The Hindu Lead Article (Envisioning the post-pandemic smart city) – Jul 02, 2021

The Hindu Lead Article (Envisioning the post-pandemic smart city) – Jul 02, 2021

Six years ago, the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP)-led government started a journey of urban development based on the belief that a select set of cities across the country could be ‘transformed’ and made smart,… For further reading, visit “The Hindu”. Below is today’s advanced word list-1 for The Hindu Lead Article (Envisioning the post-pandemic smart city) – Jul 02, 2021.

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Today’s Advanced Word List 1 for The Hindu Lead Article (Envisioning the post-pandemic smart city) – Jul 02, 2021:

  1. envision (verb) – visualize, imagine, envisage.
  2. pandemic (noun) – the worldwide spread of a new disease; The illness spreads around the world and typically affects a large number of people across a wide area.
  3. manifesto (noun) – a publication issued by a political party before a General Election. It contains the set of policies that the party stands for and would wish to implement if elected to govern; (policy) statement, declaration, pronouncement.
  4. squalor (noun) – poverty, dirtiness, meanness.
  5. no longer (phrase) – not anymore.
  6. reflection (noun) – indication, display, demonstration.
  7. bottleneck (noun) – a condition which appears as not solvable and so delays the process; setback, problem, issue, snag, difficulty.
  8. racy (adjective) – lively, spirited, smart, clever; stimulating, exciting.
  9. lay the foundation (phrase) – (figuratively) to create basic ideas from which something bigger evolves.  (literally) to create basic (underground) structures from which something bigger develops.
  10. The (Global) North (noun) – the economically developed countries (of Europe, North America, Australia, amongst others).
  11. The (Global) South (noun) – the poor developing countries (of Asia, Africa, South America, amongst others).
  12. technocentric (adjective) – relating to a value system centered on technology and its ability to control and protect the environment.
  13. ubiquitous (adjective) – widespread, common, universal.
  14. reasoning (noun) – reason, rationale, argument, premise.
  15. optimally (adverb) – in the most favourable way.
  16. timely (adjective) – prompt, appropriate, opportune, well timed, at the right time.
  17. infrastructure (noun) – the basic physical or organisational structure or framework that a country or organization needs in order to function properly. For a whole nation, it includes all the physical systems such as buildings, roads & railways networks, utilities, etc.
  18. deficit (noun) – shortfall, deficiency, shortage, lack.
  19. sewerage (noun) – sewage; waste water & foul matter.
  20. climate change (noun) – a long-term change in the Earth’s climate, or of a region on Earth (Courtesy: NASA).
  21. drought (noun) – dry spell, dry period; lack, unavailability, deficiency of something.
  22. fashion (verb) – create, forge, form, frame.
  23. amalgam (noun) – combination, union, merger.
  24. civic (adjective) – municipal, metropolitan; government, public.
  25. showpiece (noun) – masterpiece, classic.
  26. influence (verb) – determine, guide, control, govern, regulate.
  27. critique (noun) – analysis, evaluation, assessment, appraisal, review.
  28. paralysing (adjective) – immobilizing, crippling, disabling.
  29. vibrant (adjective) – high-spirited, energetic, lively.
  30. desperately (adverb) – seriously, severely, urgently, pressingly, intensely.
  31. scarce (adjective) – insufficient, deficient, inadequate.
  32. flashy (adjective) – showy, conspicuous, extravagant, expensive.
  33. shutter (verb) – close, shut down (a business).
  34. unsurprisingly (adverb) – as expected.
  35. Integrated Command and Control Centres (ICCCs) (noun) – A command and control centre is considered to be the core for managing disasters, respond to inconsistent conditions and various operations in a city. It is even referred to as ‘situation room.’ It is the place where the overall operations of an organization like monitoring, controlling and commanding are carried out. 
  36. war room (approach) (noun) – an approach in which all the vital information gathered in one place and brainstormed it with all the key people involved in it to solve a difficult problem.
  37. dissemination (noun) – spreading, circulation, distribution.
  38. predictive analytics (noun) – a branch of advanced analytics that makes predictions about future outcomes using historical data combined with statistical modeling, data mining techniques and machine learning. Companies employ predictive analytics to find patterns in this data to identify risks and opportunities. 
  39. incongruous (adjective) – contradictory, irreconcilable, clashing/conflicting.
  40. implementation (noun) – execution, application, carrying out.
  41. metric (noun) – standard, criterion, benchmark.
  42. apparently (adverb) – seemingly, evidently, it appears that; supposedly.
  43. envisage (verb) – foresee, predict, anticipate, expect, envision, imagine, contemplate, visualize.
  44. scar (verb) – damage, spoil, mar.
  45. bound (adjective) – ready or very likely to have something.
  46. coincidence (noun) – co-occurrence, coexistence.
  47. convergence (noun) – junction, intersection, interchange, meeting point, confluence.
  48. Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation (AMRUT) (noun) – The Government of India has launched it in June 2015 with the mission to provide basic services (e.g. water supply, sewerage, urban transport) to households and build amenities in cities which will improve the quality of life for all, especially the poor and the disadvantaged.
  49. the PMAY (Urban) (PMAY-U) (noun) – Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana (Urban) Mission launched on 25th June 2015 which intends to provide housing for all in urban areas by year 2022. 
  50. mobility (noun) – transportability.
  51. carbon emission (noun) – the release of carbon into the atmosphere.
  52. in tune with (phrase) – in agreement, in accord, in keeping, in accordance.
  53. Planning Commission (noun) – an institution in the Government of India established in 1950, which formulated India’s Five-Year Plans, among other functions to oversee the country’s economic and social development. NITI Aayog formed in 2015, replaced “The Planning Commission”.
  54. decade (noun) – a period of ten years.
  55. evolve (verb) – alter, change, transform gradually; develop, progress, advance gradually.
  56. averse (adjective) – opposed to, against, hostile to.
  57. gimmick (noun) – publicity device, scheme, ploy/trick.
  58. speak of (phrasal verb) – mention, talk about, discuss, refer to.
  59. universal (adjective) – relating to all people, applicable to all; comprehensive, all-inclusive, all-round, across the board.
  60. pedestrianisation (noun) – it can be defined as to restrict vehicle access to a street or area for exclusive use of pedestrians.
  61. marker (noun) – sign; distinctive feature.
  62. accommodate (verb) – adjust, adapt, attune, get accustomed, come to accept.
  63. green (adjective) – concerned with the protection of the environment; environmentally friendly, environmentally sound, energy-efficient.
  64. imply (verb) – suggest, hint, intimate.
  65. freeze (noun) – fix, suspension, hold.
  66. (land) diversion (noun) – it means using land assessed to one purpose for any other purpose.
  67. wetland (noun) – an area of land that is saturated with water; areas where water covers the soil or is present either at or near the surface of the soil all year or for varying periods of time during the year, including during the growing season.
  68. commons (noun) – land or resources belonging to the whole of a community.
  69. harvest (verb) – acquire, obtain, get, gather.
  70. apportion (verb) – earmark, designate, set apart, set aside.
  71. exemplify (verb) – clarify, represent, illustrate (as an example).
  72. commuter (noun) – (daily) traveller, passenger.
  73. (green) commuter (noun) – cyclist, pedestrian (walker).
  74. pan- (combining form) – all inclusive of, all, of everything.
  75. resolute (adjective) – determined, purposeful, resolved, single-minded, strong-minded.
  76. travel bubble (noun) – travel corridor (between the two countries who have agreed to open their borders for each other).
  77. harmonious (adjective) – friendly, amicable, cordial, agreeable, peaceful, cooperative, good-natured.
  78. street vending (noun) – an act of vending/selling of articles… of everyday use or offering services to the general public, in…any public place or private area, from a temporary built up structure or by moving from place to place.
  79. address (verb) – tackle, deal with, attend to, try to sort out.
  80. retrofit (verb) – to add something to the one already done/constructed/manufactured.
  81. greenfield (adjective) – new facility; relating to the new (production) facility that has never been used for any development (whereas brownfield means existing facility).
  82. detract from (verb) – diminish, reduce, lessen, belittle.
  83. modernisation (noun) – improvement, refurbishment, remodeling, revamping.
  84. deployment (noun) – the bringing of resources into effective action.
  85. gauge (verb) – measure, calculate, determine.
  86. renewable energy (noun) – clean energy, green energy; energy generated from natural resources (such as water, wind & solar energy).
  87. underpass (noun) – underground passage.
  88. far fewer (phrase) – much less (with a large difference).
  89. dashboard (noun) – a pictorial summary/overview.
  90. vaccination (noun) – treatment with a vaccine to protect against a particular disease; immunization.
  91. topical (adjective) – current, up to date, up to the minute, recent.
  92. round off (phrasal verb) – smooth off; complete something in a satisfying method.
  93. voice (noun) – expression; opinion, view.
  94. cut out (phrasal verb) – remove, exclude, eliminate.
  95. short shrift (noun) – quick dismissal.
  96. Ease of Living Index (EoLI) (noun) – The Ease of Living Index (EoLI) is an assessment tool that evaluates the quality of life and the impact of various initiatives for urban development.
  97. perception (noun) – understanding, discernment, recognition/realization; interpretation.
  98. bias (verb) – distort, skew, twist; influence, sway.
  99. broad-based (adjective) – wide-ranging, comprehensive, all-inclusive, general,
  100. tellingly (adverb) – significantly.
  101. paradigm (noun) – model, pattern, case in point.
  102. steer (verb) – guide, conduct, direct/lead.
  103. technological solutionism (noun) – the belief that every problem has a solution based in technology.


 1. Click each one of the words above for their definition, more synonyms, pronunciation, example sentences, phrases, derivatives, origin and etc from
2. Definitions (elementary level) & Synonyms provided for the words above are my personal work and not that of Oxford University Press. Tentative definitions/meanings are provided for study purposes only and they may vary in a different context.  
3. This word list is for personal use only. Reproduction in any format and/or Commercial use of it is/are strictly prohibited.

Today’s Advanced Word List 1 for The Hindu Lead Article (Envisioning the post-pandemic smart city) – Jul 02, 2021:

The Hindu Lead Article (Envisioning the post-pandemic smart city) – Jul 02, 2021
The Hindu Lead Article (Envisioning the post-pandemic smart city) – Jul 02, 2021
The Hindu Lead Article (Envisioning the post-pandemic smart city) – Jul 02, 2021
The Hindu Lead Article (Envisioning the post-pandemic smart city) – Jul 02, 2021
The Hindu Lead Article (Envisioning the post-pandemic smart city) – Jul 02, 2021

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