The Hindu Editorial (A vial half full) – Nov 28, 2020

The Hindu Editorial (A vial half full) – Nov 28, 2020

After a spate of successes in the vaccines being tested in human trials, there is now a blip… For further reading, visit “The Hindu”. Below is today’s word list-2 for The Hindu Editorial (A vial half full) – Nov 28, 2020.

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Today’s word list-2 for The Hindu Editorial (A vial half full) – Nov 28, 2020:

  1. vial (noun) – a small glass container.
  2. vaccine (noun) – a biological preparation that improves immunity to a particular disease.
  3. race (noun) – competition, contest.
  4. haste (noun) – hurry, urgency, rush, quickness.
  5. opacity (noun) – obscurity, lack of clarity, unclearness.
  6. efficacious (adjective) – effective, successful, powerful.
  7. spate (noun) – series, flurry; a large number of something (taking place at the same period).
  8. human trial (noun) – a type of research that studies new tests and treatments and evaluates their effects on human health outcomes; clinical trial.
  9. phase 3 trial (noun) – In phase 3 trial, the vaccine is given to thousands of people to confirm its safety – including rare side effects – and effectiveness. These trials involve a control group which is given a placebo.
  10. phase 2 trial (noun) – In phase 2 trial, the vaccine is given to hundreds of people so scientists can learn more about its safety and correct dosage.
  11. phase 1 trial (noun) – In phase 1 trial of clinical testing, the vaccine is given to a small group of people to determine whether it is safe and to learn more about the immune response it provokes.
  12. blip (noun) – a small/very short & temporary deviation (from normality/trend).
  13. defect (noun) – fault, flaw, imperfection.
  14. Oxford vaccine (noun) – (ChAdOx1 nCoV-19) or (AZD1222) is a COVID-19 vaccine candidate developed by Oxford University and AstraZeneca, UK Ltd.
  15. volunteer (noun) – participant.
  16. dose (noun) – an amount/quantity of something.
  17. intriguingly (adverb) – interestingly, fascinatingly.
  18. efficacy (noun) – In medicine, the ability of an intervention (for example, a drug or surgery) to produce the desired beneficial effect; effectiveness, efficiency, power.
  19. snafu (noun) – mess, confusion, chaotic state.
  20. disclose (verb) – reveal, make known, communicate.
  21. come to light (phrase) – to become known publicly, to be revealed; reveal, disclose, expose.
  22. discrepancy (noun) – difference, variance, contradiction, incompatibility.
  23. regulator (noun) – an association that supervises a particular business activity.
  24. reportedly (adverb) – supposedly, seemingly, apparently, allegedly.
  25. look at (phrasal verb) – consider, see, view.
  26. regime (noun) – system, arrangement, scheme.
  27. turn out (phrasal verb) – prove (to be the case).
  28. significantly (adverb) – notably, importantly, seriously, crucially.
  29. mean (verb) – indicate, show, express, denote.
  30. administer (verb) – dispense, provide, give, apply (a drug/vaccine).
  31. immunologist (noun) – a specialist in immunology (the branch of medicine and biology relate to immunity).
  32. prime boost (noun) – The prime-boost (primer-booster) is a vaccination strategy administered in several stages which presents the same antigen through different vectors (DNA molecules). The prime boost vaccination method appears to be more effective than the conventional single stage vaccination strategy. The term antigen refers to any foreign substance in the body that can trigger an immune response intended to remove it.
  33. antibody (noun) – it is also called ‘immunoglobulin’; a protective protein produced mainly by plasma (blood) cells in the immune system in response to the presence of antigens (disease causing organisms (bacteria & viruses) and other harmful/toxic foreign substances like insect venom).
  34. sober (adjective) – serious/sensible, serious-minded, self-controlled, restrained, unemotional.
  35. reflection (noun) – indication, display, demonstration.
  36. lead to (verb) – result in, cause, bring about, give rise to.
  37. ineluctable (adjective) – inescapable, inevitable, unpreventable.
  38. lucky accidents (noun) – lucky accidents have allowed people to discover unexpected but useful side effects from drugs.
  39. lore (noun) – knowledge, wisdom; beliefs.
  40. fraction (noun) – a (small) proportion/part/amount of something.
  41. vulnerable (adjective) – relating to a weak/neglected person who is in need of special care/support.
  42. assessment (noun) – evaluation, appraisal, analysis.
  43. hold (verb) – remain valid, be in effect, hold good, stand.
  44. cloud (verb) – confuse, muddle, make unclear; mess up, spoil.
  45. jostle (verb) – battle, struggle, scramble.
  46. prematurely (adverb) – too soon, too early, before the usual time.
  47. opaque (noun) – non-transparent, murky, muddied, ambiguous, cryptic.
  48. disclosure (noun) – report, declaration, announcement.
  49. free pass (noun) – an approval of free admission.
  50. accelerated (adjective) – hastened, expedited, quickened. 
  51. regulatory (adjective) – supervisory, managerial, controlling.
  52. procurement (noun) – the action of procuring/purchasing something.
  53. immunisation (noun) – the process whereby a person is made immune or resistant to an infectious disease, typically by the administration of a vaccine. Vaccines stimulate the body’s own immune system to protect the person against subsequent infection or disease.


 1. Click each one of the words above for their definition, more synonyms, pronunciation, example sentences, phrases, derivatives, origin and etc from
2. Definitions (elementary level) & Synonyms provided for the words above are my personal work and not that of Oxford University Press. Tentative definitions/meanings are provided for study purpose only and they may vary in different context. 
3. This word list is for personal use only. Reproduction in any format and/or Commercial use of it is/are strictly prohibited.

Today’s word list-2 The Hindu Editorial (A vial half full) – Nov 28, 2020:

The Hindu Editorial (A vial half full) – Nov 28, 2020 The Hindu Editorial (A vial half full) – Nov 28, 2020 The Hindu Editorial (A vial half full) – Nov 28, 2020

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