The core philosophy underlying the Supreme Court’s verdict allowing passive euthanasia and giving legal status to ‘advance directives’ is that the right to a dignified life extends up to the point of having a dignified death. For further reading, visit “The Hindu”.
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Courtesy: The Hindu
Word List-1 (To Improve English Vocabulary)
- underlie (verb) – be the fundamental, be the asic, be the cause of.
- passive euthanasia (noun) – it involves withdrawal of life support or discontinuation of life-preserving medical treatment so that a person with a terminal illness is allowed to die in the natural course. (Courtesy: The Hindu)
- active euthanasia (noun) – it occurs when the medical professionals, or another person, deliberately do something (applying a lethal drug or substance) which causes a patient to die when his/her health condition is beyond cure and irreversible.
- advance directive or living will (noun) – written statement regarding an unconscious patient’s medical treatment based on that particular patient’s own desire provided when he/she was of sound mind, as the patient could not provide “informed consent” after going into coma.
- grapple with (phrasal verb) – tackle, confront; struggle to deal with.
- morality (noun) – ethics, rights and wrongs, correctness.
- progressive (adjective) – forward-looking, enlightened, new.
- humane (adjective) – compassionate, kind, sympathetic.
- lay down (phrasal verb) – formulate, stipulate, draw up.
- persistent vegetative state (PVS) (noun) – it is also known as ”unresponsive wakefulness syndrome”. A severe damage of consciousness after an acute brain injury, a state in which the patient displays no evidence of psychologically interpretable contact with the outside world and he/she may or may not open his or her eyes even on very vigorous stimulation.
- encompass (verb) – include, subsume, incorporate.
- jurisprudence (noun) – body of laws/rules; legal system.
- competent (adjective) – adequate, good enough, reasonable.
- administer (verb) – dispense, give, provide (a drug or remedy).
- unexceptionable (adjective) – reasonable, satisfactory, unremarkable.
- destructive (adjective) – unfriendly, discouraging, damaging.
- invoke (verb) – cite, refer to, adduce.
- inherent powers (noun) – inherent powers are such powers which are ineradicable from courts and may be exercised by a court to do full and complete justice.
- hold good (phrase) – remain true or valid.
- on the ground (phrase) – in a situation/place where things are happening really/practically.
- stringent (adjective) – strict, severe, tough/rigorous.
- allay (verb) – reduce, decrease, lessen.
- apprehension (noun) – concern, tension/anxiety, worry.
- amount to(verb) – be regarded, be classified as; be equivalent to.
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Definitions (elementary level) & Synonyms provided for the words above are my personal work and not that of Oxford University Press. Tentative definitions/meanings are provided for study purpose only and they may vary in different context. Use it with the corresponding article published on the source (website) via the link provided.
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