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Courtesy: The New York Times.
- mortality (noun) – (in a particular time/for a cause) the rate of death.
- ravage (verb) – devastate, ruin, destroy.
- cessation (noun) – end/termination, stopping, discontinuation/interruption.
- stringent (adjective) – strict, firm, tough/rigorous.
- chronically (adverb) – in a persistent way, long-standingly, constantly.
- populous (adjective) – densely populated, crowded, congested.
- stream (out) (verb) – run with tears.
- autopsy (noun) – post-mortem, necropsy.
- coroner (noun) – an official who investigates into violent, sudden, or suspicious deaths.
- the length and breadth of (phrase) – the whole extend of.
- penchant (noun) – liking, fondness, inclination.
- disregard (noun) – indifference; heedlessness, carelessness/lack of attention.
- laureate (noun) – a person who is honoured with an award for outstanding achievement.
- look after (phrasal verb) – take care of, take charge of, attend to/protect.
- negligent (adjective) – careless, remiss, irresponsible.
- at worst (phrase) – in the most serious case.
- incompetent (adjective) – unskilful, inexpert, amateurish/unprofessional.
- at best (phrase) – taking the most positive view with best possible results.
- play down (phrasal verb) – underemphasize, downplay, understate.
- confidante (noun) – close friend, best friend, companion.
- grim (adjective) – dreadful, horrible, terrible.
- crumbling (adjective) – disintegrating, falling down, collapsing/decaying.
- heap (verb) – pile up, stack up, make a pile of.
- indignity (noun) – shame/humiliation, loss of self-respect, loss of pride.
- sling (verb) – hang, suspend, swing.
- gnaw (verb) – bite persistently.
- run-up to (noun) – a period/time before an important event.
- fatalism (noun) – acceptance; belief that all events are unpredictable/unavoidable as fated.
- get away with (phrasal verb) – escape blame for, escape punishment for.
- meticulously (adverb) – thoroughly, assiduously, diligently/carefully.
- front line (noun) – most important position in a movement.
- disuse (noun) – non-use, lack of use; neglect.
- wither (verb) – diminish, dwindle, shrink/lessen.
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