The Hindu Lead Article (A strong Indian state must be humane too) – Jul 16, 2021

The Hindu Lead Article (A strong Indian state must be humane too) – Jul 16, 2021

Father Stan Swamy passed away in a Mumbai hospital last week, on July 5, while his case for bail was going on in the Bombay High Court. For further reading, visit “The Hindu”. Below is today’s advanced word list-1 for The Hindu Lead Article (A strong Indian state must be humane too) – Jul 16, 2021.

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Courtesy: The Hindu

Today’s Advanced Word List 1 for The Hindu Lead Article (A strong Indian state must be humane too) – Jul 16, 2021:

  1. state (noun) – the government, the regime, the establishment.
  2. humane (adjective) – compassionate, considerate, sympathetic, kind-hearted.
  3. audit (noun) – inspection, examination, assessment, investigation.
  4. liberal (adjective) – progressive, forward-thinking, broad-minded.
  5. pass away (phrasal verb) – die, lose one’s life, expire.
  6. bail (noun) – conditional, temporary release of an arrested/imprisoned person when a specified amount of security is deposited or pledged (as cash or property) to ensure his/her appearance in court when required.
  7. go on (phrasal verb) – happen, take place, occur.
  8. bench (noun) – a court of law with a number of judges.
  9. humility (noun) – modesty, humbleness, unassertiveness.
  10. at someone’s command (phrase) – at one’s disposal; to be available to help.
  11. condolence (noun) – sympathy, solace, comfort, consolation, empathy, compassion.
  12. Parkinson’s disease (noun) – a brain disorder that leads to shaking, stiffness, and difficulty with walking, balance, and coordination.
  13. bilateral (adjective) – affecting both sides.
  14. generalized (adjective) – (of a disease) affecting all of the body.
  15. deteriorate (verb) – worsen, get worse, decline, degenerate.
  16. incarceration (noun) – imprisonment, confinement, custody.
  17. National Investigation Agency (NIA) (noun) – The National Investigation Agency is a central agency established by the Indian Government to combat terror in India. It is functioning as the Central Counter-Terrorism Law Enforcement Agency in the country. The National Investigation Agency (NIA) is created following the terror attack in Mumbai on December 26, 2008. It came into being on December 31, 2008, with the passage of the NIA Act of 2008.
  18. Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act (UAPA) (noun) – an Indian law aimed at effective prevention of unlawful activities associations in India. Its main objective was to make powers available for dealing with activities directed against the integrity and sovereignty of India.
  19. Bhima Koregaon case (noun) – it dates back to January 1, 2018, the day of the bicentenary (200th anniversary) celebrations of the Bhima Koregaon battle. The celebration was marred by violence leading to death of one person and injuries to several others.
  20. Bhima Koregaon Battle, 1818 (noun) – Bhima Koregaon in Pune, Maharashtra, is a tiny village. Two hundred years ago, on January 1, 1818, a few hundred Mahar soldiers of the East India Company, led by the British, defeated the massive Peshwa army, led by Peshwa Bajirao II, in Koregaon.  Over the years, as the battle came to be seen as a victory of the Mahars, thousands of Dalits have been gathering in Bhima Koregaon on January 1 to pay their respect at the Vijay Sthamb (victory pillar). The pillar was erected by the East India Company in memory of those who fought the battle).
  21. arrive at (verb) – attain, reach, gain, accomplish (a decision/conclusion).
  22. take/run its course (phrase) – to develop in the normal way and come to an end naturally; cease to exist, draw to a close; finish, end.
  23. in respect of (phrase) – with respect to; concerning, regarding.
  24. trial (noun) – legal action, court case, lawsuit.
  25. substantial (adjective) – considerable, significant, large.
  26. pointed (adjective) – biting, incisive, scathing, piercing, penetrating.
  27. rapporteur (noun) – a person who is officially appointed by an organization to investigate a problem or provide reports on the happenings of its meetings.
  28. go on to (phrasal verb) – proceed (to do something).
  29. long-standing (adjective) – long-established, deep-rooted, persistent, continuing (for a long time).
  30. activist (noun) – a person who supports a political or societal change/cause.
  31. indigenous (adjective) – native, original, aboriginal, ancient, primeval.
  32. marginalised (adjective) – treated as insignificant, treated as unimportant, neglected.
  33. Jesuit (noun) – a member of the Society of Jesus, a Roman Catholic order of religious men founded by St. Ignatius of Loyola in 1534 to do educational, missionary, and charitable works.
  34. priest (noun) – clergyman, father, pastor.
  35. condemn (verb) – censure, criticize, castigate, attack, denounce, reprimand, rebuke, reprove.
  36. deliberate (adjective) – intentional, calculated, conscious, done on purpose, purposeful.
  37. neglect (noun) – disregard, oversight, negligence, carelessness, heedlessness, lack of concern, laxity, irresponsibility.
  38. defence (noun) – the act of defending one’s action against the opposition; protection, shielding, safeguarding.
  39. wooden (adjective) – unnatural, clumsy, awkward, lifeless, emotionless.
  40. prima facie (adverb/adjective) – something (first impression) considered as right until proved.
  41. carry out (phrasal verb) – conduct, perform, implement, execute, bring about.
  42. overthrow (verb) – remove, topple, oust, unseat, bring down.
  43. take into consideration (phrase) – consider, give thought to, take into account.
  44. credible (adjective) – acceptable, trustworthy, reliable, dependable; believable, plausible, reasonable.
  45. violation (noun) – breach, breaking, non-observance.
  46. legitimate (adjective) – legal, lawful, constitutional.
  47. in accordance with (phrase) –in agreement with, in conformity with, in line with, in compliance with.
  48. with regard to (phrase) – regarding, concerning, with respect to, in respect of, with reference to.
  49. polity (noun) – a politically organized society.
  50. complement (verb) – accompany, supplement, augment, enhance.
  51. judiciary (noun) – judges.
  52. the judiciary (noun) – a branch of government in which judicial power is vested.
  53. vibrant (adjective) – high-spirited, energetic, lively.
  54. vocal (adjective) – vociferous, outspoken, forthright; relating to someone who expresses his/her views frankly.
  55. civil society (noun) – civil society refers to space for collective action around shared interests, purposes, and values, generally distinct from government and commercial for-profit actors.
  56. proposition (noun) – premise, concept/idea, statement.
  57. inevitably (adverb) – unavoidably, certainly, definitely.
  58. refract (verb) – measure the focusing characteristics (of something).
  59. prism (noun) – a viewpoint that clarifies/distorts something.
  60. ailing (adjective) – ill, unwell, sick.
  61. influential (adjective) – powerful, dominant, strong; important.
  62. preservation (noun) – conservation, safeguarding, keeping.
  63. sipper (noun) – drinking straw.
  64. metaphor (noun) – figurative expression, symbol.
  65. paint a picture of (phrase) – tell, narrate, describe, depict.
  66. unnatural (adjective) – uncaring, unconcerned, unfeeling.
  67. perceived (adjective) – understandable, recognisable, noticeable, distinguishable, observable.
  68. context (noun) – circumstances, conditions, situation.
  69. pander to (verb) – to do or say something to satisfy someone or someone’s (wrong) desire in order to get some advantage/benefit from it; satisfy, fulfil, indulge, gratify, soap.
  70. interest (noun) – benefit, advantage, concern.
  71. indiscriminate (adjective) – thoughtless, unthinking, unconsidered, casual, careless, aimless, foolish, mindless, impulsive, ill-considered.
  72. ideology (noun) – a system of belief, set of principles.
  73. perpetrator (noun) – someone who does immoral, harmful, and illegal activity; offender, criminal, wrongdoer/evil-doer, culprit.
  74. inter alia (adverb) – Latin for “among other things”.
  75. diplomacy (noun) – international politics, foreign affairs, foreign policy; negotiations, discussions, talks, dialogue (related to international politics).
  76. engagement (noun) – participation, taking part, involvement.
  77. inflexible (adjective) – unyielding, firm, resolute, uncompromising.
  78. assertion (noun) – declaration, statement, announcement, affirmation.
  79. mores (plural noun) – conventions, ways, way of life.
  80. shed (verb) – discard, get rid of, do away with, dispose of.
  81. vestige (noun) – indication, sign, trace/mark.
  82. anglicised (adjective) – modifying foreign words, names, and phrases in order to make them easier to spell, pronounce, or understand in English.
  83. Persianate (adjective) – relating to a society that is based on or strongly influenced by the Persian language, culture, literature, art and/or identity.
  84. hardly (adverb) – barely, almost not.
  85. embark on (phrasal verb) – start, begin, commence, enter on.
  86. authoritarian (adjective) – oppressive, draconian, dictatorial, totalitarian.
  87. obstacle (noun) – barrier, hurdle, stumbling block, impediment, hindrance.
  88. confront (verb) – face, address, tackle, deal with.
  89. statute (noun) – act/law, regulation, rule (written & laid down by the legislature).
  90. substantiate (verb) – support, uphold, justify, vindicate.
  91. consequently (adverb) – as a result, therefore, for this reason, because of that.
  92. languish (verb) – suffer, experience hardship; be abandoned, be neglected, be forgotten.
  93. acquit (verb) – declare innocent, exonerate, absolve; discharge, release, free (from a criminal charge).
  94. ab initio (adverb) – from the beginning, from the start, initially.
  95. lock up (phrasal verb) – imprison, jail, put behind bars, incarcerate.
  96. redress (verb) – rectify, correct, make right, set right.
  97. impetus (noun) – momentum, motive force, driving force, motivation, encouragement; stimulus, boost.
  98. put in place (phrase) – establish, set up, create/form.
  99. machinery (noun) – system, apparatus, structure.
  100. responsive (noun) – open-minded, amenable, sympathetic, approachable, accessible, friendly, welcoming. 


 1. Click each one of the words above for their definition, more synonyms, pronunciation, example sentences, phrases, derivatives, origin and etc from
2. Definitions (elementary level) & Synonyms provided for the words above are my personal work and not that of Oxford University Press. Tentative definitions/meanings are provided for study purposes only and they may vary in a different context.  
3. This word list is for personal use only. Reproduction in any format and/or Commercial use of it is/are strictly prohibited.

Today’s Advanced Word List 1 for The Hindu Lead Article (A strong Indian state must be humane too) – Jul 16, 2021:

The Hindu Lead Article (A strong Indian state must be humane too) – Jul 16, 2021
The Hindu Lead Article (A strong Indian state must be humane too) – Jul 16, 2021
The Hindu Lead Article (A strong Indian state must be humane too) – Jul 16, 2021
The Hindu Lead Article (A strong Indian state must be humane too) – Jul 16, 2021
The Hindu Lead Article (A strong Indian state must be humane too) – Jul 16, 2021

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