The Hindu Editorial (Night and day) – Jan 09, 2021
Unnao. Hathras. And now Budaun. The dirge continues as news of another horrific alleged rape and murder emerged from Uttar Pradesh on Sunday. For further reading, visit “The Hindu”. Below is today’s word list-2 for The Hindu Editorial (Night and day) – Jan 09, 2021.
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Today’s word list-2 for The Hindu Editorial (Night and day) – Jan 09, 2021:
- night and day (phrase) – all the time, endlessly, continuously.
- sexual assault (noun) – sexual misconduct, molestation, sexual interference, physical violence.
- dirge (noun) – lament, mournful thing.
- horrific (adjective) – dreadful, awful, terrible, appalling.
- alleged (adjective) – supposed, claimed, professed, purported.
- Anganwadi (noun) – a type of rural child care centre in India.
- brutally (adverb) – cruelly, savagely, ruthlessly.
- batter (verb) – beat up, thrash, hit/strike repeatedly.
- succumb (verb) – die from, pass away as a result of, be a fatality of, fall victim to (a disease or injury).
- depressingly (adverb) – upsettingly, distressingly, painfully.
- come to light (phrase) – appear, come out, transpire, emerge, become known.
- dither (verb) – be indecisive, be unsure, be undecided, hesitate.
- post-mortem (noun) – autopsy; an examination of a human body after death.
- first information report (FIR) (noun) – a written document prepared by the police when they receive information about the commission of a cognizable offence.
- culprit (noun) – offender, wrongdoer, criminal.
- priest (noun) – clergyman, father, pastor.
- stern (adjective) – strict, severe, stringent, tough.
- come as a shocker (phrase) – a big surprise.
- National Commission for Women (NCW) (noun) – The National Commission for Women was set up as a statutory body of the Government of India in January 1992 to review the Constitutional and Legal safeguards for women; recommend remedial legislative measures; facilitate redressal of grievances and advise the Government on all policy matters affecting women.
- again and again (phrase) – repeatedly, time and again, many times.
- odd (adjective) – unusual, strange, uncommon.
- accompany (verb) – go with, go along with, travel with.
- perhaps (adverb) – maybe, possibly.
- skewed (adjective) – lopsided, uneven, asymmetrical, unevenly balanced, unequal.
- conditioning (noun) – Conditioning in behavioral psychology is is a theory that the reaction (“response”) to an object or event (“stimulus”) by a person or animal can be modified by ‘learning’, or conditioning.
- insensitive (adjective) – uncaring, unconcerned, unsympathetic, harsh/cruel.
- utterance (noun) – remark, comment, expression, statement.
- emanate from (verb) – arise, originate, stem, derive.
- be meant to be (phrase) – be normally considered to be.
- uphold (verb) – confirm, endorse/approve, vindicate/validate.
- reek (verb) – be characterized by something unpleasant/undesirable.
- primitive (adjective) – basic/elementary, undeveloped, unsophisticated.
- wherein (adverb) – in which.
- overlook (verb) – neglect, ignore, disregard, turn a blind eye.
- pin on (phrasal verb) – attribute the blame/responsibility for something to someone.
- perversely (adverb) – illogically, irrationally, unreasonably, incorrectly.
- well-being (noun) – a healthy state/condition.
- put in (phrasal verb) – dedicate time/effort to something.
- sphere (noun) – an area of activity; a field of activity; domain, realm.
- come undone (phrase) – to become disintegrated, to break into parts or pieces; to come to fail.
- crude (adjective) – imprecise, vague; rude, offensive.
- imperative (adjective) – vitally important, crucial, critical, necessary, essential.
- steep (adjective) – sharp, sudden, rapid.
- prejudice (noun) – discrimination, partiality, intolerance, bigotry.
- step up (phrasal verb) – increase, intensify, strengthen, augment, escalate, scale up.
- National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) (noun) – an Indian government agency responsible for collecting and analysing crime data as defined by the Indian Penal Code (IPC) and Special and Local Laws (SLL). NCRB is headquartered in New Delhi and is part of the Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA), Government of India.
- stigma (noun) – shame, disgrace, dishonour, discredit; Stigma occurs when society labels someone as disgraced or less desirable. Stigma involves three elements; a lack of knowledge (ignorance), negative attitudes (prejudice) and people behaving in ways that disadvantage the stigmatised person (discrimination).
- Criminal Law (Amendment) Act (noun) – After Nirbhaya gang rape in 2012, in 2013 amendments were made to the Criminal law to lay down stringent punishments to deal with sex crimes against women, which is why the
Criminal Law (Amendment) Act, 2013, popularly came to be known as the ‘Nirbhaya Act’. The new Act also recognised certain acts as offences which were hitherto dealt separately under IPC. These are acid attack (Sec 326B), sexual harassment (Sec 354A), act with intention to disrobe a woman (Sec 354B), voyeurism (Sec 354C), and stalking (Sec 354D).
- lay down (phrasal verb) – formulate, establish, institute, enforce.
- stringent (adjective) – strict/stern, severe, tough/rigorous.
- address (verb) – tackle, deal with, attend to, try to sort out.
- patriarchal (adjective) – relating to cultures or societies that are controlled by men.
- policing (noun) – the enforcement of regulations.
- gender parity (noun) – gender equality; It is the view that everyone should receive equal treatment and not be discriminated against based on their gender.
- workforce (noun) – workers, employees.
- thereby hangs a tale (phrase) – there is a lot to be told relating to that point just mentioned.
- Centre for Monitoring Indian Economy (CMIE) (noun) – it is a leading business information company. Established in 1976, it straddles the entire information food-chain – from primary data collection through analytics and forecasting.
- account for (phrasal verb) – constitute, comprise, represent.
- due to (phrase) – because of, owing to, on account of, as a result of.
- pandemic (noun) – the worldwide spread of a new disease; The illness spreads around the world and typically affects a large number of people across a wide area.
- reach for the moon (phrase) – aim to achieve something great; try to do something very challenging.
1. Click each one of the words above for their definition, more synonyms, pronunciation, example sentences, phrases, derivatives, origin and etc from http://www.oxforddictionaries.com/.
2. Definitions (elementary level) & Synonyms provided for the words above are my personal work and not that of Oxford University Press. Tentative definitions/meanings are provided for study purpose only and they may vary in different context.
3. This word list is for personal use only. Reproduction in any format and/or Commercial use of it is/are strictly prohibited.
Today’s word list-2 The Hindu Editorial (Night and day) – Jan 09, 2021: