The Hindu Lead Article (China, the media and truth-telling in a crisis) – Feb 17, 2020

The Hindu Lead Article (China, the media and truth-telling in a crisis) – Feb 17, 2020

On February 3, Caixin, a Chinese magazine known for its independent reporting — at least as independent as a media outlet… For further reading, visit “The Hindu”. Below is today’s advanced word list-1 for The Hindu Lead Article (China, the media and truth-telling in a crisis) – Feb 17, 2020.

To read this article, click here.

This preview is provided here with permission.  

Courtesy: The Hindu

Today’s Advanced Word List 1 for The Hindu Lead Article (China, the media and truth-telling in a crisis) – Feb 17, 2020:

  1. watchdog (noun) – inspector/supervisor, observer, ombudsman.
  2. outlet (noun) – a firm that broadcasts/publishes journalism.
  3. lay bare (phrasal verb) – reveal, expose, disclose.
  4. cover-up (noun) – whitewash, deception, suppression/concealment.
  5. coronavirus (CoV)(noun) – a large family of viruses that cause illness ranging from the common cold to more severe diseases. common signs of infection include respiratory symptoms, fever, cough, shortness of breath and breathing difficulties. In more severe cases, infection can cause pneumonia, severe acute respiratory syndrome, kidney failure and even death. (Courtesy: WHO)
  6. novel coronavirus (nCoV) (noun) – a new strain (type/variety) coronavirus that has not been previously identified in humans. (Courtesy: WHO)
  7. outbreak (noun) – sudden appearance/occurrence, outburst, epidemic.
  8. breathlessly (adverb) – In a method that is described by thrill/suspense.
  9. fortunes (noun) – circumstances (the success or failure of someone), state of affairs, conditions.
  10. window (noun) – opportunity, chance, opening.
  11. snapshot (noun) – summary, a brief look.
  12. assumption (noun) – belief, notion, impression, premise.
  13. heaving (adjective) – crowded, congested, populous.
  14. sign off (phrasal verb) – to approve something officially.
  15. politburo (noun) – the main policy making committee of a communist party.
  16. perception (noun) – understanding, discernment, recognition/realization; interpretation.
  17. deepen (verb) – increase, intensify, escalate.
  18. take over the reins of (phrase) – to gain control of something.
  19. relentless (adjective) – inflexible, harsh, severe, ruthless.
  20. laden with (adjective) – overloaded, burdened, weighed down, fully charged.
  21. below the surface (phrase) – into the deeper aspects of something.
  22. landscape (noun) – the distinctive features of a field of activity.
  23. contested (adjective) – disputed, debated, argued.
  24. terrain (noun) – area, domain, territory.
  25. unfold (verb) – develop, evolve, happen, take place/occur.
  26. pneumonia (noun) – pneumonia is an infection of the lungs. It is treatable and preventable. However, pneumonia is the leading cause of death among children under five.
  27. whistle-blower (noun) – one who reveals others’ illegal activities in public or to the government/authority.
  28. ophthalmologist (noun) – a medical practitioner/doctor who is specialized in the branch of medicine and surgery that deals with the treatment & diseases of the eye.
  29. haul up (phrasal verb) – compel, force someone to appear in a court for trial/criticism.
  30. break down (phrasal verb) – stop working, cease to function; go wrong.
  31. bar (verb) – block, ban, exclude.
  32. ill-considered (adjective) – unconsidered, ill-advised, misjudged.
  33. magnify (verb) – increase, heighten, intensify.
  34. indeed (adverb) – in fact, actually, undeniably.
  35. epidemiologist (noun) – an expert in the study of how disease spreads and can be controlled.
  36. unprecedented (adjective) – not done or experienced before.
  37. severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) (noun) – SARS coronavirus (SARS-CoV) is thought to be an animal virus from an as-yet-uncertain animal reservoir, perhaps bats, that spread to other animals (civet cats). It is a viral (human-to-human transmission) that can cause severe respiratory illness or death.
  38. quarantine (noun) – a process of separating out people, animals and things (such as plants) from others for a period of time in order to control/restrict the spread of a contagious disease; setting apart, keeping apart, sorting out.
  39. lock down (noun) – confinement, restraint, encirclement.
  40. relentlessly (adverb) – continuously, persistently, firmly/determinedly, continuously in an intense way.
  41. ground zero (noun) – the exact place/area where something is happening practically.
  42. authoritarianism (noun) – autocracy, fascism, totalitarianism/draconianism. 
  43. deliberately (adverb) – intentionally, purposely, knowingly/wittingly.
  44. assuage (verb) – relieve, alleviate, moderate.
  45. under-fire (adjective) – severely criticized.
  46. say (noun) – influence, sway, authority.
  47. fleeting (adjective) – short-lived, fading, vanishing.
  48. clampdown (noun) – crackdown, suppression, prevention/restriction; restraint.
  49. epidemic (noun) – outbreak, outburst, plague, sudden appearance/occurrence (of a disease).
  50. render (verb) – give/provide; show, display.
  51. commentary (noun) – explanation, interpretation/review, analysis.
  52. resolutely (adverb) – firmly, determinedly, purposefully.
  53. undermine (verb) – reduce, spoil, damage.
  54. contract (verb) – develop, become infected with, fall ill with (a disease).
  55. unleash (verb) – let loose, release, set free.
  56. rage (noun) – fury, anger, wrath. 
  57. perhaps (adverb) – maybepossibly.
  58. parallel (noun) – similarity, comparison, resemblance.
  59. underline (verb) – emphasize, highlight, underscore.
  60. immediacy (noun) – rapidity, quickness, promptness.
  61. academic (noun) – scholar, lecturer/professor, educator, instructor.
  62. step in (phrasal verb) – intervene, intercede, become involved.
  63. subsequently (adverb) – afterwards, later on, eventually.
  64. look at (phrasal verb) – regard, consider, view, judge.
  65. plug (verb) – stop, close, block.
  66. loophole (noun) – an ambiguity in the law; flaw/fault, defect.
  67. societal (adjective) – related to society.
  68. prolonged (adjective) – continuous, lengthy, ongoing/constant.
  69. legitimacy (noun) – reasonableness, justification, validity.
  70. rallying call (noun) – rallying cry, shout call, battle/war cry (used to get/encourage people’s support for a cause and come together).
  71. systemic (adjective) – constructional, organizational, constitutional.
  72. incentivise (verb) – encourage, motivate, galvanize.
  73. at all costs (phrase) – irrespective of the price/effort needed to be paid/provided.
  74. spiral (verb) – increase rapidly, rise rapidly, leap up, escalate.
  75. criterion (noun) – basis, standard, norm. (criteria is the plural form of criterion).
  76. transparency (noun) – clarity, straightforwardness, unambiguity.
  77. close to home (phrase) – (of a criticism/discourse) relevant or accurate to the point and so affecting someone deeply and emotionally.
  78. robust (adjective) – strong, powerful.
  79. winds of change (phrase) – events/happenings which indicated something important is about to change.
  80. stifle (verb) – prevent, contain, hinder, hamper, impede.
  81. scepticism (noun) – doubt, suspicion/mistrust, wariness, lack of conviction.
  82. abound (verb) – be plentiful, be abundant, be numerous.
  83. ironically (adverb) – paradoxically, unexpectedly, strangely.
  84. put forward (phrasal verb) – moot, propose, suggest (an idea).
  85. elite (adjective) – superior, top-quality, high-grade.
  86. alma mater (noun) – a Latin phrase for a university, school, or college that one formerly attended.
  87. revival (noun) – restoration, revitalization, reintroduction.


 1. Click each one of the words above for their definition, more synonyms, pronunciation, example sentences, phrases, derivatives, origin and etc from
2. Definitions (elementary level) & Synonyms provided for the words above are my personal work and not that of Oxford University Press. Tentative definitions/meanings are provided for study purpose only and they may vary in different context. 
3. This word list is for personal use only. Reproduction in any format and/or Commercial use of it is/are strictly prohibited.

Today’s Advanced Word List 1 for The Hindu Lead Article (China, the media and truth-telling in a crisis) – Feb 17, 2020:

The Hindu Lead Article (China, the media and truth-telling in a crisis) – Feb 17, 2020 The Hindu Lead Article (China, the media and truth-telling in a crisis) – Feb 17, 2020 The Hindu Lead Article (China, the media and truth-telling in a crisis) – Feb 17, 2020 The Hindu Lead Article (China, the media and truth-telling in a crisis) – Feb 17, 2020

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