The Hindu Lead Article (Countering a political act that has a legal garb) – Jun 23, 2021

The Hindu Lead Article (Countering a political act that has a legal garb) – Jun 23, 2021

Aisha Sultana, a film-maker from Lakshadweep, was recently booked for the alleged offences of sedition and statements prejudicial to national integrity. For further reading, visit “The Hindu”. Below is today’s advanced word list-1 for The Hindu Lead Article (Countering a political act that has a legal garb) – Jun 23, 2021.

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Courtesy: The Hindu

Today’s Advanced Word List 1 for The Hindu Lead Article (Countering a political act that has a legal garb) – Jun 23, 2021:

  1. counter (verb) – combat, confront, stand up to, oppose, resist, rebuff, rebut, repel.
  2. garb (noun) – an outward appearance, form, guise.
  3. sedition (noun) – incitement (to riot/rebellion), agitation, trouble making/provocation (against the established government/authority).
  4. solely (adverb) – only.
  5. alleged (adjective) – supposed, claimed, professed, purported, reported, ostensible.
  6. offence (noun) – crime, illegal/unlawful act, wrongdoing.
  7. prejudicial (adjective) – detrimental, damaging, harmful, disadvantageous.
  8. integrity (noun) – unity, cohesion, undividedness, togetherness, solidarity.
  9. anticipatory bail (noun) – Under Section 438 of the Criminal Procedure Code, the provision allows a person can request to get bail in anticipation of being accused of having committed a non-bailable offence in India.
  10. interim (adjective) – provisional, temporary, transitional.  
  11. bail (noun) – conditional, temporary release of an arrested/imprisoned person when a specified amount of security is deposited or pledged (as cash or property) to ensure his/her appearance in court when required.
  12. incarceration (noun) – imprisonment, confinement, custody.
  13. pass (verb) – announce, declare.
  14. application (noun) – appeal, petition, suit.
  15. slap (verb) – impose, put on.
  16. put up (phrasal verb) – display, post.
  17. placard (noun) – notice, poster, public notice.
  18. regime (noun) – government.
  19. dissident (noun) – dissenter, objector, protester, disputant.
  20. background (noun) – circumstances, context, conditions, situation.
  21. implications (noun) – consequence/outcome, ramification, repercussion.
  22. bioweapon (noun) – a harmful biological agent (such as bacteria, viruses, and others) used to intentionally cause damage or death to people. 
  23. draft legislation (noun) – a way of releasing a bill or regulation in a format available for public comment before it is formally introduced into the Parliamentary and Legislative processes.
  24. The Draft Lakshadweep Development Authority Regulation, 2021 (LDAR 2021) (noun) – This Draft Regulation, notified on the administration’s website, proposes to change the existing land ownership and usage in Lakshadweep by giving sweeping powers to the administration to directly interfere with an islander’s right to possess and retain their property. It empowers the administration to pick any land for “development” activities provided under its regulation.
  25. deliberate (verb) – think about, think over, ponder, consider, contemplate, reflect on.
  26. Administrator (noun) – Union Territories are administrated by the President acting to such extent, as he thinks fit, through an Administrator appointed by him.
  27. omission (noun) – negligence, neglect, dereliction, oversight, disregard, failure.
  28. act of omission and commission (phrase) – act of omission and commission are, respectively, things someone failed to do, and things someone has done.  
  29. allegedly (adverb) – reportedly, supposedly, purportedly, ostensibly, apparently.
  30. pandemic (noun) – the worldwide spread of a new disease; The illness spreads around the world and typically affects a large number of people across a wide area.
  31. apologetic (adjective) – regretful, full of regret, sorry.
  32. entrap (verb) – trap, ensnare, entangle, enmesh; entice, lure, tempt.
  33. rely on (phrasal verb) – depend on; resort to, have recourse to.
  34. subsequent (adjective) – following, ensuing, succeeding, successive.
  35. posture (noun) – position, stand.
  36. back (verb) – support, endorse, uphold, advocate, champion.
  37. legitimacy (noun) – legality, validity, lawfulness.
  38. lack (verb) – be without, not have enough of, be deprived of.
  39. activist (noun) – a person who supports a political or societal change/cause.
  40. probable (adjective) – most likely, possible, expected, anticipated.
  41. articulate (adjective) – eloquent, fluent, communicative, effective, expressive, vocal.
  42. affairs (noun) – concerns, matters, activities, responsibility, interest.
  43. self-accusation (noun) – guiltiness, self-reproach, self-condemnation.
  44. unwarranted (adjective) – unjustified, unnecessary, unreasonable, uncalled for, groundless.
  45. curtail (verb) – decrease, lessen, reduce.
  46. rescission (noun) – repeal, cancellation, rescindment, reversal.
  47. legitimise (verb) – validate, legitimate, justify.
  48. case study (noun) – good, instructive example; record, evidence.
  49. liberal (adjective) – progressive, forward-thinking, broad-minded, reformist.
  50. Section 124A of the IPC (noun) – Section 124A of the Indian Penal Code lays down the punishment for sedition.
  51. Indian Penal Code (IPC) (noun) – The Indian Penal Code (IPC) is the official criminal code of India. It is a comprehensive code intended to cover all substantive aspects of criminal law. The draft was passed into law on 6 October 1860. The Code came into operation on 1 January 1862. The Indian Penal Code of 1860, subdivided into 23 chapters, comprises 511 sections. IPC deals with crimes and punishments.
  52. trial (noun) – hearing, inquiry, litigation, judicial proceedings.
  53. provision (noun) – clause, requirement, condition.
  54. design (verb) – create, plan, formulate, think up.
  55. suppress (verb) – control, contain, restrain, hide, conceal, cover up.
  56. liberty (noun) – freedom, independence.
  57. preach (verb) – proclaim, teach, spread, propagate, instil, inculcate, counsel.
  58. disaffection (noun) – dissatisfaction, disgruntlement, discontent.
  59. sin (noun) – act of evil, crime, wrongdoing.
  60. so long as (phrase) – provided that.
  61. contemplate (verb) – think about, consider, regard.
  62. incite (verb) – prompt, induce, impel, influence.
  63. curiously (adverb) – mysteriously, surprisingly, unexpectedly.
  64. assertion (noun) – declaration, statement, announcement, claim, affirmation.
  65. lay down (phrasal verb) – formulate, stipulate, frame, draw up.
  66. bench (noun) – a court of law with a number of judges.
  67. incitement (noun) – provocation, persuasion, inducement.
  68. gist (noun) – the real point; essence, main idea, main theme, central idea.
  69. proposition (noun) – theory, concept, premise, idea, assumption.
  70. consistently (adverb) – always, each time, invariably.
  71. dissent (noun) – disagreement, lack of agreement, difference of opinion, protest, opposition, disapproval.
  72. convict (verb) – declare guilty, find guilty, sentence.
  73. evidently (adverb) – obviously, palpably, seemingly, apparently.
  74. conviction (noun) – pronouncement of guilt, sentence, judgement.
  75. draconian (adjective) – (of laws or punishments) extremely harsh, severe, strict, stringent, tough.
  76. National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) (noun) – an Indian government agency responsible for collecting and analysing crime data as defined by the Indian Penal Code (IPC) and Special and Local Laws (SLL). NCRB is headquartered in New Delhi and is part of the Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA), Government of India.
  77. build up (phrasal verb) – strengthen, increase, improve, augment, raise, intensify.
  78. litigation (noun) – legal action, lawsuit, legal case.
  79. redress (noun) – compensation, reparation, restitution; remedy.
  80. grievance (noun) – complaint.
  81. eloquently (adverb) – expressively, revealingly, significantly, indicatively.
  82. praxis (noun) – practice, action, process.
  83. expose (verb) – reveal, show, display, exhibit, unveil.
  84. egregious (adjective) – shocking, horrible/terrible, very bad.
  85. whatsoever (adverb) – at all.
  86. dialogic (adjective) – relating to the form of dialogue.
  87. assert (verb) – declare, announce, pronounce, state.
  88. imagery (noun as modifier) – symbolic, figurative.
  89. unprincipled (adjective) – immoral, unethical, unscrupulous.
  90. overt (adjective) – clear, apparent, conspicuous, obvious, noticeable.
  91. try (verb) – hear, investigate (a case) and make a formal judgement on it; pass judgement on, adjudge, adjudicate.
  92. undergo (verb) – be subjected to, experience, go through.
  93. rigorous (adjective) – harsh, severe, bad. 
  94. imprisonment (noun) – incarceration, custody, confinement.
  95. seditious (adjective) – inciting, agitating, fomenting, troublemaking, provocative, inflammatory, agitational.
  96. disorder (noun) – unrest, disruption, upheaval, turmoil, mayhem.
  97. capitalist (noun) – a person with the idea of personal profit and success.
  98. disapprobation (noun) – disapproval, dislike, dissatisfaction.
  99. inclination (noun) – tendency, disposition, proclivity, leaning.
  100. penal (adjective) – (of an activity) punishable by law; disciplinary, punitive, corrective.
  101. for want of (phrase) – for a lack of (something).
  102. ingredient (noun) – element, part, component.
  103. make out (phrasal verb) – pretend, affect, allege, claim, assert.
  104. activism (noun) – involvement; campaigning/supporting (to cause political or social change).
  105. chilling (adjective) – frightening, terrifying, disturbing/horrifying.
  106. object (noun) – purpose, objective, aim, goal, target.
  107. invocation (noun) – citation, mention, calling on.
  108. pay the price/cost (phrase) – experience the bad/unpleasant result of something; sacrifice, loss.
  109. retention (noun) – the continued possession & use of something.
  110. take cognisance of (phrase) – notice, attend to, take into account, give attention to.
  111. suo motu (phrase) – Latin term means “on its own motion”. It is used where a government agency acts on its own knowledge.
  112. proceedings (noun) – action, legal action.
  113. reflect (verb) – indicate, display, demonstrate.
  114. libertarian (noun) – a person who strongly supports the principle that individual freedom is the most important thing, especially with regard to thought (way of thinking) or conduct (way of behaving).
  115. the judiciary (noun) – a branch of government in which judicial power is vested.


 1. Click each one of the words above for their definition, more synonyms, pronunciation, example sentences, phrases, derivatives, origin and etc from
2. Definitions (elementary level) & Synonyms provided for the words above are my personal work and not that of Oxford University Press. Tentative definitions/meanings are provided for study purposes only and they may vary in a different context.  
3. This word list is for personal use only. Reproduction in any format and/or Commercial use of it is/are strictly prohibited.

Today’s Advanced Word List 1 for The Hindu Lead Article (Countering a political act that has a legal garb) – Jun 23, 2021:

The Hindu Lead Article (Countering a political act that has a legal garb) – Jun 23, 2021
The Hindu Lead Article (Countering a political act that has a legal garb) – Jun 23, 2021
The Hindu Lead Article (Countering a political act that has a legal garb) – Jun 23, 2021
The Hindu Lead Article (Countering a political act that has a legal garb) – Jun 23, 2021
The Hindu Lead Article (Countering a political act that has a legal garb) – Jun 23, 2021

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