The Hindu Lead Article (A time for extraordinary action) – Apr 10, 2020

The Hindu Lead Article (A time for extraordinary action) – Apr 10, 2020

Even before the full impact of COVID-19 on the health of Indians is clear, the economic impact of the measures required to deal with the pandemic… For further reading, visit “The Hindu”. Below is today’s advanced word list-1 for The Hindu Lead Article (A time for extraordinary action) – Apr 10, 2020.

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Today’s Advanced Word List 1 for The Hindu Lead Article (A time for extraordinary action) – Apr 10, 2020:

  1. extraordinary (adjective) – very great, huge, massive, enormous, substantial.
  2. unprecedented (adjective) – not done or experienced before.
  3. lift up (phrasal verb) – raise, elevate, boost, improve (from a lower level to a higher level).
  4. COVID-19 (noun) – coronavirus disease 2019.
  5. pandemic (noun) – the worldwide spread of a new disease; The illness spreads around the world and typically affects a large number of people across a wide area.
  6. pose (verb) – cause, produce, give rise to.
  7. grave (adjective) – terrible, awful, dreadful.
  8. dire (adjective) – terrible/awful, appalling, distressing.
  9. strait (noun) – a bad/difficult situation; trouble, crisis.
  10. in dire straits (phrase) – in a very bad or difficult situation.
  11. lockdown (noun) – an emergency protocol implemented by the authorities that prevents people from leaving from a place; An extended state of confinement/encirclement/isolation of a person by the authority.
  12. back (verb) – support, endorse, uphold.
  13. consensus (noun) – an idea or opinion that is shared by all the people in a group, agreement, concurrence.
  14. inevitability (noun) – necessity, certainty, requirement, compulsion.
  15. slowdown (noun) – economic decline, recession, slump/depression.
  16. across the board (phrase) – applying or affecting all.
  17. call for (phrasal verb) – require, publicly ask/necessitate, demand.
  18. quantitative (adjective) – numeric, numerical, quantifiable.
  19. input-output (IO) model/analysis (noun) – a form of quantitative, macroeconomic model or analysis based on the inter-dependencies between economic sectors or industries. These models provide detailed sector-wise information of output and consumption in different sectors of the economy and their inter-linkages, along with the sum total of wages, profits, savings, and expenditures in each sector and by each section of final
    consumers (households, government, etc.).
  20. inter-linkage (noun) – inter-dependency, inter-relatedness.
  21. household (noun) – family, house.
  22. pay attention (phrase) – listen/heed, attend, concentrate on.
  23. ubiquitous (adjective) – universal, predominant, very common, popular.
  24. render (verb) – make, cause to be, make available, contribute.
  25. well-suited (adjective) – well-matched, highly appropriate, suitable.
  26. consequence (noun) – outcome, ramification, repercussion.
  27. regrettably (adverb) – unluckily, sadly, unhappily.
  28. scenario (noun) – course of events, situation.
  29. Gross domestic product (GDP) (noun) – a measure of economic activity in a country. It is the total value of a country’s annual output of goods and service.
  30. amount to (verb) – be equivalent/equal to, add up to, represent, turn out to be.
  31. conservative (adjective) – low, cautious, understated/moderate, reasonable.
  32. emphasise (verb) – draw attention to, underscore, highlight.
  33. carry out (phrasal verb) – conduct, perform, execute.
  34. counterpart (noun) – a person/thing that serves the same job/function but in a different location; equivalent.
  35. accord with (verb) – agree, tally, match up, be consistent.
  36. interdependence (noun) – the condition of being dependent on each other.
  37. prolonged (adjective) – lengthy, extended, protracted.
  38. per se (adverb) – (Latin) in itself, of itself, as such, intrinsically.
  39. linear (adjective) – sequential, straight; following in a logical order.
  40. intrinsic (adjective) – essential, built-in, deep-rooted, inherent, natural.
  41. leave off (phrasal verb) – discontinue, give up, discard, eschew/abandon.
  42. constraint (noun) – restriction, limitation, restraint.
  43. manifest (verb) – indicate, show, display, exhibit.
  44. fashion (noun) – method, manner, way.
  45. kharif crops (noun) – monsoon crops; seeds sowing in the beginning (Jun) of the monsoon and harvesting at the end of the season (Oct) in the South Asia.
  46. rabi crops/sowing (noun) – winter crops; seeds sowing in the beginning (Nov) of the winter and harvesting at the end of the season (Apr) in the South Asia.
  47. harvest (verb) – gather a ripe crop from the fields.
  48. explicitly (adverb) – clearly, unequivocally, directly.
  49. account for (phrasal verb) – constitute, make up, comprise, form.
  50. shortfall (noun) – deficit, inadequacy/deficiency; shortcoming/defect.
  51. lack of (noun) – absence, insufficiency, shortage, deficiency.
  52. informal sector (noun) – informal economy, grey economy is the part of an economy that is neither taxed, nor monitored by any form of government.
  53. aggregate (verb) – combine, group, collect.
  54. formal sector (noun) – formal economy; it is the part of an economy that is taxed, or monitored by any form of government.
  55. travails (noun) – ordeal, labour/struggle/hard work; painful effort.
  56. striking (adjective) – noticeable, obvious/evident, distinctive, notable. 
  57. all-round (adjective) – in all respects.
  58. pervasive (adjective) – prevalent, extensive, ubiquitous, omnipresent.
  59. debt relief (noun) – measures to reduce debt as a means to make it easier for the borrower to repay it. (debt= money owed to others, arrears, bill, financial obligation, liability, outstanding payment).
  60. revamp (noun) – make over, rebuild, reconstruct, overhaul.
  61. scale up (phrasal verb) – increase.
  62. far from (phrase) – not, not at all, nowhere near.
  63. resort (noun) – recourse to, turning to, the use of, utilizing.
  64. stimulus package (noun) – an attempt by the government to boost economic growth and save their country from a financial crisis by involving tax cuts, lowering interest rates and increasing government spending.
  65. put in place (phrase) – initiate, usher in, bring in.
  66. by no means (phrase) – not at all, in no way, certainly not.
  67. the way forward (phrase) – something (a plan/action) that leads to success in the future.
  68. point out (phrasal verb) – identify, recognize, draw attention to, mention.
  69. pump into (phrasal verb) – invest a large sum of money in something.
  70. livelihood (noun) – source of income, means of support, living, subsistence.
  71. prime (verb) – prepare, load, equip, gear up; notify, instruct.
  72. handout (noun) – freebie, aid, subsidy.
  73. concession (noun) – reduction, rebate, discount, deduction; allowance.
  74. seek (verb) – try to, aim to, attempt to.
  75. fiscal deficit (noun) – the difference between total expenditure and total income of the government.
  76. cut back (phrasal verb) – reduce, cut, decrease.
  77. unlikely (adjective) – not likely, improbable, questionable.
  78. so far (phrase) – until now, up to the present, up to this point.
  79. exhort (verb) – urge, encourage, advise, try to persuade, pressurize.
  80. transformatory (adjective) – life-changing.
  81. green economy (noun) – A green economy is one that results in improved human well-being and social equity, while significantly reducing environmental risks and ecological scarcities.
  82. radical (adjective) – thorough, far-reaching, wide-ranging, extensive.
  83. transformative (adjective) – life-changing, metamorphic, progressive.
  84. bring something to its knees (phrase) – to destroy something and bring it to a worst condition.
  85. semblance (noun) – appearance, approximation; likeness, similarity.


 1. Click each one of the words above for their definition, more synonyms, pronunciation, example sentences, phrases, derivatives, origin and etc from
2. Definitions (elementary level) & Synonyms provided for the words above are my personal work and not that of Oxford University Press. Tentative definitions/meanings are provided for study purpose only and they may vary in different context. 
3. This word list is for personal use only. Reproduction in any format and/or Commercial use of it is/are strictly prohibited.

Today’s Advanced Word List 1 for The Hindu Lead Article (A time for extraordinary action) – Apr 10, 2020:

The Hindu Lead Article (A time for extraordinary action) – Apr 10, 2020 The Hindu Lead Article (A time for extraordinary action) – Apr 10, 2020 The Hindu Lead Article (A time for extraordinary action) – Apr 10, 2020 The Hindu Lead Article (A time for extraordinary action) – Apr 10, 2020

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