The Hindu Editorial (Incorporating limits) – May 28, 2021
Speech is free, but it is a freedom that comes with responsibility. And responsible speech is not just something that does not contain abuse, defamation or incitement to violence. For further reading, visit “The Hindu”. Below is today’s word list-1 for The Hindu Editorial (Incorporating limits) – May 28, 2021.
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The Hindu Editorial (Incorporating limits) – May 28, 2021:
- Indian Penal Code (IPC) (noun) – The Indian Penal Code (IPC) is the official criminal code of India. It is a comprehensive code intended to cover all substantive aspects of criminal law. The draft was passed into law on 6 October 1860. The Code came into operation on 1 January 1862. The Indian Penal Code of 1860, subdivided into 23 chapters, comprises 511 sections. IPC deals with crimes and punishments.
- hate speech (noun) – abusive or disrespectful speech.
- provision (noun) – clause, (legal) term, stipulation, requirement, condition.
- vagueness (noun) – indefiniteness, unclearness, obscurity, inexactness.
- come with (phrasal verb) – to be given/granted together with something.
- abuse (noun) – insults, curses, name calling, swear words.
- defamation (noun) – character assassination, libel, misrepresentation, vilification, backbiting, scandalmongering, malicious gossip.
- incitement (noun) – provocation, instigation, inducement, fomentation.
- expression (noun) – voicing, utterance, articulation.
- discriminate (verb) – disfavour, be biased, treat unfairly, treat differently.
- incite (verb) – prompt, induce, stir up, trigger.
- hatred (noun) – enmity, antipathy, antagonism, hostility, resentment, aversion.
- gender (noun) – Gender is used to describe the characteristics of women and men that are socially constructed, while sex refers to those that are biologically determined.
- sexual orientation (noun) – the emotional, romantic, or sexual attraction that a person feels toward another person.
- immigration (noun) – the act of leaving one’s countries and moving to another country of which they are not natives, nor citizens, to settle or reside there, especially as permanent residents or naturalized citizens.
- move away from (phrasal verb) – change/alter one’s ideas/beliefs/views and so.
- doctrine (noun) – principle, belief, rule.
- vulnerable (adjective) – defenceless, easily damaged, powerless; unsafe, unprotected.
- call (for) (noun – requirement, necessity, demand, need.
- seek (verb) – ask for, request, petition for, appeal for.
- inclusive (adjective) – overall, comprehensive; all-encompassing, all-embracing.
- task (verb) – assign a task to.
- Criminal Law (noun) – a complex system of laws concerned with the punishment of individuals who commit crimes.
- formulate (verb) – frame, devise, draw up, work out.
- offence (noun) – attack, onslaught, assault; crime, illegal/unlawful act, misdeed, wrongdoing.
- Section 153C of the IPC (noun) – The proposed new section 153C deals with “Prohibiting incitement to hatred”.
- Section 505A of the IPC (noun) – The proposed new section 505A deals with “Causing fear, alarm, or provocation of violence in certain cases”.
- gravely (adverb) – seriously, severely, critically.
- alarm (noun) – fear, anxiety, apprehension, distress, unease, panic; danger or warning signal.
- prescribe (verb) – stipulate, lay down, set down, promulgate.
- sentence (noun) – verdict, punishment; prison term, life sentence, a jail term.
- ground (noun) – reason, cause, basis, factor.
- hurried (adjective) – rapid/quick; reckless, hasty, rushed.
- activist (noun) – a person who supports a political or societal change/cause.
- in the midst of (phrase) – in the middle of.
- pandemic (noun) – the worldwide spread of a new disease; The illness spreads around the world and typically affects a large number of people across a wide area.
- go ahead (phrasal verb) – to proceed, to continue to do something, to start/begin to do something.
- context (noun) – circumstances, conditions, situation.
- narrowly (adverb) – carefully, closely, scrutinizingly, attentively, meticulously.
- pitfall (noun) – danger, risk, problem.
- vague (adjective) – imprecise, inexact, unclear/uncertain.
- overbroad (adjective) – too much, extreme.
- fall/run afoul of (phrase) – get into trouble, come into conflict with, go against (by not following rules/standards).
- Section 66A of the Information Technology Act (noun) – Section 66A provides punishment for sending offensive messages through communication service, etc.
- Information Technology Act (noun) – it is an Act of the Indian Parliament notified on 17 October 2000. It is the primary law in India dealing with cybercrime and electronic commerce.
- recall (verb) – revoke, cancel, take back, withdraw, repeal.
- strike down (phrasal verb) – abolish, annul, nullify (a law or regulation).
- criminalise (verb) – make something (an activity) illegal.
- offensive (adjective) – unacceptable, disrespectful; hostile, invading, threatening.
- lacunae (plural of) lacuna (noun) – a gap/empty space; missing part of something.
- advocacy (noun) – support, endorsement, backing, approval.
- pose (verb) – create, cause, present (a problem or danger or risk).
- imminent (adjective) – close/near, about to happen, approaching/impending.
- public order (noun) – it is essentially the absence of disorder – the quiet and orderly behaviour of people in public space. It involves people behaving sensibly and rationally, and respecting others.
- curb (noun) – control, restriction, limitation.