The Hindu Lead Article (Education, the nation and the States) – Nov 03, 2020

The Hindu Lead Article (Education, the nation and the States) – Nov 03, 2020

Towards the end of a recent webinar on the National Education Policy 2020, a retired civil servant asked a question. For further reading, visit “The Hindu”. Below is today’s advanced word list-1 for The Hindu Lead Article (Education, the nation and the States) – Nov 03,2020.

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Courtesy: The Hindu

Today’s Advanced Word List 1 for The Hindu Lead Article (Education, the nation and the States) – Nov 03, 2020:

  1. National Education Policy (NEP) (noun) – The National Education Policy, 2020 is meant to provide an overarching vision and comprehensive framework for both school and higher education across the country. It is only a policy, not a law; implementation of its proposals depends on further regulations by both States and the Centre as education is a concurrent subject.
  2. underestimate (noun) – underrate, do an injustice to, be wrong about, play down.
  3. reconcile (verb) – resolve differences between; settle, sort out, rectify.
  4. predatory (adjective) – exploitative, greedy, rapacious, avaricious.
  5. a bit (phrase) – somewhat; to some extent.
  6. sharp (noun) – harsh, severe, ill-tempered, bitter.
  7. ascertain (verb) – find out, understand, recognize, get to know.
  8. observe (verb) – comply with, abide by, obey, adhere to, conform to.
  9. federal (adjective) – relating to a system of government in which establishments such as states or provinces share power with a national government.
  10. courtesy (noun) – good manners.
  11. acknowledge (verb) – admit, accept, realize.
  12. variety (noun) – diversity, variation, difference.
  13. prevailing (adjective) – existing; prevalent.
  14. provincial (adjective) – regional, territorial; narrow-minded, inward-looking.
  15. legacy (noun) – something received from a predecessor or from the past.
  16. (be) rooted in (verb) – embed, fix, firmly establish, implant.
  17. evolve (verb) – develop, progress, advance gradually.
  18. iron out (phrasal verb) – resolve, settle, set right.
  19. strange (adjective) – unusual, weird, abnormal, atypical.
  20. assumption (noun) – belief, supposition, expectation, speculation, conjecture.
  21. milieu (noun) – environment, background, atmosphere.
  22. influence (verb) – affect, have an effect on, persuade.
  23. systemic (adjective) – constructional, organizational, constitutional.
  24. on the ground (phrase) – in a situation/place where things are happening really/practically.
  25. considerable (adjective) – substantial, appreciable, significant, much.
  26. recalcitrance (noun) – an attitude of uncooperative, resistant, non-compliant.
  27. carry on (phrasal verb) – continue, proceed, progress, keep going, get going.
  28. Kothari report (noun) – one of the main recommendations of the National Education Commission popularly known as Kothari Commission (1964-1966) was the standardization of educational system on 10+2+3 pattern, across the country.
  29. acclaimed (adjective) – lauded, praised, acknowledged, highly rated, well thought of, well received.
  30. evolution (noun) – progress, advancement, progression, development.
  31. province (noun) – territory, region, state (of a country).
  32. Central Advisory Board of Education (CABE) (noun) – The Central Advisory Board of Education, the oldest and the most important advisory body of the Government of India in education was first established in 1920 and dissolved in 1923 as a measure of economy. It was revived in 1935 and has been in existence ever since.
  33. advisory (noun) – consultative, advising, counselling, assisting, helping.
  34. mechanism (noun) – procedure, process, method/technique.
  35. forum (noun) – meeting, gathering, conference.
  36. sphere (noun) – an area of activity; a field of activity; domain, realm.
  37. decorative (adjective) – non-functional.
  38. perspective (noun) – outlook, viewpoint, approach.
  39. articulate (verb) – (of an idea) express, communicate, state.
  40. substantial (adjective) – considerable, significant, large.
  41. pave the way/road for (phrase) – make preparations for, make provision for, lay the foundations for.
  42. nation-building (noun) – nation-building is defined as a process which leads to the formation of countries in which the citizens feel a sufficient amount of commonality of interests, goals and preferences so that they do not wish to separate from each other.
  43. concurrency (noun) – the happening/existence of various things at the same time; coexistence, coincidence.
  44. decade (noun) – a period of ten years.
  45. emphasise (verb) – draw attention to, put stress on, underscore, highlight.
  46. divergence (noun) – difference, dissimilarity, variance, disparity.
  47. burgeoning (adjective) – growing, increasing expanding, mushrooming rapidly.
  48. public policy (noun) – public policy is best described as the broad area of government laws, regulations, court decisions, and local ordinances.
  49. popular (adjective) – widespread, general, common; collective, social, societal, public.
  50. hesitant (adjective) – uncertain, undecided, dubious, sceptical, reluctant.
  51. liberalisation (noun) – removal or loosening of restrictions on something, typically an economic or political system.
  52. secede (verb) – break away from, separate from, split with/leave.
  53. chaos (noun) – disorder, disarray, turmoil, disorganization, disruption.
  54. leave behind (phrasal verb) – omit to take, forget, miss, lose track of, misplace/mislay,
  55. affiliation (noun) – fellowship, partnership, association, coalition.
  56. per capita (adverb & adjective) – per person, for each, individually.
  57. counterpart (noun) – equivalent, equal (person); fellow, peer.
  58. affiliate (verb) – associate with, be in league with, unite with.
  59. accredited (adjective) – recognized, licensed, authorized.
  60. explicit (adjective) – clear, detailed, definite, categorical.
  61. Right to Education (RTE) Act (noun) – the Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education Act or Right to Education Act (RTE) is an Act, of the Parliament of India enacted on 4 August 2009 under Article 21-A in the Constitution of India, which provides free and compulsory education of all children in the age group of six to fourteen years as a Fundamental Right.
  62. bridge (verb) – make a difference smaller; join, link, connect, unite.
  63. call (noun) – demand, appeal, need, necessity.
  64. autonomy (noun) – independence, freedom; self rule, self-determination.
  65. obligation (noun) – duty, responsibility, commitment.
  66. palpable (adjective) – noticeable, appreciable, discernible.
  67. accreditation (noun) – authorization, permission, license.
  68. semblance (noun) – similarity, equivalence, resemblance, likeness.
  69. accountability (noun) – responsibility, liability, answerability.
  70. adherence to (noun) – commitment to, attachment to (a clause/condition).
  71. inequality (noun) – Inequality is simply defined as “the state of not being equal, especially in status, rights and opportunities; imbalance, unevenness, disproportion, disparity.
  72. prosperity (noun) – wealth, good fortune, welfare.
  73. strata plural form of stratum (noun) – level, class, echelon/rank.
  74. endemic (adjective) – widespread, prevailing, usual, common, general.
  75. exacerbate (verb) – aggravate, worsen, compound.
  76. centralisation (noun) – the process of having functions, powers, people or things only in a central location or authority.
  77. unlikely (adjective) – not likely, improbable, questionable.
  78. codify (verb) – systematize, organize, arrange.
  79. oversee (verb) – supervise, administer, manage.
  80. empowered (adjective) – authorized, allowed, entitled.
  81. monolithic (adjective) – inflexible, rigid, unchanging.
  82. regulatory (adjective) – governmental, supervisory, organizational, controlling.
  83. architecture (noun) – structure, framework.
  84. impulse (noun) – (strong & sudden) urge/instinct, compulsion, need.
  85. rather than (phrase) – instead of.
  86. considered (adjective) – deliberate, thought-out, well-advised.
  87. enterprise (noun) – company, firm, organization.
  88. necessity (noun) – (essential) requirement, prerequisite, indispensable thing.
  89. equitable (adjective) – fair, impartial.
  90. nagging (adjective) – persistent, continuous, lingering; worrying, distressing, painful.
  91. interpret (verb) – explain, elucidate, clarify, make clear.
  92. dysfunctional (adjective) – not functioning/working normally or properly; troubled, unsettled, flawed.
  93. criterion (noun) – basis, standard, norm. (criteria is the plural form of criterion).
  94. remedy (noun) – solution, answer, antidote/panacea.
  95. gradation (noun) – level, stage, step, degree, range.
  96. remedial (adjective) – corrective, restorative, reparative.
  97. contemplate (verb) – think about, consider, give thought to.
  98. one-size-fits-all (adjective) – suitable for/used in all circumstances.
  99. self-contradictory (adjective) – inconsistent, incorrect/absurd, irrational.
  100. parlance (noun) – expression, vocabulary, language.
  101. prolonged (adjective) – lengthy, extended, protracted.
  102. consensus (noun) – an idea or opinion that is shared by all the people in a group, agreement, concurrence.
  103. play a part/role (phrase) – contribute to, be instrumental in, be a factor in.
  104. judiciary (noun) – a branch of government in which judicial power is vested.
  105. polity (noun) – a politically organized society.
  106. parity (noun) – equality, uniformity, sameness, consistency, evenness.
  107. accomplish (verb) – achieve, complete, fulfil.
  108. assertive (adjective) – confident, decisive, firm, determined.


 1. Click each one of the words above for their definition, more synonyms, pronunciation, example sentences, phrases, derivatives, origin and etc from
2. Definitions (elementary level) & Synonyms provided for the words above are my personal work and not that of Oxford University Press. Tentative definitions/meanings are provided for study purpose only and they may vary in different context. 
3. This word list is for personal use only. Reproduction in any format and/or Commercial use of it is/are strictly prohibited.

Today’s Advanced Word List 1 for The Hindu Lead Article (Education, the nation and the States) – Nov 03, 2020:

The Hindu Lead Article (Education, the nation and the States) – Nov 03, 2020 The Hindu Lead Article (Education, the nation and the States) – Nov 03, 2020 The Hindu Lead Article (Education, the nation and the States) – Nov 03, 2020 The Hindu Lead Article (Education, the nation and the States) – Nov 03, 2020

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