The Hindu Lead Article (Central Vista, executive’s caprice, and rule of law) – Jan 11, 2021

The Hindu Lead Article (Central Vista, executive’s caprice, and rule of law) – Jan 11, 2021

There is a pattern that emerges out of the contemporary Supreme Court of India’s most notable judgments. For further reading, visit “The Hindu”. Below is today’s advanced word list-1 for The Hindu Lead Article (Central Vista, executive’s caprice, and rule of law) – Jan 11, 2021.

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Courtesy: The Hindu

Today’s Advanced Word List 1 for The Hindu Lead Article (Central Vista, executive’s caprice, and rule of law) – Jan 11, 2021:

  1. Central Vista (noun) – it is a grand redevelopment project for building what will be the power corridor of India, having a new Parliament building, a common central secretariat, and revamped three-km-long Rajpath, from the Rashtrapati Bhavan to the India Gate.
  2. the executive (noun) – the executive is a branch of government that enforces the law as written by the legislature and interpreted by the judiciary.
  3. caprice (noun) – whim, fancy, urge, impulse, notion;  changeableness, volatility, inconstancy, unpredictability.
  4. rule of law (phrase) – it is described as “a principle of governance in which all persons, institutions and entities, public and private, including the State itself, are accountable to laws that are publicly promulgated, equally enforced and independently adjudicated, and which are consistent with international human rights norms and standards.
  5. just (adjective) – impartial, unbiased, objective, neutral.
  6. adhere to (verb) – abide by, follow, obey, comply with.
  7. contemporary (adjective) – current, present-day, present-time.
  8. invariably (adverb) – always, every time, each time.
  9. homage  (noun) – respect, tribute, recognition, admiration, acclamation, reverence.
  10. (fall) by the wayside (phrase) – be left without attention.
  11. at hand (phrase) – readily available, at one’s disposal, nearby, close by.
  12. invariable (adjective) – unchanging, changeless, unvaried.
  13. upshot (noun) – result, consequence, outcome/effect.
  14. trump (verb) – outdo, outperform, be better than.
  15. due process (noun) – fair treatment (per established principles & procedures).
  16. in name only (phrase) – nominally.
  17. imprimatur (noun) – authorization, approval, seal of approval, endorsement.
  18. customary (adjective) – usual, normal, traditional/conventional.
  19. fashion (noun) – manner, way, style, method.
  20. hold (verb) – decide, rule (a decision).
  21. republic (noun) – a group of people involved in a particular activity with certain equality; “The Republic” is a form of government in which a state (country) is ruled by elected representatives of the people (citizen body).
  22. howsoever (conjunction) – in whatever way, however.
  23. laudable (adjective) – praiseworthy, commendable, admirable.
  24. stand the test of (phrase) – continue to be successful (for a long time).
  25. read on (phrasal verb) – to continue to read something.
  26. shudder (noun) – shake, shiver, tremor.
  27. déjà vu (noun) – The expression is derived from the French, meaning “already seen”; this expression can make you feel like you’ve known someone before (or) been somewhere before (or) experienced something before.
  28. set in (phrasal verb) – (of something unpleasant) begin, start, develop gradually.
  29. paean (noun) – song of praise, anthem.
  30. enfeeble (verb) – weaken, debilitate, cripple, disable.
  31. acknowledge (verb) – admit, accept, realize.
  32. ought to (modal verb) – must, should.
  33. repudiation (noun) – denial/refusal, disavowal/disclaimer, contradiction/rejection.
  34. norms (noun) – standard, convention, guidelines, criterion.
  35. condone (verb) – approve, sanction, justify, vindicate, endorse.
  36. sustainable (adjective) – reasonable, sensible, well founded (without disturbing the balance of nature and then without exhausting all of natural resources).
  37. precautionary (adjective) – preventive, safety, protective.
  38. context (noun) – circumstances, conditions, situation.
  39. harmonise (verb) – coordinate, integrate, make compatible/bring in line with.
  40. harmony (noun) – unity, solidarity, cooperation, agreement/concord.
  41. balance (noun) – parity, equity/equality, equilibrium, levelness.
  42. eclipse (verb) – outshine, overshadow, surpass, exceed.
  43. conceive (verb) – think up, devise, come up with, formulate.
  44. Edwin Lutyens (proper noun) – the British architect who designed colonial New Delhi with historic buildings as the India Gate and Rashtrapati Bhawan.
  45. stretch (noun) – extend, spread, continue.
  46. litter with (verb) – fill with (examples of something particularly).
  47. sprawling (adjective) – spread out.
  48. ensemble (noun) – group, unit, whole thing.
  49. house (verb) – contain, accommodate.
  50. South & North Block (noun) – South Block is a metonym of the Prime Minister’s Office. North Block is a metonym of the Ministry of Finance, India. (The Secretariat Building (consists North & South Block) or Central Secretariat is where the Cabinet Secretariat is housed, which administers the Government of India. The South Block houses the Prime Minister’s Office, Ministry of Defence and the Ministry of External Affairs). The North Block primarily houses the Ministry of Finance and the Home Ministry). (Metonym is used as an alternative for something else with which it is closely related/associated).
  51. designate (verb) – identify, recognize, classify.
  52. heritage (noun modifier) – tradition, history, background, culture.
  53. precinct (noun) – an area which is restricted/enclosed with walls or some definite boundaries for specific purposes.
  54. Grade-I heritage (noun) – it comprises buildings and precincts of national or historic importance, embodying excellence in architectural style, design, technology, and material usage and/or aesthetics.
  55. grandeur (nun) – majesty, greatness, magnificence.
  56. unscathed (adjective) – unhurt, undamaged, unharmed.
  57. portend (verb) – indicate, signal, foretell, augur.
  58. enormous (adjective) – huge, vast, very large, massive.
  59. cost (noun) – loss, damage, undesirable consequences, adverse effects, disadvantage.
  60. seek (verb) – aim, attempt, try.
  61. erect (verb) – create, establish, form/set up.
  62. Tryst with Destiny (phrase) – Jawaharlal Nehru, the first Prime Minister of India, delivered his “Tryst with Destiny” speech on the eve of independence (15th, Aug 1947, towards mid night on 14th, Aug 1947). It is considered to be one of the greatest speeches of the 20th century. This phrase means that “independence/freedom of India destined to happen”. Literally ‘tryst with destiny’ means “to make a secret deal with something that is in destined for us”.
  63. take down (phrasal verb) – remove, dismantle, demolish.
  64. alleged (adjective) – supposed, claimed, professed, purported.
  65. stand out (phrasal verb) – be noticeable, be visible, be obvious.
  66. illegitimately (adverb) – illegally, unlawfully.
  67. carve (verb) – cut, slice.
  68. on behalf of (phrase) – in place of, on the authority of, at the behest of.
  69. scrutiny (noun) – examination, inspection, investigation.
  70. predicate (verb) – base, be dependent, found, establish, premise.
  71. rigour (noun) – hardship, severity, adversity, suffering.
  72. prescribe (verb) – advise, direct, order.
  73. statute (noun) – act/law, regulation, rule (written & laid down by the legislature).
  74. Delhi Development Act (noun) – The Delhi Development Act was enacted in the year 1957 and it extended to the whole of the Union Territory, Section 7 case a duty on the Authority to carry out a civic survey and prepare a Master Plan for Delhi.
  75. dissenting (adjective) – opposite, contradicting, disagreeing, conflicting.
  76. mandate (verb) – authorize, nominate, empower.
  77. among other things (phrase) – used to indicate that there are several more things like the one mentioned, but that you do not intend to mention them all.
  78. on record (phrase) – (officially) recorded, documented, registered.
  79. objection (noun) – protest, complaint, disapproval, disagreement, opposition.
  80. mandatory (noun) – obligatory, requisite, necessary, essential.
  81. irrelevant (adjective) – immaterial, unrelated, not germane, unimportant/insignificant.
  82. arbitrary (adjective) – whimsical, irrational, casual; autocratic, draconian, anti-democratic.
  83. Article 14 of the Constitution of India (noun) – it provides for equality before the law or equal protection of the laws within the territory of India. It states: “The State shall not deny to any person equality before the law or the equal protection of the laws within the territory of India.”
  84. clause (noun) – requirement, provision.
  85. transformational change (noun) – a complete/extensive change.
  86. bring about (phrasal verb) – cause, produce, give rise to.
  87. accord (verb) – give, grant, present.
  88. civic (adjective) – public.
  89. productive (adjective) – useful, profitable, valuable, effective, beneficial, helpful.
  90. in the public domain (phrase) – if something (e.g. information) is in the public domain, people generally know about it since it is not secret.
  91. Board of Enquiry and Hearing (BoEH) (noun) – it is appointed to hear & consider the representations regarding the draft master plan for the Central Vista project.
  92. merit (noun) – good point, strong point.
  93. plea (noun) – appeal, petition.
  94. respondent (noun) – litigator, opponent, contestant, disputant. 
  95. authentic (adjective) – original, real, actual, true.
  96. iconic (adjective) – exemplary, historic, classical.
  97. lead to (verb) – result in, cause, bring on, call forth, give rise to.
  98. misgivings (noun) – doubt, suspicion, distrust.
  99. moreover (adverb) – besides, furthermore, in addition.
  100. assessment (noun) – evaluation, appraisal, analysis.
  101. commission (noun) – engage, employ, appoint.
  102. disclosure (noun) – revelation, report, declaration, announcement.
  103. override (verb) – disallow, overrule, reject, cancel, reverse, revoke, overrule, nullify, abrogate.
  104. doctrine (noun) – order, command, rule, decree, directive.
  105. flow from (phrase) – come from, be rooted in, originate from, emanate from.
  106. array (noun) – list, line-up.
  107. intelligible (adjective) – understandable, comprehensible, accessible.
  108. irreversible (adjective) – unchangeable, invariable, irrevocable.
  109. consequence (noun) – outcome, result, ramification, repercussion.
  110. Expert Appraisal Committee (EAC) (noun) – expert committee appointed by the Environment Ministry plays a crucial role in the Ministry’s decision to clear a developmental/infrastructure project. It advises the government on environmental clearance of development projects.
  111. rather than (phrase) – instead of.
  112. dissent (noun) – disagreement, difference of opinion, opposition.
  113. so much as (phrase) – hardly, barely, scarcely.
  114. render (verb) – make, cause to be, cause to become.
  115. intuitively (adverb) – instinctively, automatically, spontaneously/naturally.
  116. strike (verb) – come into the mind suddenly; occur to, hit one’s mind unexpectedly.
  117. regard (verb) – pay heed to, pay attention to, take notice of, take into consideration, take into account.
  118. grave (adjective) – crucial/critical, important/significant, serious.
  119. substance (noun) – significant subject, important matter/content, valid message.
  120. tedious (adjective) – boring, monotonous, dull, uninteresting, unexciting; tiresome/laborious.
  121. adherence (noun) – compliance, observance, conformity.

Note:  

 1. Click each one of the words above for their definition, more synonyms, pronunciation, example sentences, phrases, derivatives, origin and etc from http://www.oxforddictionaries.com/.
2. Definitions (elementary level) & Synonyms provided for the words above are my personal work and not that of Oxford University Press. Tentative definitions/meanings are provided for study purpose only and they may vary in different context. 
3. This word list is for personal use only. Reproduction in any format and/or Commercial use of it is/are strictly prohibited.

Today’s Advanced Word List 1 for The Hindu Lead Article (Central Vista, executive’s caprice, and rule of law) – Jan 11, 2021:

The Hindu Lead Article (Central Vista, executive’s caprice, and rule of law) – Jan 11, 2021 The Hindu Lead Article (Central Vista, executive’s caprice, and rule of law) – Jan 11, 2021 The Hindu Lead Article (Central Vista, executive’s caprice, and rule of law) – Jan 11, 2021 The Hindu Lead Article (Central Vista, executive’s caprice, and rule of law) – Jan 11, 2021 The Hindu Lead Article (Central Vista, executive’s caprice, and rule of law) – Jan 11, 2021

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