The Hindu Lead Article (Commemorating change, changing commemoration) – Mar 08, 2021

The Hindu Lead Article (Commemorating change, changing commemoration) – Mar 08, 2021

Among the many “international days” initiated by the United Nations, the best known is the one for women. Given its widespread institutionalisation… For further reading, visit “The Hindu”. Below is today’s advanced word list-1 for The Hindu Lead Article (Commemorating change, changing commemoration) – Mar 08, 2021.

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Today’s Advanced Word List 1 for The Hindu Lead Article (Commemorating change, changing commemoration) – Mar 08, 2021:

  1. commemorate (verb) – celebrate/honour the memory of someone/something with a ceremony/event; pay tribute to, pay homage to.
  2. commemoration (noun) – a ceremony in which a person or event is remembered.
  3. given (preposition) – considering, taking into account, bearing in mind.
  4. institutionalization (noun) – the process of establishing something as a practice/custom/norm in an organization or culture.
  5. nation-state (noun) – a state (country) in which a great majority shares the same culture and is conscious of it. The nation-state is an ideal in which cultural boundaries match up with political boundaries. An independent state consists of people from one particular national group.
  6. socialist (adjective) – adhering to the principles of socialism; leftist.
  7. in the wake of (phrase) – as a result of, in the aftermath of, as a consequence of.
  8. campaign (noun) – an organized effort that seeks to influence the decision-making progress within a specific group.
  9. legacy (noun) – something received from a predecessor or from the past.
  10. feminist (adjective) – relating to a person who supports feminism (fights for the equality of all people).
  11. call (noun) – request, appeal, plea.
  12. rescue (verb) – save.
  13. intrepid (adjective) – fearless, unafraid, heroic.
  14. social justice (noun) – it is the view that everyone deserves equal economic, political, and social rights and opportunities.
  15. caste-differentiated (adjective) – differentiated/distinguished by caste; identified a difference by caste.
  16. enslavement (noun) – oppression, slavery, suppression.
  17. perspective (noun) – position, stand, angle, approach, way of looking, way of thinking, vantage point, interpretation.
  18. emphasise (verb) – draw attention to, put stress on, underscore, highlight.
  19. lockdown (noun) – an emergency protocol implemented by the authorities that prevents people from leaving from a place; An extended state of confinement/encirclement/isolation of a person by the authority.
  20. horrific (adjective) – dreadful, awful, terrible, appalling.
  21. discriminatory (adjective) – biased, unfair/unjust, inequitable, partisan.
  22. Citizenship (Amendment) Act (CAA) (noun) – The Citizenship (Amendment) Bill, 2019 seeks to grant citizenship to religious minorities of Afghanistan, Pakistan, and Bangladesh, who had to flee their homeland facing persecution. The six minority groups that have been specifically identified are Hindus, Jains, Sikhs, Buddhists, Christians, and Parsis.
  23. sit-in (noun) – a method of protest in which people gather in a (public) place and remain there protesting continuously until their demands are fulfilled.
  24. abut (verb) – be adjacent to, adjoin, border, butt up to.
  25. bring to a halt (phrase) – put to a stop.
  26. spate (noun) – series, flurry; a large number of something (taking place at the same period).
  27. alleged (adjective) – supposed, claimed, professed, purported.
  28. incite (verb) – trigger, provoke, stir up, prompt, induce, impel, influence.
  29. pandemic (noun) – the worldwide spread of a new disease; The illness spreads around the world and typically affects a large number of people across a wide area.
  30. eerily (adverb) – peculiarly, oddly, in a strange and frightening way.
  31. isolation (noun) – separation, segregation, setting apart.
  32. habitat (noun) – natural environment, natural territory, natural surroundings; natural home.
  33. glue (verb) – to look at something with all your attention.
  34. hitherto (adverb) – previously, earlier, so far/thus far, until now.
  35. city-dweller (noun) – a person who lives in a city.
  36. migrant (noun) – a person who moves from one region to another – either within a country or across national borders in order to find work or better living conditions.
  37. shelter (noun) – a place of safety, place of shelter, accommodation; safe house; home, housing.
  38. deserted (adjective) – empty.
  39. unviable (adjective) – not feasible; unfeasible, undoable, impracticable.
  40. hard-pressed (adjective) – in difficulties, under pressure, under stress, troubled, harassed.
  41. elapse (verb) – pass, go by, go past.
  42. unprecedented (adjective) – not done or experienced before.
  43. outpouring (noun) – outburst, outflowing, cascade; a lot of something happening at the same time.
  44. inequality (noun) – Inequality is simply defined as “the state of not being equal, especially in status, rights and opportunities; imbalance, unevenness, disproportion, disparity.
  45. sphere (noun) – an area of activity; a field of activity; domain, realm.
  46. discourse (noun) – discussion, conversation, communication, expression.
  47. lock down (phrasal verb) – confine, restraint, enclose, encircle/hem in.
  48. lock in (phrasal verb) – to prevent someone from leaving a house (by locking the door).
  49. overnight (adverb) – instantly, very quickly.
  50. centre of attention (noun) – highlight, main feature, high point, best part.
  51. due (adjective) – proper, right and proper, correct, suitable, appropriate.
  52. take for granted (phrase) – understand, assume, presume (something is true without cross-questioning it); For example, if people take something for granted, they do not place much value on it. Or you believe it to be true, real or expected.
  53. condemn (verb) – censure, criticize, castigate; destine, damn.
  54. go on (phrasal verb) – happen, occur, take place.
  55. ages (noun) – a long time.
  56. prominently (adverb) – mainly, greatly, noticeably, evidently, obviously.
  57. (in) the absence of (phrase) – without.
  58. due (adjective) – deserved by, merited by, earned by, warranted by.
  59. unfortunately (adverb) – sadly, regrettably, unhappily, woefully.
  60. strange (adjective) – unusual, weird, abnormal, atypical.
  61. the new normal (phrase) – an earlier unusual situation that becomes a standard now.
  62. take on (phrasal verb) – face, challenge, confront.
  63. of any kind (phrase) – of any sort, whatsoever, whatever, at all.
  64. movement (noun) – campaign, drive, push.
  65. assault (noun) – attack, offensive, onslaught.
  66. step out (phrasal verb) – leave a building/place for a short period of time.
  67. account (noun) – report, news, narration, narrative.
  68. numbing (adjective) – shocking, chilling, desensitizing, paralyzing.
  69. regardless of (phrase) – despite, notwithstanding, in spite of.
  70. perpetrator (noun) – someone who does immoral, harmful, and illegal activity; offender, criminal, wrongdoer/evil-doer, culprit.
  71. silver lining (noun) – sign of hope; comforting prospect, hopeful or bright side (during difficulty).
  72. accountability (noun) – responsibility, liability, answerability.
  73. brush aside (phrasal verb) – dismiss, disregard, ignore.
  74. protocol (noun) – procedure, convention, guideline, norm.
  75. en masse (adverb) – in a mass, all together, as a group.
  76. Farm Acts, 2000 (noun) – Farm Acts, 2000 refer to three agricultural bills passed by Indian Parliament in September 2020. The three acts are “The Farmers’ Produce Trade and Commerce (Promotion and Facilitation) Act, 2020 (FPTC Act) allows farmers to sell their harvest outside the notified Agricultural Produce Market Committee (APMC) mandis without paying any State taxes or fees”, “the Farmers (Empowerment and Protection) Agreement on Price Assurance and Farm Services Act, 2020 facilitates contract farming and direct marketing”, and “the Essential Commodities (Amendment) Act, 2020 deregulates the production, storage, movement and sale of several major foodstuffs, including cereals, pulses, edible oils and onion, except in the case of extraordinary circumstances”.
  77. weather-beaten (adjective) – tanned, suntanned, damaged (by weather).
  78. speak out (phrasal verb) – express, articulate, communicate, convey, voice (something straightforwardly & publicly).
  79. abate (verb) – decline, reduce, decrease.
  80. comrade (noun) – associate, partner, colleague, fellow, friend; a fellow socialist/communist.
  81. throw out (phrasal verb) – reject, dismiss, veto/refuse.
  82. enmity (noun) – hostility, opposition, hatred/hate, bitterness.

Note:   

 1. Click each one of the words above for their definition, more synonyms, pronunciation, example sentences, phrases, derivatives, origin and etc from http://www.oxforddictionaries.com/.
2. Definitions (elementary level) & Synonyms provided for the words above are my personal work and not that of Oxford University Press. Tentative definitions/meanings are provided for study purpose only and they may vary in different context. 
3. This word list is for personal use only. Reproduction in any format and/or Commercial use of it is/are strictly prohibited.

Today’s Advanced Word List 1 for The Hindu Lead Article (Commemorating change, changing commemoration) – Mar 08, 2021:

The Hindu Lead Article (Commemorating change, changing commemoration) – Mar 08, 2021 The Hindu Lead Article (Commemorating change, changing commemoration) – Mar 08, 2021 The Hindu Lead Article (Commemorating change, changing commemoration) – Mar 08, 2021The Hindu Lead Article (Commemorating change, changing commemoration) – Mar 08, 2021

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