Death with dignity – The Hindu (Mar 10 2018)

Death with dignity – The Hindu (Mar 10 2018)

The core philosophy underlying the Supreme Court’s verdict allowing passive euthanasia and giving legal status to ‘advance directives’ is that the right to a dignified life extends up to the point of having a dignified death. For further reading, visit “The Hindu”.

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Courtesy: The Hindu

Word List-1 (To Improve English Vocabulary)

  1. underlie (verb) – be the fundamental, be the asic, be the cause of.
  2. passive euthanasia (noun) – it involves withdrawal of life support or discontinuation of life-preserving medical treatment so that a person with a terminal illness is allowed to die in the natural course. (Courtesy: The Hindu)
  3. active euthanasia (noun) – it occurs when the medical professionals, or another person, deliberately do something (applying a lethal drug or substance) which causes a patient to die when his/her health condition is beyond cure and irreversible.
  4. advance directive or living will (noun) – written statement regarding an unconscious patient’s medical treatment based on that particular patient’s own desire provided when he/she was of sound mind, as the patient could not provide “informed consent” after going into coma.
  5. grapple with (phrasal verb) – tackle, confront; struggle to deal with.
  6. morality (noun) – ethics, rights and wrongs, correctness.
  7. progressive (adjective) – forward-looking, enlightened, new.
  8. humane (adjective) – compassionate, kind, sympathetic.
  9. lay down (phrasal verb) – formulate, stipulate, draw up.
  10. persistent vegetative state (PVS) (noun) – it is also known as unresponsive wakefulness syndrome”.  A severe damage of consciousness after an acute brain injury, a state in which the patient displays no evidence of psychologically interpretable contact with the outside world and he/she may or may not open his or her eyes even on very vigorous stimulation.
  11. encompass (verb) – include, subsume, incorporate.
  12. jurisprudence (noun) – body of laws/rules; legal system.
  13. competent (adjective) – adequate, good enough, reasonable.
  14. administer (verb) – dispense, give, provide (a drug or remedy).
  15. unexceptionable (adjective) – reasonable, satisfactory, unremarkable.
  16. destructive (adjective) – unfriendly, discouraging, damaging.
  17. invoke (verb) – cite, refer to, adduce.
  18. inherent powers (noun) – inherent powers are such powers which are ineradicable from courts and may be exercised by a court to do full and complete justice.
  19. hold good (phrase) – remain true or valid.
  20. on the ground (phrase) – in a situation/place where things are happening really/practically.
  21. stringent (adjective) – strict, severe, tough/rigorous.
  22. allay (verb) – reduce, decrease, lessen.
  23. apprehension (noun) – concern, tension/anxiety, worry.
  24. amount to(verb) –  be regarded, be classified as; be equivalent to.


  1. Click each one of the words above for their definition, more synonyms, pronunciation, example sentences, phrases, derivatives, origin and etc from
  2. Definitions (elementary level) & Synonyms provided for the words above are my personal work and not that of Oxford University Press. Tentative definitions/meanings are provided for study purpose only and they may vary in different context. Use it with the corresponding article published on the source (website) via the link provided. 
  3. This word list is for personal use only. Reproduction in any format and/or Commercial use of it is/are strictly prohibited.

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