The Hindu Lead Article (A gear shift to pull India back from tipping point) – May 21, 2021

The Hindu Lead Article (A gear shift to pull India back from tipping point) – May 21, 2021

Crises are of many kinds and come in different shapes and sizes. The current COVID-19 pandemic is a health crisis that is one of a kind, but it is at such times that the true qualities and grit of a nation and its leaders manifest themselves. For further reading, visit “The Hindu”. Below is today’s advanced word list-1 for The Hindu Lead Article (A gear shift to pull India back from tipping point) – May 21, 2021.

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Courtesy: The Hindu

Today’s Advanced Word List 1 for The Hindu Lead Article (A gear shift to pull India back from tipping point) – May 21, 2021:

  1. pull back (phrasal verb) – withdraw, retreat, pull out, draw back, restore.
  2. tipping point (noun) – the point in a condition at which a small development/change causes major & unstoppable changes.
  3. dispensation (noun) – government, administration, system.
  4. dexterity (noun) – cleverness, skillfulness, deftnessacumen, finesse, expertise, mastery, subtlety/delicacy.
  5. pandemic (noun) – the worldwide spread of a new disease; The illness spreads around the world and typically affects a large number of people across a wide area.
  6. scenario (noun) – situation, background, context.
  7. grit (noun) – courage, resolve, bravery, mettle, spirit, strength of character, determination.  
  8. manifest (verb) – display, show, exhibit, demonstrate.
  9. carry out (phrasal verb) – conduct, perform, execute.
  10. surgical strike (noun) – the military attack aimed to cause damage on a particular target with small/no collateral damage to surroundings.
  11. indulge in (verb) – become involved in (an undesirable activity).
  12. expedition (noun) – promptness, speediness, swiftness, quickness, rapidity, alacrity, urgency, readiness.
  13. look to (verb) – rely on, turn to, resort to, have recourse to, fall back on.
  14. detrimental (adjective) – undesirable, harmful, unfavourable, counterproductive.
  15. evade (verb) – avoid, dodge, elude, escape.
  16. brace (for) (verb) – prepare oneself for something difficult/unpleasant that is imminent (about to happen).
  17. transition (noun) – change.
  18. perhaps (adverb) – maybepossibly.
  19. travail (noun) – ordeal, trouble, hardship; struggle, painful effort.
  20. be accustomed to (verb) – be used to, not new to, get used to.
  21. affairs (noun) – event, happening, occurrence, phenomenon.
  22. triumphalism (noun) – boastfulness, self-assertion, self-satisfaction, excessive pride, extreme self-confidence, chutzpah, chest-thumping, chest-beating; an attitude or a belief that a particular doctrine, religion, culture, social system is superior to and should triumph all over others.
  23. stock-in-trade (noun) – typical subject/idea.
  24. Waterloo (noun) – decisive defeat, notable setback.
  25. reset (noun) – re-establishment.
  26. conjecture (noun) – speculation, guesswork, supposition.
  27. novel coronavirus (nCoV) (SARS-CoV-2) (noun) – a new strain (type/variety) coronavirus that has not been previously identified in humans. (Courtesy: WHO)
  28. comprehensive (adjective) – all-inclusive, broad-based; complete, thorough, detailed.
  29. strategy (noun) – plan of action.
  30. downwards (adverb) –  toward a lower level.
  31. well-thought-out (adjective) – carefully considered and planned.
  32. glaring (adjective) – obvious, visible, apparent, flagrant, blatant.
  33. flip flop (noun) – a sudden reversal of something, particularly a policy/plan.
  34. vaccination (noun) – treatment with a vaccine to protect against a particular disease; immunization.
  35. come to terms with (phrase) – to accept oneself to something painful/sad/difficult (situation); reconcile oneself to, come to accept, become accustomed to, adjust to.
  36. conjure up (phrasal verb) – suggest, allude to, refer to; produce, materialize, generate (by magic).
  37. dose (noun) – an amount/quantity of something.
  38. vaccinate (verb) – inoculate, administer, introduce (with a vaccine to provide immunity against a disease).
  39. vulnerable (adjective) – relating to a weak/neglected person who is in need of special care/support/protection; ill-protected, easily affected by, prone to, at risk of.
  40. muddy (verb) – make unclear, obscure, confuse, mix up.
  41. cover-up (noun) – an attempt to conceal a mistake/crime.
  42. damning (adjective) – reproving, condemning; strong.
  43. indictment (noun) – a formal charge, accusation, allegation (of a serious misconduct/wrongdoing).
  44. civilisation (noun) – culture, enlightenment, way of life.
  45. veneration (noun) – idolization, respect, reverence.
  46. distort (verb) – misrepresent, falsify, misreport, manipulate.
  47. hardly (adverb) – barely, almost not.
  48. take away (phrasal verb) – remove, take out, deprive, divest, strip.
  49. grimmer comparative adjective of grim (adjective) – distressing, upsetting, worrying, unpleasant, dismal, awful.
  50. federal (adjective) – relating to a system of government in which establishments such as states or provinces share power with a national government.
  51. unitary (adjective) – relating to a system of government in which power is provided to the central government.
  52. harmony (noun) – unity, solidarity, cooperation, agreement/concord.
  53. conspicuous (adjective) – clearly visible, noticeable, discernible/perceivable.
  54. conspicuous by one’s absence/silence (phrase) – noticeably not present where one should be.
  55. akin (adjective) – similar, related, equivalent.
  56. metamorphosis (noun) – transformation, change, alteration.
  57. stumbling block (noun) – drawback, disadvantage, issue.
  58. given (preposition) – considering, taking into account, bearing in mind.
  59. envisage (verb) – foresee, predict, anticipate, expect, envision, imagine, contemplate, visualize.
  60. imperative (adjective) – vitally important, all-important, crucial, critical, essential, necessary.
  61. fallout (noun) – adverse results/consequence; after-effects, repercussions.
  62. rage (verb) – be furious, be violent; be at its height, be uncontrollable; reach a high degree of intensity.
  63. aura (noun) – distinctive character.
  64. invincibility (noun) – unbeatable & powerful quality.
  65. dissipate (verb) – disappear, vanish, disperse.
  66. dire (adjective) – terrible, dreadful, appalling, frightful, awful, horrible.
  67. trounce (verb) – defeat utterly, crush, overwhelm.
  68. campaign (noun) – canvassing, electioneering, an act of soliciting (asking for/requesting) votes; an organized effort that seeks to influence the decision-making progress within a specific group.
  69. spoil (noun) – benefits, advantages.
  70. handful (adjective) – few, one or two, a small number.
  71. galling (adjective) – annoying, irritating, vexing, disturbing, frustrating, displeasing, humiliating.
  72. frame of mind (phrase) – temper, spirit, attitude, perspective, mood.
  73. heed (verb) – pay attention to, take notice of, listen to, notice.
  74. seek (verb) – try, aim, attempt.
  75. reinforce (verb) – strengthen, fortify, bolster up, underpin.
  76. employ (verb) – use, utilize, make use of.
  77. enable (verb) – allow, facilitate, empower.
  78. tally (noun) – total, count.
  79. rather than (phrase) – instead of.
  80. replete with (adjective) – filled with, well supplied/stocked with, overloaded.
  81. ethos (noun) – morality, attitudes, beliefs, principles; spirit, character.
  82. at best (phrase) – only, merely.
  83. lead to (verb) – result in, cause, bring about, call forth, give rise to, produce.
  84. pyrrhic (adjective) – (of a victory) meaningless, valueless/worthless, useless.
  85. prevailing (adjective) – existing; current, present.
  86. yield (verb) – produce, give, provide (results/benefits/gains).
  87. consequently (adverb) – as a result, therefore, for this reason, because of that.
  88. introspect (verb) – self-examine, self analyse.
  89. conspicuously (adverb) – prominently, mainly, importantly (to attract attention).
  90. nurse (verb) – encourage, nurture, promote, boost.
  91. indeed (adverb) – in fact, actually, undeniably.
  92. misreading (noun) – misinterpretation, misunderstanding, incomprehension, misapprehension.
  93. polarising (adjective) – dividing, separating, parting.
  94. accentuate (verb) – highlight, underline, focus attention on.
  95. divide (noun) – division, separation, split, difference.
  96. idiom (noun) – mode of expression, language, phrasing.
  97. majoritarianism (noun) – a philosophy that states that a majority (sometimes categorized by religion, language, social class, or some other identifying factor) of the population is entitled to a certain degree of primacy (priority) in society, and has the right to make decisions that affect the society.
  98. recipe (noun) – formula, method, technique, system, procedure, process, means, way.
  99. cite (verb) – refer to, mention, make reference to.
  100. quotation (noun) – phrase, quote, citation.
  101. saxifrage (noun) – The name Saxifraga literally means “rock breaker.” It grows and thrives on exposed rocky crags and in fissures of rocks. Thus, saxifrages, flowering plants, grow high in Alpine regions of the mountains of Europe.
  102. soldanella (noun) – flowering plants native to Alpine regions of the mountains of Europe.
  103. gem (verb) – decorate.
  104. pasture (noun) – grassland, pastureland, open country.
  105. alps (proper noun) – Alpine regions of the mountains of Europe.
  106. thrive (verb) – flourish, prosper, grow vigorously, develop well.
  107. misread (verb) – get wrong, judge/interpret incorrectly.
  108. commentary (noun) – narration, description, account, report, review, analysis.
  109. fleeting (adjective) – brief, transient, short-lived, short, momentary, sudden.
  110. acquaintance (noun) – association, relationship, social contact.
  111. electorate (noun) – all the people who entitled to vote in an election.
  112. straitjacket (noun) – restriction, restraint, constraint.
  113. decade (noun) – a period of ten years.
  114. revolve around (phrasal verb) – be concerned with, focus on, concentrate on, centre around.
  115. underdevelopment (noun) – it is low level of development characterized by low real per capita income, widespread poverty, lower level of literacy, low life expectancy and underutilisation of resources, etc.
  116. exclusivism (noun) – the doctrine that one religion is the only true religion, or that one religious sect is the only true version of a larger religion.
  117. eclecticism (noun) – a conceptual approach that does not hold rigidly to a single paradigm or set of assumptions, but instead draws upon multiple theories, styles, or ideas to gain complementary insights into a subject, or applies different theories in particular cases.
  118. far more (phrase) – a lot more, much more.
  119. nuanced (adjective) – delicate, subtle.
  120. muscular (adjective) – strong, powerful, potent.
  121. exalted (adjective) – noble, high-minded, elevated, intellectual, prominent/dignified.
  122. denigration (noun) – libel, character assassination; disparagement.
  123. adverse (adjective) – unfavourable, disadvantageous, bad.
  124. chasm (noun) – a clear difference between two people/groups’ thoughts, feelings, opinions, etc.; divergence, disunion, gulf, void, gap.
  125. diversity (noun) – the state/condition of having many different types of something; variety, variation, difference, range.
  126. pay the price/cost (phrase) – experience the bad/unpleasant result of something; sacrifice, loss.
  127. microcosm (noun) – a thing (a group, a community, a place or a situation) that has all characteristics & aspects of something much larger; a little world, miniature universe.
  128. in miniature (phrase) – on a small scale.
  129. exaggerated (adjective) – overstated, overemphasized, amplified, excessive.
  130. resort (noun) – recourse to, turning to, the use of, utilizing.
  131. bias (noun) – prejudice, partisanship, favouritism, unfairness, one-sidedness.
  132. eschew (verb) – reject, avoid, deny, abstain from, refrain from.
  133. mire in (verb) – entangle, catch up, involve, mix up (a difficult situation).
  134. retrieve (verb) – get back, solve, rectify, rescue, bring back.
  135. perilous (adjective) – dangerous, risky, precarious, insecure, life-threatening.
  136. state of affairs (phrase) – condition, situation, circumstances.
  137. go the extra/many mile (phrase) – put a special effort to successfully attain/achieve something.
  138. hand in hand (phrase) – in close association, closely together, together, in partnership, closely, concurrently, in concert.
  139. adhere to (verb) – abide by, follow, obey, comply with.

Note:    

 1. Click each one of the words above for their definition, more synonyms, pronunciation, example sentences, phrases, derivatives, origin and etc from http://www.oxforddictionaries.com/.
2. Definitions (elementary level) & Synonyms provided for the words above are my personal work and not that of Oxford University Press. Tentative definitions/meanings are provided for study purposes only and they may vary in a different context.  
3. This word list is for personal use only. Reproduction in any format and/or Commercial use of it is/are strictly prohibited.

Today’s Advanced Word List 1 for The Hindu Lead Article (A gear shift to pull India back from tipping point) – May 21, 2021:

The Hindu Lead Article (A gear shift to pull India back from tipping point) – May 21, 2021 The Hindu Lead Article (A gear shift to pull India back from tipping point) – May 21, 2021 The Hindu Lead Article (A gear shift to pull India back from tipping point) – May 21, 2021 The Hindu Lead Article (A gear shift to pull India back from tipping point) – May 21, 2021 The Hindu Lead Article (A gear shift to pull India back from tipping point) – May 21, 2021 The Hindu Lead Article (A gear shift to pull India back from tipping point) – May 21, 2021

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