The Hindu Lead Article (COVID diplomacy 2.0, a different order of tasks) – Jun 02, 2021

The Hindu Lead Article (COVID diplomacy 2.0, a different order of tasks) – Jun 02, 2021

Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s words on Buddha Purnima, that in times to come the planet will remember events as either “pre-Covid or post-Covid” could not hold truer than for India’s diplomatic structure worldwide. For further reading, visit “The Hindu”. Below is today’s advanced word list-1 for The Hindu Lead Article (COVID diplomacy 2.0, a different order of tasks) – Jun 02, 2021.

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Courtesy: The Hindu

Today’s Advanced Word List 1 for The Hindu Lead Article (COVID diplomacy 2.0, a different order of tasks) – Jun 02, 2021:

  1. diplomacy (noun) – international politics, foreign affairs, foreign policy; negotiations, discussions, talks, dialogue (related to international politics).
  2. fallout (noun) – adverse results/consequence; after-effects, repercussions.
  3. vaccine (noun) – a biological preparation that improves immunity to a particular disease.
  4. regulation (noun) – supervision, overseeing/monitoring, inspection, administration.
  5. in the times to come (phrase) – in the future.
  6. hold good/hold true (phrase) – remain true; remain valid.
  7. diplomatic (adjective) – (delicate & sensitive) consular, foreign-policy.
  8. mission (noun) – consulate, embassy, diplomatic mission; delegation, deputation, representation.
  9. abroad (adverb) – overseas, in a foreign country.
  10. pandemic (noun) – the worldwide spread of a new disease; The illness spreads around the world and typically affects a large number of people across a wide area.
  11. repatriate (verb) – send (a person) back to his/her own country or land of citizenship; banish, deport, expel.
  12. Vande Bharat Mission (noun) – it is the massive repatriation operation planned by the Indian government to bring back stranded Indians in different parts of the world in the wake of the coronavirus crisis.
  13. repatriation (noun) – the return of (someone/something) to their country of origin.
  14. lockdown (noun) – an emergency protocol implemented by the authorities that prevents people from leaving from a place; An extended state of confinement/encirclement/isolation of a person by the authority.
  15. Vaccine Maitri (noun) – vaccine friendship; a humanitarian initiative undertaken by the Indian government to provide COVID-19 vaccines to countries around the world.
  16. in the long term (phrase) – over a long period of time; in the future.
  17. imperative (noun) – noun) – necessary condition, precondition, essential requirement.
  18. claim (verb) – take, result in the loss of (someone’s life).
  19. official (noun) – officer, functionary, administrator, representative, executive.
  20. diplomat (noun) – ambassador, envoy, emissary, consul.
  21. galvanise (verb) – stimulate, encourage, inspire, prompt.
  22. protocol (noun) – procedure, method, guideline.
  23. rush (noun) – hurry, haste, run; a sudden strong demand/call.
  24. mucormycosis or black fungus (noun) – Mucormycosis or black fungus is an aggressive and invasive fungal infection caused by a group of molds/moulds/fungi called mucormycetes. (fungi is a plural form of fungus).
  25. drop (verb) – abandon, discontinue, cancel, give up, discard.
  26. timely (adjective) – prompt, appropriate, opportune, well timed, at the right time.
  27. procurement (noun) – the action of procuring/purchasing something.
  28. in time (phrase) – punctually, promptly, on time, not too late, on schedule.
  29. dose (noun) – an amount/quantity of something.
  30. Oxford vaccine/Covishield (noun) – (ChAdOx1 nCoV-19) or (AZD1222) is a COVID-19 vaccine candidate developed by Oxford University and AstraZeneca, UK Ltd. (named Covishield in India). Serum Institute of India (SII), a biotechnology company has partnered with global pharma giant AstraZeneca and Oxford University for this vaccine candidate ‘Covidshield’.
  31. Sputnik V (noun) – a COVID-19 vaccine candidate developed by the Gamaleya Research Institute of Epidemiology and Microbiology, Moscow and registered by the Russian Ministry of Health.
  32. stretch (verb) – put a strain on, put great demands on, overtax.
  33. as far as – is concerned (phrase) – with regard to a particular person or situation.
  34. non-starter (noun) – failure, fiasco, catastrophe/mess.
  35. given (preposition) – considering, taking into account, bearing in mind.
  36. bilateral (adjective) – involving two groups or countries.
  37. look to (phrasal verb) – turn to, resort to, have recourse to, fall back on
  38. make up (phrasal verb) – make amends for, compensate for; offset, counterbalance.
  39. shortfall (noun) – deficit, inadequacy, deficiency.
  40. substantial (adjective) – considerable, significant, large.
  41. stockpile (noun) – stock, collection, accumulation.
  42. ingredient (noun) – element, part, component.
  43. outright (adverb) – instantly, instantaneously, immediately, at once, straight away.  
  44. candidate vaccine BNT162b2 (noun) – mRNA-based vaccine candidate produced by Pfizer and BioNTech.
  45. candidate vaccine mRNA-1273 (noun) – mRNA-1273 is an mRNA vaccine candidate which was co-developed by Moderna and investigators from NIAID’s Vaccine Research Center.
  46. candidate vaccine Ad26.COV2.S (noun) – Janssen COVID-19 Vaccine or Ad26.COV2.S vaccine candidate is developed by Johnson & Johnson (Janssen Biotech, Inc).
  47. hold up (phrasal verb) – delay, make late, slow down; obstruct, impede, hinder, hamper.
  48. U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) (noun) – The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is the government agency responsible for advancing public health by helping to speed innovations that make medical products more effective, safer, and more affordable and by helping the public get the accurate, science-based information they need to use medical products and foods to maintain and improve their health.
  49. Quad/Quadrilateral (noun) – The ‘Quadrilateral’ is described as four democracies (the United States, Japan, Australia and India) with a shared objective to ensure and support a “free, open and prosperous” Indo-Pacific region.
  50. summit (noun) – meeting, conference, conclave.
  51. provision (verb) – provide, give, supply.
  52. nimble (adjective) – active, quick, skillful; quick-thinking, clever.
  53. set (adjective) – fixed, determined, decided.
  54. indemnity (noun) – immunity, exemption, exception, exclusion.
  55. waiver (noun) – deferral, rejection, renunciation (with no stipulations/restrictions).
  56. indemnity waiver (noun) – liability waiver; it states that one party won’t hold the other liable for damages, losses, or costs associated with incurred legal issues.
  57. Emergency Use Authorisation (EUA) (noun) – a mechanism to facilitate the availability and use of medical countermeasures, including vaccines, during public health emergencies, such as the current COVID-19 pandemic.
  58. relax (verb) – make something (rule/condition) less strict; moderate, ease up, lessen.
  59. waive (verb) – set aside, forgo, drop, refrain from (a rule).
  60. bridging trial (noun) – a supplemental study. (a bridging study on a medicine is an additional study executed in the new region to “build a bridge” with the foreign clinical data on safety, efficacy, and dose response).
  61. backtrack (verb) – disavow, disclaim, repudiate, renounce.
  62. U-turn (noun) – about-turn, a reversal of policy, change of mind/plan, about-face.
  63. centralise (verb) – concentrate, bring under one roof, consolidate (under a single authority).
  64. centralised (adjective) – controlled by a single authority.
  65. up-front (adverb) – in advance, beforehand, ahead of time.
  66. tie up (phrasal verb) – to have a business deal/agreement/arrangement.
  67. have one’s work/task cut out (phrase) – be faced with a tough task/work.
  68. vaccination (noun) – treatment with a vaccine to protect against a particular disease; immunization.
  69. World Trade Organization (WTO) (noun) – an intergovernmental organization that is concerned with the regulation of international trade between nations.
  70. reap (verb) – receive, obtain, get, acquire.
  71. virtual (adjective) – performing a task with the use of the computer, especially over a network.
  72. virtual summit (noun) – online meeting/conference.
  73. BRICS countries (plural noun) – the acronym coined to associate five major emerging national economies: Brazil, Russia, India, China, and South Africa. The BRICS members are known for their significant influence on regional affairs.
  74. on board (phrase) – onto a team.
  75. hold out (phrasal verb) – resist, withstand, hold off, stand firm against.
  76. free up (phrasal verb) – to make it operate with fewer restrictions and controls.
  77. intellectual property (noun) – a category of property that includes intangible (non-physical) creations of the human intellect. The most well-known types are copyrights, patents, trademarks and trade secrets.
  78. proceedings (noun) – action, legal action/proceedings, lawsuit.
  79. consensus (noun) – an idea or opinion that is shared by all the people in a group, agreement, concurrence.
  80. point out (phrasal verb) – identify, mention, indicate, draw attention to.
  81. grant (noun) – contribution, allowance, subsidy, handout, donation.
  82. COVAX (noun) – COVAX is co-led by Gavi, the Coalition for Epidemic Preparedness Innovations (CEPI), and WHO. Its aim is to accelerate the development and manufacture of COVID-19 vaccines, and to guarantee fair and equitable access for every country in the world.
  83. soar (verb) – increase, rise rapidly.
  84. wash (verb) – be accepted, be acceptable, be plausible, be convincing, make sense, be believable, be credible, pass muster.
  85. leave someone in the lurch (phrase) – to abandon or leave someone (without help and protection) in a difficult situation; leave helpless, leave stranded, let down.
  86. egregious (adjective) – shocking, horrible/terrible, very bad.
  87. drive (noun) – campaign, movement, effort, push.
  88. administration (noun) – an act of dispensing, providing, giving, applying (a drug/vaccine).
  89. amidst (preposition) – amid, in the middle of; during.
  90. neighbourhood (noun) – (surrounding) area, region, country.
  91. afield (adverb) – to a distance.
  92. it is no surprise (phrase) – as expected, as anticipated, as predicted.
  93. seek (verb) – try to obtain, ask for, request, appeal for.
  94. make amends (phrase) – compensation, recompense, reparation, restitution, restoration, redress.
  95. speculate (verb) – guess/think, surmise, postulate.
  96. pandemic-hit (adjective) – affected by the pandemic.
  97. at/in/to the forefront of (phrase) – be in a leading/front/important position in an important activity; spearhead, van guard, front line, leading position.
  98. novel coronavirus (nCoV) (SARS-CoV2) (noun) – a new strain (type/variety) coronavirus that has not been previously identified in humans. (Courtesy: WHO)
  99. zoonotic (adjective) – used to refer to a disease transmitted from (vertebrate) animals to humans”. Zoonosis (noun) is a disease transmitted from (vertebrate) animals to humans. It is based on the Greek words for “(zoo) animal” and “(nosos) sickness.
  100. intermediate host (noun) – an organism that harbors (carries) the sexually immature parasite and is required by the parasite to undergo development and complete its life cycle.
  101. definite host (noun) – (in biology) a host is a larger organism that harbours (carries) a smaller organism; an organism in which the parasite reaches the adult stage and reproduces sexually, if possible (harbour means carry the germs of a disease).
  102. cold chain (noun) – a temperature-controlled supply chain. It is a kind of supply chain that specializes in the storage, transport, and preservation of cargo that needs to be maintained at a specific temperature or within an acceptable temperature range.
  103. unlikely (adjective) – not likely (to be true/to happen).
  104. virology (noun) – the study of viruses and viral diseases.
  105. drag one’s feet (phrase) – delay, procrastinate, postpone action, put off doing something.
  106. discount (verb) – disregard, pay no attention to, take no notice of, overlook.
  107. speak up (phrase) – to express one’s opinion (in support/against someone/something) openly.
  108. voice (noun) – expression; opinion, view.
  109. convention (noun) – agreement, accord, protocol.
  110. diabolical (adjective) – wicked, shocking, dreadful/terrible.
  111. revamp (verb) – recondition, rehabilitate, rebuild, overhaul.
  112. Biological Weapons Convention (BWC) (noun) – Formally known as “The Convention on the Prohibition of the Development, Production and Stockpiling of Bacteriological (Biological) and Toxin Weapons and on their Destruction”, the Convention was negotiated by the Conference of the Committee on Disarmament in Geneva, Switzerland. It opened for signature on 10 April 1972 and entered into force on 26 March 1975. The BWC supplements the 1925 Geneva Protocol, which had prohibited only the use of biological weapons.
  113. treaty (noun) – agreement, accord, pact, compact, protocol.
  114. compliance (noun) – conformity, observance, observation, accordance, adherence.
  115. footing (noun) – standing, status, position.


 1. Click each one of the words above for their definition, more synonyms, pronunciation, example sentences, phrases, derivatives, origin and etc from
2. Definitions (elementary level) & Synonyms provided for the words above are my personal work and not that of Oxford University Press. Tentative definitions/meanings are provided for study purposes only and they may vary in a different context.  
3. This word list is for personal use only. Reproduction in any format and/or Commercial use of it is/are strictly prohibited.

Today’s Advanced Word List 1 for The Hindu Lead Article (COVID diplomacy 2.0, a different order of tasks) – Jun 02, 2021:

The Hindu Lead Article (COVID diplomacy 2.0, a different order of tasks) – Jun 02, 2021
The Hindu Lead Article (COVID diplomacy 2.0, a different order of tasks) – Jun 02, 2021
The Hindu Lead Article (COVID diplomacy 2.0, a different order of tasks) – Jun 02, 2021
The Hindu Lead Article (COVID diplomacy 2.0, a different order of tasks) – Jun 02, 2021
The Hindu Lead Article (COVID diplomacy 2.0, a different order of tasks) – Jun 02, 2021
The Hindu Lead Article (COVID diplomacy 2.0, a different order of tasks) – Jun 02, 2021

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