The Hindu Lead Article (Biden, India and comfort in the old normal) – Nov 07, 2020

The Hindu Lead Article (Biden, India and comfort in the old normal) – Nov 07, 2020

With U.S. Democratic candidate and former Vice-President Joe Biden seizing the lead in the presidential elections that puts him at the cusp of victory,… For further reading, visit “The Hindu”. Below is today’s advanced word list-1 for The Hindu Lead Article (Biden, India and comfort in the old normal) – Nov 07, 2020.

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Today’s Advanced Word List 1 for The Hindu Lead Article (Biden, India and comfort in the old normal) – Nov 07, 2020:

  1. sweet spot (noun) – any place that is favourable for getting a certain desirable effect/result; an optimum spot.
  2. seize (verb) – take hold of, take a grip of, grasp, grab (something suddenly).
  3. (on) the cusp of (phrase) – a point where something will change from one state to another.
  4. hold (verb) – have.
  5. task (verb) – give a task to.
  6. surge (noun) – sudden & significant increase (in the number of military troops deployed to an area to strengthen/fortify its presence); major deployment of military troops.
  7. influx (noun) – the arrival of a large number of people simultaneously.
  8. long and hard (phrase) – think about something (a problem/issue) very carefully and thoroughly (before taking a decision).
  9. build on/upon (phrasal verb) – use something as a basis/base for; be based on, rely on, turn to, trust in.
  10. pull out (phrasal verb) – withdraw, leave, disengage, get/move out.
  11. counter-terrorism (noun) – anti-terrorism; actions taken to combat or prevent terrorism.
  12. Counter-terrorism Plus (noun) – an approach/policy calls for a much smaller deployment of U.S. forces that would focus upon al-Qaeda, including continued drone attacks on al-Qaeda and international militants both in Afghanistan and Pakistan’s tribal areas.
  13. recount (verb) – tell, narrate, describe, recite.
  14. veteran (noun) – (long-serving) expert, seasoned, mature, established/experienced (person in an area of activity).
  15. counterinsurgency (COIN) (noun) – comprehensive political and military efforts taken to simultaneously defeat and contain insurgency/revolt (activities of rebels, guerrillas, etc) and address its root causes.
  16. dropping (noun) – discontinuation, cancellation, cessation.
  17. nation-building (noun) – nation-building is defined as a process which leads to the formation of countries in which the citizens feel a sufficient amount of commonality of interests, goals and preferences so that they do not wish to separate from each other.
  18. base (noun) – military camp/post.
  19. bring (someone) to the table (phrase) – to encourage a person to negotiate or try to reach an agreement or solution.
  20. reconciliation (noun) – reunion, resolution, compromise.
  21. honour (noun) – accolade, award, reward, medal, title.
  22. favour (verb) – support, back, champion.
  23. engagement (noun) – participation, taking part, involvement; meeting.
  24. eventually (adverb) – in the end, in due course, after some time.
  25. end up (phrasal verb) – come/appear, find oneself (to a particular course of action in the end).
  26. decade (noun) – a period of ten years.
  27. pick up (phrasal verb) –  acquire, obtain, learn (something informally).
  28. pullout (noun) – departure, withdrawal, retreat, disengagement, exit.
  29. mission (noun) – assignment, operation.
  30. relative (adjective) – reasonable, a fair degree of, considerable.
  31. merit (noun) – advantage, benefit, value, good point.
  32. strategy (noun) – military tactics.
  33. arena (noun) – a place of activity.
  34. as much as (phrase) – almost, nearly the same as.
  35. ideology (noun) – beliefs, ideas, principles.
  36. root (noun) – base, basis.
  37. owe (verb) – be under a moral obligation, be indebted, be obligated to.
  38. coalition (noun) – alliance, union, partnership.
  39. counter (verb) – oppose, resist, tackle, face, confront.
  40. (make) inroads into (phrase) – progress/advance into (a new area/territory).
  41. pursue (verb) – engage in, conduct, follow.
  42. head to head (adjective) – involving directly (particularly in a confrontation or conflict or competition between two people).
  43. brinkmanship (noun) – the practice of trying to achieve an advantageous outcome by pushing dangerous events to the brink (edge) of active conflict, especially in politics.
  44. dial back (phrasal verb) – reduce, lessen, decrease (the intensity of something); de-emphasizedownplay.
  45. put into motion (phrase) – to begin/start (a plan or process).
  46. low hanging fruit (phrase) – simplest or easiest work that provides benefit (without requiring a lot of effort).
  47. Generalised System of Preferences (GSP) (noun) – The Generalized System of Preferences (GSP) is a U.S. trade program designed to promote economic growth in the developing world by providing preferential duty-free entry for thousands of products from 129 designated beneficiary countries and territories.
  48. wrap up (phrasal verb) – complete/conclude something.
  49. thus far (phrase) – until now, till date.
  50. in-house (adjective) – domestic, local.
  51. immigrant (noun) – non-native, foreigner, migrant.
  52. outsourcing (adjective/noun) – contracting out; put in simple words, outsourcing is the practice of obtaining goods and services from a foreign supplier.
  53. running mate (noun) – the person who runs with someone in an election (such as an election to choose a new president) and who is given the less important position (such as vice president) if they are elected (Courtesy: VOA Learning English).
  54. friction (noun) – discord, disharmony, disunity, strife, conflict, disagreement, dissension.
  55. The U.S. Commission on International Religious Freedom (USCIRF) (noun) – USCIRF is an independent, bipartisan U.S. federal government commission. USCIRF’s principal responsibilities are to review the facts and circumstances of violations of religious freedom internationally and to make policy recommendations to the President, the Secretary of State and Congress.
  56. vocal (adjective) – vociferous, outspoken, forthright; relating to someone who expresses his/her views freely.
  57. The Citizenship (Amendment) Act, 2019 (noun) – The Citizenship (Amendment) Act, 2019 was passed by the Parliament of India on 11 December 2019. It amended the Citizenship Act, 1955 by providing a path to Indian citizenship for illegal migrants of Hindu, Sikh, Buddhist, Jain, Parsi, and Christian religious minorities, who had fled persecution from Pakistan, Bangladesh and Afghanistan before December 2014. Muslims from those countries were not given such eligibility.
  58. meld (verb) – combine, merge, unite, integrate.
  59. ethnicity (noun) – a category of people who identify with each other based on common language, ancestral, social, cultural, or national experiences.
  60. tongue (noun) – way of talking, form of expression, mode of expression.
  61. entrepreneurship (noun) – the process/activity of setting up a business.
  62. hard-wire (verb) – make something as standard, basic/fundamental, essential.
  63. outlook (noun) – prospects, expectations, hopes, lookout.
  64. reverse (verb) – alter, change.
  65. multilateral (adjective) – involving many different countries/parties/organizations.
  66. world/global/international order (noun) – the arrangement of power and authority that provides the system for the conduct of diplomacy and world politics in relation to the entire world. An international-relations term describing the distribution of power among world powers.
  67. Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) (noun) – JCPOA, known commonly as the Iran nuclear deal or Iran deal, is an agreement on the Iranian nuclear program reached in Vienna on 14 July 2015, between Iran and the P5+1 (China France, Germany, Russia, the United Kingdom, and the United States) together with the European Union.
  68. Paris Agreement/Accord (noun) – The Paris Agreement builds upon the Convention (agreement) and for the first time brings all nations into a common cause to undertake ambitious efforts to combat climate change and adapt to its effects, with enhanced support to assist developing countries to do so. The Paris Agreement central aim is to strengthen the global response to the threat of climate change by keeping a global temperature rise this century well below 2 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels and to pursue efforts to limit the temperature increase even further to 1.5 degrees Celsius.
  69. trans- (prefix) – across.
  70. trans-Atlantic (adjective) – concerning/relating to countries on both sides of the Atlantic Ocean.
  71. trans-Pacific (adjective) – on, from the other side of, spanning or crossing the Pacific Ocean.
  72. alliance (noun) – relationship, coalition, union.
  73. concrete (adjective) – definite, specific, definitive; factual, actual/real.
  74. rules-based (adjective) – based on a predetermined set of principles.
  75. flout (verb) – disobey, break, violate.
  76. hold someone to account (phrase) – to require a person to explain or to accept responsibility for his or her actions; to blame or punish someone for what has occurred.
  77. abrasive (adjective) – harsh, biting, tough/unfeeling.
  78. transactionalist (adjective) – relating to a supporter of transactional politics.
  79. transactional politics (noun) – It basically refers to a political practice where governments reciprocate each other’s actions in an equal measure, in other words establish a certain type of give-and-take politics. The term may also refer to a businesslike attitude of governments when it comes to national spending.
  80. pay a premium for/put a premium on (phrase) – value greatly, put a high value on, regard as particularly important.
  81. embrace (verb) – welcome, accept, adapt, take up.
  82. the new normal (phrase) – an earlier unusual situation that becomes a standard now.
  83. Trumpian (noun) – relating to the philosophy, rhetoric, and style of Donald Trump.
  84. rally (noun) – mass meeting, gathering, assembly (to show support for a cause).
  85. revert to (verb) – return, go back, change back.


 1. Click each one of the words above for their definition, more synonyms, pronunciation, example sentences, phrases, derivatives, origin and etc from
2. Definitions (elementary level) & Synonyms provided for the words above are my personal work and not that of Oxford University Press. Tentative definitions/meanings are provided for study purpose only and they may vary in different context. 
3. This word list is for personal use only. Reproduction in any format and/or Commercial use of it is/are strictly prohibited.

Today’s Advanced Word List 1 for The Hindu Lead Article (Biden, India and comfort in the old normal) – Nov 07, 2020:

The Hindu Lead Article (Biden, India and comfort in the old normal) – Nov 07, 2020 The Hindu Lead Article (Biden, India and comfort in the old normal) – Nov 07, 2020 The Hindu Lead Article (Biden, India and comfort in the old normal) – Nov 07, 2020 The Hindu Lead Article (Biden, India and comfort in the old normal) – Nov 07, 2020 The Hindu Lead Article (Biden, India and comfort in the old normal) – Nov 07, 2020

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