The Hindu Lead Article (Delhi’s administration as the tail wagging the dog) – Mar 23, 2021

The Hindu Lead Article (Delhi’s administration as the tail wagging the dog) – Mar 23, 2021

A courtier once said about Charles II, “We have a pretty witty king, Whose word no man relies on. He never said a foolish thing, And never did a wise one.” Charles supposedly replied, “The wise words are my own,… For further reading, visit “The Hindu”. Below is today’s advanced word list-1 for The Hindu Lead Article (Delhi’s administration as the tail wagging the dog) – Mar 23, 2021.

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Courtesy: The Hindu

Today’s Advanced Word List 1 for The Hindu Lead Article (Delhi’s administration as the tail wagging the dog) – Mar 23, 2021:

  1. the tail wags the dog (phrase) – a situation in which an unimportant thing dominates/controls the whole of other important thing(s).
  2. The Government of National Capital Territory of Delhi (GNCTD) Act (noun) – The Government of National Capital Territory of Delhi (Amendment) Bill, 2021 was introduced in Lok Sabha on March 15, 2021.  The Bill amends the Government of National Capital Territory of Delhi Act, 1991.  The Act provides a framework for the functioning of the Legislative Assembly and the government of the National Capital Territory (NCT) of Delhi.  The Bill amends certain powers and responsibilities of the Legislative Assembly and the Lieutenant Governor.
  3. vestigial (adjective) – remaining, surviving, residual.
  4. courtier (noun) – attendant, aide, companion (to the king or queen).
  5. witty (adjective) – humorous, funny.
  6. rely on (phrasal verb) – depend on; resort to, have recourse to.
  7. supposedly (adverb) – apparently, seemingly, ostensibly.
  8. deed (noun) – act, action, activity.
  9. seed (verb) – cause (something) to begin.
  10. eventually (adverb) – in the end, finally, at last.
  11. flower (verb) – bloom, appear, grow.
  12. imprimatur (noun) – authorization, approval, a seal of approval, endorsement.
  13. monarch (noun) – sovereign, ruler, a crowned head.
  14. run (verb) – be in charge of, manage, administer.
  15. aid and advice (phrase) – The real authority to take decisions lies in the elected government. This is the meaning of ‘aid and advice’. Titular head (Lt. Governor) has to act in accordance to aid and advice. There is no independent authority with the LG to take decisions except in matters under Article 239 or those outside the purview of the National Capital Territory (NCT) government. (Courtesy: The Hindu)
  16. exception (noun) – an anomaly, special case, deviation.
  17. parliamentary democracy (noun) – a system of government in which citizens elect representatives to a legislative parliament to make the necessary laws and decisions for the country.
  18. come into force (phrase) – come to effect (a new law, rule, change etc.).
  19. belong to (verb) – be affiliated to, be associated with, be connected to, be linked to.
  20. as a whole (phrase) – all together, as a group, in general.
  21. constituent state (noun) – a state entity that constitutes a part of a sovereign state. A constituent state holds regional jurisdiction over a defined administrative territory, within a sovereign state. The government of a constituent state is a form of regional government.
  22. sooner or later (phrase) – eventually, in the end, finally.
  23. keep something under the control of (phrase) – control, restrain, restrict, suppress.
  24. deem (verb) – think, believe to be, feel to be.
  25. Legislative Assembly (noun) – Vidhan Sabha; Legislative Assembly is the lower house, much like the Lok Sabha of the Parliament. Members of the Legislative Assembly are directly elected by the people through assembly elections. The term of the Legislative Assembly is five years (unless it is dissolved earlier). A member of a legislative Assembly is referred to as an MLA.
  26. prolonged (adjective) – lengthy, extended, protracted, unending, unrelenting.
  27. stand-off (noun) – deadlock, stalemate, impasse (in a dispute/conflict).
  28. jurisdiction (noun) – territory, region, province, district, area.
  29. autonomy (noun) – independence, freedom.
  30. lead to (verb) – result in, cause, bring about, call forth, give rise to, produce.
  31. provision (noun) – clause, (legal) term, requirement, condition.
  32. States Reorganisation Act, 1956 (noun) – An Act to provide for the reorganisation of the States of India and for matters connected therewith. In 1956, when the Constitution of India was amended to implement the provisions of the States Reorganisation Act, only two categories, namely, States and Union Territories remained in the Indian Union. The States Reorganisation Act of 1956 remains the single most extensive change in state boundaries since the Independence of India in 1947.
  33. loud (adjective) – strong, vociferous, vehement, emphatic.
  34. Delhi Administration Act, 1966 (noun) – An Act to provide for the administration of the Union Territory of Delhi and for matters connected therewith.
  35. representative government/representative democracy (noun) – a government where citizens elect people to represent them and make laws on their behalf, instead of always voting directly on laws and other government actions.
  36. Metropolitan Council (noun) – The Delhi Metropolitan Council was an autonomous administrative division that existed between 1966 and 1990 that administrated the Union Territory of Delhi. The council had 56 elected and 5 nominated members and was headed by a Chief Executive Councillor.
  37. statehood (noun) – the condition of being an independent state.
  38. set up (phrasal verb) – establish, start/begin, inaugurate, create.
  39. confer (verb) – present to, give out to, give to.
  40. measure (noun) – action, step, procedure.
  41. Constitution (69th) Amendment Act (noun) – In 1991, the 69th Constitutional Amendment granted a special state to Delhi and it was declared the National Capital Territory while the Lieutenant Governor was nominated the Administrator of Delhi. It created a state assembly and council of ministers for the state. It is known that Delhi has been given the status of Union Territory under Article 239A of the Constitution.
  42. reincarnation (noun) – rebirth, reintroduction (of something from the past).
  43. hold the field (phrase) – remain (most) significant/important.
  44. to date (phrase) – until now, so far, thus far.
  45. mandate (noun) – authority, endorsement, approval, authorization.
  46. modus vivendi/modi vivendi (noun) – agreement, deal, understanding, settlement (between two conflicting parties); Modus vivendi is a Latin phrase that literally means “mode of living” or “way of life”.
  47. result in (phrasal verb) – cause, bring on, bring about, call forth, give rise to.
  48. seemingly (adverb) – apparently, evidently, outwardly.
  49. lock in (phrasal verb) – to prevent someone from leaving a house (by locking the door).
  50. mortal (adjective) – physical, bodily.
  51. ensuing (adjective) – following, coming up next, cropping up (after as a result).
  52. peculiar (adjective) – unusual, atypical, abnormal.
  53. litigate (verb) – dispute, take issue with, take a stand against (in a lawsuit).
  54. envisage (verb) – foresee, anticipate, expect.
  55. State List (noun) – it includes subjects that give powers to the state governments. (as given in the Seventh Schedule to the Constitution of India, the legislative section is divided into three lists: the Union List, State List and Concurrent List).
  56. Concurrent List (noun) – the list which includes the power to be considered by both the union and state government (as given in the Seventh Schedule to the Constitution of India).
  57. barring (preposition) – except for, with the exception of, apart from, other than, excluding.
  58. federal (adjective) – relating to a system of government in which establishments such as states or provinces share power with a national government.
  59. wherein (adverb) – in which.
  60. centralism (noun) – the control under a single authority.
  61. usurp (verb) – take over, appropriate, seize.
  62. unsolicited (adjective) – uninvited, undemanded, voluntary.
  63. interference (noun) – intervention, meddling, unwarranted involvement.
  64. fall (within) (verb) – to be within; to fit within, to be classified as within.
  65. domain (noun) – field, area, realm (of activity).
  66. remit (verb) – pass, pass on, refer, send on, transfer.
  67. adjudication (noun) – arbitration, settlement, resolution, verdict.
  68. difference of opinion (phrase) – disagreement, difference, dispute.
  69. bench (noun) – a court of law with a number of judges.
  70. consequence (noun) – outcome, ramification, repercussion.
  71. convoluted (adjective) – complicated/confused, complex, intricate.
  72. interpretation (noun) – meaning, understanding, explanation, reading, definition.
  73. aforesaid (adjective) – previous, earlier, previously mentioned.
  74. inter alia (adverb) – Latin for “among other things”.
  75. consistent with (adjective) – compatible, agreeing, accordant, in tune, in line.
  76. address (verb) – tackle, deal with, attend to, try to sort out.
  77. ambiguity (noun) – inexactness, doubtfulness, obscurity/opacity.
  78. elevate (verb) – raise, lift up (to a higher position/level).
  79. Viceroy (noun) – administrator, chief, leader; The term derives from the Latin prefix vice-, meaning “in the place of” and the French word Roy, meaning “King”.  Viceroy is one who governs a country, province, or colony as the representative of a monarch.
  80. plenipotentiary (adjective) – unconditional, unlimited, unrestricted, unqualified, absolute, complete.
  81. put simply/simply put (phrase) – used for saying that you are just giving the basic facts about a complicated situation.
  82. the executive (noun) – the executive is a branch of government that enforces the law as written by the legislature and interpreted by the judiciary.
  83. pursuance (noun) – seeking of, search for, pursuit of; effecting, pursuing, doing.
  84. recourse (noun) – option, possibility, possible course of action, resort, way out.
  85. ballot (noun) – vote, poll.
  86. hold someone to account (phrase) – to require a person to explain or to accept responsibility for his or her actions; to blame or punish someone for what has occurred.
  87. functionary (noun) – official.
  88. end up (phrasal verb) – come/appear, find oneself (to a particular course of action in the end).
  89. constitutional court (noun) – The Supreme Court of India is the supreme judicial body of India and the highest court of India under the constitution. It is the most senior constitutional court, and has the power of judicial review.
  90. conscience (noun) – a sense of right and wrong, moral sense, inner voice.
  91. alive to (adjective) – responsive to, awake to, aware of, conscious of.
  92. construe (verb) – interpret, analyse, understand.
  93. legitimacy (noun) – legality, validity, lawfulness.
  94. set-up (noun) – system, structure, organization, arrangement, framework.
  95. semantics (noun) – the meaning of something (a word/phrase).
  96. heed (verb) – pay attention to, take notice of, listen to, notice.

Note:   

 1. Click each one of the words above for their definition, more synonyms, pronunciation, example sentences, phrases, derivatives, origin and etc from http://www.oxforddictionaries.com/.
2. Definitions (elementary level) & Synonyms provided for the words above are my personal work and not that of Oxford University Press. Tentative definitions/meanings are provided for study purpose only and they may vary in different context.  
3. This word list is for personal use only. Reproduction in any format and/or Commercial use of it is/are strictly prohibited.

Today’s Advanced Word List 1 for The Hindu Lead Article (Delhi’s administration as the tail wagging the dog) – Mar 23, 2021:

The Hindu Lead Article (Delhi’s administration as the tail wagging the dog) – Mar 23, 2021 The Hindu Lead Article (Delhi’s administration as the tail wagging the dog) – Mar 23, 2021 The Hindu Lead Article (Delhi’s administration as the tail wagging the dog) – Mar 23, 2021 The Hindu Lead Article (Delhi’s administration as the tail wagging the dog) – Mar 23, 2021 The Hindu Lead Article (Delhi’s administration as the tail wagging the dog) – Mar 23, 2021

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