The Hindu Editorial (Shutdown surrender) – Jan 28, 2019

The Hindu Editorial (Shutdown surrender) – Jan 28, 2019

The partial shutdown of the U.S. government was the first major showdown between President Donald Trump and the Democrats,… For further reading, visit “The Hindu”. Below is today’s word list-2 for The Hindu Editorial (Shutdown surrender) – Jan 28, 2019.

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Today’s word list-2 for The Hindu Editorial (Shutdown surrender) – Jan 28, 2019

  1. Government shutdown (noun) – a government shutdown is when Congress doesn’t approve a federal budget for the upcoming fiscal year and nonessential functions of the U.S. government close until lawmakers can agree on a budget. When the US Congress fails to pass appropriate funding for government operations and agencies, a shutdown is triggered.
  2. retreat (verb) – withdraw, pull back, change one’s mind/decision.
  3. storm out (verb) – move angrily.
  4. a host of (noun) – a lot, a large number of, array of.
  5. turnaround (noun) – an unexpected change.
  6. prolonged (adjective) – continuous, ongoing, persistent.
  7. rank and file (phrase) – ordinary members of a party.
  8. fissure (noun) – a state of incompatibility; disagreement, gap/crack.
  9. appointee (noun) – one who is appointed to a job/position; representative, delegate, office holder.
  10. decry (verb) – denounce, condemn, criticize.
  11. dysfunction (noun) – disruption, problem, trouble.
  12. stick to (phrasal verb) – adhere to/abide by, keep, hold to.
  13. posture (noun) – attitude, standpoint, approach.
  14. of sorts (phrase) – of a somewhat unusual method.
  15. game of chicken (phrase) – a situation in which either of the two contesting people wants to withdraw or let other win, even though not withdrawing can be very dangerous.
  16. unaddressed (adjective) – unnoticed, not considered, concealed.
  17. back off (phrasal verb) – retreat, withdraw, draw back.
  18. apprehension (noun) – concern, doubt/qualm, misgiving.
  19. executive order (noun) – an executive order is a tool Presidents use to make new policy. They can become law. Sometimes, Presidents use them to avoid opposition in Congress. (Courtesy: VOA Learning English).
  20. catastrophic (adjective) – destructive, ruinous, disastrous.
  21. better off (phrase) – in an advantageous position.
  22. hold someone to ransom (phrase) – threaten, force, demand.
  23. extract (verb) – obtain, get, gain/acquire.
  24. confrontational (adjective) – aggressive, hostile, threatening.


1. Click each one of the words above for their definition, more synonyms, pronunciation, example sentences, phrases, derivatives, origin and etc from
2. Definitions (elementary level) & Synonyms provided for the words above are my personal work and not that of Oxford University Press. Tentative definitions/meanings are provided for study purpose only and they may vary in different context. 
3. This word list is for personal use only. Reproduction in any format and/or Commercial use of it is/are strictly prohibited.

Today’s word list-2 for The Hindu Editorial (Shutdown surrender) – Jan 28, 2019:

The Hindu Editorial (Shutdown surrender) - Jan 28, 2019

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