The Hindu Lead Article (Deconstructing declarations of carbon-neutrality) – Apr 08, 2021

The Hindu Lead Article (Deconstructing declarations of carbon-neutrality) – Apr 08, 2021

At the latest count by the non-profit Energy and Climate Intelligence Unit (ECIU), at the beginning of April, 32 countries had declared, in some documented form, their proposed intention… For further reading, visit “The Hindu”. Below is today’s advanced word list-1 for The Hindu Lead Article (Deconstructing declarations of carbon-neutrality) – Apr 08, 2021.

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Today’s Advanced Word List 1 for The Hindu Lead Article (Deconstructing declarations of carbon-neutrality) – Apr 08, 2021:

  1. deconstruct (verb) – analyse, examine, study, inspect, scrutinize.
  2. net zero emissions/carbon neutrality (noun) – it means annual zero net CO2 emissions; Carbon neutrality means every ton of anthropogenic (human-caused or influenced) CO2 emitted is compensated with an equivalent amount of CO2 removed (e.g. via carbon sink or carbon sequestration).
  3. Energy and Climate Intelligence Unit (ECIU) (noun) – a non-profit organisation that supports informed debate on energy and climate change issues in the UK.
  4. thereabouts (adverb) – approximately.
  5. legislation (noun) – a body of laws, rules, regulations, statutes.
  6. spark off (verb) – bring about, stimulate, trigger, prompt, set off.
  7. chorus (noun) – (of voice) in unison, together, simultaneously/at the same time.
  8. civil society (noun) – Civil society refers to the space for collective action around shared interests, purposes and values, generally distinct from government and commercial for-profit actors.
  9. urge (verb) – advise, recommend, advocate, suggest.
  10. explicit (adjective) – clear, straightforward, definite, specific, categorical.
  11. impetus (noun) – motivation, encouragement; stimulus, boost.
  12. Paris Agreement/Accord/pact (noun) – The Paris Agreement builds upon the Convention (agreement) and for the first time brings all nations into a common cause to undertake ambitious efforts to combat climate change and adapt to its effects, with enhanced support to assist developing countries to do so.
  13. set out (phrasal verb) – present, describe, set forth.
  14. greenhouse gas (noun) – heat-trapping gas; a gas (such as water vapor, carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide, etc) in the atmosphere that absorbs and emits radiation, causing the greenhouse effect and warming of Earth’s temperature. (Courtesy: VOA Learning English).
  15. undertake (verb) – begin, start, launch into; engage in, become involved in, take part in.
  16. in accordance with (phrase) –in agreement with, in conformity with, in line with, in compliance with.
  17. so as to (phrase) – in order to.
  18. anthropogenic (adjective) – referring to environmental change (like pollution) caused or influenced by people, either directly or indirectly.
  19. carbon sink (noun) – also known as carbon sequestration; a natural environment (forest or reservoir) which absorbs and stores carbon (greenhouse gases) from the atmosphere and thereby maintains a balance. (carbon sequestration is the process by which the forest removes and stores carbon from the atmosphere).
  20. equity (noun) – fairness/justness, neutrality, impartiality, lack of discrimination, egalitarianism.
  21. context (noun) – circumstances, conditions, situation.
  22. sustainable (adjective) – reasonable, sensible, well-founded (without disturbing the balance of nature and then without exhausting all of the natural resources).
  23. eradicate (verb) – remove, get rid of, eliminate, discard, abolish.
  24. pursue (verb) – engage in, conduct, follow.
  25. pre-industrial levels (adjective) – referring to any period of time before the start of the industrial revolution.
  26. as a whole (phrase) – all together, in general.
  27. outfit (noun) – group.
  28. consideration (noun) – a factor, point, aspect (taken into account).
  29. differentiation (noun) – distinction, disparity, polarity, separation.
  30. compatibility (noun) – similarity, agreement, togetherness.
  31. compatible (adjective) – consistent.
  32. differentiated (adjective) – distinguished, segregated, individualized
  33. in the light of (phrase) – considering, taking into account, keeping in mind.
  34. pledge (noun) – promise, undertaking, oath, agreement, assurance.
  35. fall short of (phrase) – fail to meet/reach; be deficient/inadequate/insufficient.
  36. cumulative (adjective) – total, collective, aggregate, amassed.  
  37. cease (verb) – stop, halt, end, wind up, terminate.
  38. The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) (noun) – The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) is the United Nations body for assessing the science related to climate change.
  39. global warming (noun) – it is the unusually rapid increase in Earth’s average surface temperature over the past century primarily due to the greenhouse gases released as people burn fossil fuels.
  40. probability (noun) – possibility, chance.
  41. infeasible (adjective) – impracticable, unworkable, unreasonable.
  42. frontload (verb) – allocate a major portion of (costs, effort, expenditures, etc.) at the beginning of the enterprise.
  43. backload (noun) – allocate a major portion of (costs, effort, expenditures, etc.) at the later stage of the enterprise.
  44. realisation (noun) – actualization, fulfilment, achievement, accomplishment, attainment.
  45. considerably (adverb) – greatly, very much, a lot.
  46. generous (adjective) – bountiful, large, huge.
  47. amount to (verb) – add up to, be equal to, be equivalent to, represent.
  48. room for manoeuvre (phrase) – opportunity to change your plans or to do things differently in order to achieve what you want.
  49. hollowness (noun) – emptiness, worthlessness, uselessness.
  50. bring out (phrasal verb) – disclose, reveal, expose, become known.
  51. starkly (adverb) – clearly, distinctly, strikingly; completely.
  52. Land use and land-use change and forestry (LULUCF) (noun) – is defined by the United Nations Climate Change Secretariat as a “greenhouse gas inventory sector that covers emissions and removals of greenhouse gases resulting from direct human-induced land use such as settlements and commercial uses, land-use change, and forestry activities. Activities in the LULUCF sector can provide a relatively cost-effective way of offsetting emissions, either by increasing the removals of greenhouse gases from the atmosphere (e.g. by planting trees or managing forests), or by reducing emissions (e.g. by curbing deforestation).
  53. at the height of (phrase) – at the most extreme part/point of something.
  54. recession (noun) – economic decline, slowdown, downturn, depression, slump.
  55. linear (adjective) – sequential, straight; following in a logical order.
  56. unprecedented (adjective) – not done or experienced before.
  57. indeed (adverb) – in fact, actually, undeniably.
  58. owe (verb) – be indebted, be under an obligation, be obligated.
  59. carbon debt (noun) – the difference between the amount of carbon dioxide produced by a country, company, etc., and the amount that it balances out/cancels.
  60. translate (verb) – change, convert, transform, alter.
  61. regrettably (adverb) – unluckily, sadly, unhappily.
  62. illusion (noun) – misconception, deception, false impression, false idea.
  63. feasible (adjective) – practicable, viable, realistic.
  64. speculative (adjective) – suppositional, conjectural, alleged, supposed.
  65. ostensibly (adverb) – apparently, seemingly, supposedly.
  66. biosphere (noun) – The part of the Earth system comprising all ecosystems and living organisms, in the atmosphere, on land (terrestrial biosphere), or in the oceans (marine biosphere).
  67. resort to (verb) – use, utilize, turn to, have recourse to.
  68. means (noun) – way, method, mode.
  69. Third World (noun) – a class of economically developing nations (in Asia, Africa, and Latin America.
  70. for one (phrase) – used for highlighting that someone is thinking in a particular way, even if other people are not.
  71. sustainability (noun) – the ability to exist constantly; it refers generally to the capacity for the biosphere and human civilization to co-exist.
  72. uncertain (adjective) – unpredictable, unsettled, unreliable; unsure, doubtful, dubious.
  73. carbon footprint (noun) – the total amount of greenhouse gases produced to directly and indirectly support human activities, usually expressed in equivalent tons of carbon dioxide (CO2).
  74. consequence (noun) – outcome, ramification, repercussion.
  75. deprivation (noun) – hardship, destitution, neediness, distress.
  76. by virtue of (phrase) – because of, on account of, as a result of.
  77. dent (verb) – weaken, undermine, diminish, reduce, lessen.
  78. mitigation (noun) – alleviation, reduction; lessening.
  79. self-sacrificial (adjective) – self-denial, unselfish, selfless.
  80. scenario (noun) – situation, background, context.
  81. gesture (noun) – action, deed, move.
  82. back (noun) – a person’s back considered as carrying a load or bearing an imposition.
  83. hubris (noun) – excessive pride, vanity, self-importance, feeling of superiority/arrogance, self-confidence.
  84. leave out (phrasal verb) – exclude, omit, miss out.
  85. convergence (noun) – coming together, intersection, confluence (a process of merging).
  86. variant (noun) – different or form or version or mutant of something (virus).
  87. ecological (adjective) – relating to the branch of biology which studies the interactions among organisms and their environment.
  88. frugality (noun) – carefulness, caution, conservation.
  89. green (adjective) – environmentally friendly, non-polluting, ozone-friendly, energy-efficient, fuel-saving, low-carbon.
  90. belie (verb) – contradict, be at odds with, call into question, prove to be false, disprove.
  91. trajectory (noun) – track/course, route, path, direction, approach.
  92. onerous (adjective) – burdensome, difficult, tough, troublesome, stressful.
  93. concerted (adjective) – united, collective, combined, cooperative; forcible, strong, intense.
  94. eventual (adjective) – final, ultimate.
  95. contingent on (adjective) – dependent, conditional.
  96. unambiguous (adjective) – unarguable, incontrovertible, unquestionable.
  97. pseudo- (prefix) – false.
  98. narrative (noun) – a representation of a particular situation; portrayal/account.

Note:   

 1. Click each one of the words above for their definition, more synonyms, pronunciation, example sentences, phrases, derivatives, origin and etc from http://www.oxforddictionaries.com/.
2. Definitions (elementary level) & Synonyms provided for the words above are my personal work and not that of Oxford University Press. Tentative definitions/meanings are provided for study purposes only and they may vary in a different context.  
3. This word list is for personal use only. Reproduction in any format and/or Commercial use of it is/are strictly prohibited.

Today’s Advanced Word List 1 for The Hindu Lead Article (Deconstructing declarations of carbon-neutrality) – Apr 08, 2021:

The Hindu Lead Article (Deconstructing declarations of carbon-neutrality) – Apr 08, 2021 The Hindu Lead Article (Deconstructing declarations of carbon-neutrality) – Apr 08, 2021 The Hindu Lead Article (Deconstructing declarations of carbon-neutrality) – Apr 08, 2021 The Hindu Lead Article (Deconstructing declarations of carbon-neutrality) – Apr 08, 2021 The Hindu Lead Article (Deconstructing declarations of carbon-neutrality) – Apr 08, 2021

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