number of people across a wide area.
  110. reflect (verb) – think about, give thought to, consider, contemplate.
  111. assertiveness (noun) – confidence, positiveness, firmness, self-possession.
  112. come at a cost/price (phrase) – if something comes at a cost/price, it happens with the sacrifice/loss/expense of something else.
  113. welfare (noun) – a government program that provides (financial) assistance to individuals and families in need; social security, public assistance.
  114. vulnerable (adjective) – relating to a weak/neglected person who is in need of special care/support/protection; ill-protected, easily affected by, prone to, at risk of.
  115. imbalance (noun) – disparity, variation, disproportion, unevenness, lopsidedness.
  116. point out (phrasal verb) – identify, mention, indicate, draw attention to.
  117. refute (verb) – deny, reject, disprove.
  118. prognostication (noun) – prediction, forecast, projection.
  119. demise (noun) – end, break-up, disintegration, fall.
  120. among other things (phrase) – used to indicate that there are several more things like the one mentioned, but that you do not intend to mention them all.
  121. nation state (noun) – a state (country) in which a great majority shares the same culture and is conscious of it. The nation-state is an ideal in which cultural boundaries match up with political boundaries. An independent state consists of people from one particular national group.
  122. authoritarian (adjective) – oppressive, draconian, dictatorial, totalitarian.
  123. foreground (verb) – highlight, bring/draw attention to.
  124. civilisational (adjective) – relating to civilisation (culture, customs, way of life).
  125. helm (noun) – in charge, in command, in authority, position.
  126. tryst (noun) – (romantic) meeting, session, engagement, rendezvous.
  127. Tryst with Destiny (phrase) – Jawaharlal Nehru, the first Prime Minister of India, delivered his “Tryst with Destiny” speech on the eve of independence (15th, Aug 1947, towards midnight on 14th, Aug 1947). It is considered to be one of the greatest speeches of the 20th century. This phrase means that “independence/freedom of India destined to happen”. Literally ‘tryst with destiny’ means “to make a secret deal with something that is in destined for us”.
  128. by no means (phrase) – not at all, in no way, certainly not, absolutely not, definitely not.


 1. Click each one of the words above for their definition, more synonyms, pronunciation, example sentences, phrases, derivatives, origin and etc from
2. Definitions (elementary level) & Synonyms provided for the words above are my personal work and not that of Oxford University Press. Tentative definitions/meanings are provided for study purposes only and they may vary in a different context.  
3. This word list is for personal use only. Reproduction in any format and/or Commercial use of it is/are strictly prohibited.

Today’s Advanced Word List 1 for The Hindu Lead Article (How the Chinese Communist Party endures) – Jul 01, 2021:

The Hindu Lead Article (How the Chinese Communist Party endures) – Jul 01, 2021
The Hindu Lead Article (How the Chinese Communist Party endures) – Jul 01, 2021
The Hindu Lead Article (How the Chinese Communist Party endures) – Jul 01, 2021
The Hindu Lead Article (How the Chinese Communist Party endures) – Jul 01, 2021
The Hindu Lead Article (How the Chinese Communist Party endures) – Jul 01, 2021
The Hindu Lead Article (How the Chinese Communist Party endures) – Jul 01, 2021

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