The Hindu Lead Article (A September exit, Afghanistan at the crossroads) – May 25, 2021

The Hindu Lead Article (A September exit, Afghanistan at the crossroads) – May 25, 2021

In conflict resolution diplomacy involving multiple stakeholders, sometimes the venue becomes as important as the agenda of peace talks. The fragile Afghanistan peace process has been in disarray… For further reading, visit “The Hindu”. Below is today’s advanced word list-1 for The Hindu Lead Article (A September exit, Afghanistan at the crossroads) – May 25, 2021.

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Today’s Advanced Word List 1 for The Hindu Lead Article (A September exit, Afghanistan at the crossroads) – May 25, 2021:

  1. at a crossroads (phrase) – at a situation when an important decision ought to be made.
  2. stakeholder (noun) – a person with an interest in something.
  3. conflict resolution (noun) – it can be defined as the informal or formal process that two or more parties use to find a peaceful solution to their dispute.
  4. diplomacy (noun) – negotiations, discussions, talks, dialogue (related to international politics).
  5. fragile (adjective) – delicate, shaky, risky.
  6. disarray (noun) – disorganization, disorder, lack of order, chaos.
  7. reluctance (noun) – unwillingness, disinclination, hesitation.
  8. impasse (noun) – deadlock, stalemate, checkmate, stand-off.
  9. summit (noun) – meeting, conference, conclave.
  10. rider (noun) – condition.
  11. impression (noun) – feeling, notion, idea, thought, opinion.
  12. snub (noun) – rebuff, reject, disregard, shrug off.
  13. calibration (noun) – evaluation, assessment, appraisal.
  14. calibrate (verb) – work out, reckon, determine, evaluate, assess (carefully).
  15. war-torn (adjective) – (of a place) devastated, ruined, wrecked (by war).
  16. Pentagon (noun) – the headquarters building of the United States Department of Defense, near Washington, DC. Pentagon is a metonym of “the United States Department of Defense”. (Metonym is used as an alternative for something else with which it is closely related/associated).
  17. insistent (noun) – determined, adamant, unyielding, obstinate, dogged, unrelenting.
  18. warring (adjective) – opposing, conflicting, clashing, fighting,
  19. prospects (noun) – possibilities, chances, opportunities.
  20. bleak (adjective) – unpromising, unfavourable, disadvantageous, discouraging, gloomy.
  21. deadly (adjective) – fatal, lethal, life-threatening.
  22. province (noun) – territory, region, state (of a country).
  23. nonetheless (adverb) – notwithstanding, nevertheless, in spite of that/however.
  24. engagement (noun) – participation, taking part, involvement.
  25. pause (noun) – temporary stoppage, discontinuation, suspension; break/interval.
  26. ceasefire (noun) – a negotiated agreement that will be accompanied by other associated commitments to de-escalate the fighting; a temporary stoppage of war, truce, armistice.
  27. consensus (noun) – an idea or opinion that is shared by all the people in a group, agreement, concurrence.
  28. elude (verb) – evade, avoid, get away from, dodge.
  29. conventional wisdom (phrase) – received wisdom, common knowledge, accepted ideas (as true), popular belief (which may be questionable).
  30. indulge in (verb) – become involved in (an undesirable activity).
  31. arbitrary (adjective) – whimsical, capriciousrandom, casual; tyrannical, autocratic, dictatorial, authoritarian, draconian, anti-democratic.
  32. seize (verb) – capture, take over, take possession of, conquer.
  33. negotiating table (noun) – negotiations, discussions, talks.
  34. prudent (adjective) – wise, sensible, careful/ far-sighted.
  35. gulf (noun) – gap, fissure, rift; divide, division, separation, difference.
  36. wait out (phrasal verb) – wait until something is over.
  37. concession (noun) – compromise, adjustment.
  38. resume (verb) – restart, start again, return to.
  39. for fear of (phrase) – in case, just in case, for fear that, in order to avoid, to avoid the risk of.
  40. legitimacy (noun) – legality, validity, lawfulness.
  41. patron (noun) – supporter, backer, upholder, advocate, champion.
  42. credit (noun) – praise, commendation, acclaim, acknowledgement, recognition.
  43. predecessor (noun) – previous holder of the post; forerunner, precursor, antecedent.
  44. up the ante (phrase) – to increase demands/stakes (in a tough condition) even though it has risks; To take an action that raises the risks.
  45. reliant  (adjective) – dependent on.
  46. geopolitical (adjective) – relating to (the study of) the geographical factors (a country’s position on the earth, size, climate, and natural resources &, etc.) in world politics and inter-state relations.
  47. pawn (noun) – the weakest; puppet.
  48. mobilise (verb) – (of people) bring together for a particular cause.
  49. lethal (adjective) – destructive, harmful, fatal, deadly, life-threatening. 
  50. uphill (adjective) – arduous, difficult, hard/tough, taxing, demanding.
  51. crux (noun) – essence, most important point, central point.
  52. lay stress on (phrase) – to give importance to; to give attention to.
  53. pyrrhic (adjective) – (of a victory) meaningless, valueless/worthless, useless.
  54. societal (adjective) – relating to society.
  55. front (noun) – a particular situation; a particular area of activity.
  56. transition (noun) – change.
  57. western-backed (adjective) – supported by the western countries.
  58. characterise (verb) – identify, depict, describe.
  59. hostility (noun) – opposition, conflict, resentment, enmity, aversion, antipathy.
  60. mistrust (noun) – suspicion, distrust, doubt, misgivings.
  61. goodwill (noun) – compassion; cooperation, collaboration, friendliness, mutual support.
  62. accompany (verb) – go with, go along with, travel with, keep someone company, partner.
  63. Inter-Services Intelligence (ISI) (noun) – the intelligence agency of Pakistan.
  64. run (verb) – organize, coordinate, manage, control.
  65. dissolve (verb) – dismiss, disestablish, disband, abolish.
  66. step down (phrasal verb) – resign, withdraw, quit, stand down, give up one’s job.
  67. interim (adjective) – provisional, temporary, transitional.  
  68. take over (phrasal verb) – assume control of, take control of, gain control of, take charge of, take command of.
  69. insist (verb) – state, assert, announce, pronounce.
  70. run (verb) – stand for, stand as a candidate, be a contender (in an election).
  71. deepen (verb) – exacerbate, aggravate, worsen, make worse.
  72. fractured (adjective) – broken, separated, divided, splintered.
  73. elite (noun) – high society people; the group of most powerful people in a society; best.
  74. besides (preposition/linking adverb) – other than, apart from; in addition to, as well.
  75. miserably (adverb) – terribly.
  76. wean away (from) (phrasal verb) – to detach, disconnect, separate someone from depending on something.
  77. Pashtun (noun) – Pathan; They make up around 42 percent of the population of Afghanistan. They live mainly in the south and the east of the country. They have a distinct language called Pashto (an official language since 1936).
  78. grounds (noun) – basis, foundation, base; rationale, cause, factor.
  79. on the contrary (phrase) – conversely, just the opposite.
  80. measure (noun) – certain amount, degree, quantity.
  81. cohesion (noun) – unity, togetherness, solidarity, coherence.
  82. fragmentation (noun) – breaking, separation, disintegration.
  83. have one’s way (phrase) – to do what one wants/desires; to have what one wants/desires.
  84. insurgent (noun) – dissenter, agitator/rioter, subversive.
  85. moderate (verb) – chair, take the chair of, preside over.
  86. notoriety (noun) – infamy, bad name, bad reputation.
  87. free-rider (noun) – someone who gets a benefit without paying for it.
  88. loom (verb) – emerge, appear, become visible, take a threatening shape.
  89. loom large (phrase) – be imminent/close, about to happen (and something which has a lot of importance/attention).
  90. rhetoric (noun) – the art of speaking or writing effectively & persuasively or impressively (but, often lacking substance); bombast, loftiness, hyperbole/extravagant language.
  91. suppress (verb) – control, contain, restrain.
  92. great power (noun) – a country that has a great international influence, resources, and military strength
  93. considerably (adverb) – greatly, very much, a lot.
  94. retrenchment (noun) – reduction, cut back, decrease, deduction, downsizing, curtailment.
  95. implications (noun) – consequence/outcome, ramification, repercussion.
  96. vulnerable (adjective) – in danger, in peril, in jeopardy, at risk; unsafe, unprotected, ill-protected.
  97. spillover (noun) – repercussion, consequence, outcome (unexpected one).
  98. restive (adjective) – restless, agitated; rebellious, insurgent; uncontrollable, unmanageable.
  99. stake (noun) – share, interest, involvement, concern.
  100. intra- (prefix) – within.
  101. confound (verb) – baffle, puzzle, perplex, bewilder, mystify, confuse.
  102. contradiction (noun) – inconsistency, incongruity, mismatch.
  103. nevertheless (adverb) – in spite of everything, notwithstanding, regardless, anyway, anyhow, however.
  104. framework (noun) – structure, system, organization.
  105. hesitate (verb) – be reluctant, be unwilling, be disinclined to do something; delay/pause in doing something.
  106. intervention (noun) – the process of intervening in something; involvement, interference.
  107. regime (noun) – government.
  108. dictate (verb) – order about, boss about, control.
  109. underline (verb) – emphasize, underscore, highlight.
  110. behest (noun) – instruction, requirement, demand, wish/desire.
  111. peripheral (adjective) – secondary, subsidiary, minor, unimportant.
  112. opportunism (noun) – expediency, exploitation, taking advantage, pragmatism, realism.
  113. strategic (adjective) – relating to achieving long-term or overall goals.
  114. court (verb) – seek, solicit, ask for, pursue, go after.
  115. leverage (noun) – influence, power, authority, weight, sway, control, dominance.
  116. unethical (adjective) – immoral, dishonest, unprincipled.
  117. amenable (adjective) – manageable, responsive, easily handled.
  118. rivalry (noun) – competitiveness, competition, contention.
  119. irrespective of (adjective) – notwithstanding, without regard for, regardless of.
  120. stabilise (verb) – reinforce, fortify, strengthen, make stronger.
  121. fallout (noun) – adverse results/consequence; after-effects, repercussions.
  122. unconstrained  (adjective) – unfettered, unrestricted, uncontrolled.
  123. refugee (noun) – displaced person, asylum seeker, exile, deportee, stateless person, émigré.
  124. Durand Line (noun) – a borderline between Afghanistan and Pakistan.
  125. unlikely (adjective) – improbable, not likely, doubtful, dubious.
  126. result in (phrasal verb) – cause, bring on, bring about, call forth, give rise to.
  127. inability (noun) – incapability, incapacity, helplessness.
  128. half-heartedly (adverb) – unenthusiastically, apathetically, perfunctorily.
  129. descent (noun) – fall, decline; degradation, degeneration, deterioration.
  130. chaos (noun) – disorder, disarray, turmoil, disorganization, disruption.
  131. civil war (noun) – a war between organized groups within the same state or country.


 1. Click each one of the words above for their definition, more synonyms, pronunciation, example sentences, phrases, derivatives, origin and etc from
2. Definitions (elementary level) & Synonyms provided for the words above are my personal work and not that of Oxford University Press. Tentative definitions/meanings are provided for study purposes only and they may vary in a different context.  
3. This word list is for personal use only. Reproduction in any format and/or Commercial use of it is/are strictly prohibited.

Today’s Advanced Word List 1 for The Hindu Lead Article (A September exit, Afghanistan at the crossroads) – May 25, 2021:

The Hindu Lead Article (A September exit, Afghanistan at the crossroads) – May 25, 2021
The Hindu Lead Article (A September exit, Afghanistan at the crossroads) – May 25, 2021
The Hindu Lead Article (A September exit, Afghanistan at the crossroads) – May 25, 2021
The Hindu Lead Article (A September exit, Afghanistan at the crossroads) – May 25, 2021
The Hindu Lead Article (A September exit, Afghanistan at the crossroads) – May 25, 2021

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