The Hindu Lead Article (Calls of duty that’ll hurt the U.S. economy) – Sep 07, 2019

The Hindu Lead Article (Calls of duty that’ll hurt the U.S. economy) – Sep 07, 2019

Over the past few weeks, the trade war between the U.S. and China has seen a significant escalation. For further reading, visit “The Hindu”. Below is today’s advanced word list-1 for The Hindu Lead Article (Calls of duty that’ll hurt the U.S. economy) – Sep 07, 2019.

To read this article, click here.

This preview is provided here with permission.  

Courtesy: The Hindu

Today’s Advanced Word List 1 for The Hindu Lead Article (Calls of duty that’ll hurt the U.S. economy) – Sep 07, 2019:

  1. call of duty (phrase) – the feeling that you must do something because it is your duty.
  2. retaliatory tax/levy (noun) – another name for punitive tax, tit-for-tat tax; An extra tariff/tax that a country charges on import goods from another country to punish the another country for charging tax on its own export goods.
  3. slowdown (noun) – economic decline, recession, slump/depression.
  4. trade war (noun) – a condition in which a country increase tariffs on foreign goods and impose quota restrictions to restrict other countries’ trade.
  5. escalation (noun) – intensification; an increase in the intensity of something.
  6. imply (verb) – say indirectly, suggest, hint.
  7. impose on (verb) – force, thrust, inflict.
  8. raise/up the ante (phrase) – to increase demands (in a tough condition) even though it has risks.
  9. forestry (noun) – forest management, forest planting, tree growing/forestation.
  10. unilateral (adjective) – relating to a method of taking decisions (on international relations) by a state (country) individually without considering other states (countries).
  11. perceived (adjective) – regarded, observed; considered/supposed.
  12. intellectual property rights (IPRs) (noun) – the rights given to persons over the creations of their minds. The IPRs are legal rights that protect creations and/or inventions resulting from intellectual activity in the industrial, scientific, literary or artistic fields.
  13. indulge in (verb) – become involved in (an undesirable activity).
  14. provision (noun) – term, clause, requirement.
  15. guilty (noun) – culprit, offender, wrongdoer.
  16. sanction (verb) – impose a sanctions (sanctions (noun) – action taken, or an order given to force a country to obey international laws by limiting or stopping trade with that country, by not allowing economic aid for that country, etc (Courtesy: VOA Learning English).).
  17. retaliation (noun) –  revenge, vengeance, counter-attack.
  18. tantamount to (adjective) – equivalent to, amounting to, more or less.
  19. currency manipulator (noun) – the countries which weaken their currencies to lift exports. They’ve included China, which held down the value of its currency in the past to speed its economic development.
  20. spirit (noun) – ethos, morale/ethics, essence/principles.
  21. multilateralism (noun) – a method of coordinating  relations between groups of three or more states (countries).
  22. move/shift the goalposts (phrase) – to change the rules/conditions.
  23. invoke (verb) – cite, refer to, adduce.
  24. omnibus (noun) – the Latin word meaning “for all”; comprising several items.
  25. manipulate (verb) – misrepresent, falsify, distort.
  26. facilitate (verb) – make easier, clear the way for, assist/help.
  27. protracted (adjective) – sustained, prolonged, extensive.
  28. pursuit (noun) – aspiration for, quest for, search for.
  29. unilateralism (noun) – a method of taking decisions (on international relations) by a state (country) individually without considering other states (countries).
  30. anathema (noun) – a curse; bane, evil.
  31. framework (noun) – structure, scheme/system, organisation.
  32. underline (verb) – emphasize, highlight, focus on.
  33. undermine (verb) – weaken, spoil, damage.
  34. negotiation (noun) – discussion, conference, deliberation.
  35. appellate (noun) – (of a court) dealing with cases on appeal to review the decision of a lower court.
  36. (on) the brink (phrase) – on the edge/verge of difficult/dangerous situation; at a crucial or critical point.
  37. beg the question (phrase) – raise a point; invite question.
  38. exertion (noun) – effort, strain, hard work.
  39. traction (noun) –  popularity, acceptance.
  40. trade deficit (noun) – a trade deficit (a deficit in the balance of trade) occurs when the value of a country’s imports exceeds that of its exports. It is also called a trade gap.
  41. play out (phrasal verb) – happen, occur, take place.
  42. vis-a-vis (preposition) – in relation to, with regard to.
  43. steepest (superlative adjective) of steep (adjective) – sharp, sudden, rapid.
  44. deficit (noun) – shortfall, deficiency, shortage.
  45. adversely (adverb) – unfavourably, disadvantageously, badly.
  46. onset (noun) – start, beginning, appearance.

Note:  

 1. Click each one of the words above for their definition, more synonyms, pronunciation, example sentences, phrases, derivatives, origin and etc from http://www.oxforddictionaries.com/.bigotry, narrow-mindedness
2. Definitions (elementary level) & Synonyms provided for the words above are my personal work and not that of Oxford University Press. Tentative definitions/meanings are provided for study purpose only and they may vary in different context. 
3. This word list is for personal use only. Reproduction in any format and/or Commercial use of it is/are strictly prohibited.

Today’s Advanced Word List 1 for The Hindu Lead Article (Calls of duty that’ll hurt the U.S. economy) – Sep 07, 2019:

The Hindu Lead Article (Calls of duty that’ll hurt the U.S. economy) – Sep 07, 2019 The Hindu Lead Article (Calls of duty that’ll hurt the U.S. economy) – Sep 07, 2019

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