The Hindu Lead Article (A democratic language, an authoritarian writ) – Sep 04, 2019

The Hindu Lead Article (A democratic language, an authoritarian writ) – Sep 04, 2019

There was a time, not so long ago, when substantive disagreements marked debates on democracy. For further reading, visit “The Hindu”. Below is today’s advanced word list-1 for The Hindu Lead Article (A democratic language, an authoritarian writ) – Sep 04, 2019.

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Courtesy: The Hindu

Today’s Advanced Word List 1 for The Hindu Lead Article (A democratic language, an authoritarian writ) – Sep 04, 2019:

  1. authoritarian (adjective) – oppressive, dictatorial, totalitarian.
  2. writ (noun) – summons, warrant, court order.
  3. populist (noun) – the politicians who claim that they are representing the common/ordinary people.
  4. hold hostage (phrase) – keep someone as a hostage.
  5. substantive (adjective) – important & meaningful.
  6. minimalist (adjective) – practical, useful, utilitarian. (Minimalism is a practical approach)
  7. legitimacy (noun) – justification, validity, credibility/reasonableness.
  8. impatiently (adverb) – restlessly, eagerly, keenly.
  9. maximalist (adjective) – denoting an extreme opinion.
  10. oblige (verb) – require,  bind, make.
  11. owe (verb) – be obligated to, be in debt, be beholden to.
  12. aftermath (noun) – consequence, result/outcome, repercussion.
  13. the Cold War (noun) – The Cold War was a state of political and military tension after World War II between powers in the Western Bloc and powers in the Eastern Bloc.
  14. aid (nun) – help, assistance, support.
  15. right-wing (adjective) – conservative, rightist, alt-right.
  16. hollow out (verb) – remove, empty, cut out.
  17. hurrah (adjective) – used to express joy or approval.
  18. populism (noun) – related to policies that supposedly represent the opinions of ordinary people (Courtesy: VOA Learning English).
  19. propel (verb) – spur/impel, drive, prompt/force.
  20. whither (interrogative adverb) – what is the likely future of.
  21. indeterminate  (adjective) – undetermined, undefined, unspecified.
  22. plank (noun) – a fundamental & important point/principle on which something (political program, policy, etc) is based on.
  23. elite (noun) – high society people; the group of most powerful people in a society.
  24. vest in (verb) – entrust to, confer on, give to.
  25. embody (verb) – express, symbolize/epitomize, represent/incorporate.
  26. corporeal (adjective) – bodily, fleshly, human/mortal.
  27. thou (noun) – archaic or dialect form of you.
  28. traitor (noun) – betrayer, back-stabber, double-dealer.
  29. tolerate (verb) – allow, permit/agree, support/authorize.
  30. deliberation (noun) – careful consideration, thought/thinking, contemplation.
  31. mediation (noun) – conciliation, arbitration, intervention/negotiation.
  32. hammer out (phrasal verb) – sort out, decide on/negotiate (something arduously/difficultly).
  33. blockade (noun) – barricade, barrier, obstacle/impediment.
  34. net neutrality (noun) – the principle that Internet service providers (ISPs) must treat all data on the Internet the same and cannot block or slow down any website due to its content, language or users, etc. Courtesy: VOA Learning English).
  35. climate change (noun) – a long-term change in the Earth’s climate, or of a region on Earth (Courtesy: NASA).
  36. Grim Reaper (noun) – an imaginary character who represents/personifies death by a skeleton clothed in a hooded cape that carries a scythe.
  37. grave (noun) – burying place.
  38. stand-off (noun) – deadlock, stalemate, impasse (in a dispute/conflict).
  39. paralysis (noun) – shutdown, immobilization, stoppage.
  40. assent to (verb) – agree to, approve, consent to.
  41. Government shutdown (noun) – a government shutdown is when Congress doesn’t approve a federal budget for the upcoming fiscal year and nonessential functions of the U.S. government close until lawmakers can agree on a budget. When the US Congress fails to pass appropriate funding for government operations and agencies, a shutdown is triggered.
  42. shut down (phrasal verb) – close down, discontinue, cease operation.
  43. regrettably (adverb) – unluckily, sadly, woefully.
  44. rush (verb) – pass rapidly, hurry, push, speed.
  45. erode (verb) – (gradually) deteriorate, destroy, spoil.
  46. doctrine (noun) – principle, belief, rule.
  47. bid (noun) – attempt, effort, endeavour/try.
  48. curtail (verb) – reduce, diminish, decrease.
  49. pre-empt (verb) – forestall, prevent, anticipate.
  50. House of Commons (noun) – the lower house of the Parliament of the United Kingdom (“the House of Lords” is the upper house).
  51. Brexit (noun) – a term used for the (supposed) departure of the United Kingdom from the European Union.
  52. descend into (phrasal verb) – degenerate, deteriorate, decline.
  53. chaos (noun) – disorder, turmoil, confusion/disruption.
  54. persevere (verb) – persist, continue, carry on, not give up.
  55. prorogation (noun) – the action of discontinuing a session of a parliament.
  56. outrage (noun) – indignation, fury, anger.
  57. impropriety (noun) – wrongdoing, misconduct, offence.
  58. thwart (verb) – stop, prevent, check/obstruct/impede.
  59. fait accompli (noun) – (from French) an accomplished fact, something that has already occurred and cannot be changed.
  60. dismemberment (noun) – the action of partitioning a territory.
  61. federation (noun) – association, union, group.
  62. princely states (noun) – Native States under a local or regional ruler, existed in India before the partition of India in 1947.
  63. infringe (verb) – encroach, impinge, undermine.
  64. handmaiden (noun) – handmaid, attendant, assistant/subordinate.
  65. deprive of (verb) – dispossess, strip of, deny, prevent from having.
  66. sway (noun) – influence, rule, control, domination, power.
  67. subversive (adjective) – agitational, disruptive, troublemaking.
  68. feudal (adjective) – relating to someone who supports feudalism. Feudalism is a system of land ownership and duties. All the land in a kingdom was the king’s. However, the king would give some of the land to the lords or nobles who fought for him. This social system existed in Europe between the medieval (9th and 15th) centuries.
  69. bureaucracy (noun) – administration, government, the establishment.
  70. suppression (noun) – defeat, subduing, repression.
  71. the executive (noun) – the executive is a branch of government which enforces the law as written by the legislature and interpreted by the judiciary.
  72. representative government (noun) – a government where citizens elect people to represent them and make laws on their behalf, instead of always voting directly on laws and other government actions.


 1. Click each one of the words above for their definition, more synonyms, pronunciation, example sentences, phrases, derivatives, origin and etc from, narrow-mindedness
2. Definitions (elementary level) & Synonyms provided for the words above are my personal work and not that of Oxford University Press. Tentative definitions/meanings are provided for study purpose only and they may vary in different context. 
3. This word list is for personal use only. Reproduction in any format and/or Commercial use of it is/are strictly prohibited.

Today’s Advanced Word List 1 for The Hindu Lead Article (A democratic language, an authoritarian writ) – Sep 04, 2019:

The Hindu Lead Article (A democratic language, an authoritarian writ) – Sep 04, 2019 The Hindu Lead Article (A democratic language, an authoritarian writ) – Sep 04, 2019 The Hindu Lead Article (A democratic language, an authoritarian writ) – Sep 04, 2019

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