The Hindu Lead Article (A fast fading promise, of growth with trust) – Jan 16, 2021

The Hindu Lead Article (A fast fading promise, of growth with trust) – Jan 16, 2021

Recent events in the country leave citizens wondering whether the Prime Minister can ensure his promise to the Nation,… For further reading, visit “The Hindu”. Below is today’s advanced word list-1 for The Hindu Lead Article (A fast fading promise, of growth with trust) – Jan 16, 2021.

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Today’s Advanced Word List 1 for The Hindu Lead Article (A fast fading promise, of growth with trust) – Jan 16, 2021:

  1. fade (verb) – disappear, vanish, diminish/decrease.
  2. shed (verb) – discard, get rid of, do away with, dispose of.
  3. distraction (noun) – disturbance, intrusion, interference, obstruction, hindrance.
  4. grossly (adverb) – extremely, excessively.
  5. impinge on (verb) – influence, have an effect on, encroach on.
  6. tread (verb) – take a step.
  7. ordinance (noun) – (local) order, decree, directive/regulation.
  8. so-called (adjective) – commonly named.
  9. love jihad (noun) – also called Romeo Jihad; “Love jihad” is term used by right-wing activists to refer to the alleged campaign of Muslims forcing Hindu girls to convert in the guise of love. (guise means outward appearance or false show).
  10. provocative (adjective) – infuriating, provoking, goading, inflammatory.
  11. lopsided (adjective) – uneven, asymmetrical, unbalanced, one-sided.
  12. context (noun) – circumstances, conditions, situation.
  13. novel coronavirus (nCoV) (SARS-CoV-2) (noun) – a new strain (type/variety) coronavirus that has not been previously identified in humans. (Courtesy: WHO)
  14. pandemic (noun) – the worldwide spread of a new disease; The illness spreads around the world and typically affects a large number of people across a wide area.
  15. whatsoever (adverb) – at all.
  16. congregation (noun) – gathering, assembly, a mass/group (of people).
  17. height (noun) – high point, highest point, peak, pinnacle.
  18. super-spreader (noun) – a person/patient who infects significantly/disproportionately a large number of people with a disease/virus than usual.
  19. the judiciary (noun) – a branch of government in which judicial power is vested.
  20. on guard (phrase) – on duty to protect something; vigilant, alert, wary, watchful, cautious, careful, heedful.
  21. proactive (adjective) – aggressive, intense, passionate.
  22. in this regard (phrase) – in connection with the aspect/consideration/point referred earlier.
  23. dominant (adjective) – authoritative, most influential, most powerful.
  24. pay heed (phrase) – pay attention to, take notice of, listen to.
  25. constituent assembly (noun) – constitutional assembly; it is a body or assembly of popularly elected representatives which is assembled for the purpose of drafting or adopting a constitution or similar document. The constituent assembly is entirely elected by popular vote.
  26. diehard (noun) – hard-core (follower/fan); traditionalist.
  27. fanaticism (noun) – extremism, fundamentalism, dogmatism.
  28. explosive (adjective) – tense, highly charged, critical, serious, dangerous, sensitive.
  29. erupt (verb) – break out, flare up, blow up, boil over, start suddenly.
  30. blow up (phrasal verb) – destroy, demolish, knock down (as by explosion); explode, detonate.
  31. fabric (noun) – the basic/fundamental structure.
  32. in the hands of (phrase) – in the possession of.
  33. discriminate (verb) – disfavour, be biased, treat differently; differentiate, distinguish, separate.
  34. lay the foundation (phrase) – (figuratively) to create basic ideas from which something bigger evolves.  (literally) to create basic (underground) structures from which something bigger develops.
  35. guardian (noun) – protector, defender, preserver, champion, custodian.
  36. founding fathers (India) (noun) – The leaders those who fought the British Empire non-violently for India’s independence. Some of the most famous are Mahatma Gandhi, Jawaharlal Nehru, Dr.Ambedkar, Sardar Vallabhai Patel, Subhash Chandra Bose and more.
  37. virtual (adjective) – effective, essential, practical.
  38. in the name of (phrase) – for the sake of, at the behest of.
  39. towering (adjective) – outstanding, pre-eminent, leading, foremost, distinguished, prominent.
  40. pay tribute to (phrase) – honour, show appreciation of, give recognition to, pay homage to; praise, speak highly of.
  41. poignant (adjective) – affecting/touching, painful, disturbing.
  42. in a hurry (phrase) – more quickly, easily, without delay.
  43. come to the conclusion (phrase) – to decide something after thinking/analyzing about it carefully.
  44. in the interests of (phrase) – for the benefit of.
  45. lay down (phrasal verb) – formulate, establish, institute, determine.
  46. secular (adjective) – non-religious.
  47. in the long run (phrase) – eventually, in the end, ultimately.
  48. sound (adjective) – well founded, valid, solid, reasonable.
  49. go ahead (phrasal verb) – to proceed, to continue to do something, to start/begin to do something.
  50. in spite of (phrase) – despite, notwithstanding, regardless of.
  51. inhabit (verb) – live in, occupy.
  52. irrespective of (adjective) – notwithstanding, without regard for, regardless of.
  53. creed (noun) – religious belief, faith, set of principles.
  54. beloved (adjective) – loved, highly regarded, adored/admired. 
  55. adulation (noun) – admiration, praise/applause, worship.
  56. envision (verb) – visualize, imagine, envisage.
  57. blow (noun) – shock, surprise; setback/misfortune.
  58. strike (verb) – crash into, collide with, be in collision with, hit, dash against.
  59.  equate (verb) – regard as the same as.
  60. as such (phrase) – in itself, of itself, by itself, intrinsically.
  61. propagation (noun) – spreading and promoting an idea/theory.
  62. campaign (noun) – an organized effort which seeks to influence the decision making progress within a specific group.
  63. crusade (noun) – campaign, movement, drive/push, fight.
  64. walk of life (phrase) – a person’s class/status/rank within society.
  65. bureaucrat (noun) – a powerful officer, public/government servant, office-bearer, civil servant, functionary, mandarin.
  66. belong to (verb) – be affiliated to, be associated with, be connected to, be linked to.
  67. regulate (verb) – control, oversee, administer something (by using rules and regulations).
  68. garb (noun) – an outward appearance, form, guise.
  69. conscience (noun) – sense of right and wrong, moral sense, inner voice.
  70. possess (verb) – have, be blessed with (a characteristic/quality/trait).
  71. credit (someone with) (verb) – be accredited with, be recognized as, be given the credit for, be held responsible for.
  72. National Investigation Agency (NIA) (noun) – The National Investigation Agency is a central agency established by the Indian Government to combat terror in India. It is functioning as the Central Counter Terrorism Law Enforcement Agency in the country. The National Investigation Agency (NIA) is created following the terror attack in Mumbai on December 26, 2008. It came into being on December 31, 2008, with the passage of the NIA Act of 2008.
  73. pertinently (adverb) – relevantly, suitably, appropriately, germanely.
  74. bench (noun) – a court of law with a number of judges.
  75. confront (verb) – challenge, oppose, resist, defy; face, tackle.
  76. profess (verb) – affirm/state one’s faith in, affirm one’s allegiance to, declare publicly, acknowledge publicly.
  77. set aside (phrasal verb) – overrule, overturn, reverse, revoke, rule against, nullify.
  78. annul (verb) – nullify, invalidate, declare invalid, void.
  79. interregnum (noun) – period, intervening time/period.
  80. keep away from (phrasal verb) – make someone stay away from.
  81. paramilitary (adjective) – (of semi-militarized force) organized like a military force.
  82. seed (noun) – source, origin, root, starting point, germ.
  83. sow (verb) – cause, bring about, induce.
  84. footprint (noun) – impression, mark, trace, impact.
  85. confer (verb) – present to, give out to, grand to.
  86. hapless (adjective) – unfortunate, unlucky, ill-fated.
  87. draconian (adjective) – (of laws or punishments) extremely harsh, severe, strict, stringent, tough.
  88. sound (verb) – ring (a warning bell).
  89. abridge (verb) – shorten, cut short, curtail, truncate, lessen/decrease.
  90. take away (phrasal verb) – remove, take out, deprive, divest, strip.
  91. lead to (verb) – result in, cause, bring on, call forth, give rise to.
  92. habitual (adjective) – routine, regular, usual, normal.
  93. preserve (verb) – protect, safeguard, maintain.
  94. jurisdiction (noun) – authority, control, power.
  95. cold storage (noun) – temporary postponement.
  96. the executive (noun) – the executive is a branch of government that enforces the law as written by the legislature and interpreted by the judiciary.
  97. Central Vista (noun) – it is a grand redevelopment project for building what will be the power corridor of India, having a new Parliament building, a common central secretariat, and revamped three-km-long Rajpath, from the Rashtrapati Bhavan to the India Gate.
  98. falter (verb) – hesitate, delay, be undecided, be irresolute.
  99. alacrity (noun) – readiness, willingness, swiftness, promptness.
  100. stay (verb) – stop, delay, or prevent something temporarily (a judicial proceeding/trial through the order of a court). (The stay on their implementation means the Centre cannot, for the time being, proceed with any executive actions to enforce the laws).
  101. Farm Acts, 2000 (noun) – Farm Acts, 2000 refer to three agricultural bills passed by Indian Parliament in September 2020. The three acts are “The Farmers’ Produce Trade and Commerce (Promotion and Facilitation) Act, 2020 (FPTC Act) allows farmers to sell their harvest outside the notified Agricultural Produce Market Committee (APMC) mandis without paying any State taxes or fees”, “the Farmers (Empowerment and Protection) Agreement on Price Assurance and Farm Services Act, 2020 facilitates contract farming and direct marketing”, and “the Essential Commodities (Amendment) Act, 2020 deregulates the production, storage, movement and sale of several major foodstuffs, including cereals, pulses, edible oils and onion, except in the case of extraordinary circumstances”.
  102. ostensibly (adverb) – apparently, seemingly, supposedly.
  103. Citizenship (Amendment) Act (CAA) (noun) – The Citizenship (Amendment) Bill, 2019 seeks to grant citizenship to religious minorities of Afghanistan, Pakistan, and Bangladesh, who had to flee their homeland facing persecution. The six minority groups that have been specifically identified are Hindus, Jains, Sikhs, Buddhists, Christians, and Parsis.
  104. result in (verb) – cause, bring about, give rise to.
  105. languish (verb) – suffer, experience hardship; be abandoned, be neglected, be forgotten.
  106. make out (phrasal verb) – portray, represent, assert.
  107. selective (adjective) – discriminating, discriminatory, discerning, choosy, particular.
  108. move forward (phrasal verb) – progress, make progress, advance, develop.
  109. play a part/role (phrase) – contribute to, be instrumental in, be a factor in.
  110. mileage (noun) – benefit, advantage, gain.
  111. in the saddle (phrase) – in a dominant/influential position; in a position of control; in a position of responsibility.


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2. Definitions (elementary level) & Synonyms provided for the words above are my personal work and not that of Oxford University Press. Tentative definitions/meanings are provided for study purpose only and they may vary in different context. 
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Today’s Advanced Word List 1 for The Hindu Lead Article (A fast fading promise, of growth with trust) – Jan 16, 2021:

The Hindu Lead Article (A fast fading promise, of growth with trust) – Jan 16, 2021 The Hindu Lead Article (A fast fading promise, of growth with trust) – Jan 16, 2021 The Hindu Lead Article (A fast fading promise, of growth with trust) – Jan 16, 2021 The Hindu Lead Article (A fast fading promise, of growth with trust) – Jan 16, 2021 The Hindu Lead Article (A fast fading promise, of growth with trust) – Jan 16, 2021

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