The Hindu Lead Article (A patently wrong regime) – Apr 28, 2021

The Hindu Lead Article (A patently wrong regime) – Apr 28, 2021

Even an unprecedented pandemic can do little, it appears, to upset the existing global regime governing monopoly rights over the production and distribution of life-saving drugs. For further reading, visit “The Hindu”. Below is today’s advanced word list-1 for The Hindu Lead Article (A patently wrong regime) – Apr 28, 2021.

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Courtesy: The Hindu

Today’s Advanced Word List 1 for The Hindu Lead Article (A patently wrong regime) – Apr 28, 2021:

  1. patently (adverb) – obviously, clearly, apparently/without doubt.
  2. regime (noun) – system, arrangement, apparatus, mechanism.
  3. decade (noun) – a period of ten years.
  4. intellectual property (noun) – a category of property that includes intangible creations of the human intellect. The most well-known types are copyrights, patents, trademarks and trade secrets.
  5. serve (verb) – act as, function as, do the work of.
  6. lethal (adjective) – destructive, harmful, fatal, deadly, life-threatening. 
  7. barrier (noun) – blockade, hurdle, obstacle, impediment, hindrance.
  8. unprecedented (adjective) – not done or experienced before.
  9. pandemic (noun) – the worldwide spread of a new disease; The illness spreads around the world and typically affects a large number of people across a wide area.
  10. monopoly (noun) – exclusive/complete control of something by a person/organization.
  11. onset (noun) – start, beginning, arrival.
  12. reaffirmation (noun) – reestablishment, confirmation, endorsement.
  13. neo-liberal (adjective) – relating to an ideology that emphasizes individual interests; (In general, it is relating to an economic policy model that supports the value of free-market competition by the private sectors which with little government control over it).
  14. intractable (adjective) – unmanageable, uncontrollable, ungovernable.
  15. seemingly (adverb) – as far as one knows; apparently, evidently, outwardly.
  16. waiver (noun) – deferral, rejection, renunciation (with no stipulations/restrictions).
  17. exception (noun) – special case, deviation.
  18. World Trade Organization (WTO) (noun) – an intergovernmental organization that is concerned with the regulation of international trade between nations.
  19. suspension (noun) – removal, stoppage, termination.
  20. Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS) (noun) – the WTO Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS) is the most comprehensive multilateral agreement on intellectual property (IP). It plays a central role in facilitating trade in knowledge and creativity, in resolving trade disputes over IP, and in assuring WTO members the latitude to achieve their domestic policy objectives. It frames the IP system in terms of innovation, technology transfer and public welfare. The Agreement is a legal recognition of the significance of links between IP and trade and the need for a balanced IP system.
  21. seek (verb) – ask for, request, demand, appeal.
  22. impinge on (verb) – influence, have an effect on.
  23. containment (noun) – an act of keeping something (harmful) under control (it means quickly identifying cases of coronavirus through testing, placing infected individuals in isolation, tracking who infected persons might have been in contact with and potentially quarantining those who came into contact with infection so that the disease doesn’t continue to spread).
  24. vaccination (noun) – treatment with a vaccine to protect against a particular disease; immunization.
  25. herd immunity (noun) – also known as “population immunity”;  it refers to a means (ways) of protecting a whole community from disease by immunizing a critical mass of its populace (population). It is also defined as a form of indirect protection from infectious disease that occurs when a large percentage of a population is immune to an infection, thereby providing a measure of protection for individuals who are not immune.
  26. among other things (phrase) – used to indicate that there are several more things like the one mentioned, but that you do not intend to mention them all.
  27. facilitate (verb) – make easy, make possible; assist, help/aid.
  28. know-how (noun) – knowledge, expertise, skill. 
  29. vaccine (noun) – a biological preparation that improves immunity to a particular disease.
  30. reluctance (noun) – unwillingness, disinclination, hesitation.
  31. inoculate (verb) – to inject/introduce a vaccine into the body of someone to produce immunity to a particular disease; immunize, vaccinate.
  32. all the more (phrase) – much more, even more.
  33. galling (adjective) – annoying, irritating, vexing, disturbing, frustrating, displeasing, humiliating.
  34. immunisation (noun) – the process whereby a person is made immune or resistant to an infectious disease, typically by the administration of a vaccine. Vaccines stimulate the body’s own immune system to protect the person against subsequent infection or disease.
  35. distant (adjective) – faraway, far off, far.
  36. conferral (noun) – the granting of an exclusive right.
  37. ground (noun) – reason, cause, basis, factor.
  38. utilitarian (adjective) – sensible, realistic, practical, effective, pragmatic.
  39. premise (noun) – belief, thought, proposition, assumption.
  40. fruits (noun) – reward, benefit, advantages.
  41. labour (noun) – hard work, effort, toil.
  42. merit (noun) – excellence, calibre, goodness, value.
  43. toil (verb) – work hard, labour, exert oneself, struggle.
  44. object (noun) – purpose, objective, aim, goal, target.
  45. inseparable (adjective) – indivisible, indissoluble, impossible to separate.
  46. contest (verb) – resist, defy, oppose, dispute (as wrong).
  47. pharmaceutical (adjective) – relating to aspects like preparation, dispensing, and effective utilization of medicinal drugs.
  48. world/international/global order (noun) – the arrangement of power and authority that provides the system for the conduct of diplomacy and world politics in relation to the entire world.
  49. marry (verb) – combine/join together.
  50. on the one hand (phrase) – it is used to introduce the first of two contrasting different, points, facts, or ways of looking at something.  It is always followed later by “on the other hand” or ‘on the other’.
  51. obligation (noun) – duty, responsibility, commitment.
  52. inherit (verb) – assume, take over, receive something (e.g. a situation & etc.) from a predecessor (previous holder of the post).
  53. expressly (adverb) – absolutely, clearly, obviously, unequivocally, unmistakably.
  54. affordable (adjective) – economical, inexpensive, reasonably priced.
  55. on account of (phrase) – because of, owing to, due to, by virtue of.
  56. injunction (noun) – judicial order, ruling, directive, warning (that compels a party to do or refrain from specific acts).
  57. suppress (verb) – control, contain, restrain.
  58. entity (noun) – organization, institution, establishment.
  59. exorbitant (adjective) – excessively high, extremely high, excessive, unreasonable.
  60. counter (verb) – tackle, confront, stand up to.
  61. put through (phrasal verb) – begin something and see it through to a successful end.
  62. patents Act, 1970 (noun) – An Act to amend and consolidate the law relating to patents.
  63. generic (adjective) – unbranded, untrademarked, non-proprietary.
  64. generic-drugs (noun) – unbranded drugs; copies of brand-name drugs that contain the same chemical substance as a drug that was originally protected by chemical patents.
  65. as a result (phrase) – subsequently, therefore, thus.
  66. the ink is barely dry (phrase) – things change very quickly right after an agreement/contract is made between two people (things change even before the ink is dry, i.e, the ink is still wet on the agreement/contract document which has just been made).
  67. binding (adjective) – obligatory, compulsory, mandatory, required, requisite, necessary, essential.
  68. subscribe to (verb) – agree with, be in agreement with, support/endorse.
  69. prescribe (verb) – stipulate, lay down, set down, promulgate.
  70. sanctions (noun) – action taken, or an order given to force a country to obey international laws by limiting or stopping trade with that country, by not allowing economic aid for that country, etc (Courtesy: VOA Learning English).
  71. resolution (noun) – settlement, compromise; ruling, verdict, decision, declaration, decree.
  72. mechanism (noun) – procedure, process, method, technique.
  73. dissuade (verb) – discourage, deter, prevent.
  74. renege (verb) – fail to honour, go back on, default on, break one’s word/promise (a commitment/contract).
  75. advent (noun) – arrival, appearance, emergence, occurrence.
  76. signatory (noun) – the person who signed an official document/agreement.
  77. The (Global) North (noun) – the economically developed countries (of Europe, North America, Australia, amongst others).
  78. The (Global) South (noun) – the poor developing countries (of Asia, Africa, South America, amongst others).
  79. nothing short of (phrase) – nothing less than.
  80. scandal (noun) – impropriety, misconduct, wrongdoing.
  81. folly (noun) – foolishness, stupidity, madness, irresponsibility, thoughtlessness.
  82. apparent (adjective) – evident/clear, visible, noticeable, recognizable.
  83. out of reach (phrase) – beyond the capability of someone to achieve something.
  84. kick in (phrasal verb) – come into operation, come into effect.
  85. come down (phrasal verb) – decline, reduce, lessen.
  86. debacle (noun) – fiasco, failure, disaster.
  87. refute (verb) – deny, reject, disprove.
  88. prevailing (adjective) – existing; current, present.
  89. recoup (verb) – regain, recover, get back (something lost).
  90. monopolise (verb) – to have complete control over something (a particular product or service).
  91. incentive (noun) – stimulus, impetus, boost.
  92. time and again (phrase) – often, frequently, repeatedly.
  93. candidate vaccine mRNA-1273 (noun) – mRNA-1273 is an mRNA vaccine candidate which was co-developed by Moderna and investigators from NIAID’s Vaccine Research Center.
  94. emanate (verb) – emerge, ensue, come out, come forth; arise, originate.
  95. federal (adjective) – relating to a system of government in which establishments such as states or provinces share power with a national government.
  96. account for (phrasal verb) – constitute, comprise, form, represent.
  97. Oxford vaccine/Covishield (noun) – (ChAdOx1 nCoV-19) or (AZD1222) is a COVID-19 vaccine candidate developed by Oxford University and AstraZeneca, UK Ltd. (named Covishield in India). Serum Institute of India (SII), a biotechnology company has partnered with global pharma giant AstraZeneca and Oxford University for this vaccine candidate ‘Covidshield’.
  98. forthright (adjective) – frank, direct, straightforward, honest, candid, open.
  99. quantum (noun) – amount, portion.
  100. monies (noun) – plural form of money.
  101. funnel (verb) – channel, guide, direct.
  102. afflict (verb) – trouble, bother, burden, distress.
  103. invade (verb) – violate, encroach on, infringe on, trespass on, obtrude on.
  104. dogma (noun) – principle, rule, tenet.
  105. moot (verb) – put forward, introduce, advance, present.
  106. pay the price/cost (phrase) – experience the bad/unpleasant result of something; sacrifice, loss.
  107. condemn (verb) – destine, damn, force (someone) to endure/accept something bad or unpleasant.
  108. equitable (adjective) – fair, just, unbiased, impartial, even-handed.
  109. flow from (phrase) – come from, originate from, emanate from.
  110. put in place (phrase) – establish, set up, create/form.
  111. indefensible (adjective) – unjustified, baseless, illogical/irrational.
  112. overlook (verb) – neglect, ignore, disregard, turn a blind eye.
  113. nation-state (noun) – a state (country) in which a great majority shares the same culture and is conscious of it. The nation-state is an ideal in which cultural boundaries match up with political boundaries. An independent state consists of people from one particular national group.
  114. attend to (verb) – deal with, cope with, address, manage.
  115. iniquitous (adjective) – unfair, wrong, immoral/improper.
  116. persist (verb) – continue, carry on, keep going.
  117. peril (noun) – danger, jeopardy, risk.
  118. feudal (adjective) – ancient, archaic; outdated, outmoded, old-fashioned.
  119. calculus (noun) – calculation, estimation, reasoning.

Note:    

 1. Click each one of the words above for their definition, more synonyms, pronunciation, example sentences, phrases, derivatives, origin and etc from http://www.oxforddictionaries.com/.
2. Definitions (elementary level) & Synonyms provided for the words above are my personal work and not that of Oxford University Press. Tentative definitions/meanings are provided for study purposes only and they may vary in a different context.  
3. This word list is for personal use only. Reproduction in any format and/or Commercial use of it is/are strictly prohibited.

Today’s Advanced Word List 1 for The Hindu Lead Article (A patently wrong regime) – Apr 28, 2021:

The Hindu Lead Article (A patently wrong regime) – Apr 28, 2021 The Hindu Lead Article (A patently wrong regime) – Apr 28, 2021 The Hindu Lead Article (A patently wrong regime) – Apr 28, 2021 The Hindu Lead Article (A patently wrong regime) – Apr 28, 2021 The Hindu Lead Article (A patently wrong regime) – Apr 28, 2021 The Hindu Lead Article (A patently wrong regime) – Apr 28, 2021

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