The Hindu Editorial (Avoiding breakdown) – May 18, 2021

The Hindu Editorial (Avoiding breakdown) – May 18, 2021

After a gap of over seven months, the GST Council will now meet on May 28, Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman announced last Saturday. That the Council, expected to meet every quarter,… For further reading, visit “The Hindu”. Below is today’s word list-2 for The Hindu Editorial (Avoiding breakdown) – May 18, 2021.

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The Hindu Editorial (Avoiding breakdown) – May 18, 2021:

  1. breakdown (noun) – failure, collapse.
  2. juncture (noun) – point in time, time/moment, stage.
  3. quarter (noun) – a period of three months (considered as one-fourth of a year).
  4. pause (noun) – temporary stoppage, discontinuation, suspension; break/interval.
  5. precedent (noun) – model, exemplar, example, pattern; previous example/instance, prior instance.
  6. given (preposition) – considering, taking into account, bearing in mind.
  7. acrimony (noun) – bitterness, hostility, resentment.
  8. transpire (verb) – happen, occur, take place.
  9. compensation (noun) – payment, repayment, settlement (for loss/damage). 
  10. GST Compensation (noun) – Under the GST law (In India), state governments are guaranteed full compensation for any revenue loss for the first five years after the introduction of the goods and services tax (GST) in July 2017. The compensation is a gap between actual revenue collected and projected revenue.
  11. dues (noun) – payment (which is (long) pending).
  12. pandemic-induced (adjective) – caused/produced by the pandemic.
  13. pandemic (noun) – the worldwide spread of a new disease; The illness spreads around the world and typically affects a large number of people across a wide area.
  14. lockdown (noun) – an emergency protocol implemented by the authorities that prevents people from leaving from a place; An extended state of confinement/encirclement/isolation of a person by the authority.
  15. lockdown-dented (adjective) – damaged by the lockdown.
  16. dent (verb) – damage, impair, cripple, erode, weaken, undermine.
  17. equation (noun) – the situation, the case, the problem, the question, the quandary, the predicament.
  18. awkward (adjective) – problematic, troublesome, perplexing.
  19. reluctantly (adverb) – hesitantly, unwillingly.
  20. back off (phrasal verb) – retreat/withdraw, step back, move away (from an action).
  21. insist (verb) – state, assert, announce, pronounce.
  22. surge (verb) – rise or increase suddenly.
  23. normalcy (noun) – a normal condition; normality, regularity.
  24. hobble (verb) – restrict/control/limit the activity or development of something.
  25. onus (noun) – responsibility, duty; burden, liability, obligation.
  26. figure out (phrasal verb) – understand, comprehend, work out, find an answer/solution to.
  27. mobility (noun) – transportability, portability.
  28. put in place (phrase) – establish, set up, create/form.
  29. vaccination (noun) – treatment with a vaccine to protect against a particular disease; immunization.
  30. sequence (verb) – arrange, organize (something in an order).
  31. vaccine (noun) – a biological preparation that improves immunity to a particular disease.
  32. soothe (verb) – alleviate, ease, relieve, assuage, allay, mitigate.
  33. frayed (adjective) – strained, taxed, overtaxed, irritated, edgy, tense, stressed.
  34. nerves (noun) – anxiety, tension, strain, stress, worry.
  35. call (noun) – requirement, need, demand, want.
  36. cite (verb) – refer to, mention, make reference to.
  37. contend with (phrasal verb) – deal with, cope with, face, grapple with (a difficult or unpleasant situation).
  38. élan (noun) – enthusiasm, energy, finesse, keenness.
  39. toe the line (phrase) – accept/agree to policies of someone/something, particularly under pressure.
  40. big-ticket (adjective) – major, exclusive, prominent/important.
  41. (have a lot) on one’s plate (phrase) – have a lot of work to do.
  42. perspective (noun) – outlook, viewpoint, approach.
  43. modality (noun) – a particular method or procedure.
  44. cash flow (noun) – funds, money, resources, wealth, revenue, reserves.
  45. gear up (phrasal verb) – get ready, prepare, equip (oneself) for something.
  46. subsequent (adjective) – following, ensuing, successive.
  47. pressing (adjective) – urgent, critical, crucial, important.
  48. drop (verb) – decrease, lessen, make less, reduce.
  49. oxygen concentrator (noun) – a medical device that concentrates oxygen from ambient air. Atmospheric air has about 78 per cent nitrogen and 21 per cent oxygen, with other gases making up the remaining 1 per cent. Oxygen concentrators filter surrounding air, compressing it to the required density and then delivering purified medical grade oxygen into a pulse-dose delivery system or continuous stream system to the patient.
  50. abroad (noun) – foreign countries as a whole.
  51. storm (noun) – assault, attack, onslaught, offensive, charge.
  52. missive (noun) – message, report, announcement, bulletin, communiqué, news, notification, announcement.
  53. irascible (adjective) – irritable, quick-tempered, ill-natured, ill-humoured.
  54. merrier comparative adjective of merry (adjective) – cheerful, joyful, happy, in good spirits.
  55. eye (verb) – look at, see, observe, view, regard.
  56. accommodative (adjective) – cooperative, generous, agreeable, accommodating, helpful, good-natured.
  57. fiscal (adjective) – financial.
  58. federalism/federal framework/system (noun) – a system of government in which establishments such as states or provinces share power with a national government.
  59. irretrievable (adjective) – irreversible, irreparable, irrecoverable.
  60. calamitous (adjective) – destructive, ruinous, disastrous, catastrophic.


 1. Click each one of the words above for their definition, more synonyms, pronunciation, example sentences, phrases, derivatives, origin and etc from
2. Definitions (elementary level) & Synonyms provided for the words above are my personal work and not that of Oxford University Press. Tentative definitions/meanings are provided for study purpose only and they may vary in a different context. 
3. This word list is for personal use only. Reproduction in any format and/or Commercial use of it is/are strictly prohibited.

The Hindu Editorial (Avoiding breakdown) – May 18, 2021:

The Hindu Editorial (Avoiding breakdown) – May 18, 2021 The Hindu Editorial (Avoiding breakdown) – May 18, 2021 The Hindu Editorial (Avoiding breakdown) – May 18, 2021

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