The Hindu Lead Article (Russian games in Syria) – Jun 13, 2018

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The Hindu Lead Article (Russian games in Syria) – Jun 13, 2018

As the new Cold War gets hotter, Russia now faces a big dilemma in West Asia of defending its allies. For further reading, visit “The Hindu”. Below is today’s advanced word list-1 for The Hindu Lead Article (Russian games in Syria) – Jun 13, 2018.

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Courtesy: The Hindu

Today’s Advanced Word List 1 for The Hindu Lead Article (Russian games in Syria) – Jun 13, 2018:

  1. wind down (phrasal verb) –  come to an end, diminish, lessen.
  2. disentangle (verb) – disconnect, disengage, detach.
  3. dilemma (noun) – difficulty, problem, conundrum.
  4. brink (noun) – edge/verge/end (of something).
  5. de facto (adjective) – actual, existing, real.
  6. breathe down (phrasal verb) – follow closely & trouble/annoy.
  7. turnaround (noun) – an unexpected change.
  8. militia (noun) – armed forces, military unit, soldiery (from the civil population to support main forces).
  9. on the ground (phrase) – in a situation/place where things are happening really/practically.
  10. salvage (verb) – save, rescue, protect.
  11. bolster (verb) – strengthen, support, boost/reinforce.
  12. get caught up in (phrasal verb) – become involved in something (unintentionally).
  13. lasting (adjective) – permanent, long-term, long-lived.
  14. radical (adjective) – fundamental, basic, essential.
  15. common ground (phrase) – shared opinions (or interests).
  16. in full swing (phrase) – at the highest level of activity.
  17. play down (phrasal verb) – underemphasize, downplay, understate.
  18. autonomous (adjective) – self-governing/ruling, independent, sovereign.
  19. reliant (noun) – dependent on someone/something.
  20. wary (adjective) – cautious, careful, circumspect.
  21. tame (adjective) – mediocre, ordinary, uninspiring.
  22. sanctions (noun) – action taken, or an order given to force a country to obey international laws by limiting or stopping trade with that country, by not allowing economic aid for that country, etc (Courtesy: VOA Learning English).
  23. overlook (verb) – fail to notice/observe, ignore, disregard.
  24. provocation (noun) – prompting, inducement, incitement.
  25. drone (noun) – unmanned aircraft /missile.
  26. pull out (phrasal verb) – withdraw, leave,  get out.
  27. counterpart (noun) – a person who serves the same job/function but in a different location; equivalent.
  28. entrenchment (noun) –infringement, encroachment, intrusion.
  29. deconfliction (noun) – the act of changing the flight path of a craft or weapon to reduce the chance of an accidental collision.
  30. receptive (adjective) – open-minded, responsive, flexible.
  31. vulnerability (noun) – infirmness, weakness, frailty.
  32. throw a spanner into (phrase) – prevent, stop, obstruct.
  33. biting (adjective) – harsh, cruel, savage/bitter.
  34. antagonise (verb) – alienate, estrange, make hostile/make unfriendly.
  35. cast a shadow on (phrase) – spoil, diminish, let down.
  36. conflagration (noun) – a large and destructive crisis (fire).
  37. overhang (noun) – a situation which is lingering, indecisive and it is also having (a negative effect).
  38. creep (noun) – slow steady movement.

Note:   

  1. Click each one of the words above for their definition, more synonyms, pronunciation, example sentences, phrases, derivatives, origin and etc from http://www.oxforddictionaries.com/.
  2. Definitions (elementary level) & Synonyms provided for the words above are my personal work and not that of Oxford University Press. Tentative definitions/meanings are provided for study purpose only and they may vary in different context. 
  3. This word list is for personal use only. Reproduction in any format and/or Commercial use of it is/are strictly prohibited.

Today’s Advanced Word List 1 for The Hindu Lead Article (Russian games in Syria) – Jun 13, 2018:

The Hindu Lead Article (Russian games in Syria) – Jun 13, 2018 The Hindu Lead Article (Russian games in Syria) – Jun 13, 2018

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