The Hindu Lead Article (What has changed post-Balakot?) – Mar 20, 2019

The Hindu Lead Article (What has changed post-Balakot?) – Mar 20, 2019

The situation between India and Pakistan seems to have returned to the pre-Pulwama position. For further reading, visit “The Hindu”. Below is today’s advanced word list-1 for The Hindu Lead Article (What has changed post-Balakot?) – Mar 20, 2019.

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Courtesy: The Hindu

Today’s Advanced Word List 1 for The Hindu Lead Article (What has changed post-Balakot?) – Mar 20, 2019:

  1. proceed (verb) – carry on, continue, get ahead.
  2. veto (noun) – rejection, declination, dismissal.
  3. dispassionately (adverb) – composedly, rationally/sensibly, neutrally/impartially.
  4. convoy (noun) – a group of vehicles or ships that are traveling together usually for protection.
  5. fedayeen (plural noun) – militants who volunteer to die.
  6. retaliation (noun) – revenge, vengeance, counter-attack.
  7. punitive tariff (noun) – another name for retaliatory tariff; An extra tariff/tax that a country charges on import goods from another country to punish the another country for charging tax on its own export goods.
  8. irrigation (noun) – the process of (artificially) supplying water to farm land to grow crops & plants.
  9. pre-emptive (adjective) – preventive, precautionary, protective.
  10. surgical strike (noun) – the military attack aimed to cause damage on a particular target with small/no collateral damage to surroundings.
  11. shallow (adjective) – insubstantial, lightweight, trivial.
  12. business as usual (phrase) – routine, a normal pattern, a normal state of affairs.
  13. shy away from (phrasal verb) – avoid, recoil, withdraw nervously (due to fear/surprise/pain).
  14. up/raise the ante (phrase) –  to increase demands (in a tough condition) even though it has risks.
  15. loom (verb) – be imminent/close, about to happen, impend/threaten.
  16. downplay (verb) – playdown, underemphasize, understate/diminish.
  17. provocation (noun) – prompting, inducement, incitement.
  18. intrusion (noun) – encroachment, violation/infringement, infiltration.
  19. scramble (verb) – struggle, rush/hurry, hasten.
  20. hastily (adverb) – rapidly, quickly, without delay.
  21. dog-fight (noun) – fight, conflict, struggle (between military aircraft).
  22. ensue (verb) – result, follow, develop/arise.
  23. statesmanship (noun) – statecraft, negotiations/discussions; the skilful management of a country’s public affairs.
  24. de-escalate (verb) – diminish, lessen/decrease, dwindle (the intensity of a conflict).
  25. paucity (noun) – insufficiency, deficiency, shortage.
  26. resort to (verb) – have recourse to, utilize, make use of.
  27. exaggerated (adjective) – enlarged, overblown, magnified/overstated/inflated.
  28. doctrinal (adjective) – standard, conventional, established.
  29. restraint (noun) – control, restriction, limitation.
  30. bluff (noun) –  fake, false show, deception/sham.
  31. inflate (verb) – enhance, exaggerate, magnify.
  32. casualty (noun) – victim, sufferer, loser.
  33. glide range (noun) – movement range.
  34. standoff missiles (noun) – missiles which may be launched at a distance sufficient to allow attacking personnel to evade defensive fire from the target area.
  35. resolve (noun) – determination, resolution, firmness of purpose.
  36. promptly (adverb) – quickly, swiftly, rapidly.
  37. clout (noun) – influence, power, control.
  38. all-weather-friend (noun) – an all-weather friend is someone who will stick by you no matter what. He will not desert you when the situation becomes bad.
  39. stand by (phrasal verb) – be loyal to, stand up for, support/back, depend.
  40. rhetoric (noun) – bombast, loftiness, hyperbole/extravagant language.
  41. armchair (adjective)  – relating to a person with more theoretical knowledge than practical experience of a particular subject.
  42. fever pitch (noun) – a condition of extreme excitement.
  43. counterpart (noun) – equivalent.
  44. overlook (verb) – fail to notice/observe, ignore, disregard.
  45. cut short (phrasal verb) – shorten, curtail, end.
  46. generous (adjective) – large/huge, ample, abundant
  47. ratcheting up (noun) – increase in small parts.
  48. strangulation (noun) – tightening, narrowing, shrinking.
  49. deterrence (noun) – the act of deterring/stopping someone from doing something.
  50. intelligence (noun) – (military &political) information, data, details.
  51. radicalisation (noun) – the process of causing someone to follow radical ways particularly in politics ( & society).
  52. the fog of war (phrase) – a state of confusion/disorder caused by war.
  53. amplify (verb) – intensify, increase, raise.
Click each one of the words above for their definition, more synonyms, pronunciation, example sentences, phrases, derivatives, origin and etc from http://www.oxforddictionaries.com/.
Definitions (elementary level) & Synonyms provided for the words above are my personal work and not that of Oxford University Press. Tentative definitions/meanings are provided for study purpose only and they may vary in different context. 
This word list is for personal use only. Reproduction in any format and/or Commercial use of it is/are strictly prohibited.

Today’s Advanced Word List 1 for The Hindu Lead Article (What has changed post-Balakot?) – Mar 20, 2019:

The Hindu Lead Article (What has changed post-Balakot?) – Mar 20, 2019 The Hindu Lead Article (What has changed post-Balakot?) – Mar 20, 2019

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