Risky, ill-considered – The Hindu (April 12, 2017)

Risky, ill-considered – The Hindu (April 12, 2017)

Pakistan’s sudden announcement on Monday that former Indian naval officer Kulbhushan Jadhav has been sentenced to death by a Field General Court Martial is a development fraught with danger. For further reading, visit “The Hindu”.

This preview is provided here with permission.

Courtesy: The Hindu

Word List-1:

  1. ill-considered (adjective) – unconsidered, ill-advised, ill-judged/unwise.
  2. escalate (adverb) – increase, intensify, make something more serious.
  3. bilateral (adjective) – involving two groups or countries.
  4. sentence (verb) – punish/convict, pass judgement on.
  5. fraught with (adjective) – full of,  filled with, charged with/loaded with.
  6. can ill-afford (verb) – can/could not pay for, can/could not bear the expense of, can/could not meet the expense of.
  7. trial (noun) – tribunal, court case/lawsuit, enquiry.
  8. take someone/something by surprise (phrase) – surprise, shock, stun.
  9. glaring (adjective) – obvious, blatant, flagrant.
  10. confession (noun) – admission, acknowledgement, revelation.
  11. splice (verb) – interweave, intertwine, join/connect/insert.
  12. transcript (noun) – written version/copy, reproduction, record/text.
  13. contradict (verb) – deny, rebut, say the opposite of.
  14. tutor (verb) – instruct, guide, teach.
  15. corroborative (adjective) – confirming, verifying, endorsing/validating.
  16. back (verb) – supplement, support, help.
  17. consular (adjective) – relating to the consul or consulate in a foreign city.
  18. in a poor light (phrase) – in order to give a bad/poor impression.
  19. retrial (noun) – a second or further trial.
  20. recourse to (verb) – resort to, make use of, utilize.
  21. backburner (noun) – delayed consideration of an action.
  22. pursue (verb) – investigate, analysis, examine.
  23. dispel (verb) – banish, eliminate, dismiss.
  24. sober (adjective) – serious, sensible, solemn, thoughtful/pragmatic.
  25. stand fast (adjective) – firm, faithful, loyal, devoted.
  26. in the balance (phrase) – uncertain, unknown, in a critical state.
  27. three-pronged (adjective) – Having three pointed parts.
  28. flawed (adjective) – defective, wrong, incorrect.
  29. interlocutor (noun) -a person who takes part in a dialogue or conversation.
  30. backchannel (noun) – secondary & secret route for the communication.

12APR17_WL1

  1. Click each one of the words above for their definition, more synonyms, pronunciation, example sentences, phrases, derivatives, origin and etc from http://www.oxforddictionaries.com/.
  2. Definitions (elementary level) & Synonyms provided for the words above are my personal work and not that of Oxford University Press. Tentative definitions/meanings are provided for study purpose only and they may vary in different context. Use it with the corresponding article published on the source (website) via the link provided. 
  3. This word list is for personal use only. Reproduction in any format and/or Commercial use of it is/are strictly prohibited.
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Summer Season Words (Part-1)

Here is a list of words which we frequently read/hear during the summer season.

SSW-11APR17SSW2-11APR17

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A damning indictment – The Hindu (April 11, 2017)

A damning indictment – The Hindu (April 11, 2017)

By cancelling the by-election to the Dr. Radhakrishnan Nagar Assembly constituency in Tamil Nadu, the Election Commission has gone well beyond indicting the ruling AIADMK (Amma), and….. For further reading, visit “The Hindu”.

This preview is provided here with permission.

Courtesy: The Hindu

Word List-1:

  1. damning (adjective) – incriminating, condemnatory, damaging.
  2. indictment (noun) – charge, accusation, citation.
  3. debar (noun) – exclude, ban, disqualify.
  4. indulge in (verb) – involve (in an undesirable action).
  5. indict (verb) – charge with, accuse of, arraign for.
  6. incur (verb) – suffer, sustain, experience/expose oneself to.
  7. render (verb) – show, display; give/provide.
  8. personnel (noun) – employees, staff, workforce.
  9. provision (noun) – term, clause, requirement.
  10. postpone (verb) – delay, defer, reschedule.
  11. anguish (adjective) – pain, unhappiness, suffering.
  12. sordid (adjective) – cheap, dishonest/shameful, corrupt.
  13. tenor (noun) – the general meaning, content, character of something.
  14. desperate (adjective) – in great need of, urgently requiring, craving/wanting.
  15. stake (noun) – bet/wager/gamble; risk.
  16. legitimacy (noun) – validity, justification, reasonableness.
  17. unprecedented (adjective) – not done or experienced before.
  18. deterrence (noun) – the act of deterring/stopping someone from doing something.
  19. inducement (noun) – incentive, temptation, incitement.
  20. no-frills account (noun) – normal/basic banking services provided to all (low-income group) citizens of the country with nil or minimum charges.
  21. allurement (noun) – attraction, persuasion, enticement.
  22. vitiate (verb) – spoil, impair, destroy.
  23. irredeemably (adverb) – irreparably; in a way that something not able to be corrected/improved.
  24. swiftly (adverb) – quickly, rapidly, fast.

Note:

  1. Click each one of the words above for their definition, more synonyms, pronunciation, example sentences, phrases, derivatives, origin and etc from http://www.oxforddictionaries.com/.
  2. Definitions (elementary level) & Synonyms provided for the words above are my personal work and not that of Oxford University Press. Tentative definitions/meanings are provided for study purpose only and they may vary in different context. Use it with the corresponding article published on the source (website) via the link provided. 
  3. This word list is for personal use only. Reproduction in any format and/or Commercial use of it is/are strictly prohibited.
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Know Your English – The Hindu (Apr 10, 2017)

Know Your English – The Hindu (Apr 10, 2017)

“Sorry I’m late. The traffic was really bad today, and I had a horrible time trying to…”

“No need to explain. Tried reading this book I found on your table, and I…” For further reading, visit “The Hindu”.

This preview is provided here with permission.

Courtesy: The Hindu

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None for the road – The Hindu (April 10, 2017)

None for the road – The Hindu (April 10, 2017)

The liquor trade, as the Supreme Court has emphasised, is indeed res extra commercium, something outside the idea of commerce. For further reading, visit “The Hindu”.

This preview is provided here with permission.

Courtesy: The Hindu

Word List-1:

  1. one for the road (phrase) – a final drink before starting a journey.
  2. res extra commercium (phrase) – a thing outside commerce; things which not are subjected to ownership, commerce, or trade, i.e., which cannot be bought or sold, such as public roads, rivers, seas or air.
  3. discretion (noun) – choice/option, judgement, preference.
  4. concomitant (adjective) – associated, related, connected.
  5. underscore (verb) – emphasize, call attention to, underline.
  6. vends (noun) – vending, selling off, trading people.
  7. standalone (adjective) – separate, unconnected.
  8. lax (adjective) – careless, heedless, unmindful/inattentive.
  9. give rise to (phrase) – produce, cause, generate.
  10. ill-considered (adjective) – unconsidered, ill-advised, ill-judged/unwise.
  11. stretch (noun) – area, sweep, belt.
  12. sledgehammer (noun) – powerful; forceful; ruthless, insensitive.
  13. inventive (adjective) – unusual, unfamiliar, unprecedented.
  14. absurd (adjective) – illogical, unreasonable/inappropriate; ridiculous.
  15. fraught (adjective) – fill with, charged with, loaded with (something undesirable).
  16. compromise (verb) – undermine, weaken, damage.
  17. maze (noun) – complex network of paths & passages.
  18. of sorts (phrase) – of a somewhat unusual/different kind.
  19. denounce (verb) – condemn, criticize, censure/reject.
  20. circumvent (verb) – bypass,avoid, dodge.
  21. desperate (adjective) – last-minute, eleventh-hour/final; hopeless.
  22. wisdom (noun) – intelligence/knowledge, common sense, foresight.
  23. humility (noun) – modesty, humbleness, modestness.

10APR17_WL1Note:

  1. Click each one of the words above for their definition, more synonyms, pronunciation, example sentences, phrases, derivatives, origin and etc from http://www.oxforddictionaries.com/.
  2. Definitions (elementary level) & Synonyms provided for the words above are my personal work and not that of Oxford University Press. Tentative definitions/meanings are provided for study purpose only and they may vary in different context. Use it with the corresponding article published on the source (website) via the link provided. 
  3. This word list is for personal use only. Reproduction in any format and/or Commercial use of it is/are strictly prohibited.
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“Important Definitions” We Learnt Last Month (Mar 01-31, 2017)

Have you been reading the posts? To refresh our memory, here is a list of important definitions which we learnt last month (Mar 01-31, 2017).

MARCH17_ID

MARCH17_ID2Note:

  1. Visit www.oxforddictionaries.com to know the words’ definition, more synonyms, pronunciation, example sentences, phrases, derivatives, origin and etc.
  2. Definitions (elementary level) & Synonyms provided for the words above are my personal work and not that of Oxford University Press. Tentative definitions/meanings are provided for study purpose only and they may vary in different context. 
  3. This word list is for personal use only. Reproduction in any format and/or Commercial use of it is/are strictly prohibited.
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“Idoims & Phrases” We Learnt Last Month (Mar 01-31, 2017)

Have you been reading the posts? To refresh our memory, here is a list of idioms and phrases which we learnt last month (from Mar 01-31, 2017).

MARCH17_IPNote:

  1. Visit www.oxforddictionaries.com to know the words’ definition, more synonyms, pronunciation, example sentences, phrases, derivatives, origin and etc.
  2. Definitions (elementary level) & Synonyms provided for the words above are my personal work and not that of Oxford University Press. Tentative definitions/meanings are provided for study purpose only and they may vary in different context.
  3. This word list is for personal use only. Reproduction in any format and/or Commercial use of it is/are strictly prohibited.
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“Phrasal Verbs” We Learnt Last Month (Mar 01-31, 2017)

Have you been reading the posts? To refresh our memory, here is a list of phrasal verbs which we learnt last month (from Mar 01-31, 2017).

MARCH17_PVNote:

  1. Visit www.oxforddictionaries.com to know the words’ definition, more synonyms, pronunciation, example sentences, phrases, derivatives, origin and etc.
  2. Definitions (elementary level) & Synonyms provided for the words above are my personal work and not that of Oxford University Press. Tentative definitions/meanings are provided for study purpose only and they may vary in different context. 
  3. This word list is for personal use only. Reproduction in any format and/or Commercial use of it is/are strictly prohibited.
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The long healing of 1971 – The Hindu (April 08, 2017)

The long healing of 1971 – The Hindu (April 08, 2017)

It is the morning of March 28 and there is a sea of students milling around the canteen of Dhaka University. For further reading, visit “The Hindu”.

This preview is provided here with permission.

Courtesy: The Hindu

Word List-2:

  1. grapple with (verb) – struggle, deal with, tackle.
  2. mill around (verb) – move around in a confused mass; throng.
  3. crescendo (noun) – peak, top, high point.
  4. crackdown (noun) – clampdown, getting tough/severe measures, suppression.
  5. dorm (noun) – a dormitory (large (bed) room in a school hostel).
  6. shriek (noun) – high-pitched scream, screech, roar, hell.
  7. dread (noun) – fear, apprehension, anxiety.
  8. drench (verb) – soak, wet through.
  9. crane (verb) – stretch out one’s body or neck in order to see something.
  10. discourse (noun) – debate, argument, discussion.
  11. gruesome (adjective) – horrible, terrible, repulsive.
  12. eclipse (verb) – outshine, overshadow, put in the shade.
  13. subversion (noun) – the act of undermining, worsening, reducing (power & authority gradually).
  14. genocide (noun) – mass murder, massacre, racial killing.
  15. wipe out (phrasal verb) – destroy, annihilate, eradicate.
  16. savour (verb) – delight in, enjoy, relish.
  17. coup (noun) – a sudden, violent, and illegal seizure of power from a government.
  18. pivotal (adjective) – central, crucial, vital/critical.
  19. collate (verb) – collect/gather information, accumulate.
  20. keepsake (noun) – memento, remembrance, memorial.
  21. memorabilia (noun) – an object a person acquires for the memories the owner associates with it (Courtesy: Wikipedia).
  22. ambush (verb) – make a surprise attack from a hidden place/position.
  23. hark back (phrasal verb) – recall, recollect, think of.
  24. revenge (noun) – vengeance, retribution, retaliation.
  25. contentious (adjective) – controversial, debatable, disputed.
  26. gallows (noun) – execution by hanging.
  27. noose (noun) – a loop at the end of a rope (used to execute by hanging).
  28. stark (adjective) – clear, simple, blunt/plain.
  29. bloodthirsty (adjective) – murderous, violent, sadistic.
  30. atrocity (noun) – act of barbarity/brutality/savagery, cruelty, inhumanity.
  31. tripartite (adjective) – involving three parties.
  32. radicalism (noun) –  it denotes political principles focused on altering social structures through revolutionary means and changing value systems in fundamental ways (Courtesy: Wikipedia).
  33. vicious (adjective) – serious, dangerous, dreadful.
  34. machete (noun) – a broad, heavy knife used as a weapon.
  35. wield (verb) – hold & use (a weapon).
  36. bear the brunt (phrase) – to suffer/get the worst (bad) part of some action.
  37. embroil (verb) – involve, entangle, enmesh (in a conflict/difficult situation).
  38. assassinate (verb) – murder, kill, execute.
  39. excesses (noun) – very bad, wrong, violent behaviour.
  40. reconciliation (noun) – reunion, appeasement, restoration of harmony.

08APR17_WL2

08APR17_WL2ANote:

  1. Click each one of the words above for their definition, more synonyms, pronunciation, example sentences, phrases, derivatives, origin and etc from http://www.oxforddictionaries.com/.
  2. Definitions (elementary level) & Synonyms provided for the words above are my personal work and not that of Oxford University Press. Tentative definitions/meanings are provided for study purpose only and they may vary in different context. Use it with the corresponding article published on the source (website) via the link provided. 
  3. This word list is for personal use only. Reproduction in any format and/or Commercial use of it is/are strictly prohibited.
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Track to efficiency – The Hindu (April 08, 2017)

Track to efficiency – The Hindu (April 08, 2017)

Creating a Rail Development Authority for India is among the most significant reforms to an infrastructure system undertaken by the government. For further reading, visit “The Hindu”.

This preview is provided here with permission.

Courtesy: The Hindu

Word List-1:

  1. paradigm shift (noun) – a fundamental and important change with new ideas/thinking/ways.
  2. undertake (noun) – begin, start, embark on.
  3. unmet (adjective) – not achieved/fulfilled.
  4. freight (noun) – cargo, load, consignment.
  5. regulator (noun) – a person/body to supervises a particular business activity.
  6. optimally (adverb) – in the most favourable way.
  7. overcome (verb) – control/master, over power, overwhelm (a problem/difficulty).
  8. interwine (verb) – connect/link (two or more things) closely.
  9. detrimental (adjective) –  dangerous/harmful, unfavourable, counterproductive.
  10. reconcile (verb) – adjust, balance, attune.
  11. set in (phrasal verb) – (of something unpleasant/unwelcome) begin, start, develop.
  12. facilitate (verb) – enable, assist, help.
  13. monopolistic (adjective) – relating to a business that has total control of supply/trade in a service.
  14. framework (noun) – structure, system, organization.
  15. de-risk (verb) – to take measures/steps to reduce risks/financial loses.
  16. a level playing field (phrase) – a situation in which everyone has the equal chance of succeeding.
  17. cater (verb) – service, accomodate, provide for.
  18. induct (verb) – allow, introduce, initiate into.
  19. social obligation (noun) – responsibility, commitment, moral imperative.
  20. sequential (adjective) – performed/done in sequence/order/succession.
  21. sustainable (adjective) – maintainable, valid, reliable/dependable.

08APR17_WL1Note:

  1. Click each one of the words above for their definition, more synonyms, pronunciation, example sentences, phrases, derivatives, origin and etc from http://www.oxforddictionaries.com/.
  2. Definitions (elementary level) & Synonyms provided for the words above are my personal work and not that of Oxford University Press. Tentative definitions/meanings are provided for study purpose only and they may vary in different context. Use it with the corresponding article published on the source (website) via the link provided. 
  3. This word list is for personal use only. Reproduction in any format and/or Commercial use of it is/are strictly prohibited.
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