The great American election hack – The Hindu (Jan 11, 2017)

The great American election hack – The Hindu (Jan 11, 2017)

The U.S. Office of the Director of National Intelligence has released a declassified report purportedly supplying the minutiae of a conspiracy theory that…. For further reading, visit “The Hindu”.

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Word List-2:

  1. declassified (adjective) – relating to the political/military (secret) information which is declared officially to the public.
  2. purportedly (adverb) – allegedly, professedly, supposedly.
  3. minutiae (noun) – details, finer points, particulars.
  4. dog (verb) – trouble, disturb, bother/pester.
  5. tip the scales (phrase) – (of a situation/happening) be the deciding factor.
  6. intelligence (noun) – information gathering, surveillance, observation (of military/political value).
  7. disseminate (verb) – spread, circulate, publicize.
  8. trove (noun) – a large store of important things.
  9. propaganda (noun) – information (circulated as a political strategy).
  10. undercut (verb) – undermine, weaken, damage.
  11. provenance (noun) – origin, source, place of origin.
  12. malicious (adjective) – hostile, harmful, destructive/malignant.
  13. sanctions (noun) – action taken, or an order given to force a country to obey international laws by limiting or stopping trade with that country, by not allowing economic aid for that country, etc (Courtesy: VOA Learning English).
  14. expel (verb) – banish, exile, deport,/expatriate.
  15. diplomat (noun) – ambassador, envoy, consul.
  16. boiling point (noun) – the point at which a condition becomes more serious (due to angry).
  17. saga (noun) – story, lengthy statement/explanation.
  18. consequential (adjective) – important, significant, serious.
  19. concerted (adjective) – coordinated, collaborative, cooperative.
  20. disinformation (noun) – lie, falsehood, fabrication/deception.
  21.  sway (verb) – influence, affect, persuade.
  22. covert (adjective) – secret, furtive, hidden.
  23. concede (verb) – admit, acknowledge, accept; surrender/relinquish.
  24. root (verb) – embedded, fixed, firmly established.
  25. woes (noun) – trouble, difficulty, problem.
  26. Rust Belt (noun) – it is a region (north east, mid west) in the US referring to economic decline, population loss, and urban decay due to the shrinking of its once-powerful industrial sector (Courtesy: Wikipedia).
  27. flip side (noun) – other side, rear; downside/drawbacks.
  28. conservative (adjective) – traditional/conventional, orthodox; right wing.
  29. scarcely (adverb) – hardly, barely; rarely.
  30. corroboration (noun) – confirmation, attestation; support.
  31. unparalleled (adjective) – exceptional, unprecedented, unequaled.
  32. dismissive (adjective) – contemptuous, disdainful, scornful.
  33. impunity (noun) – immunity, indemnity, exemption/freedom from punishment.
  34. poise (verb) – balance, hold steady, hang/hover.
  35. prospect (noun) – chances, probability/possibility, likeliness.
  36. sweep (noun) – win (all contests with a great majority).



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  2. Definitions (elementary level) & Synonyms provided for the words above are my personal work and not that of Oxford University Press. Tentative definitions/meanings are provided for study purpose only and they may vary in different context. Use it with the corresponding article published on the source (website) via the link provided. 
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