The Hindu Editorial (New challenges) – Nov 19, 2020

The Hindu Editorial (New challenges) – Nov 19, 2020

With the late night call on Tuesday between Prime Minister Narendra Modi and U.S. President-elect Joseph Biden done,… For further reading, visit “The Hindu”. Below is today’s word list-1 for The Hindu Editorial (New challenges) – Nov 19, 2020.

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Today’s word list-1 for The Hindu Editorial (New challenges) – Nov 19, 2020:

  1. fight shy of (phrase) – to try to avoid something; be reluctant to, be unwilling to, be hesitant to.
  2. contentious (adjective) – controversial, disputable, debatable, disputed.
  3. president-elect (noun) – a president who has been elected but not yet installed would be referred to as a president-elect (e.g. President-elect of the United States).
  4. bilateral (adjective) – involving two groups or countries.
  5. (presidential) transition (noun) – The time between a presidential candidate winning the election and the inauguration ceremony is known as the “transition.” The transition is run by the president-elect’s nonprofit transition team, which is separate from the campaign and has its own staff and budget. The transition marks the beginning of the complex task of a president-elect taking over the administration of the federal government.
  6. readout (noun) – an official statement summing up the main points of a meeting/phone call between two leaders.
  7. comprehensive (adjective) – all-inclusive, broad-based, complete/thorough.
  8. strategic partnership (noun) – it is a long-term interaction between two countries based on political, economic, social and historical factors (Courtesy: IDSA (Institute for Defence Studies and Analyses)).
  9. pandemic (noun) – the worldwide spread of a new disease; The illness spreads around the world and typically affects a large number of people across a wide area.
  10. affordable (adjective) – economical, inexpensive, reasonably priced.
  11. vaccine (noun) – a biological preparation that improves immunity to a particular disease.
  12. climate change (noun) – a long-term change in the Earth’s climate, or of a region on Earth (Courtesy: NASA).
  13. The Indo-Pacific region (noun) – the Indo-Pacific region refers to the confluence (convergence) of the Pacific and Indian Oceans, which interconnect in Southeast Asia.
  14. at home (phrase) – in one’s country.
  15. drop (verb) – exclude, discard, expel something.
  16. The Ministry of External Affairs (MEA) (noun) – The Ministry of External Affairs (abbreviated as MEA) of India, also known as the Foreign Ministry, is the government agency responsible for the conduct of foreign relations of India.
  17. discomfort (noun) – embarrassment, uneasiness, awkwardness; trouble/problem, disadvantage.
  18. The Citizenship (Amendment) Act, 2019 (noun) – The Citizenship (Amendment) Act, 2019 was passed by the Parliament of India on 11 December 2019. It amended the Citizenship Act, 1955 by providing a path to Indian citizenship for illegal migrants of Hindu, Sikh, Buddhist, Jain, Parsi, and Christian religious minorities, who had fled persecution from Pakistan, Bangladesh and Afghanistan before December 2014. Muslims from those countries were not given such eligibility.
  19. non-government organisations (NGOs) (noun) – it is also referred to as nonprofit organisations, voluntary organisations ; a group of individuals who enter into an agreement, usually as volunteers, to form a body (or organisation) to accomplish a purpose. A voluntary organisation is an organisation in which whether its workers are paid/unpaid, is initiated & governed by its own members without external control.
  20. shy from (phrase) – avoid doing something; recoil from doing something, not to get involved in something.
  21. remarkably (adverb) – strikingly, exceptionally, incredibly.
  22. dwell on (phrasal verb) – to think, speak or write about a specific thing for a long time, especially something that is a source of sadness or displeasure.
  23. charted (adjective) – outlined, described, detailed.
  24. in line with (phrase) – in alignment with, in accordance with.
  25. have one’s work/task cut out (phrase) – be dealt with a difficult task.
  26. given (preposition) – considering, taking into account, bearing in mind.
  27. afflicted (adjective) – troubled, bothered, burdened, distressed, strained.
  28. divergent (adjective) – differing, varying, dissimilar/contrasting.
  29. unveil (verb) – present, disclose, make public.
  30. revival (noun) – improvement, restoration, re-establishment.
  31. Atmanirbhar Bharat Abhiyan (or) Self-reliant India Mission (noun) – the special economic package totaling Rs 20 lakh crore by the Indian government to tide over the Covid-19 crisis and it would focus on land, labour, liquidity and laws. It would benefit labourers, farmers, honest tax payers, MSMEs and cottage industry. This economic package would be around the 10 per cent of India’s GDP.
  32. make clear (phrase) – explain, clarify, elucidate.
  33. Economic globalisation (noun) – it refers to the increasing interdependence of world economies as a result of the growing scale of cross-border trade of commodities and services, flow of international capital and wide and rapid spread of technologies.
  34. assess (verb) – appraise, evaluate, analyse.
  35. detrimental (adjective) – undesirable, harmful, unfavourable, counterproductive.
  36. Paris Agreement/Accord (noun) – The Paris Agreement builds upon the Convention (agreement) and for the first time brings all nations into a common cause to undertake ambitious efforts to combat climate change and adapt to its effects, with enhanced support to assist developing countries to do so. The Paris Agreement central aim is to strengthen the global response to the threat of climate change by keeping a global temperature rise this century well below 2 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels and to pursue efforts to limit the temperature increase even further to 1.5 degrees Celsius.
  37. International Solar Alliance (noun) – an alliance of 121 countries initiated by India, most of them being sunshine countries, which lie either completely or partly between the Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn. It is working towards making solar energy available 24/7 at affordable cost to all.
  38. revive (verb) – restore, revitalize, renew, bring back.
  39. green technology (noun) – it is also known as clean technology/sustainable technology; it is the application of one or more of environmental technologies to monitor, model and conserve the natural environment and resources, and to curb the negative impacts of human involvement.
  40. walk out (phrasal verb) – depart, get out, leave suddenly; desert, abandon.
  41. keen (adjective) – eager, desirous, ready.
  42. take shape (phrase) – become clear/definite, become tangible, fall into place.
  43. measure (noun) – course of action, action, step, procedure.
  44. prosperous (adjective) – flourishing, thriving, successful, productive.
  45. far (adverb) – much.
  46. move (noun) – movement, action, activity.


 1. Click each one of the words above for their definition, more synonyms, pronunciation, example sentences, phrases, derivatives, origin and etc from
2. Definitions (elementary level) & Synonyms provided for the words above are my personal work and not that of Oxford University Press. Tentative definitions/meanings are provided for study purpose only and they may vary in different context. 
3. This word list is for personal use only. Reproduction in any format and/or Commercial use of it is/are strictly prohibited.

Today’s word list-1 for The Hindu Editorial (New challenges) – Nov 19, 2020:

The Hindu Editorial (New challenges) – Nov 19, 2020 The Hindu Editorial (New challenges) – Nov 19, 2020 The Hindu Editorial (New challenges) – Nov 19, 2020

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