The Zuma hurdle – The Hindu (Feb 09 2018)

The Zuma hurdle – The Hindu (Feb 09 2018)

With Jacob Zuma appearing to be finally willing to resign as President of South Africa, a protracted power struggle could soon draw to a close. For further reading, visit “The Hindu”.

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Courtesy: The Hindu

Word List-2 (To Improve English Vocabulary)

  1. protracted (adjective) – very long, prolonged, extended.
  2. revival (noun) – improvement, betterment; restoration.
  3. anti-apartheid (adjective) – opposed to a system of  discrimination  on the basis of race. Apartheid (noun) – racial segregation/discrimination system in (South Africa).
  4. litigation (noun) – legal action, legal process, suit.
  5. overhang (noun) – a part of something spreads out over something else.
  6. mar (verb) – spoil, ruin, impair/damage.
  7. tenure (noun) – incumbency, term of office, period/time in office.
  8. apparatchik (noun) – official; a member of a Communist Party apparat.
  9. nexus (noun) – link, relationship, connection.
  10. tarnish (verb) – spoil, ruin, damage.
  11. dampen (verb) – decrease, reduce, lower.
  12. optimism (noun) – hopefulness, confidence, positiveness.
  13. plunge (verb) – fall sharply, plummet/tumble, drop rapidly.
  14. stem (verb) – stop, restrict, control.
  15. rot (noun) – deterioration, decline.
  16. brazen (out) (adjective) – put on a bold front, stand one’s ground, be defiant.
  17. in the face of (phrase) – despite, notwithstanding, regardless of.
  18. rely on (phrasal verb) – depend on; resort to, bank on.
  19. manoeuvre (noun) – stratagem, tactic/trick, scheme.
  20. hold (someone) to account (phrase) – to require a person to explain or to accept responsibility for his or her actions; to blame or punish someone for what has occurred.
  21. succour (noun) – aid/help/support, assistance, relief.
  22. impeachment (noun) – the act of charging (a public official) with a crime done while in office (Courtesy: VOA Learning English).
  23. pursue (verb) – follow, conduct, take up.
  24. ease out (phrasal verb) – remove someone from the office gradually by unfair & indirect tactics.
  25. in the making (phrase) – developing, burgeoning, up and coming.
  26. populist (adjective) – relating to the politicians who claim that they are representing the common/ordinary people.
  27. successor (noun) – a person who succeeds another.
  28. pragmatist (noun) – realist, practical person.
  29. tycoon (noun) – magnate, baron, mogul.
  30. imperative (noun) – necessary condition, requirement, obligation/duty.


  1. Click each one of the words above for their definition, more synonyms, pronunciation, example sentences, phrases, derivatives, origin and etc from
  2. Definitions (elementary level) & Synonyms provided for the words above are my personal work and not that of Oxford University Press. Tentative definitions/meanings are provided for study purpose only and they may vary in different context. Use it with the corresponding article published on the source (website) via the link provided. 
  3. This word list is for personal use only. Reproduction in any format and/or Commercial use of it is/are strictly prohibited.


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