The Hindu Lead Article (America’s mistakes in the ‘forever war’) – Jun 16, 2021

The Hindu Lead Article (America’s mistakes in the ‘forever war’) – Jun 16, 2021

President Joe Biden has set the September 11 deadline for all American troops to leave Afghanistan, winding up 20 years of the invasion by the United States. Military officials… For further reading, visit “The Hindu”. Below is today’s advanced word list-1 for The Hindu Lead Article (America’s mistakes in the ‘forever war’) – Jun 16, 2021.

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Today’s Advanced Word List 1 for The Hindu Lead Article (America’s mistakes in the ‘forever war’) – Jun 16, 2021:

  1. forever (adjective) – continuous, lasting, permanent.
  2. misread (verb) – get wrong, judge/interpret incorrectly.
  3. at the height of (phrase) – at the most extreme part/point of something. 
  4. influence (noun) – power, authority, sway, control, leverage, weight.
  5. wind up (phrasal verb) – conclude, bring to a close, end/finish.
  6. invasion (noun) – occupation, conquering, capture/seizure, takeover, appropriation.
  7. Doha Agreement (noun) – The Doha Agreement, more formally, “Agreement for Bringing Peace to Afghanistan between the Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan which is not recognised by the US as a state and is known as the Taliban and the United States of America, 2020” was signed on the February 29 in Doha, Qatar. The deal was considered a historic step towards establishing peace in Afghanistan.
  8. freeze (verb) – hold in a fixed state.
  9. bid (noun) – attempt, effort, endeavour/try.
  10. summit (noun) – meeting, conference, conclave.
  11. warring (adjective) – opposing, conflicting, clashing, fighting,
  12. non-starter (noun) – failure, fiasco, catastrophe/mess.
  13. on the ground (phrase) – in a situation/place where things are happening really/practically.
  14. advance (noun) – progress, development, improvement, growth.
  15. seize (verb) – capture, occupy, take possession of, take over.
  16. provisional (adjective) – temporary, interim, transitional, makeshift.
  17. insurgent (noun) – dissenter, agitator/rioter, subversive.
  18. neocon (noun) – neoconservative. (neoconservative-relating to a modified form of a traditional viewpoint).
  19. turn out (phrasal verb) – happen, develop, end (in a specific way).
  20. mightiest (superlative adjective) of mighty (adjective) – dominant, influential, strong, powerful.
  21. perish (verb) – die, be killed violently/suddenly.
  22. drive out (phrasal verb) – expel, remove, oust.
  23. vow (verb) – swear, pledge, promise, affirm.
  24. scatter (verb) – spread, expand.
  25. Sahel (noun) – it is the vast semi-arid region of Africa separating the Sahara Desert to the north and tropical savannas to the south. The 10 countries in the Sahel (North Africa) region are; Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Chad, The Gambia, Guinea Mauritania, Mali, Niger, Nigeria, and Senegal.
  26. superpower (noun) – a very powerful and dominant country. This is done through the combined means of economic, military, technological, political and cultural strength as well as diplomatic and soft power influence.
  27. humiliating (adjective) – embarrassing, humbling, degrading, disgraceful, discomfiting.
  28. cliched (adjective) – ordinary, hackneyed, unremarkable.
  29. Graveyard of Empires (noun) – nickname for Afghanistan.
  30. blindside (verb) – make (someone) not able to see the truth.
  31. unipolar (adjective) – (in international politics), relating to a distribution of power in which one state (country/person) exercises most of the cultural, economic, and military influence.
  32. hubris (noun) – feeling of superiority, excessive self-importance, excessive pride, excessive self-confidence/self-glory, overconfidence, arrogance.
  33. invade (verb) – occupy, conquer, capture, seize, take over.
  34. great power (noun) – a country that has a great international influence, resources, and military strength.
  35. oust (verb) – remove, dislodge, overthrow.
  36. regime (noun) – government.
  37. ally (noun) – partner, supporter, confederate.
  38. in the face of (phrase) – despite, notwithstanding, regardless of; when confronted with.
  39. resistance (noun) – opposition, refusal, denial.
  40. Pashtun (noun) – Pathan; They make up around 42 percent of the population of Afghanistan. They live mainly in the south and the east of the country. They have a distinct language called Pashto (an official language since 1936).
  41. retreat (verb) – withdraw, retire, draw back, pull back, pull out.
  42. massacre (verb) – murder, kill.
  43. salvage (verb) – rescue, save, restore; retain, preserve, conserve; recover, retrieve, reclaim.
  44. nascent (adjective) – just beginning, developing, emerging, rising, burgeoning.
  45. orchestrate (verb) – organize, coordinate, mastermind, choreograph.
  46. coup (noun) – a sudden and violent regime change, seizure of power, (illegal) takeover of power.
  47. bloody (adjective) – vicious, cruel, savage, fierce, brutal.
  48. bankroll (verb) – support, back, sponsor/finance.
  49. pull back (phrasal verb) – withdraw, retreat, pull out, draw back.
  50. ignominy (noun) – shame, disgrace, humiliation/embarrassment.
  51. kinder (comparative adjective) of kind (adjective) – good-natured, kind-hearted, friendly, generous, considerate, helpful.
  52. given (preposition) – considering, taking into account, bearing in mind.
  53. strategically (adverb) – in a way that is designed/planned to serve a particular purpose.
  54. campaign (noun) – an organized effort which seeks to influence the decision making progress within a specific group.
  55. neoconservative (adjective) – it is relating to a modified form of a traditional viewpoint.
  56. globalism (noun) – planning policies on global basics.
  57. ambitious (adjective) – formidable, challenging, demanding.
  58. topple (verb) – overthrow, oust, unseat.
  59. centralised (adjective) – controlled by a single authority.
  60. top-down rule (noun) – In the top-down rule, the policy or action will be processed from the highest level/rank of a hierarchy and then it will proceed to the lowest level/rank (for final execution).
  61. fascinating (adjective) – interesting, captivating, engaging, thrilling.
  62. at the mercy of (phrase) – under the control of, under the heel of, in the power of, controlled/dominated by.
  63. mercy (noun) – favour, boon, stroke of luck.
  64. in return for (phrase) – in exchange for.
  65. drive back (phrasal verb) – fight off, repulse, rebuff, repel, oppose.
  66. faction (noun) – group, section, division (within a larger group).
  67. spokespeople/spokespersons (noun) – persons who speak as the representatives of a group or organization.
  68. indigenous (adjective) – native, original, local.
  69. militancy (noun) – extremist, radical, sectarian group.
  70. root (noun) – base, basis, foundation; origin.
  71. export (verb) – transmit, spread, disseminate, convey.
  72. tactical (adjective) – calculated, strategic, diplomatic.
  73. take for granted (phrase) – understand, assume, presume (something is true without cross-questioning it); For example, if people take something for granted, they do not place much value on it. Or you believe it to be true, real or expected.
  74. overlook (verb) – neglect, ignore, disregard, turn a blind eye.
  75. wild card (noun) – (special) opportunity, permission (to do something).
  76. prematurely (adverb) – too soon, too early, before the usual time.
  77. go on to (phrasal verb) – proceed (to do something).
  78. grapple with (verb) – tackle, confront, deal with, cope with.
  79. infighting (noun) – (internal/hidden) dissent, dispute, strife, contention, conflict, friction, difference of opinion, disagreement.
  80. ethnic (adjective) – relating to a population subgroup (cultural, national, traditional/folk) with a common national or cultural tradition.
  81. get stuck in (phrase) – embark on, set about, work at, get down on.
  82. morass (noun) – confusion, chaos/muddle, entanglement/mix-up.
  83. hinterland (noun) – remote areas of a country away from the coastal areas/the banks of major rivers.
  84. amid (preposition) – in the middle of, surrounded by; during.
  85. at home (phrase) – in one’s country.
  86. elite (noun) – best.
  87. take over (phrasal verb) – assume control of, take control of, gain control of, take charge of, take command of.
  88. thwart (verb) – obstruct, hamper, hinder, impede.
  89. stalemate (noun) – deadlock, impasse, standstill/stand-off.
  90. overrun (verb) – invade, occupy, overwhelm, swamp, spread over (a place in large numbers).
  91. (be) couple with (verb) – combine, integrate, connect, incorporate, link.
  92. concession (noun) – compromise, adjustment.
  93. keep out (phrasal verb) – exclude, deny access to, reject.
  94. legitimate (adjective) – valid, reasonable, reliable.
  95. strike a deal/bargain (phrase) – to come to an agreement.
  96. address (verb) – tackle, deal with, attend to, try to sort out.
  97. decisively (adverb) – definitely.
  98. balance of power (phrase) – stability in a system composed of a number of autonomous forces.
  99. in favour of (phrase) – in support of, to the advantage of, approve of.
  100. step up (phrasal verb) – increase, intensify, scale up, escalate.
  101. carry out (phrasal verb) – conduct, perform, execute, bring about.
  102. wind down (phrasal verb) – come to an end, draw to a close, wind up, close down.

Note:    

 1. Click each one of the words above for their definition, more synonyms, pronunciation, example sentences, phrases, derivatives, origin and etc from http://www.oxforddictionaries.com/.
2. Definitions (elementary level) & Synonyms provided for the words above are my personal work and not that of Oxford University Press. Tentative definitions/meanings are provided for study purposes only and they may vary in a different context.  
3. This word list is for personal use only. Reproduction in any format and/or Commercial use of it is/are strictly prohibited.

Today’s Advanced Word List 1 for The Hindu Lead Article (America’s mistakes in the ‘forever war’) – Jun 16, 2021:

The Hindu Lead Article (America’s mistakes in the ‘forever war’) – Jun 16, 2021
The Hindu Lead Article (America’s mistakes in the ‘forever war’) – Jun 16, 2021
The Hindu Lead Article (America’s mistakes in the ‘forever war’) – Jun 16, 2021
The Hindu Lead Article (America’s mistakes in the ‘forever war’) – Jun 16, 2021

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