The Hindu Lead Article (A ‘tolerant’ India can be majoritarian) – Jul 19, 2021

The Hindu Lead Article (A ‘tolerant’ India can be majoritarian) – Jul 19, 2021

B.R. Ambedkar once said, “… fraternity can be a fact only when there is a nation. Without fraternity, equality and liberty… For further reading, visit “The Hindu”. Below is today’s advanced word list-1 for The Hindu Lead Article (A ‘tolerant’ India can be majoritarian) – Jul 19, 2021.

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Today’s Advanced Word List 1 for The Hindu Lead Article (A ‘tolerant’ India can be majoritarian) – Jul 19, 2021:

  1. tolerant (adjective) – open-minded, broad-minded, forbearing, liberal, unprejudiced, unbiased.
  2. majoritarian (adjective) – relating to a philosophy that states that a majority (sometimes categorized by religion, language, social class, or some other identifying factor) of the population is entitled to a certain degree of primacy (priority) in society, and has the right to make decisions that affect the society.
  3. toleration (noun) – open-mindedness, broad-mindedness, forbearance, liberality, lack of prejudice, lack of bias.
  4. empirical (adjective) – practical, pragmatic, actual, real.
  5. plurality (noun) – a large number of people (coexist in a community).
  6. conscious (adjective) – responsive, reactive; sensitive, cognizant, mindful, sensible.
  7. multiculturalism (noun) – it describes the manner in which a given society deals with cultural diversity.
  8. fraternity (noun) – brotherhood, solidarity, union, mutual support, friendship.
  9. coat of paint (phrase) – a thin layer (of paint) covering something.
  10. comprehensive (adjective) – all-inclusive, broad-based; all-embracing, complete, thorough.
  11. face-to-face (adjective) – personally, in person, head on, direct.
  12. identity (noun) – a social category, a set of persons marked by a label and distinguished by rules deciding membership and (alleged) characteristic features or attributes; individuality, character, originality.
  13. nationalism (noun) – it refers to a system (with a narrow set of ideas) created by a group of people who believe their nation is superior to all others. It is also a perception of national superiority and an orientation toward national dominance- called chauvinism (excessive nationalism).
  14. tolerance (noun) – forbearance, liberality, open-mindedness, lack of prejudice/bias, broad-mindedness.
  15. reputed (adjective) – well respected, respected, highly regarded, with a good reputation.
  16. Pew (noun) – The Pew Research Center is a nonpartisan American think tank (referring to itself as a “fact tank”) based in Washington, D.C. It provides information on social issues, public opinion, and demographic trends shaping the United States and the world.
  17. affirm (verb) – state, uphold, support, approve, endorse.
  18. paradoxically (adverb) – contradictorily, inconsistently, incongruously.
  19. credence (noun) – credibility, credit, reliability, plausibility, believability.
  20. rather than (phrase) – instead of.
  21. paradox (noun) – contradiction, mystery, conundrum, anomaly.
  22. peculiarity (noun) – strangeness, oddness, abnormality, unexpectedness.
  23. indic (adjective) – relating to Indo-Aryan languages (comprising Sanskrit and the modern Indian languages that are its descendants such as Hindi, Urdu  etc.).
  24. virulent (adjective) – hostile, malicious, malignant, malign, evil-intentioned, resentful, spiteful.
  25. majoritarianism (noun) – a philosophy that states that a majority (sometimes categorized by religion, language, social class, or some other identifying factor) of the population is entitled to a certain degree of primacy (priority) in society, and has the right to make decisions that affect the society.
  26. profession (noun) – declaration, affirmation, statement, announcement, assertion, avowal.
  27. misread (verb) – get wrong, estimate wrongly.
  28. composite (adjective) – complex, combined.
  29. obliteration (noun) – cancellation, deletion, removal, eradication.
  30. arguably (adverb) – possibly, conceivably, maybe, potentially.
  31. parallel (noun) – similarity, likeness, resemblance, equivalence, correlation.
  32. findings (noun) – conclusion, result; decision, verdict.
  33. abound (verb) – be in large numbers; be plentiful, be numerous.
  34. proportion (noun) – ratio.
  35. notion (noun) – idea, belief, concept, opinion, view.
  36. karma (noun) – (in Hinduism) fate, destiny, fortune.
  37. inter- (prefix) – between.
  38. inter-faith (adjective) – between different religions; relating to members of different religions.
  39. marked (adjective) – noticeable, pronounced, distinct, striking.
  40. tendency (noun) – inclination, disposition, leaning, penchant.  
  41. scholar (noun) – academic, intellectual, expert/pundit, learned person.
  42. plural (adjective) – relating to a system in which people co-exist in harmony irrespective of various differences.
  43. mark out (phrasal verb) – define, describe, delineate, outline.
  44. contemporary (adjective) – modern, present-day.
  45. premise (noun) – belief, thought.
  46. self-contained (adjective) – independent, separate, self-sufficient, self-reliant.
  47. co-existence (noun) – The state of two or more different things existing/living together at the same time or in the same place.
  48. compartment (noun) – section, part, category/class/group.
  49. streak (noun) – element, vein, trace, strain.
  50. interrogation (noun) – cross-questioning, cross-examination, probing.
  51. dominant (adjective) – most powerful, key, crucial.
  52. electoral (adjective) – relating to electors/voters.
  53. vacuum (noun) – gap, absence, lack/deficiency of something.
  54. precisely (adverb) – exactly, absolutely, squarely.
  55. decade (noun) – a period of ten years.
  56. compartmentalisation (noun) – classification, categorization, sorting.
  57. absence (noun) – lack, unavailability, deficiency.
  58. civil society (noun) – civil society refers to space for collective action around shared interests, purposes, and values, generally distinct from government and commercial for-profit actors.
  59. pedagogy (noun) – teaching: specifically, teacher actions (teaching methods) that promote student learning.
  60. facilitate (verb) – make easy, make possible, enable; assist, help/aid.
  61. supposedly (adverb) – apparently, seemingly, ostensibly.
  62. secular (adjective) – non-religious.
  63. regime (noun) – system/government.
  64. fertile (adjective) – productive, high-yielding; resourceful, constructive.
  65. demonisation (noun) – the depiction or portrayal of someone/something as bad/threatening.
  66. occasionally (adverb) – sometimes, from time to time, now and then, periodically.
  67. appellation (noun) – name/title, tag/byname, designation.
  68. skyboxification (noun) – a phenomenon that is caused by an increased lack of interaction and understanding between people who have money and those who have not; People of affluence, and people of modest means, increasingly live different lives; segregation, separation, differentiation (by class/status in our society). 
  69. inequality (noun) – Inequality is simply defined as “the state of not being equal, especially in status, rights and opportunities; imbalance, unevenness, disproportion, disparity.
  70. capitalism (noun) – private ownership, privatized industries, the free market, individualism.
  71. affluent (adjective) – wealthy, well off, rich.
  72. means (noun) – wealth, money, financial resources, income.
  73. play out (phrasal verb) – happen, occur, take place.
  74. starkly (adverb) – clearly, distinctly, strikingly.
  75. rive (verb) – split, tear apart, sever.
  76. bring to the fore (phrase) – to move something forward to a most important position (to make it more visible).
  77. contradiction (noun) – a combination of statements opposed to one another.
  78. compartmentalized (adjective) – classified, categorized, sorted/separated.
  79. hierarchy (noun) – class system; arrangement, classification.
  80. amidst (preposition) – amid, in the middle of; during.
  81. cloud (noun) – trouble, problem, worry; menace/threat, gloom.
  82. reins (noun) – controlling power. (In general, rein is the long leather strap(s) attached to a horse’s head (usually on either sides), by which the rider controls a horse).
  83. bear the brunt (phrase) – to suffer or endure the worst part of something (force/burden/pressure) when a very bad or unpleasant thing happens.
  84. brunt (noun) – full force, impact, shock, burden, pressure, strain.
  85. gloss over (phrasal verb) – ignore, avoid talking about/dealing with something unpleasant and treat it as less important; conceal or cover up a mistake/crime; hide, camouflage, whitewash.
  86. ironically (adverb) – paradoxically, unexpectedly, strangely.
  87. reinforce (verb) – support, strengthen, fortify, bolster up, underpin.
  88. merely (adverb) – only, simply, just.
  89. unison (noun) – agreement, concurrence, consensus, unanimity.
  90. oppressed (adjective) – suppressed, ill-treated, exploited, persecuted, crushed.
  91. barrier (noun) – obstacle, stumbling block, impediment, hindrance.
  92. reincarnation (noun) – rebirth, reintroduction (of something from the past).
  93. antidote (noun) – remedy, countermeasure, cure, solution.
  94. interaction (noun) – communication.
  95. difference (noun) – dissimilarity, contrast, deviation, unevenness, variation.
  96. contrary (adjective) – opposite, conflicting.
  97. voice (noun) – expression; opinion, view.
  98. segregated (adjective) – isolated, separated, divided.
  99. substantial (adjective) – considerable, significant, large.
  100. willingness (noun) – readiness, preparedness, inclination, desire.
  101. permeate (verb) – spread through, pervade, be disseminated through, pass through.
  102. blandly (adverb) – uninterestingly, boringly.
  103. accompany (verb) – occur with, co-occur with, coincide with, coexist with, go with, go along with, appear with.
  104. enclave (noun) – a group of people of a different culture or religion.
  105. death knell (noun) – used to refer to the approaching destruction or failure of something.
  106. at one’s own risk/peril (phrase) – take responsibility for any harm to yourself.
  107. peril (noun) – danger, jeopardy, risk.

Note:   

 1. Click each one of the words above for their definition, more synonyms, pronunciation, example sentences, phrases, derivatives, origin and etc from http://www.oxforddictionaries.com/.
2. Definitions (elementary level) & Synonyms provided for the words above are my personal work and not that of Oxford University Press. Tentative definitions/meanings are provided for study purposes only and they may vary in a different context.  
3. This word list is for personal use only. Reproduction in any format and/or Commercial use of it is/are strictly prohibited.

Today’s Advanced Word List 1 for The Hindu Lead Article (A ‘tolerant’ India can be majoritarian) – Jul 19, 2021:

The Hindu Lead Article (A ‘tolerant’ India can be majoritarian) – Jul 19, 2021
The Hindu Lead Article (A ‘tolerant’ India can be majoritarian) – Jul 19, 2021
The Hindu Lead Article (A ‘tolerant’ India can be majoritarian) – Jul 19, 2021
The Hindu Lead Article (A ‘tolerant’ India can be majoritarian) – Jul 19, 2021
The Hindu Lead Article (A ‘tolerant’ India can be majoritarian) – Jul 19, 2021

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