The Hindu Editorial (Ending the deadlock) – Jan 01, 2021
Farmers protesting against three agriculture reform laws, and on related issues, have reached a partial agreement with the Centre on Wednesday,… For further reading, visit “The Hindu”. Below is today’s word list-1 for The Hindu Editorial (Ending the deadlock) – Jan 01, 2021.
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Today’s word list-1 for The Hindu Editorial (Ending the deadlock) – Jan 01, 2021:
- deadlock (noun) – stalemate, impasse, checkmate/stand-off.
- stakeholder (noun) – a person with an interest in something.
- Farm Acts, 2000 (noun) – Farm Acts, 2000 refer to three agricultural bills passed by Indian Parliament in September 2020. The three acts are “The Farmers’ Produce Trade and Commerce (Promotion and Facilitation) Act, 2020 (FPTC Act) allows farmers to sell their harvest outside the notified Agricultural Produce Market Committee (APMC) mandis without paying any State taxes or fees”, “the Farmers (Empowerment and Protection) Agreement on Price Assurance and Farm Services Act, 2020 facilitates contract farming and direct marketing”, and “the Essential Commodities (Amendment) Act, 2020 deregulates the production, storage, movement and sale of several major foodstuffs, including cereals, pulses, edible oils and onion, except in the case of extraordinary circumstances”.
- contention (noun) – disagreement, dispute, disputation, argument.
- penalise (verb) – punish, discipline.
- stubble (noun) – dried stalks, straw (of a grain like wheat, rice & etc).
- safeguard (verb) – protect, shield, shelter, defend.
- subsidy (noun) – also called as subvention; a financial contribution granted to help an industry or business, mostly given by a government, in order to keep the price of service/goods at a low level.
- agitation (noun) – (public) protest.
- repeal (verb) – revoke, invalidate, cancel, nullify.
- Minimum Support Price (MSP) (noun) – it is a form of market intervention by the Government of India to give guaranteed price and assured market to the farmers and protect them from the price fluctuations and market imperfections. The guaranteed price and assured market are expected to encourage higher investment and in adoption of modern farming practices. The MSP is meant to set a minimum level of prices below which prices do not fall, and is announced by the government for 23 commodities. It is the price at which the government ‘promises’ to buy from farmers if market prices fall below it.
- produce (noun) – all agricultural products.
- flexibility (noun) – adaptability, adjustability, willingness to compromise, accommodation.
- reconciliatory (adjective) – placating, reuniting; restoring/reinstating (friendly relations).
- lead to (verb) – result in, cause, bring on, call forth, give rise to.
- regarding (preposition) – concerning, with regard/respect to, with reference to.
- amenable to (adjective) – manageable, responsive, flexible, easily handled.
- propagate (verb) – spread, disseminate, publicize, preach, promote.
- Farmers’ Produce Trade and Commerce (Promotion and Facilitation) Act, 2020 (FPTC Act) (noun) – it allows farmers to sell their harvest outside the notified Agricultural Produce Market Committee (APMC) mandis without paying any State taxes or fees.
- Farmers (Empowerment and Protection) Agreement on Price Assurance and Farm Services Act (noun) – it facilitates contract farming and direct marketing.
- the Essential Commodities (Amendment) Act, 2020 (noun) – it deregulates the production, storage, movement and sale of several major foodstuffs, including cereals, pulses, edible oils and onion, except in the case of extraordinary circumstances.
- measure (noun) – statute, act, bill, law, legislation; procedure, step/action, means, programme.
- consensus (noun) – an idea or opinion that is shared by all the people in a group, agreement, concurrence.
- beforehand (adverb) – in advance, ahead of time; earlier, previously.
- subsidised (adjective) – paid part of the cost of something (for example, food), so that it is available at a lower price.
- subsidise (verb/noun) – support, finance, contribute to, provide finance for. (it generally means “pay part of the cost of something, so that it is available at a lower price”).
- lopsided (adjective) – uneven, asymmetrical, unbalanced, one-sided.
- incentive (structure) (noun) – stimulus (structure).
- sustainable (adjective) – reasonable, sensible, well founded (without disturbing the balance of nature and then without exhausting all of natural resources).
- languish (verb) – suffer, experience hardship; be abandoned, be neglected, be forgotten.
- debt (noun) – liability, financial obligation, borrowed capital.
- ongoing (adjective) – continuing, happening, occurring, unending, unceasing, relentless.
- spearhead (verb) – lead, head (an movement/protest); be in the forefront of.
- beneficiary (noun) – recipient, receiver, assignee.
- procurement (noun) – the action of procuring/purchasing something.
- apparent (adjective) – evident/clear, visible, noticeable, recognizable.
- resolve (noun) – determination, willpower, firmness, resolution, courage.
- notwithstanding (conjunction) – although, in spite of the fact that, despite the fact that, even though.
- geographically (adverb) – in terms of the region.
- programmatically (adverb) – in a programmatic manner. (according to a program, schedule, or method).
- limited (adjective) – little, restricted, bounded, constrained, inadequate, insufficient.
- steam (noun) – energy, enthusiasm, momentum, impetus, strength.
- spiral/spin out of control (phrase) – change/move in an uncontrolled way & quickly.
- favour (verb) – support, back, advocate, recommend, advise, champion.
- reluctant (adjective) – unwilling, disinclined, unenthusiastic.
- tire out (verb) – make someone tired, make someone fed up, make someone weary.
- way out (noun) – a method of dealing with a problem; solution.
- address (verb) – tackle, deal with, attend to, try to sort out.
- productive (adjective) – useful, profitable, valuable, effective, beneficial, helpful.
- sustainable (adjective) – acceptable, trustworthy, reliable, dependable.
- remunerative (adjective) – profitable.
- diverge (verb) – differ, be different.
- National Commission on Farmers (NCF) (noun) – On November 18, 2004, the government of India formed the National Commission on Farmers (NCF), with MS Swaminathan as its chairman. The main aim of the commission was to come up with a system for sustainability in farming system and make it more profitable and cost competitive in farm commodities.
- chair (verb) – lead, direct, control, manage.
- at stake (phrase) – at issue, at risk; or in question.
1. Click each one of the words above for their definition, more synonyms, pronunciation, example sentences, phrases, derivatives, origin and etc from http://www.oxforddictionaries.com/.
2. Definitions (elementary level) & Synonyms provided for the words above are my personal work and not that of Oxford University Press. Tentative definitions/meanings are provided for study purpose only and they may vary in different context.
3. This word list is for personal use only. Reproduction in any format and/or Commercial use of it is/are strictly prohibited.
Today’s word list-1 The Hindu Editorial (Ending the deadlock) – Jan 01, 2021: