The Hindu Lead Article (Stamp out the canker thwarting democracy) – Apr 07, 2021

The Hindu Lead Article (Stamp out the canker thwarting democracy) – Apr 07, 2021

The 21st century is host to multitudinous crises impacting different sectors. For instance, the 2007-08 financial crisis seriously dented the economies of many nations, and the recovery has been slow, or sporadic.  For further reading, visit “The Hindu”. Below is today’s advanced word list-1 for The Hindu Lead Article (Stamp out the canker thwarting democracy) – Apr 07, 2021.

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Today’s Advanced Word List 1 for The Hindu Lead Article (Stamp out the canker thwarting democracy) – Apr 07, 2021:

  1. stamp out (phrasal verb) – to stop, to put an end to, to get rid of something; end, finish, eliminate, eradicate.
  2. canker (noun) – blight, evil, scourge, poison, cancer, sickness, disease, plague.
  3. thwart (verb) – obstruct, hamper, hinder, impede.
  4. lie (verb) – be present, exist.
  5. propel (verb) – motivate, spur, drive, prompt.
  6. stream (noun) – series, string, chain.
  7. multitudinous (adjective) – numerous, many, countless.
  8. for instance (phrase) – as an example.
  9. dent (verb) – weaken, undermine, diminish, reduce, lessen.
  10. sporadic (adjective) – occasional, infrequent, irregular, unpredictable.
  11. succession (noun) – sequence, series, stream, chain, continuation.
  12. herald (verb) – signal, indicate, foretell, point to, spell, augur.
  13. foreboding (noun) – fearful apprehension, anxiety/worry; uneasiness, suspicion.
  14. graver comparative adjective of grave (adjective) – crucial/critical, important/significant, serious.
  15. body politic (noun) – all the people of a particular country.
  16. introspection (noun) – self-observation, self-analysis; contemplation.
  17. pandemic (noun) – the worldwide spread of a new disease; The illness spreads around the world and typically affects a large number of people across a wide area.
  18. backdrop (noun) – situation, scenario, context.
  19. dire (adjective) – terrible, frightful, awful, horrible, grim, distressing.
  20. far-reaching (adjective) – widespread, sweeping, extensive, profound, all-embracing.
  21. upheaval (noun) – disruption, turmoil, disorder, chaos, mayhem.
  22. sphere (noun) – an area of activity; a field of activity; domain, realm.
  23. accompanying (adjective) – connected, related, linked.
  24. spare (verb) – do without, manage without; not harm, leave unhurt.
  25. (the) fostering (noun) – encouraging, endorsing, boosting.
  26. foster (verb) – encourage, endorse, boost.
  27. novel coronavirus (nCoV) (SARS-CoV-2) (noun) – a new strain (type/variety) coronavirus that has not been previously identified in humans. (Courtesy: WHO)
  28. abate (verb) – decline, reduce, decrease.
  29. aggravate (verb) – make worse, worsen, exacerbate, compound, increase/intensify.
  30. atmosphere (noun) – conditions, circumstances, situations.
  31. churn (noun) – disorder/disorganization, confusion, disruption/chaos.
  32. Westphalian order/system (noun) – a global order/system (based on the principle of international law that each state has sovereignty over its territory and domestic affairs, to the exclusion of all external powers, on the principle of non-interference in another country’s domestic affairs, and that each state (no matter how large or small) is equal in international law. The doctrine is named after the Peace of Westphalia, signed in 1648, which ended the Thirty Years’ War).
  33. strategic (adjective) – relating to achieving long-term or overall (military) goals.
  34. disinformation (noun) – fake news, made-up story, false information, lie, falsehood.
  35. distortion (noun) – misrepresentation.
  36. systemic (adjective) – structured, methodical, organized, orderly, planned.
  37. multidimensional (adjective) – involving several dimensions (aspects/features).
  38. consequence (noun) – outcome, ramification, repercussion.
  39. expose (verb) – reveal, uncover, display, exhibit, disclose, manifest, unveil.
  40. fragility (noun) – vulnerability, riskiness, unreliability.
  41. lead to (verb) – result in, cause, bring about, call forth, give rise to, produce.
  42. plague (verb) – afflict, worry, trouble.
  43. conscious (adjective) – calculated, considered; mindful, sensible.
  44. optimal (adjective) – most favourable, optimum, ideal, perfect.
  45. authoritarian (adjective) – oppressive, draconian, undemocratic, dictatorial, totalitarian.
  46. populist (adjective) – relating to the political approach which claims that it is representing the common/ordinary people.
  47. material (adjective) – relating to money/possessions.
  48. well-being (noun) – a healthy state/condition.
  49. material well-being (noun) – It refers to the physical support to life, to the attainments that make the acquisition of physical attributes possible, such as education, economic power, good health, etc.
  50. lend (itself to) (verb) – (of a thing) be suitable for, be appropriate for, be adaptable to, be applicable for.
  51. oligarchy (noun) – a small group that controls the country & government.
  52. masquerade (verb) – pretend, impersonate, disguise (oneself as).
  53. garb (noun) – an outward appearance, form, guise.
  54. elite (noun) – high society people; the group of most powerful people in a society.
  55. professedly (adverb) – supposedly, purportedly, allegedly.
  56. buttress (verb) – strengthen, reinforce, fortify, support, uphold.
  57. of late (phrase) – recently, lately, in recent times.
  58. no holds barred (phrase) – without rules or restrictions (i.e. engage in a conflict/dispute without any rules/restrictions).
  59. irrespective of (adjective) – notwithstanding, without regard for, regardless of.
  60. hold (verb) – conduct, organize.
  61. electioneering (noun) – campaigning, canvassing.
  62. lend (oneself to) (verb) – accommodate oneself to, adjust oneself to, adapt oneself to.
  63. abuse (verb) – misuse, misapply, misemploy, mishandle.
  64. rather than (phrase) – instead of.
  65. highlight (verb) – underline, underscore, emphasize, call attention to.
  66. innuendo (noun) – insinuation, indirect remark, slur, allusion (indirect comment), insulting comment/gesture.
  67. leitmotif (noun) – subject, theme, talking point.
  68. reflect (verb) – indicate, show, demonstrate, exhibit.
  69. will (noun) – desire, wish, preference, intention.
  70. electorate (noun) – all the people who entitled to vote in an election.
  71. bound to (adjective) – certain/sure, very likely, guaranteed.
  72. persist (verb) – continue, remain, linger, stay.
  73. put forward (phrasal verb) – propose, introduce, submit, present.
  74. excesses (noun) – uncontrolled behaviour; unrestricted conduct; extreme, violent actions which are unacceptable.
  75. merely (adverb) – only, simply, just.
  76. unlikely (adjective) – doubtful, implausible, improbable, questionable.
  77. reliance on (noun) – confidence in, dependence, belief in.
  78. means (noun) – way, method, mode.
  79. amount to (verb) – add up to, be equal to, be equivalent to, represent.
  80. existential (adjective) – relating to existence.
  81. existential crisis (noun) – it generally occurs when a person questions whether their lives have any meaning, purpose, or value (or) a situation in which something is questioned whether it has any meaning, purpose, or value.
  82. confront (verb) – face, address, tackle, deal with.
  83. bitter (adjective) – hate-filled, savage, hostile, spiteful, awful, nasty, ill-natured.
  84. virtual (adjective) – effective, practical; indirect, implied, implicit.
  85. take place (phrase) – happen, occur, transpire.
  86. viz. (adverb) – namely, specifically, in other words.
  87. hold a mirror (phrase) – metaphorically, it usually means reveal to someone what they look like to the rest of the world.
  88. play out (phrasal verb) – happen, occur, take place.
  89. searing (adjective) – strong, severe, stinging, devastating.
  90. indictment (noun) – a formal charge, accusation, allegation (of a serious misconduct/wrongdoing).
  91. entrenched (adjective) – ingrained, established, embedded.
  92. rule of law (phrase) – it is described as “a principle of governance in which all persons, institutions and entities, public and private, including the State itself, are accountable to laws that are publicly promulgated, equally enforced and independently adjudicated, and which are consistent with international human rights norms and standards.
  93. rationalisation (noun) – it refers to the process of becoming calculable (in expenditure).
  94. saga (noun) – story, lengthy explanation/statement, lengthy story.
  95. unfold (verb) – develop, evolve, happen, take place, occur.
  96. gelatine stick (noun) – an explosive material.
  97. plant (verb) – secretly place, position (a bomb that will blast at a later time).
  98. explosive (noun) – bomb, incendiary device.
  99. neighbourhood (noun) – (surrounding) area, region, district/country.
  100. triggering (adjective) – causing a particular action to happen.
  101. mechanism (noun) – procedure, process, method, technique.
  102. devote (verb) – allocate, assign, allot, commit.
  103. free-for-all (adjective) – scuffle, tussle, disturbance, fight, confrontation, clash.
  104. bureaucracy (noun) – officials (in the administration, government, the establishment) as a group.
  105. hierarchy (noun) – class system; arrangement, classification.
  106. reflection (noun) – opinion, thought, view, assessment.
  107. personify (verb) – embody, symbolize, stand for.
  108. unsavoury (adjective) – disreputable, unpleasant, disagreeable.
  109. exploit (noun) – feat, deed, act, adventure, stunt.
  110. the tip of the iceberg (phrase) – if something is the tip of the iceberg, it is a small part of a much larger issue. This phrase is being used while talking about a problem.
  111. proffer (verb) – offer, tender, give.
  112. suffice (verb) – be enough, be sufficient, be adequate.
  113. perhaps (adverb) – maybepossibly.
  114. ignominy (noun) – shame, disgrace, humiliation/embarrassment.
  115. indignity (noun) – shame, humiliation, dishonour, disgrace.
  116. come through (phrasal verb) – be processed/received (methodically).
  117. loud and clear (phrase) – very clear; in a way that is easy to understand.
  118. ail (verb) – trouble, bother, worry, distress.
  119. at large (phrase) – as a whole, generally, extensively.
  120. cohabit (verb) – co-exist.
  121. mores (plural noun) – conventions, ways, way of life.
  122. spate (noun) – series, flurry; a large number of something (taking place at the same period).
  123. disclosure (noun) – revelation, report, declaration, announcement.
  124. give the go-by (phrase) – ignore, disregard, reject, avoid.
  125. falsehood (noun) – fake news, made-up story, lie.
  126. indulge in (verb) – become involved in (an undesirable activity).
  127. signify (verb) – be evidence of, be a sign of, mark, signal, indicate, announce.
  128. anyone’s guess (phrase) – very difficult to predict.
  129. with a difference (phrase) – having a new element/characteristic.
  130. embark on (phrasal verb) – start, begin, initiate.
  131. policing (noun) – the enforcement of rules/regulations; overseeing, monitoring, inspection.
  132. stand up for (phrasal verb) – talk or act in support of something.
  133. consequently (adverb) – as a result, therefore, for this reason, because of that.
  134. ad nauseam (adverb) – repeatedly, frequently, often, many times, again and again (ad nauseam is a Latin term, literally meaning ‘to sickness or to nausea’; to do something (e.g. argument, discussion, etc.) continuously/repeatedly to the point of nausea/sickness).
  135. blue-ribbon (adjective) – specially selected.
  136. overhaul (noun) – reorganization, restructuring, rearrangement.
  137. recipe (noun) – formula, method, technique, system, procedure, process, means, way.
  138. milieu (noun) – context, background, backdrop; environment, atmosphere.
  139. bureaucrat (noun) – a powerful officer, public/government servant, office-bearer, civil servant, functionary, mandarin.
  140. presume (verb) – assume, consider, postulate.
  141. cast a shadow over/on (phrase) – spoil, diminish, let down.
  142. larger than life (phrase) – heroic, flamboyant, theatrical, swashbuckling.
  143. facet (noun) – aspect, feature, characteristic/nuance.
  144. meanest superlative adjective of mean (adjective) – inferior, poor, limited, restricted, meagre.
  145. intelligence (noun) – judgement, reasoning, understanding, comprehension.
  146. bring about (phrasal verb) – cause, create, give rise to, produce.
  147. activist (noun) – a person who supports a political or societal change/cause.
  148. hue (noun) – type, kind; aspect, nature.
  149. Titan (proper noun) – (figuratively) an extremely important, powerful & strong person/thing. (In Greek mythology, the Titans were the pre-Olympian gods).
  150. coalesce (verb) – come together to form a larger group/community; unite, join, combine, merge, grow together as a whole.
  151. mighty (adjective) – dominant, influential, strong, powerful.
  152. sustain (verb) – continue, carry on, keep up, maintain, bolster up


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2. Definitions (elementary level) & Synonyms provided for the words above are my personal work and not that of Oxford University Press. Tentative definitions/meanings are provided for study purposes only and they may vary in a different context.  
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Today’s Advanced Word List 1 for The Hindu Lead Article (Stamp out the canker thwarting democracy) – Apr 07, 2021:

The Hindu Lead Article (Stamp out the canker thwarting democracy) – Apr 07, 2021The Hindu Lead Article (Stamp out the canker thwarting democracy) – Apr 07, 2021The Hindu Lead Article (Stamp out the canker thwarting democracy) – Apr 07, 2021The Hindu Lead Article (Stamp out the canker thwarting democracy) – Apr 07, 2021The Hindu Lead Article (Stamp out the canker thwarting democracy) – Apr 07, 2021The Hindu Lead Article (Stamp out the canker thwarting democracy) – Apr 07, 2021

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