The Hindu Editorial (Maximum Governor) – Jan 05, 2021
The misuse of the Governor’s office to undermine duly elected State governments is a particularly mischievous disruption of federalism. For further reading, visit “The Hindu”. Below is today’s word list-2 for The Hindu Editorial (Maximum Governor) – Jan 05, 2021.
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Today’s word list-2 for The Hindu Editorial (Maximum Governor) – Jan 05, 2021:
- maximum (adjective) – greatest, supreme, topmost, paramount.
- agent (noun) – representative, spokesperson, mouthpiece.
- undermine (verb) – reduce, diminish, impede, hinder.
- duly (adverb) – properly, correctly, rightly, appropriately, suitably.
- mischievous (adjective) – troublesome, evil-intentioned, ill-natured, hurtful.
- disruption (noun) – disturbance, interruption, obstruction.
- federalism/federal framework/system (noun) – a system of government in which establishments such as states or provinces share power with a national government.
- oratory (noun) – public speaking, rhetoric.
- defend (verb) – support, endorse, speak in support of, back, stand by.
- partisan (adjective) – biased, prejudiced, one-sided.
- convene (verb) – summon, call/get together, assemble, gather.
- lack (verb) – be without, be lacking, be deprived of, be short of.
- jurisdiction (noun) – authority, control, power.
- encroachment (noun) – intrusion into, trespass on, invasion of.
- the legislature (noun) – a deliberative body of persons, usually elective, who are empowered to make, change, or repeal the laws of a country or state. India follows a bicameral (two chambers/parts) system at both the centre and state level. Under this system, the state’s legislature is divided into two parts – Legislative Assembly or Vidhan Sabha and Legislative Council or Vidhan Parishad.
- abuse (noun) – misuse, misapplication, mishandling.
- nominal (adjective) – titular, in name only, in title only.
- conduct (noun) – behaviour, way of behaving, performance.
- counterpart (noun) – equivalent, equal (person); fellow, peer.
- discretionary (adjective) – optional, voluntary, up to the individual, non-mandatory, non-compulsory.
- unconstitutional (adjective) – undemocratic, autocratic, dictatorial, totalitarian.
- resolution (noun) – motion, proposal.
- Citizenship (Amendment) Act (CAA) (noun) – The Citizenship (Amendment) Bill, 2019 seeks to grant citizenship to religious minorities of Afghanistan, Pakistan, and Bangladesh, who had to flee their homeland facing persecution. The six minority groups that have been specifically identified are Hindus, Jains, Sikhs, Buddhists, Christians, and Parsis.
- besides (preposition/linking adverb) – in addition to, as well, apart from.
- make public (phrase) – announce, communicate, make known, disseminate.
- Farm Acts, 2000 (noun) – Farm Acts, 2000 refer to three agricultural bills passed by Indian Parliament in September 2020. The three acts are “The Farmers’ Produce Trade and Commerce (Promotion and Facilitation) Act, 2020 (FPTC Act) allows farmers to sell their harvest outside the notified Agricultural Produce Market Committee (APMC) mandis without paying any State taxes or fees”, “the Farmers (Empowerment and Protection) Agreement on Price Assurance and Farm Services Act, 2020 facilitates contract farming and direct marketing”, and “the Essential Commodities (Amendment) Act, 2020 deregulates the production, storage, movement and sale of several major foodstuffs, including cereals, pulses, edible oils and onion, except in the case of extraordinary circumstances”.
- disingenuous (adjective) – dishonest, deceitful, double-dealing.
- lend oneself to (verb) – adapt, adjust, accommodate oneself to.
- besmirch (verb) – disgrace, dishonour, bring discredit to.
- reputation (noun) – stature, status, position, standing.
- fiercely (adverb) – powerfully, strongly, intensely.
- fair-minded (adjective) – unbiased, impartial, non-partisan, fair, just.
- in the event (phrase) – as it happened, in the end.
- overshadow (verb) – dominate, overlook; outdo, outclass, outshine.
- seek (verb) – ask for, appeal, request.
- repeal (noun) – cancellation, revocation, abolition, invalidation.
- at the heart of (phrase) – at the most important part of.
- ongoing (adjective) – continuing, happening/occurring, unending, unceasing, relentless.
- agitation (noun) – (public) protest.
- unopposed (adjective) – unchallenged, unhindered, unimpeded.
- procedural (adjective) – structured, well ordered, methodical, systematic, practical.
- substantive (adjective) – important, significant, considerable.
- point out (phrasal verb) – identify, mention, indicate, draw attention to.
- State subject (noun) – a part of the state list of the Constitution of India, which essentially means that states are supposed to address all the issues related to it.
- inter- (prefix) – between.
- in haste (phrase) – quickly, rapidly, in a rush, in a hurry.
- Parliamentary Standing Committee/Parliamentary panel (noun) – it is a committee (consisting of Members of Parliament) constituted usually on an annual basis to enable detailed consideration/discussion on all bills (all proposed laws).
- habitual (adjective) – routine, regular, usual, normal.
- overlook (verb) – neglect, ignore, disregard, turn a blind eye.
- in line with (phrase) – in alignment with, in accordance with.
- trend (noun) – fashion, mode, style.
- The Council of States (noun) – Rajya Sabha; Legislature of the Union, which is called Parliament, consists of the President and two Houses, known as Council of States (Rajya Sabha) and House of the People (Lok Sabha).
- systematically (adverb) – methodically.
- arbitrarily (adverb) – randomly/casually, irrationally, unreasonably, illogically; autocratically.
- label (verb) – categorize, classify, describe, identify.
- money bill (noun) – The Bill deals with issues such as receipt and spending of money, such as tax laws, laws governing borrowing and expenditure of the government, prevention of black money etc. Under India’s constitutional design, money bill requires only the Lok Sabha’s affirmation/approval (bypassing Rajya Sabha’s affirmation/approval) only for it to turn into law.
- browbeat (verb) – oppress, intimidate, pressurize, coerce, force.
- strain (noun) – pressure, demands, burdens; injury.
1. Click each one of the words above for their definition, more synonyms, pronunciation, example sentences, phrases, derivatives, origin and etc from http://www.oxforddictionaries.com/.
2. Definitions (elementary level) & Synonyms provided for the words above are my personal work and not that of Oxford University Press. Tentative definitions/meanings are provided for study purpose only and they may vary in different context.
3. This word list is for personal use only. Reproduction in any format and/or Commercial use of it is/are strictly prohibited.
Today’s word list-2 The Hindu Editorial (Maximum Governor) – Jan 05, 2021: