The Hindu Lead Article (Forestalling a cyber Pearl Harbour) – Mar 15, 2021

The Hindu Lead Article (Forestalling a cyber Pearl Harbour) – Mar 15, 2021

The threat posed to key Indian entities by antagonistic forces such as China is beginning to merit critical attention in all the right quarters. For further reading, visit “The Hindu”. Below is today’s advanced word list-1 for The Hindu Lead Article (Forestalling a cyber Pearl Harbour) – Mar 15, 2021.

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Courtesy: The Hindu

Today’s Advanced Word List 1 for The Hindu Lead Article (Forestalling a cyber Pearl Harbour) – Mar 15, 2021:

  1. forestall (verb) – prevent, check, block; anticipate, get in before, pre-empt.
  2. Pearl Harbour (noun) – (figuratively) a sudden attack.
  3. grievous (adjective) – painful, severe, serious, shocking, dreadful.
  4. pose (verb) – constitute, present, create, cause (a problem or danger or risk).
  5. entity (noun) – organization, institutionbody.
  6. antagonistic (adjective) – hostile, inimical, opposed.
  7. merit (verb) – deserve, warrant, justify.
  8. quarter (noun) – source, direction, place, point.
  9. revelation (noun) – disclosure, a surprising fact, declaration, utterance, announcement, report.
  10. cybersecurity (noun) – the protection of internet-connected systems, including hardware, software, and data from cyber attacks.
  11. infrastructure (noun) – organization, entity, structure, framework.
  12. dispatch (noun) – report, bulletin, missive, written communication, written message.
  13. lead-up to (noun) – circumstances, conditions, situation (before an event).
  14. clash (noun) – conflict, fight, confrontation.
  15. malware (noun) – software program designed to damage a computer system.
  16. incursion (noun) – intrusion, trespass, infiltration.
  17. facility (noun) – establishment, centre, place, station, premises.
  18. furthermore (adverb) – moreover, additionally, besides.
  19. ongoing (adjective) – continuing, happening/occurring, unending, unceasing, relentless.
  20. cease (verb) – stop, halt, end, wind up, terminate.
  21. erupt (verb) – break out, flare up, blow up, boil over, start suddenly.
  22. in the wake of (phrase) – as a result of, in the aftermath of, as a consequence of.
  23. disclosure (noun) – revelation, report, declaration, announcement.
  24. as to (phrase) – concerning, respecting, with respect to, on the subject of, regarding.
  25. blackout (noun) – power cut, power failure, electricity failure.
  26. cyberattack (noun) – a malicious and deliberate attempt by an individual or organization to breach the information system (computer network) of another individual or organization. an attack on an information or computer network as an “attempt to destroy, expose, alter, disable, steal or gain unauthorized access to or make unauthorized use of anything that has value to the individual/organization.
  27. attribute (verb) – hold responsible for; connect/associate with.
  28. far more (phrase) – a lot more, much more.
  29. in the crosshairs (phrase) – something which is being aimed at by. (crosshairs – very thin crossed wires in the microscope/gun/etc which are used to focus/aim something preciously).
  30. deploy (verb) – use, utilize, employ. 
  31. evidently (adverb) – obviously, palpably, seemingly, apparently.
  32. thrall (noun) – power, control, domination.
  33. outwardly (adverb) – apparently, ostensibly, seemingly, evidently.
  34. conciliatory (adjective) – appeasing, pacifying, peacemaking.
  35. posture (noun) – position.
  36. wake-up call (noun) – something which alerts a person to a problem and makes him/her to do some remedial action.
  37. National Critical Information Infrastructure Protection Centre (NCIIPC) (noun) – National Critical Information Infrastructure Protection Centre (NCIIPC) is an organisation of the Government of India created under Sec 70A of the Information Technology Act, 2000 (amended 2008), through a gazette notification on 16th Jan 2014 based in New Delhi, India. It is designated as the National Nodal Agency in respect of Critical Information Infrastructure Protection.
  38. Computer Emergency Response Team (CERT-In) (noun) – it is a nodal entity responding to various cybersecurity threats to non-critical infrastructure comes under the Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MEITY).
  39. aggressive (adjective) – hostile, belligerent, bellicose, hawkish, combative.
  40. viz. (adverb) – namely, specifically, in other words.
  41. state-sponsored (adjective) – supported by the government.
  42. on one’s guard (phrase) – vigilant, alert, on the alert, wary, circumspect.
  43. verisimilitude (noun) – accuracy, precision, correctness.
  44. facilitate (verb) – make easy, make possible; assist, help/aid.
  45. People’s Liberation Army (PLA) (noun) – People’s Liberation Army (PLA) is the armed forces of the country of China and the Communist Party of China (CPC). It is one of the largest military forces in the world.
  46. depict (verb) – portray, represent, illustrate.
  47. back-door (adjective) – against the rules, out of order, unethical.
  48. trojan (noun) – malicious software. It is a type of computer software that is camouflaged in the form of regular software such as utilities, games, and sometimes even antivirus programs.
  49. indeed (adverb) – in fact, actually, undeniably.
  50. embark on (phrasal verb) – start, begin, initiate.
  51. all-out (adjective) – intense, aggressive, vigorous, powerful.
  52. offensive (noun) – attack, assault, onslaught, incursion.
  53. comprehensive (adjective) – all-inclusive, complete, thorough, full, detailed.
  54. measure (noun) – course of action, proceeding, procedure, step.
  55. potential (adjective) – possible, likely.
  56. as far as – is concerned (phrase) – with regard to a particular person or situation.
  57. exploit (verb) – take advantage of, make use of, utilize; abuse, misuse, ill-treat, manipulate, cheat, victimize.
  58. to perfection (phrase) – without fault, superbly, superlatively, excellently.
  59. vulnerability (noun) – weakness, defencelessness, unprotectedness, susceptibility.
  60. deliberately (adverb) – intentionally, purposely, knowingly/wittingly.
  61. leave open (phrase) – keep undecided.
  62. opportune (adjective) – favourable, advantageous, timely, well timed, appropriate, suitable, relevant.
  63. loophole (noun) – ambiguity in the law; flaw/fault, defect.
  64. turn something on its head (phrase) – to turn something upside down, to reverse something entirely.
  65. (be) at the receiving end (phrase) – be subjected to something (criticism/attack).
  66. antic (noun) – escapade, stunt, trick.
  67. exploitation (noun) – taking advantage, utilization, misuse, unfair treatment, capitalization.
  68. cyber espionage (noun) – cyber spying; it describes the illegal access to (secret & sensitive) information stored on individual computers or whole computer networks.
  69. deployment (noun) – the act of employing forces/troops into effective action.
  70. vaccine (noun) – a biological preparation that improves immunity to a particular disease.
  71. (global) supply chain (noun) – a dynamic worldwide network when a company purchases or uses goods or services from overseas. It involves people, information, processes, and resources involved in the production, handling, and distribution of materials and finished products or providing a service to the customer.
  72. spear phishing (noun) – a tricky email attack that targets a specific organization or individual, seeking unauthorized access to sensitive information.
  73. reportedly (adverb) – supposedly, seemingly, apparently, allegedly.
  74. unleash (verb) – let loose, release, let something go uncontrollably.
  75. concrete (adjective) – definite, specific, definitive; factual, actual/real.
  76. shadow (noun) – trace of something.
  77. suspicion (noun) – misgiving, doubt/qualm, distrust, scepticism.
  78. breach (noun) – contravention, violation, breaking, non-compliance.
  79. flaw (noun) – defect, fault, imperfection/weakness.
  80. enable (verb) – permit, allow, facilitate.
  81. compromise (verb) – undermine, weaken, damage.
  82. from time to time (phrase) – sometimes, occasionally, now and again.
  83. accusation (noun) – allegation, charge, indictment.
  84. interference (noun) – intervention, meddling, unwarranted involvement.
  85. scandal (noun) – impropriety, misconduct, wrongdoing.
  86. federalism/federal framework/system (noun) – a system of government in which establishments such as states or provinces share power with a national government.
  87. sharpen (verb) – increase, escalate, intensify.
  88. the tip of the iceberg (phrase) – if something is the tip of the iceberg, it is a small part of a much larger issue. This phrase is being used while talking about a problem.
  89. bring someone/something to their/its knees (phrase) – to overpower someone/something and make their/its condition extremely weak
  90. ominous (adjective) – threatening, menacing, inauspicious, unpromising, unfavourable.
  91. precedent (noun) – model, exemplar, example, pattern; previous example/instance, prior instance.
  92. carry out (phrasal verb) – conduct, perform, execute.
  93. assault (noun) – attack, offensive, onslaught.
  94. logistics (noun) – an act of arranging the movement, equipment, accommodation (of troops).
  95. sophisticated (adjective) – highly developed.
  96. sophistication (noun) – complexity, intricacy, complication.
  97. blindside (verb) – make (someone) not able to see the truth.
  98. set out (phrasal verb) – present, describe, set forth.
  99. prophylactic (adjective) – preventive, precautionary, protective.
  100. readymade (adjective) – available immediately.
  101. emanate (verb) – emerge, ensue, come out, come forth; arise, originate, start.
  102. insulate (verb) – protect, keep safe, shield.
  103. wake up (to) (phrasal verb) – realize, become aware of, become heedful of.
  104. indulge in (verb) – become involved in (an undesirable activity).
  105. readiness (noun) – preparedness; willingness, inclination to do something.
  106. resilience (noun) – strength; the capacity to recover quickly from difficulties.
  107. cyber space (noun) – It refers to the virtual computer world, and more specifically, an electronic medium that is used to facilitate online communication.
  108. daunting (adjective) – challenging, taxing, difficult; intimidating, challenging, disconcerting.
  109. de-couple (verb) – separate, detach, disengage, dissociate.
  110. de-coupling (noun) – separation, detachment, disengagement, dissociation.
  111. lead to (verb) – result in, cause, bring on, call forth, give rise to.
  112. volatility (noun) – fluctuation, inconsistency, unpredictability.
  113. forge (verb) – form, create, establish, set up.
  114. nexus (noun) – connection, link.
  115. authoritarianism (noun) – autocracy, fascism, totalitarianism/draconianism. 
  116. world/international/global order (noun) – the arrangement of power and authority that provides the system for the conduct of diplomacy and world politics in relation to the entire world.
  117. advance (verb) – move forward, proceed, move along, push forward, make progress. 
  118. interest (noun) – common concern; benefit, advantage.
  119. vector (noun) – a quantity that has magnitude and direction.
  120. fall in line (phrase) – conform to, adhere to, abide by (the established rules).
  121. weightage (noun) – importance, significance, value.
  122. Strategic Support Force (SSF) (noun) – it is the cyber-space and electronic-warfare service branch of China’s People’s Liberation Army.
  123. embrace (verb) – welcome, accept, adapt.
  124. portent (noun) – sign/indication, forecast, prediction.
  125. bode (well/ill) (verb) – augur, indicate, portend (a good/bad outcome).
  126. posit (verb) – put forward, postulate, set forth, present, propose.
  127. draw up (phrasal verb) – formulate, create, work out.
  128. strategy (noun) – plan of action (in order to achieve a more expansive set of political, economic, and security interests).
  129. acknowledge (verb) – admit, accept, realize.
  130. imperative (adjective) – vitally important, crucial, critical, necessary, essential.


 1. Click each one of the words above for their definition, more synonyms, pronunciation, example sentences, phrases, derivatives, origin and etc from
2. Definitions (elementary level) & Synonyms provided for the words above are my personal work and not that of Oxford University Press. Tentative definitions/meanings are provided for study purpose only and they may vary in different context. 
3. This word list is for personal use only. Reproduction in any format and/or Commercial use of it is/are strictly prohibited.

Today’s Advanced Word List 1 for The Hindu Lead Article (Forestalling a cyber Pearl Harbour) – Mar 15, 2021:

The Hindu Lead Article (Forestalling a cyber Pearl Harbour) – Mar 15, 2021 The Hindu Lead Article (Forestalling a cyber Pearl Harbour) – Mar 15, 2021 The Hindu Lead Article (Forestalling a cyber Pearl Harbour) – Mar 15, 2021 The Hindu Lead Article (Forestalling a cyber Pearl Harbour) – Mar 15, 2021 The Hindu Lead Article (Forestalling a cyber Pearl Harbour) – Mar 15, 2021 The Hindu Lead Article (Forestalling a cyber Pearl Harbour) – Mar 15, 2021

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