The Hindu Editorial (Reaping the whirlwind) – Nov 30, 2020

The Hindu Editorial (Reaping the whirlwind) – Nov 30, 2020

Farmers of India have felt exploited for long. The reforms that the Centre brought in, apparently to make the agriculture sector… For further reading, visit “The Hindu”. Below is today’s word list-1 for The Hindu Editorial (Reaping the whirlwind) – Nov 30, 2020.

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Today’s word list-1 for The Hindu Editorial (Reaping the whirlwind) – Nov 30, 2020:

  1. reap the whirlwind (phrase) – to suffer serious consequences as a result of your (bad) actions in the past.
  2. whirlwind (noun) – a busy, tumultuous (uncontrolled) activity or process.
  3. continuance (noun) – continuation, prolongation, protraction, carrying on.
  4. Minimum Support Price (MSP) (noun) – it is a form of market intervention by the Government of India to give guaranteed price and assured market to the farmers and protect them from the price fluctuations and market imperfections. The guaranteed price and assured market are expected to encourage higher investment and in adoption of modern farming practices.
  5. procurement (noun) – the action of procuring/purchasing something.
  6. exploit (verb) – take advantage of, treat unfairly, ill-treat, squeeze, suck dry.
  7. bring in (phrasal verb) – introduce, cause, bring about, create.
  8. apparently (adverb) – seemingly, evidently, it appears that.
  9. lucrative (adjective) – remunerative, profitable, rewarding.
  10. ordinance (noun) – (local) order, law, directive/regulation.
  11. neighbouring (adjective) – adjacent.
  12. aggravate (verb) – make worse, worsen, exacerbate, compound, increase/intensify.
  13. rush through (phrasal verb) – to deal with/act on something very quickly.
  14. consensus (noun) – an idea or opinion that is shared by all the people in a group, agreement, concurrence.
  15. condescending (adjective) – disdainful, superior, egotistic, patronizing; dominant, domineering, authoritarian.
  16. attitude (noun) – approach, reaction, viewpoint.
  17. critic (noun) – analyst, observer, expert; censurer, fault-finder.
  18. stand to (phrasal verb) – be in a position, be ready (where one is likely to do something).
  19. measure (noun) – step, action, course of action, plan of action, procedure.
  20. precarity (noun) – the state of being uncertain/insecure/unsafe.
  21. point out (phrasal verb) – identify, mention, indicate, draw attention to.
  22. address (verb) – deal with, handle, tackle, grapple with.
  23. render (verb) – make, cause to be, cause to become.
  24. in the face of (phrase) – when confronted/faced with; despite, notwithstanding, regardless of.
  25. exploitative (adjective) – unprincipled, unethical, immoral, dishonest, fraudulent.
  26. at the heart of (phrase) – at the most important part of.
  27. potential (adjective) – possible, likely, probable.
  28. produce (noun) – all agricultural products.
  29. architecture (noun) – structure, formation, composition, constitution.
  30. monopoly (noun) – exclusive/complete control of something by a person/organization.
  31. lead to (verb) – cause, give rise to, result in, bring on.
  32. backbone (noun) – chief support, fundamental part, mainstay, pillar.
  33. edifice (noun) – a (complex) system/structure.
  34. dismantle (verb) – take down, break up, demolish, destroy.
  35. mandi system (noun) – the mandi is basically a market place where farmers sell their produce to the buyers through auction. It is operated as per the regulations of APMC. The auction is facilitated by the commission agents/middlemen at the mandi, who hold license and are allotted a shop in the market.
  36. leeway (noun) – freedom, scope/flexibility, latitude/elbow room.
  37. loophole (noun) – an ambiguity in the law; flaw/fault, defect.
  38. railroad (verb) – coerce, force, compel/pressurize, browbeat, brainwash.
  39. raft (noun) – group, bunch, lot, number of.
  40. the way forward (phrase) – something (a plan/action) that leads to success in the future.
  41. legislate (verb) – make laws, pass laws, enact laws.
  42. Electricity (Amendment) Bill 2020 (noun) – In April, the Central government has introduced the Electricity (Amendment) Bill 2020 to amend various provisions in the Electricity Act 2003. The amendment aims to address critical issues weakening the commercial and investment activities in the electricity sector of the country. it also aims to reduce subsidies and push for privatisation, especially in the distribution segment of the power sector.
  43. subsidise (verb) – support, finance, contribute to, provide finance for. (it generally means “pay part of the cost of something, so that it is available at a lower price”).
  44. take into consideration (phrase) – consider, take into account.
  45. equilibrium (noun) – balance, symmetry, equality, evenness.
  46. interest (noun) – benefit, advantage, concern.
  47. account for (phrasal verb) – constitute, comprise, be responsible for, represent.
  48. apprehension (noun) – anxiety, concern, worry, fear; agitation.
  49. unfounded (adjective) – groundless, baseless, unproven, unconfirmed, unverified. 
  50. onus (noun) – responsibility, duty; burden, liability, obligation.
  51. unconditionally (adverb) – without conditions.
  52. reach out (phrasal verb) – contact someone to obtain/offer help/assistance/cooperation.
  53. empathetically (adverb) – compassionately, sensitively, sympathetically.
  54. precipitate (verb) – bring about, bring on, cause, lead to, give rise to, trigger.
  55. high-handedness (noun) – heavy-handedness, autocracy, dictatorship, tyranny, absolute power, totalitarianism.


 1. Click each one of the words above for their definition, more synonyms, pronunciation, example sentences, phrases, derivatives, origin and etc from
2. Definitions (elementary level) & Synonyms provided for the words above are my personal work and not that of Oxford University Press. Tentative definitions/meanings are provided for study purpose only and they may vary in different context. 
3. This word list is for personal use only. Reproduction in any format and/or Commercial use of it is/are strictly prohibited.

Today’s word list-1 for The Hindu Editorial (Reaping the whirlwind) – Nov 30, 2020:

The Hindu Editorial (Reaping the whirlwind) – Nov 30, 2020

The Hindu Editorial (Reaping the whirlwind) – Nov 30, 2020 The Hindu Editorial (Reaping the whirlwind) – Nov 30, 2020

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