The Hindu Editorial (Stopping the surge) – Jun 25, 2021

The Hindu Editorial (Stopping the surge) – Jun 25, 2021

After a debilitating second wave of COVID-19, cash-strapped State governments have responded to falling cases with a swift unlock programme in most districts. For further reading, visit “The Hindu”. Below is today’s word list-1 for The Hindu Editorial (Stopping the surge) – Jun 25, 2021.

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Courtesy: The Hindu

The Hindu Editorial (Stopping the surge) – Jun 25, 2021:

  1. surge (noun) – sudden increase or rise of something.
  2. unlock (verb) – free (from restrictions).
  3. avert (verb) – prevent, stop, avoid.
  4. debilitating (adjective) – weakening, disabling, undermining, impairing.
  5. cash-strapped (adjective) – relating to someone who has less money; poor, impoverished, disadvantaged, dispossessed, underprivileged.
  6. swift (adjective) – prompt, rapid, quick, sudden, immediate.
  7. unlock (noun) – a process of freeing something from restrictions.
  8. floodgate (noun) – something which is restraining/holding back/stifling an outflow of something else.
  9. open the floodgates (phrase) – to make something easier for a lot of things to happen (or) to make it possible for a lot of people to start doing something that was not permitted previously.
  10. dine-in (adjective) – providing food that is eaten in the restaurant.
  11. gymnasia (noun) – gymnasia is the plural form of gymnasium.
  12. positivity rate (noun) – the proportion of positives to total tests done for disease; the percentage of tests that are turning out to be positive for disease; the rate at which people getting tested for disease receive positive results.
  13. coronavirus (CoV) (noun) – a large family of viruses that cause illness ranging from the common cold to more severe diseases. common signs of infection include respiratory symptoms, fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties. In more severe cases, the infection can cause pneumonia, severe acute respiratory syndrome, kidney failure, and even death. (Courtesy: WHO)
  14. lockdown (noun) – an emergency protocol implemented by the authorities that prevents people from leaving from a place; An extended state of confinement/encirclement/isolation of a person by the authority.
  15. weary (adjective) – tiring, exhausting, fatiguing, draining, sapping, stressful.
  16. greet (verb) – welcome, receive, hail; acknowledge, admit, accept.
  17. inter- (prefix) – between.
  18. go through (phrasal verb) – undergo, experience, suffer, live through, endure, tolerate.
  19. anguish (noun) – pain, torment, suffering, distress, misery, agony.
  20. déjà vu (noun) – The expression is derived from the French, meaning “already seen”; this expression can make you feel like you’ve known someone before (or) been somewhere before (or) experienced something before.
  21. misplaced (adjective) – misguided, misconceived, ill-advised, ill-considered, ill-judged.
  22. optimism (noun) – hopefulness, hope, confidence, positive attitude, buoyancy.
  23. misstep (noun) – mistake, blunder, false step.
  24. deadly (adjective) – fatal, lethal, life-threatening.
  25. delta variant/B.1.617.2 (noun) – a variant of the coronavirus, first identified in India, is renamed as the ‘Delta variant’ by the World Health Organization (WHO) and this variant is reclassified as Variant of Concern (VOC). The B.1.617.1 strain has been reclassified to a Variant of Interest (VOI) and labelled variant “Kappa”.
  26. overrun (verb) – invade, occupy, overwhelm, swamp, spread over (a place in large numbers).
  27. unvaccinated (adjective) – not vaccinated to provide immunity against a disease.
  28. immunity (noun) – the body’s defense against infections; protection, resistance.
  29. apprehension (noun) – anxiety, worry, disquiet, concern, tension, fearfulness.
  30. morph (verb) – change, transform, alter.
  31. delta plus variant (noun) – Formally known as AY.1 or B.1.617.2.1, it’s a variant of Delta (B.1.617.2), which was first identified in India. It has an additional mutation called K417N, which has previously been identified in the Beta variant (first found in South Africa) and the Gamma variant (first detected in Brazil). These variants are characterised as being highly infectious and may reduce the potency of vaccines.
  32. K417N mutation (noun) – K417N mutation is linked to high infectivity and has been associated with the Beta variant, first identified in South Africa.
  33. variant (noun) – different or form or version or mutant of something (virus).
  34. mutation (noun) – a significant and basic “alteration/variation” in the DNA sequence.
  35. underscore (verb) – underline, emphasize, highlight.
  36. vigilance (noun) – careful observation, watchfulness, surveillance, alertness.
  37. unprecedented (adjective) – not done or experienced before.
  38. knowledge base (noun) – the collection of information/date available.
  39. fine-tuned (adjective) – regulated, calibrated, adjusted (to achieve the best). 
  40. strategy (noun) – plan of action.
  41. consensus (noun) – an idea or opinion that is shared by all the people in a group.
  42. point out (phrasal verb) – identify, mention, indicate, draw attention to.
  43. intersection (noun) – crossing.
  44. relaxation (noun) – the process of making a restriction/rule less strict.
  45. red zone (noun) – an area in which an infectious disease is particularly widespread.
  46. adhere to (verb) – abide by, follow, obey, comply with.
  47. social/physical distancing (noun) – a term that means actively avoiding crowded public places, is a key element in decreasing the rapid spread of COVID-19. This is an effort intended to limit exposure by reducing face-to-face contact and preventing spread among people in community settings.
  48. liberally (adverb) – in large amounts.
  49. make progress (phrase) – move forward, make strides; proceed, advance, improve.
  50. enable (verb) – allow, permit, equip, facilitate.
  51. vaccine (noun) – a biological preparation that improves immunity to a particular disease.
  52. modicum (noun) – little bit or small amount of something, particularly a good quality.
  53. vaccination (noun) – treatment with a vaccine to protect against a particular disease; immunization.
  54. come forward (phrasal verb) – volunteer, step forward.
  55. immunise (verb) – vaccinate, inoculate, inject (a vaccine).
  56. cautious (adjective) – careful, wary, aware, heedful.
  57. imperative (noun) – necessary condition, precondition, essential requirement.
  58. window (noun) – opportunity, opportune time, suitable time, right moment, chance (for action).
  59. drop the ball (phrase) – make a mistake/error, mishandle; fail to do something, miss an opportunity.


 1. Click each one of the words above for their definition, more synonyms, pronunciation, example sentences, phrases, derivatives, origin and etc from
2. Definitions (elementary level) & Synonyms provided for the words above are my personal work and not that of Oxford University Press. Tentative definitions/meanings are provided for study purpose only and they may vary in a different context. 
3. This word list is for personal use only. Reproduction in any format and/or Commercial use of it is/are strictly prohibited.

The Hindu Editorial (Stopping the surge) – Jun 25, 2021:

The Hindu Editorial (Stopping the surge) – Jun 25, 2021
The Hindu Editorial (Stopping the surge) – Jun 25, 2021
The Hindu Editorial (Stopping the surge) – Jun 25, 2021

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