The Hindu Lead Article (Indian elections, South Asian concerns) – Apr 17, 2019

The Hindu Lead Article (Indian elections, South Asian concerns) – Apr 17, 2019

The staggering scale of the election that is under way in India with just under a billion voters is hard for the mind to grapple with,… For further reading, visit “The Hindu”. Below is today’s advanced word list-1 for The Hindu Lead Article (Indian elections, South Asian concerns) – Apr 17, 2019.

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Courtesy: The Hindu

Today’s Advanced Word List 1 for The Hindu Lead Article (Indian elections, South Asian concerns) – Apr 17, 2019:

  1. dividend (noun) – benefit, advantage, gain.
  2. camaraderie (noun) – friendship, solidarity, togetherness.
  3. staggering (adjective) – shocking, astonishing, surprising.
  4. grapple with (phrasal verb) – tackle, deal, struggle.
  5. bulwark (noun) – protector, guard, supporter.
  6. cohort (noun) – group, generation, category/section.
  7. grass-roots (plural noun) – the most basic level of an organisation.
  8. populism (noun) – related to policies that supposedly represent the opinions of ordinary people (Courtesy: VOA Learning English).
  9. banality (noun) – unoriginality, conventionality,  cliché/dullness.
  10. majoritarian (adjective) – relating to a philosophy that states that a majority (sometimes categorized by religion, language, social class, or some other identifying factor) of the population is entitled to a certain degree of primacy (priority) in society, and has the right to make decisions that affect the society.
  11. variegated (adjective) – multicoloured, colourful.
  12. probity (noun) – integrity, honesty/decency, truthfulness.
  13. bureaucracy (noun) – administration, government, the establishment.
  14. academia (noun) – the community related to the education, research, etc.
  15. timid (adjective) – fearful, apprehensive, afraid.
  16. adventurism (noun) – the inclination/readiness to take risks in business or politics.
  17. immiseration (noun) – economic impoverishment/deterioration.
  18. demonetisation (noun) – the act of deprive currency unit (note/coin) of its status as money.
  19. intellectual (adjective) – academic, scholarly, enlightened.
  20. toadyism (noun) – (excessively) obedient behavior.
  21. crony capitalism (noun) – it is a term describing an economy in which success in business depends on close relationships between business people and government officials.
  22. drift (noun) – development towards an unwelcoming one; divergence, deviation.
  23. regimented (adjective) – very strictly organized.
  24. whispered (adjective) – rumoured.
  25. dissent (noun) – disagreement, disapproval, opposition.
  26. sooner (rather) than later (phrase) – without too much delay.
  27. reverse (verb) – overturn, revoke, cancel.
  28. at stake (phrase) – at risk, at issue, in question.
  29. contested (adjective) – disputed, debated, argued.
  30. hold up (phrasal verb) – present, show, display (as an example).
  31. precedent (noun) – previous example/instance, prior instance, exemplar.
  32. descend to (verb) – condescend, resort, be reduced.
  33. animus (noun) – hostility, conflict, feud.
  34. clout (noun) – influence, power, control.
  35. whip up (phrasal verb) – stimulate, trigger, prompt/induce.
  36. tornado (noun) – something as a violent & devastating action.
  37. fanatical (adjective) – extremist, radical, militant.
  38. demon (noun) – devil, an evil, cruel person.
  39. intellectual (noun) – academic, scholar, learned person.
  40. apprehension (noun) – concern, doubt/qualm, misgiving.
  41. excesses (noun) – very bad, wrong, violent behaviour.
  42. numb (verb) – paralyse, immobilize, freeze.
  43. intolerant (adjective) – narrow-minded, uncompromising, unforgiving.
  44. concede (verb) – admit, acknowledge, accept.
  45. blockade (noun) – disruption of the economical activities (ex:supply of essential goods and others) of an area; barricade, barrier, obstruction.
  46. coy (adjective) – shy, modest, timid, retiring.
  47. preoccupied (adjective) – distracted, lost in thought.
  48. imbalance (noun) – disparity, variation, disproportion.
  49. incongruity (noun) – unsuitability, difference, inconsistency.
  50. adversary (noun) – rival, enemy, nemesis/opponent.
  51. soft power (noun) – soft power is convincing & effective power deriving from attraction and imitation and be based on intangible (non-physical) resources such as culture, ideology, and institutions (Courtesy: E-International Relations (E-IR)).
  52. wilt (verb) – lose energy, feel faint, diminish/weaken.
  53. wipe out (phrasal verb) – destroy, annihilate, eradicate.
  54. deficit (noun) – shortfall, deficiency, shortage.
  55. gallop (verb) – proceed/rise at great speed.
  56. degradation (noun) – deterioration, degeneration, decay.
  57. drowsy (adjective) – sleepy, lethargic, inactive.
  58. lethargic (adjective) – sluggish, inactive, inert.
  59. myriad (adjective) – a great number, unlimited, various.
  60. arsenic (adjective) – relating to a poisonous insecticide or weed killer.
  61. rationalisation (noun) – an act of justifying an inappropriate behaviour/attitude.
  62. humility (noun) – modesty, humbleness, modestness.
  63. exasperate (verb) – incense, annoy, irritate.
  64. remittance (noun) – payment, allowance, money.
  65. abysmal (adjective) – very bad, poor, appalling.
  66. rationality (noun) – practicality, sanity, stability.
  67. intelligentsia (noun) – intellectuals, intelligent people, academics/learned people.
  68. intimidate (verb) – frighten, scare, terrorize, overawe.
  69. populist (adjective) – relating to the politicians who claim that they are representing the common/ordinary people.
  70. refoulement (noun) – expulsion, transportation, extradition.
  71. reckless (adjective) – careless, thoughtless, incautious/heedless.
  72. disregard (noun) – inattention, heedlessness/carelessness, negligence.
  73. humanitarian (adjective) – compassionate, humane, socially concerned.
  74. chest (noun) – treasury , financial resources.
  75. pit (noun) – a low psychological state.
  76. call the shots (phrase) – be in command, be the boss, be in the driving seat.
  77. freeze (noun) – an act of keeping something at a fixed state.
  78. cynical (adjective) – sceptical, doubtful, distrustful.
  79. sabotage (verb) – damage or destroy something deliberately.
  80. stratagem (noun) – plan, tactic, course of action.
  81. poverty-stricken (adjective) – destitute, impoverished, extremely poor.
  82. peripheral (adjective) – secondary, subsidiary, tangential.
  83. coveted (adjective) – greatly desired.
  84. purveyor (noun) –  a person or group who spreads or promotes an idea, view, etc.
Click each one of the words above for their definition, more synonyms, pronunciation, example sentences, phrases, derivatives, origin and etc from http://www.oxforddictionaries.com/.
Definitions (elementary level) & Synonyms provided for the words above are my personal work and not that of Oxford University Press. Tentative definitions/meanings are provided for study purpose only and they may vary in different context. 
This word list is for personal use only. Reproduction in any format and/or Commercial use of it is/are strictly prohibited.

Today’s Advanced Word List 1 for The Hindu Lead Article (Indian elections, South Asian concerns) – Apr 17, 2019:

The Hindu Lead Article (Indian elections, South Asian concerns) – Apr 17, 2019 The Hindu Lead Article (Indian elections, South Asian concerns) – Apr 17, 2019 The Hindu Lead Article (Indian elections, South Asian concerns) – Apr 17, 2019

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