The Hindu Lead Article (Hope, belief and the candles of Shaheen Bagh) – Feb 28, 2020

The Hindu Lead Article (Hope, belief and the candles of Shaheen Bagh) – Feb 28, 2020

It can be safely presumed that an American President was invited to our shores because we wanted him to see for himself our ‘new India’. For further reading, visit “The Hindu”. Below is today’s advanced word list-1 for The Hindu Lead Article (Hope, belief and the candles of Shaheen Bagh) – Feb 28, 2020.

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Courtesy: The Hindu

Today’s Advanced Word List 1 for The Hindu Lead Article (Hope, belief and the candles of Shaheen Bagh) – Feb 28, 2020:

  1. mob (noun) – a large, disorganized and often violent crowd of people
  2. masquerade (verb) – pretend, impersonate, disguise (oneself as).
  3. dismantle (verb) – demolish, knock down, destroy.
  4. presume (verb) – assume, suppose, imagine.
  5. assert (verb) – state, declare, claim, announce.
  6. end up (phrasal verb) – come, arrive, turn up (a specified place finally).
  7. drench (verb) – cover, engulf, overrun, submerge.
  8. medieval (adjective) – primitive, ancient, undeveloped, uncivilized, rough/cruel.
  9. animosity (noun) – hostility, antagonism, enmity/aversion.
  10. passion (noun) – rage, temper, outburst of anger, fury.
  11. apologist (noun) – defender, supporter, upholder.
  12. conspiracy (noun) – unlawful plan, intrigue, collaboration/deception.
  13. afoot (adjective) – happening, going on, in progress.
  14. mar (verb) – spoil, ruin, destroy, impair.
  15. stare (at) (verb) – look fixedly.
  16. pretentious (adjective) – artificial, showy/flashy; rhetorical, flowery.
  17. assertion (noun) – declaration, statement, contention.
  18. in the making (phrase) – burgeoning, coming, growing, developing.
  19. for some time now (phrase) – for a (long enough) period of time.
  20. aggravate (verb) – made serious/severe, worsen, compound, exacerbate, enrage.
  21. cunning (adjective) – clever, foxy, deceitful/manipulative, slippery/unreliable.
  22. saviour (noun) – someone/something saving (people) from danger/difficulty; rescuer, liberator, deliverer.
  23. indifferent (adjective) – unconcerned, uncaring, unresponsive, unfeeling, unsympathetic.
  24. obligation (noun) – duty, responsibility; necessity, requirement.
  25. strive (verb) – undertake, seek, make an effort.
  26. healing (noun) – mitigation, alleviation, assuagement, comfort.
  27. harmony (noun) – unity, solidarity, peace/goodwill.
  28. de-legitimise (verb) – reverse/withdraw legitimate status of something.
  29. rough and ready (phrase) – basic, primitive, crude, unrefined, rustic/rude.
  30. certainty (noun) – predictable result, inevitability, foregone conclusion.
  31. with each passing day (phrase) – day by day, as days pass.
  32. imperative (adjective) – vitally important, crucial/critical, essential.
  33. flawed (adjective) – defective, faulty, distorted, inaccurate.
  34. discriminatory (adjective) – prejudicial, biased, unfair, inequitable.
  35. stay put (phrase) – remain somewhere without moving (from that place).
  36. brave (verb) – endure, bear, withstand, go through.
  37. secular (adjective) – non-religious, worldly.
  38. boots (noun) – attendant.
  39. at work (phrase) – in action.
  40. sheen (noun) – shine, lustre; sparkle/brightness.
  41. catch one’s breath (phrase) – take rest after some exercise.
  42. replicate (verb) – copy, reproduce, make a replica of.
  43. defiance (noun) – non-compliance, disobedience, disregard.
  44. crawl on’es way (verb) – move, proceed, progress (very slowly and with difficulty).
  45. landscape (noun) – the distinctive features of a field of activity.
  46. galling (adjective) – annoying, irritating, vexing.
  47. conceptualise (verb) – evoke, imagine, think about.
  48. polarisation (noun) – separation of two contrasting groups (based on different opinions/beliefs).
  49. exasperate (verb) – anger, annoy, irritate intensely.
  50. self-styled (adjective) – so-called, avowed, professed.
  51. cast (verb) – cause uncertainty to be linked with something.
  52. uprising (noun) – rebellion, revolt, rioting, insurgency.
  53. perplexing (adjective) – puzzling, bewildering, mystifying/mysterious.
  54. affront (noun) – insult, offence, indignity/humiliation.
  55. repression (noun) – suppression, quelling, restraint.
  56. dissent (noun) – disagreement/disapproval, opposition, argument.
  57. resistance (noun) – opposition to, refusal to accept, unwillingness/disinclination/reluctance to accept.
  58. invocation (noun) – citation, mention, reference to/appeal to.
  59. ideological (adjective) – relating to a system of ideas.
  60. eyesore (noun) – defect, blot, blemish, mess.
  61. impresarios (noun) – organizer, controller, producer.
  62. something has (got) to give (phrase) – used to say that someone/something has to stop trying to resist/oppose something.
  63. rebuff (noun) – rejection, refusal, snub (of a request).
  64. self-belief (noun) – self-confidence.
  65. commandeer (verb) – seize, take possession of, take away (with authority).
  66. frenzy (noun) – madness, wildness, uncontrolled excitement/behaviour.
  67. incite (verb) – provoke, stir up, instigate, trigger.
  68. invoke (verb) – bring forth, give rise to, induce, cause, kindle.
  69. referendum (noun) – public vote; a direct vote in which people cast ballots to decide on a specific issue or policy.
  70. endorsement (noun) – support, backing, approval.
  71. undaunted (adjective) – unafraid, fearless.
  72. humiliating (adjective) – embarrassing, disgracing, shameful, degrading
  73. take comfort in/from (phrase) – to feel less worried (due to something).
  74. constituency (noun) – a group of voters in a specified area.
  75. ultimatum (noun) – order, rule, decree/command.
  76. shrewdly (adverb) – cleverly, astutely, wisely.
  77. gauge (verb) – assess, evaluate, appraise, analyse, judge.
  78. forefront (noun) – fore, front, front line.
  79. extremist (noun) – militant, radical, fanatichardliner.
  80. kaum (noun) – a community of people; a group of people.
  81. disconcert (noun) – unsettle, disturb, discomfit.
  82. interlocutor (noun) – a person who takes part in a dialogue or conversation.
  83. let loose (phrase) – set free, let go, unleash.
  84. dissenter (noun) – dissident, objector, protester.
  85. excesses (noun) – uncontrolled/unrestricted behaviour.
  86. float (verb) – circulate.
  87. efficacy (noun) – effectiveness, efficiency, power/ability to give estimated results.
  88. vindictive (adjective) – vengeful, revengeful, avenging/unforgiving.
  89. intervene (verb) – interfere, intrude, get involved.
  90. biased (adjective) – prejudicial, unfair, discriminatory.
  91. rogue (noun) – unprincipled, dishonest, abnormal.
  92. hothead (noun) – daredevil, a person who easily becomes angry/violent.
  93. lumpen (adjective/noun) – the unthinking, stupid, foolish/idiotic lower orders of society who are unorganized & unpolitical.
  94. a short fuse (phrase) – a quick temper; get angry very easily.
  95. factional (adjective) – partisan, sectarian, separate.
  96. impulse (noun) – (strong & sudden) urge/instinct, compulsion, need; wildness, recklessness, irresponsibility.
  97. convergence (noun) – coming together, intersection, confluence (a process of merging).
  98. coherence (noun) – consistency, orderliness, unity.
  99. solidarity (noun) – unity, harmony, mutual support.
  100. undermine (verb) – reduce, spoil, damage.
  101. veteran (noun) – (long-serving) expert, mature established/experienced person in an area of activity.
  102. choreograph (verb) – organize, arrange, scheme (a cunning event or operation).
  103. sly (noun) – cunning, tricky, dishonest, untrustworthy.
  104. carnage (noun) – massacre, mass murder, mass destruction.
  105. quarter (noun) – source, direction, place, point.
  106. terrain (noun) – area, domain, territory.
  107. entice (verb) – attract, tempt, induce.
  108. prospect (noun) – chance, possibility.
  109. dividend (noun) – benefit, advantage, gain.
  110. sectarianism (noun) – excessive attachment to a particular sect or party, especially in religion.
  111. denouement (noun) – ending, outcome, result, consequence.
  112. inevitable (adjective) – unavoidable, sure to happen, unpreventable.
  113. pluralistic (adjective) – coexistent; (of people) exist in harmony irrespective of various differences.
  114. Nehruvian (adjective) – relating to the (political) ideologies/policies of Jawaharlal Nehru.
  115. consensus (noun) – an idea or opinion that is shared by all the people in a group. agreement, concurrence.
  116. instrument (noun) – mechanism, apparatus, system, means (to achieve/attain something).
  117. robust (adjective) – strong, powerful.
  118. roll back (phrasal verb) – reverse/overturn, nullify/cancel, repeal.
  119. conspicuous (adjective) – clearly visible, noticeable, discernible/perceivable.
  120. bigotry (noun) – partiality, unfairness, injustice.
  121. sectarian (adjective) – denoting a sect (a group of people); factional, partisan.
  122. perverse (adjective) – illogical, irrational, unreasonable; wrong, incorrect.
  123. crux (noun) – essence, most important point, central point.
  124. dilemma (noun) – quandary, predicament, difficulty.
  125. majoritarianism (noun) – a philosophy that states that a majority (sometimes categorized by religion, language, social class, or some other identifying factor) of the population is entitled to a certain degree of primacy (priority) in society, and has the right to make decisions that affect the society.
  126. antithesis (noun) – opposite, direct opposite, converse, reverse.
  127. reiterate (verb) – repeat, say again, restate.
  128. dis-empowered (adjective) – relating to the less powerful/confident people.
  129. truism (noun) – cliché, banality, overworked/hackneyed saying, platitude.
  130. one and all (phrase) – everyone.
  131. clear-headedness (noun) – common sense, consciousness, mentality, thought/wisdom.
  132. seek (verb) – ask for, request, call on, appeal for.
  133. re-kindle (verb) – revive, renew, restore.
  134. anchor (verb) – connect, bind, attach, implant, embed.
  135. grievance (noun) – complaint, criticism, objection/charge.
  136. unmitigated (adjective) – absolute, complete, total.
  137. instigate (verb) – incite, egg on, trigger/provoke.


 1. Click each one of the words above for their definition, more synonyms, pronunciation, example sentences, phrases, derivatives, origin and etc from
2. Definitions (elementary level) & Synonyms provided for the words above are my personal work and not that of Oxford University Press. Tentative definitions/meanings are provided for study purpose only and they may vary in different context. 
3. This word list is for personal use only. Reproduction in any format and/or Commercial use of it is/are strictly prohibited.

Today’s Advanced Word List 1 for The Hindu Lead Article (Hope, belief and the candles of Shaheen Bagh) – Feb 28, 2020:

The Hindu Lead Article (Hope, belief and the candles of Shaheen Bagh) – Feb 28, 2020 The Hindu Lead Article (Hope, belief and the candles of Shaheen Bagh) – Feb 28, 2020 The Hindu Lead Article (Hope, belief and the candles of Shaheen Bagh) – Feb 28, 2020 The Hindu Lead Article (Hope, belief and the candles of Shaheen Bagh) – Feb 28, 2020 The Hindu Lead Article (Hope, belief and the candles of Shaheen Bagh) – Feb 28, 2020

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