The Hindu Editorial (Bolsonaro’s Brazil?) – Oct 13, 2018

The Hindu Editorial (Bolsonaro’s Brazil?) – Oct 13, 2018

The far-right candidate Jair Bolsonaro could not have got closer to Brazil’s presidency in a more convincing manner in the first round of elections, that took place on Sunday.  For further reading, visit “The Hindu”. Below is today’s word list-2 for The Hindu Editorial (Bolsonaro’s Brazil?) – Oct 13, 2018.

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Courtesy: The Hindu

Today’s word list-2 for The Hindu Editorial (Bolsonaro’s Brazil?) – Oct 13, 2018:

  1. far-right (noun) – extreme right wing of a political party or group.
  2. notch up (phrasal verb) – score, achieve, attain/record.
  3. outright (adverb) – instantly, immediately, straight away.
  4. graphic (adjective) – explicit, expressive, detailed.
  5. illustration (noun) – exemplification, showing, instancing.
  6. polarisation (noun) – separation of two contrasting groups (based on different opinions/beliefs).
  7. garner (verb) – gather, collect, accumulate.
  8. far behind (preposition) – after, following, on the further side of.
  9. put paid to (phrase) – stop, oppose, prevent.
  10. speculation (noun) – conjuncture/supposition, guesswork, surmise.
  11. radical (noun) – extremist, diehard, fanatic.
  12. run-off (noun) – election, competition.
  13. on his hands (phrase) – to deal with someone/something.
  14. espouse (verb) – adopt, embrace; support/endorse (a cause).
  15. generous (adjective) – large, huge, ample.
  16. electorate (noun) – all the people who entitled to vote in an election.
  17. patronage (noun) – backing/support, advocacy, assistance/protection.
  18. sleaze (noun) – dishonesty, wrongdoing, immoral.
  19. compromised (adjective) – undermined, weakened, damaged.
  20. reluctant (adjective) – unwilling, disinclined, opposed,.
  21. throw one’s weight behind (phrase) – use/exert one’s influence to assist something.
  22. liberal (noun) – a person with liberal views (progressive, forward-thinking, reformist).
  23. bloated (adjective) – inflated, enlarged, expanded.
  24. occasion (verb) – cause, effect, bring on/result in.
  25. populist (adjective) – relating to the politicians who claim that they are representing the common/ordinary people.
  26. misogynistic (adjective) – firmly biased against women.
  27. homophobic (adjective) – relating to a dislike/hostility against homosexual people.
  28. water down (phrase) – weaken, dilute; moderate, tone down.
  29. trigger-happy (adjective) – relating to someone who is too ready and willing to use violent methods without any focus/attention.
  30. instinct (noun) – inclination, desire, tendency/urge.
  31. tolerance (noun) – forbearance, toleration, sufferance/liberality.
  32. venality (noun) – corruptible state; a state of being vulnerable to be corrupt/bribery/grafting.
  33. wear thin (phrase) – be less convincing,  become unacceptable, be less effective.
  34. count on (phrasal verb) – rely on, depend on, have confidence in.
  35. crack down on (phrasal verb) – get tough on, take severe action against, eliminate/eradicate/abolish.
  36. moderate (adjective) –  control, temper, regulate.
  37. alienation (noun) – isolation, detachment, estrangement/separation.
  38. constituency (noun) – a group of people with common interests.


1. Click each one of the words above for their definition, more synonyms, pronunciation, example sentences, phrases, derivatives, origin and etc from
2. Definitions (elementary level) & Synonyms provided for the words above are my personal work and not that of Oxford University Press. Tentative definitions/meanings are provided for study purpose only and they may vary in different context. 
3. This word list is for personal use only. Reproduction in any format and/or Commercial use of it is/are strictly prohibited.

Today’s word list-2 for The Hindu Editorial (Bolsonaro’s Brazil?) – Oct 13, 2018:

The Hindu Editorial (Bolsonaro’s Brazil?) - Oct 13, 2018The Hindu Editorial (Bolsonaro’s Brazil?) - Oct 13, 2018

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