The Hindu Lead Article (An eye each on containment and welfare) – Apr 01, 2020

The Hindu Lead Article (An eye each on containment and welfare) – Apr 01, 2020

The COVID-19 pandemic has spread around the world — 204 countries/regions/territories so far. For further reading, visit “The Hindu”. Below is today’s advanced word list-1 for The Hindu Lead Article (An eye each on containment and welfare) – Apr 01, 2020.

To read this article, click here.

This preview is provided here with permission.  

Courtesy: The Hindu

Today’s Advanced Word List 1 for The Hindu Lead Article (An eye each on containment and welfare) – Apr 01, 2020:

  1. (keep) an eye on (phrase) – to take care of, to look after, to watch/supervise something.
  2. containment (noun) – an act of keeping something (harmful) under control.
  3. pandemic (noun) – the worldwide spread of a new disease; The illness spreads around the world and typically affects a large number of people across a wide area.
  4. in one’s track (phrase) – suddenly.
  5. COVID-19 (noun) – coronavirus disease 2019.
  6. so far (phrase) – until now, up to the present, up to this point.
  7. dreaded (adjective) – terrible/awful, frightening, alarming, terrifying.
  8. screen (verb) – check, test, examine (a person for the presence of a disease).
  9. curtail (verb) – reduce, diminish, decrease.
  10. community spread (noun) – community spread/transmission means spread of an illness/disease for which the source of infection is unknown. An infected person has no travel history to an affected area and no known contact with a person previously diagnosed with a particular disease. It is possible the patient is exposed to a returning traveler who is infected.
  11. local transmission/spread (cluster case) (noun) – local spread/transmission means spread of an illness/disease for which the source of infection is known. An infected person has travel history to an affected area. We could able to identify and trace individual cases, and ring-fence a cluster (of them) to prevent the spread of infection.
  12. waste no time (phrase) – to begin or start an activity immediately/quickly; take the opportunity to do something immediately or quickly.
  13. show up (phrasal verb) – appear, report, get there, be present, turn up.
  14. lockdown (noun) – a state of isolation; confinement, restraint, encirclement.
  15. imposition (noun) – enforcement, execution, implementation.
  16. social/physical distancing (noun) – a term means actively avoiding crowded public places, is a key element in decreasing the rapid spread of COVID-19. This is an effort intended to limit exposure by reducing face-to-face contact and preventing spread among people in community settings.
  17. strengthen (verb) – give strength to, make stronger, buttress, bolster, consolidate.
  18. infection chain (noun) – the act or process by which infection is spread or passed from one person or thing to another.
  19. augment (verb) – increase/raise, make larger, build up, enlarge.
  20. compound (verb) – aggravate, worsen, intensify, make worse.
  21. screening (noun) – examination, testing (of a group of people for the symptoms of a disease). The process of identifying healthy people who may be at increased risk of disease or condition.
  22. quarantine (noun) – a process of separating out people, animals and things (such as plants) from others for a period of time in order to control/restrict the spread of a contagious disease; setting apart, keeping apart, sorting out.
  23. round the clock (phrase) – all day and all night (without stopping).
  24. transit (verb) – pass across, pass through.
  25. surveillance (noun) – observation, scrutiny, inspection/examination.
  26. passive surveillance (noun) – regular reporting of disease data by all institutions that see patients (or test specimens) and are part of a reporting network is called passive surveillance. There is no active search for cases. It involves passive notification by surveillance sites and reports are generated and sent by local staff. (Courtesy: WHO).
  27. undertake (verb) – begin, start, embark on, launch into.
  28. in parallel (phrase) – something happening at the same time in relation to something else.
  29. designate (verb) – classify, label, identify, assign.
  30. earmark (verb) – set aside, lay aside, keep, reserve.
  31. equip (verb) – prepare (for a particular task/situation).
  32. ventilator (noun) – a respirator, a device (used for a patient to breathe).
  33. scaling up (noun) – increase.
  34. procurement (noun) – collection, acquiring, purchase.
  35. protective gear (noun) – safety gear; protective clothing, helmets, masks or other garments or equipment designed to protect the wearer’s body from injury/disease.
  36. extend (verb) – offer, give, hold out.
  37. frontline worker/responder (noun) – a person who is among the first to arrive and provide assistance at the scene of an emergency. First/front line workers/responders typically include paramedics, emergency medical technicians, police officers, firefighters, sanitary workers & etc,.
  38. robust (adjective) – strong, powerful.
  39. in place (phrase) – established, ready, set up.
  40. dwelling place/area (noun) – residence, house, accommodation.
  41. disinfect (verb) – sanitize, clean, cleanse.
  42. thermal screening (noun) – a process of checking the body temperature of the person and show if he/she has symptoms of viral infections. 
  43. untiring (adjective) – energetic, determined, resolute, Herculean, spirited.
  44. address (verb) – tackle, deal with, attend to, try to sort out.
  45. telling (adjective) – striking, revealing, significant, important.
  46. unorganised sector (noun) – unorganized sector means an enterprise owned by individuals or self-employed workers and engaged in the production or sale of goods or providing service of any kind whatsoever, and where the enterprise employs workers, the number of such workers is less than ten.
  47. comprehensive (adjective) – all-inclusive, complete, wide-ranging.
  48. Comprehensive Relief Package (noun) – a comprehensive package should have simultaneous reliefs across different realms (area of activity), for instance, tax compliance, relief for poor, RBI monetary policy interventions, and relief for middle class in terms of EMI, internet rate subvention and most importantly an increase in investment in health infrastructure.
  49. edible oil (noun) – cooking oil; fat of plant, animal or microbial origin, which is liquid at room temperature and is suitable for food use.
  50. mark (noun) – sign/indication, token, symbol.
  51. undue (adjective) – excessive, extreme, immoderate/disproportionate.
  52. hardship (noun) – financial distress, trouble, misfortune, suffering.
  53. nutritious (adjective) – wholesome, healthy, nourishing.
  54. acclaimed (adjective) – praised, celebrated.
  55. subsidised (adjective) – paid part of the cost of something (for example, food), so that it is available at a lower price.
  56. needy (adjective) – poor/poverty-stricken, underprivileged, impoverished.
  57. bear/keep in mind (phrase) – take into account, be mindful, remember/consider.
  58. well-being (noun) – healthy state, comfort/happiness, prosperity.
  59. anganwadi (noun) – a type of rural child care centre in India.
  60. household (noun) – family, house.
  61. dependent on (adjective) – reliant on, relying on, counting on, leaning on; supported by.
  62. livelihood (noun) – source of income, means of support, living, subsistence.
  63. wisdom (noun) – knowledge, understanding, experience, insight/foresight.
  64. lightly (adverb) – carelessly, heedlessly, thoughtlessly.
  65. deadly (adverb) – fatal, lethal, life-threatening.
  66. percolate (verb) – spread gradually, be disseminated, pass/go slowly (through a group of people).
  67. necessity (noun) – essential requirement, prerequisite.
  68. pass on (phrasal verb) – to give someone something that someone else has given you.
  69. constitute (verb) – be equivalent to, be regarded as, act as.
  70. task force (noun) – unit, crew, outfit, section (mainly arranged for a task).
  71. stakeholder (noun) – a person with an interest in something.
  72. vulnerable (adjective) – relating to a weak/neglected person who is in need of special care/support.
  73. liquidity (noun) – the availability of liquid assets; liquidity means liquid assets; cash; (liquid asset is an asset which can be easily sold/converted into cash without losing its value); a measure of activity (i.e. the ability to buy or sell easily) in a market.
  74. unprecedented (adjective) – not done or experienced before.
  75. substantial (adjective) – considerable, significant, large.
  76. revive (verb) – revitalize, regenerate, restore, bring back.
  77. stimulate (verb) – prompt, encourage, trigger.
  78. in this regard (phrase) – in connection with the aspect/consideration/point referred earlier.
  79. fiscal deficit (noun) – the difference between total expenditure and total income of the government.
  80. juncture (noun) – point in time, time/moment, stage.
  81. eradication (noun) – elimination, removal.
  82. join hands (phrase) – work together with.
  83. thrust (noun) – driving force, momentum, impetus.

Note:  

 1. Click each one of the words above for their definition, more synonyms, pronunciation, example sentences, phrases, derivatives, origin and etc from http://www.oxforddictionaries.com/.
2. Definitions (elementary level) & Synonyms provided for the words above are my personal work and not that of Oxford University Press. Tentative definitions/meanings are provided for study purpose only and they may vary in different context. 
3. This word list is for personal use only. Reproduction in any format and/or Commercial use of it is/are strictly prohibited.

Today’s Advanced Word List 1 for The Hindu Lead Article (An eye each on containment and welfare) – Apr 01, 2020:

The Hindu Lead Article (An eye each on containment and welfare) – Apr 01, 2020 The Hindu Lead Article (An eye each on containment and welfare) – Apr 01, 2020 The Hindu Lead Article (An eye each on containment and welfare) – Apr 01, 2020 The Hindu Lead Article (An eye each on containment and welfare) – Apr 01, 2020

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