New India formula? — The Hindu (Dec 06, 2017)

New India formula? — The Hindu (Dec 06, 2017)

The Centre has moved swiftly to notify the presidential order setting up the Fifteenth Finance Commission, within five days of the Cabinet’s approval. For further reading, visit “The Hindu”.

This preview is provided here with permission.

Courtesy: The Hindu

Word List-1 (To Improve English Vocabulary)

  1. swiftly (adverb) – quickly, rapidly, fast.
  2. fiscal (adjective) – financial, trade; revenue.
  3. expeditious (adjective) – speedy, swift, quick/fast-track.
  4. stakeholder (noun) – a person with an interest in something.
  5. deliberation (noun) – thought, thinking, careful consideration.
  6. one-size-fits-all (adjective) – suitable for/used in all circumstances.
  7. disdain (noun) – contempt, disrespect/dishonour, indifference.
  8. pinch (verb) – hurt, pain, cause discomfort.
  9. devolution (noun) – decentralization, delegation, distribution.
  10. factor in (phrasal verb) – include something as a relevant to make a decision.
  11. imperative (noun) – necessary condition, essential, requirement.
  12. rollback (noun) – the process of restoring/revising/updating a database.
  13. top brass (noun) – people in authority.
  14. assert (verb) – state, proclaim, declare/announce.
  15. in the face of (phrase) – despite/in spite of, notwithstanding, regardless of.
  16. flak (noun) – criticism, censure, disapproval.
  17. rollout (noun) – official launch/introduction.
  18. fiscal nudge (noun) – fiscal  stimulus; Government measures, normally involving increased public spending and lower taxation, aimed at giving a positive jolt to economic activity.
  19. lie in (verb) – remain in  a particular state.
  20. incur (verb) – attract, experience, be subject to.
  21. populist (adjective) – related to politicians who claim that they are representing the common/ordinary people.

EDITORIAL WORDS TO IMPROVE ENGLISH VOCABULARY 06DEC17_1Note:   

  1. Click each one of the words above for their definition, more synonyms, pronunciation, example sentences, phrases, derivatives, origin and etc from http://www.oxforddictionaries.com/.
  2. Definitions (elementary level) & Synonyms provided for the words above are my personal work and not that of Oxford University Press. Tentative definitions/meanings are provided for study purpose only and they may vary in different context. Use it with the corresponding article published on the source (website) via the link provided. 
  3. This word list is for personal use only. Reproduction in any format and/or Commercial use of it is/are strictly prohibited.
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Forgotten war – The Hindu (Dec 05, 2017)

Forgotten war – The Hindu (Dec 05, 2017)

For the past 33 months, Saudi Arabia has been bombing Yemen with help from its Western allies, turning the country into a humanitarian tragedy. For further reading, visit “The Hindu”.

This preview is provided here with permission.

Courtesy: The Hindu

Word List-2 (To Improve English Vocabulary)

  1. on the brink of (phrase) – on the edge/verge of difficult/dangerous situation; at a crucial or critical point.
  2. famine (noun) –  food shortages; poverty, drought/paucity.
  3. ceasefire (noun) – truce; a temporary stoppage of a war.
  4. humanitarian tragedy (noun) – humanitarian disaster/crisis; it is defined as a singular event or a series of events that are threatening in terms of health, safety or well being of a community or large group of people. It may be an internal or external conflict and usually occurs throughout a large land area.
  5. outbreak (noun) –  outburst, epidemic, sudden appearance/occurrence.
  6. crumbling (adjective) – disintegrating, falling down, collapsing/decaying.
  7. bombardment (noun) –  bombing, shelling (continuous attack).
  8. breeding ground (noun) – a place/situation/condition for the development/rising of something.
  9. plunge into (verb) –  fall, tumble, plummet (suddenly).
  10. chaos (noun) – disorder, disruption, confusion.
  11. wary (adjective) – cautious, careful, circumspect/sceptical.
  12. militia (noun) – armed forces, military unit, soldiery (from the civil population to support main forces).
  13. drag on (verb) – persist, continue, extend (unnecessarily).
  14. desperate (adjective) – urgently requiring, craving, wanting.
  15. blockade (noun) – disruption of the economic activities (e.g: supply of essential goods and others) of an area.
  16. in the midst of (phrase) – in the middle of.
  17. rage (verb) – continue intensely & uncontrollably.
  18. it is high time (phrase) – relating to something urgent and it should have happened or been done earlier.
  19. populace (noun) – population, inhabitants, people/public.
  20. faction (noun) – a small group, section, division (of dissenter within a large group).
  21. look away (phrasal verb) – avert/avoid/turn gaze away from someone/something.
  22. cease (verb) –  stop, terminate, bring to an end.

EDITORIAL WORDS TO IMPROVE ENGLISH VOCABULARY 05DEC17_2Note:   

  1. Click each one of the words above for their definition, more synonyms, pronunciation, example sentences, phrases, derivatives, origin and etc from http://www.oxforddictionaries.com/.
  2. Definitions (elementary level) & Synonyms provided for the words above are my personal work and not that of Oxford University Press. Tentative definitions/meanings are provided for study purpose only and they may vary in different context. Use it with the corresponding article published on the source (website) via the link provided. 
  3. This word list is for personal use only. Reproduction in any format and/or Commercial use of it is/are strictly prohibited.
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News Review (Declaration to combat pollution) – BBC Learning English (Dec 05 2017)

News Review (Declaration to combat pollution) – BBC Learning English (Dec 05 2017)

Source: BBC-Learning English

Terms Of UseThis post is reproduced under licence from www.bbc.co.uk/.  You are not allowed to modify, edit, reproduce, republish the contents of this post for any personal/commercial use and any form of reproduction of the contents of this post is strictly prohibited. You can access to view & listen to the contents (of this post) provided you comply with the Terms of Use of BBC Online Services.
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Bail-in doubts – The Hindu (Dec 05, 2017)

Bail-in doubts — The Hindu (Dec 05, 2017)

Finance Minister Arun Jaitley has wisely sought to allay fears about a “bail-in” clause in the Financial Resolution and Deposit Insurance Bill, 2017.For further reading, visit “The Hindu”.

This preview is provided here with permission.

Courtesy: The Hindu

Word List-1 (To Improve English Vocabulary)

  1. allay (verb) – reduce, decrease, relieve/ease.
  2. bail-in (noun) – a way of helping a bank or other institution in financial difficulty, in which people/creditors of the bank to bear some of the burden by cancelling a part of the debt they are owed .
  3. bailout (noun) – an act of providing financial help/support by the outside investors to a bank/institution which faces serious financial difficulty.
  4. recapitalisation (noun) – it is a type of corporate reorganization involving substantial change in a company’s capital structure, especially by replacing debt with stock.
  5. haircut (noun) – a reduction in the mentioned value of an asset.
  6. insolvency (noun) –  a condition in which the financial difficulties of an individual or organisation are such it is unable to pay its debts.
  7. bankruptcy (noun) – legal state of insolvency. An individual or organisation is declared bankrupt if a court judges that the party involved can no longer meet debt payments to creditors. it is defined as the outcome of a legal procedure.
  8. write down (noun) – a reduction in the calculated/estimated value of something.
  9. purportedly (adverb) – allegedly, professedly, supposedly.
  10. scrap (verb) – abandon, cancel, abolish (a plan/policy).
  11. liquidate (verb) – close down, wind up/dissolve, terminate.
  12. steer (verb) – lead, guide, marshal.
  13. out of the woods (phrase) – out of danger/difficulty.
  14. necessitate (verb) – require, demand, call for.
  15. bust (noun) – a period of economic difficulty.
  16. unviable (adjective) – not capable/feasible.
  17. salvage (verb) – rescue, get back; regain.
  18. a run on (phrase) – demand for, rush for, sudden request for.
  19. thrust (verb) – force, push, pressurize.
  20. nudge (verb) –  prompt, encourage, push.
  21. rational (adjective) – logical, well reasoned, sensible.
  22. dispensation (noun) – system, order, scheme/plan.

EDITORIAL WORDS TO IMPROVE ENGLISH VOCABULARY 05DEC17_1Note:   

  1. Click each one of the words above for their definition, more synonyms, pronunciation, example sentences, phrases, derivatives, origin and etc from http://www.oxforddictionaries.com/.
  2. Definitions (elementary level) & Synonyms provided for the words above are my personal work and not that of Oxford University Press. Tentative definitions/meanings are provided for study purpose only and they may vary in different context. Use it with the corresponding article published on the source (website) via the link provided. 
  3. This word list is for personal use only. Reproduction in any format and/or Commercial use of it is/are strictly prohibited.
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Bit of a bubble? – The Hindu (Dec 04, 2017)

Bit of a bubble? — The Hindu (Dec 04, 2017)

One lakh rupees invested in bitcoin in 2010 would be worth a few hundred crore rupees today. For further reading, visit “The Hindu”.

This preview is provided here with permission.

Courtesy: The Hindu

Word List-2 (To Improve English Vocabulary)

  1. account for (phrasal verb) –  explain, rationalize, provide a satisfactory answer  for.
  2. dizzying (adjective) – confused, muddled, bewildered.
  3. bitcoin (noun) – a type of digital currency; cryptocurrency.
  4. meteoric (adjective) – rapid, lightning, fast/quick.
  5. stateless (adjective) – (of currency) not considered as a currency of any country.
  6. enthusiast (noun) –  admirer, supporter; expert/wizard.
  7. blockchain technology (noun) – A technology by which a global network of computers  jointly manage the database that records Bitcoin (a type of digital currency) transactions.
  8. exotic (adjective) – attractive, striking, unconventional (out of the ordinary).
  9. sceptic (noun) – cynic, doubter, questioner.
  10. tulip bubble (noun) – tulipmania, tulip fever;  In 17th Century, the people of Dutch Republic traded the (tulip) flower’s bulbs for extraordinary sums of money, until, without warning, the market for them spectacularly collapsed leaving many people in financial ruin. This is considered as the first example of an economic bubble. [In botany, a bulb is structurally a short stem (with fleshy leaves or leaf bases) that stores food/energy for the plant’s growth].
  11. underlying (adjective) – fundamental, basic, essential.
  12. virtually (adverb) – effectively, practically, almost/nearly.
  13. walk of life (phrase) – class, status, rank (of a person within society).
  14. starve (verb) – deprive of something necessary.
  15. yield (noun) – profit, gain, return/revenue.

EDITORIAL WORDS TO IMPROVE ENGLISH VOCABULARY 04DEC17_2Note:   

  1. Click each one of the words above for their definition, more synonyms, pronunciation, example sentences, phrases, derivatives, origin and etc from http://www.oxforddictionaries.com/.
  2. Definitions (elementary level) & Synonyms provided for the words above are my personal work and not that of Oxford University Press. Tentative definitions/meanings are provided for study purpose only and they may vary in different context. Use it with the corresponding article published on the source (website) via the link provided. 
  3. This word list is for personal use only. Reproduction in any format and/or Commercial use of it is/are strictly prohibited.
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The English We Speak (To shout it from the rooftops) – BBC Learning English (Dec 04 2017)

The English We Speak (To shout it from the rooftops) – BBC Learning English (Dec 04 2017)

Source: BBC-Learning English

Terms Of UseThis post is reproduced under licence from www.bbc.co.uk/.  You are not allowed to modify, edit, reproduce, republish the contents of this post for any personal/commercial use and any form of reproduction of the contents of this post is strictly prohibited. You can access to view & listen to the contents (of this post) provided you comply with the Terms of Use of BBC Online Services.
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Capturing crime – The Hindu (Dec 04, 2017)

Capturing crime – The Hindu (Dec 04, 2017)

The National Crime Records Bureau data for 2016 on two important aspects, violent crime and crime against women, should prompt State governments to make a serious study of the underlying causes. For further reading, visit “The Hindu”.

This preview is provided here with permission.

Courtesy: The Hindu

Word List-1 (To Improve English Vocabulary)

  1. prompt (verb) – bring about, cause, urge (to take a course of action).
  2. underlying (adjective) – fundamental, basic, essential.
  3. abduction (noun) – kidnapping, hostage-taking.
  4. distinct (adjective) – clear, well defined, marked.
  5. perspective (noun) – outlook, viewpoint/standpoint, vantage point.
  6. prevailing (adjective) – existing, present, prevalent.
  7. influence (verb) – affect, have an effect on, prompt.
  8. heinous (adjective) – wicked, horrible, terrible.
  9. broaden (verb) – widen, expand, enlarge/spread out.
  10. universalise  (verb) – spread, propagate, generalize.
  11. juvenile (adjective) – young, teenage, underage.
  12. uphold (verb) – confirm/support, endorse, validate.
  13. letter and spirit (phrase) – adhering to /obeying both literal interpretation/wording and the spirit/intent/purpose of the law.
  14. superintendence (noun) – an act process of supervise, manage, govern something.
  15. transparent (adjective) – straightforward, frank/open, forthright.
  16. impunity (noun) – immunity, indemnity, exemption from punishment.
  17. mandatory (noun) – obligatory, compulsory, binding.
  18. cognisable (adjective) – perceptible; clearly identifiable
  19. passively (adverb) – submissively, unassertively, unresistingly/unassumingly.
  20. measure (noun) – action, course of action,proceeding/procedure.

EDITORIAL WORDS TO IMPROVE ENGLISH VOCABULARY 04DEC17_1Note:   

  1. Click each one of the words above for their definition, more synonyms, pronunciation, example sentences, phrases, derivatives, origin and etc from http://www.oxforddictionaries.com/.
  2. Definitions (elementary level) & Synonyms provided for the words above are my personal work and not that of Oxford University Press. Tentative definitions/meanings are provided for study purpose only and they may vary in different context. Use it with the corresponding article published on the source (website) via the link provided. 
  3. This word list is for personal use only. Reproduction in any format and/or Commercial use of it is/are strictly prohibited.
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Everyday Grammar: Euphemistic Phrasal Verbs – VOA Learning English (Dec 03, 2017)

This was originally published on www.learningenglish.voanews.com and reproduced here with permission.

Courtesy: Voice of America

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Know Your English: The cat is out of the bag – The Hindu (Dec 03, 2017)

Know Your English: The cat is out of the bag – The Hindu (Dec 03, 2017)

“After shouting at me for five minutes, she tells me I know nothing about computers.”

“That’s how Sujatha is! You know that! Now, pull yourself together and get on with the job at hand.”….

For further reading, visit “The Hindu”.

This preview is provided here with permission.

Courtesy: The Hindu

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Fragile momentum – The Hindu (Dec 02, 2017)

Fragile momentum – The Hindu (Dec 02, 2017)

Turning around a large ship is never easy. So it must give policymakers a measure of satisfaction that the slowdown seen during the last fiscal year and in the first quarter has been reversed. For further reading, visit “The Hindu”.

This preview is provided here with permission.editoedito

Courtesy: The Hindu

Word List-2 (To Improve English Vocabulary)

  1. rebound (verb) – increase in something (value, amount) after a decline.
  2. preceding (adjective) – foregoing, previous, prior/earlier.
  3. coterminous (adjective) – having the same boundaries.
  4. roll-out (noun) – official launch / introduction.
  5. vanguard (noun) – forefront, leading position, cutting edge.
  6. anaemic (adjective) – feeble, weak, poor.
  7. on the face of it (phrase) – apparently, seemingly, evidently.
  8. at variance (phrase) – inconsistent, conflicting, contrary.
  9. factor in (phrasal verb) – include something as a relevant to make a decision.
  10. proxy (noun) – a number used to indicate the value of something in calculation.
  11. quasi- (combining form) – seemingly, apparently; partly/partially.
  12. the lion’s share (phrase) – most, the majority, the larger number.
  13. headwinds (noun) – (in business) situations or conditions that make growth harder/difficult. Tailwinds (noun) – (in business) it describes a situation or condition that will move growth, revenues, or profits higher.
  14. slump (noun) – steep fall, collapse/decline, tumble/plummet.
  15. forestry (noun) – forest management, forest planting, tree growing/forestation.
  16. protracted (adjective) – very long, prolonged, extended.
  17. contract (verb) – decrease, shrink, get smaller.
  18. portend (verb) – augur, foretell; indicate/signal. 
  19. resurgence (noun) – revival, recovery, comeback.
  20. inflationary (adjective) – tending to cause monetary inflation. inflation (noun) – increase of price level of goods & services & vice versa decrease of currency value.
  21. stubborn (adjective) – indelible, permanent, lingering.
  22. rut (noun) – boring routine, routine job.
  23. a tad (noun) – a small amount/portion, part.
  24. fiscal-headroom (noun) – the difference between the required cash resources of a business and the available cash resources.
  25. pump-prime (noun) – boost/increase business activity with more investment.
  26. fiscal deficit (noun) – the difference between total expenditure and total income of the government.
  27. mettle (noun) – spirit, fortitude; character/temperament.

EDITORIAL WORDS TO IMPROVE ENGLISH VOCABULARY 02DEC17_2Note:   

  1. Click each one of the words above for their definition, more synonyms, pronunciation, example sentences, phrases, derivatives, origin and etc from http://www.oxforddictionaries.com/.
  2. Definitions (elementary level) & Synonyms provided for the words above are my personal work and not that of Oxford University Press. Tentative definitions/meanings are provided for study purpose only and they may vary in different context. Use it with the corresponding article published on the source (website) via the link provided. 
  3. This word list is for personal use only. Reproduction in any format and/or Commercial use of it is/are strictly prohibited.
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