A timely step – The Hindu (March 27, 2017)

A timely step – The Hindu (March 27, 2017)

The Finance Ministry’s unequivocal missive to 10 state-owned lenders to submit time-bound turnaround plans, or forsake any further capital infusion from the government, is a small yet timely step in the right direction. For further reading, visit “The Hindu”.

This preview is provided here with permission.

Courtesy: The Hindu

Word List-1:

  1. turnaround plan/strategy (noun) – a plan or strategy to stop a company’s poor performance and to recover it as financially successful.
  2. strive (verb) – make an effort, try hard, aim/attempt.
  3. unequivocal (adjective) – unambiguous, unmistakable, indisputable.
  4. missive (noun) – message, communication, notification/announcement.
  5. time-bound (adjective) – relating to a certain moment or era in time.
  6. forsake (verb) – renounce, give up, abandon, discard.
  7. Capital infusion (noun) – Often refers to the cross-subsidization of divisions within a firm . When one division is not doing well, it might benefit from an infusion of new funds from the more successful divisions.
  8. flag (verb) –  indicate, signal, point out.
  9. deterioration (noun) – worsening, decline, collapse/failure.
  10. administer (verb) – manage, direct, control/regulate.
  11. tough love (noun) – A political policy designed to encourage self-help by restricting Governmental benefits.
  12. come to a (pretty) pass (phrase) – reach a bad/regrettable condition.
  13. fester (verb) – suppurate, become septic, form/secrete pus (spoil, deteriorate, degrade).
  14. amputation (noun) – the (surgical) act/procedure of cutting off (a limb-leg/hand)
  15. harness (verb) – use, utilise, make use of.
  16. revolving door (noun) – happening of some actions/events again and again continuously.
  17. redress (verb) – rectify, correct/set right, reform/improve.
  18. burgeoning (adjective) – growing/increasing rapidly, mushrooming, snowballing/skyrocketing.
  19. ultimatum (noun) – order, rule, decree/command.
  20. vested interest (noun) – personal/private interest of a person/group.
  21. in concert with (phrase) – in combination with, in collaboration with, in cooperation with.
  22. haircut (noun) – write-down (a reduction in the estimated or nominal value of an asset) on the value of debt.
  23. stipulation (noun) – condition, provision, prerequisite.
  24. have one’ work cut out (phrase) – to have a tough task.
  25. spectre plural form of spectrum (noun) – a wide range.

27MAR17_WL1

Note:

  1. Click each one of the words above for their definition, more synonyms, pronunciation, example sentences, phrases, derivatives, origin and etc from http://www.oxforddictionaries.com/.
  2. Definitions (elementary level) & Synonyms provided for the words above are my personal work and not that of Oxford University Press. Tentative definitions/meanings are provided for study purpose only and they may vary in different context. Use it with the corresponding article published on the source (website) via the link provided. 
  3. This word list is for personal use only. Reproduction in any format and/or Commercial use of it is/are strictly prohibited.
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Cloak of invisibility – The Hindu (March 25, 2017)

Cloak of invisibility – The Hindu (March 25, 2017)

Well before financial year 2017-18 begins, the Lok Sabha has signed off on the Budget with the passage of the Finance Bill of 2017. For further reading, visit “The Hindu”.

This preview is provided here with permission.

Courtesy: The Hindu

Word List-1:

  1. cloak (noun) – cover, screen, mask. invisibility cloak /cloak of invisibility (noun) – it is a magical garment which renders whoever or whatever it covers unseeable.
  2. sign off (phrasal verb) – conclude an activity/a message.
  3. turn back the clock (phrase) – return to the previous way of doing things.
  4. disclosure (noun) – revelation, declaration, announcement.
  5. disclose (verb) – reveal, make known, divulge/communicate.
  6. ceiling (noun) – upper limit, maximum, highest permissible level.
  7. coffers (noun) – funds, resources/finances; treasury/exchequer.
  8. arbitrary (adjective) –  random, erratic, casual; of unspecified value.
  9. do away with (phrasal verb) – abolish, get rid of, discard/remove.
  10. susceptible (adjective) – vulnerable to, liable to, prone to.
  11. crony capitalism (noun) – it is a term describing an economy in which success in business depends on close relationships between business people and government officials (Courtesy: Wikipedia).
  12. exert (verb) – apply, employ, exercise.
  13. pretence (noun) – (false) appearance, impression/image; display.
  14. obligation (noun) – duty, compulsion; condition.
  15. stoically (adverb) – without complaining hardship/pain.
  16. abandonment (noun) – renunciation, discontinuation, termination.
  17. requisite (noun) – necessity, essential requirement, prerequisite.
  18. in tandem (phrase) – along side each other.
  19. anonymity (noun) – impersonality; lack of individual features.
  20. objective (noun) – aim, intention, purpose.
  21. dissipate (verb) – disappear, vanish, dissolve.
  22. holdings (noun) – possessions, belongings, valuables.
  23. synonymous with (noun) – closely associated with.
  24. anonymous (noun) – unidentified, unknown; unsigned.
  25. persistence (noun) – stability, dependability, constancy.
  26. hollow (adjective) – meaningless, pointless, useless.

25MAR17_WL1

Note:

  1. Click each one of the words above for their definition, more synonyms, pronunciation, example sentences, phrases, derivatives, origin and etc from http://www.oxforddictionaries.com/.
  2. Definitions (elementary level) & Synonyms provided for the words above are my personal work and not that of Oxford University Press. Tentative definitions/meanings are provided for study purpose only and they may vary in different context. Use it with the corresponding article published on the source (website) via the link provided. 
  3. This word list is for personal use only. Reproduction in any format and/or Commercial use of it is/are strictly prohibited.
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Power of a symbol – The Hindu (March 24, 2017)

Power of a symbol – The Hindu (March 24, 2017)

In the face of competing claims from the two factions of the AIADMK, the Election Commission did the right thing in denying both the use of the party name and the election symbol. For further reading, visit “The Hindu”.

This preview is provided here with permission.

Courtesy: The Hindu

Word List-1:

  1. faction (noun) – group, group, bloc/wing.
  2. in the face of (verb) – in spite of.
  3. defer (verb) – postpone, put off, adjourn/delay.
  4. veracity (noun) – truthfulness, accuracy, correctness.
  5. raise the stakes (phrase) – to increase in significance or risk.
  6. legitimacy (noun) – validity, justification.
  7. it is no secret that (phrase) – used for saying that something is a known fact.
  8. hold (noun) – influence, power, control.
  9. shot (noun) – an attempt.
  10. setback (noun) – problem, difficulty, issue.
  11. thwart (verb) – prevent, defeat, impede/obstruct.
  12. well placed (adjective) – having an advantage.

24MAR17_WL1Note:

  1. Click each one of the words above for their definition, more synonyms, pronunciation, example sentences, phrases, derivatives, origin and etc from http://www.oxforddictionaries.com/.
  2. Definitions (elementary level) & Synonyms provided for the words above are my personal work and not that of Oxford University Press. Tentative definitions/meanings are provided for study purpose only and they may vary in different context. Use it with the corresponding article published on the source (website) via the link provided. 
  3. This word list is for personal use only. Reproduction in any format and/or Commercial use of it is/are strictly prohibited.
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Superpower dreams – The Hindu (March 23, 2017)

Superpower dreams – The Hindu (March 23, 2017)

India’s rank of 131 among 188 countries on the UNDP’s Human Development Index for 2015 and its ‘medium’ performance pose the uncomfortable… For further reading, visit “The Hindu”.

This preview is provided here with permission.

Courtesy: The Hindu

Word List-1:

  1. outlay (noun) – expenses, spending, disbursement.
  2. liberalisation (noun) – removal or loosening of restrictions on something, typically an economic or political system.
  3. persist (verb) – continue, remain, stay.
  4. workforce (noun) – employees, staff, personnel.
  5. bloc (noun) – association, coalition, federation.
  6. deprived (adjective) – disadvantaged, underprivileged, poverty-stricken.
  7. trap (noun) – an unpleasant situation.
  8. break free (phrasal verb) – escape.
  9. fiscal space (noun) – it is the flexibility of a government in its spending choices, and, more generally, to the financial well-being of a government (Courtesy: Wikipedia).
  10. quintile (noun) – In statistics, a quantile for the case where the sample or population is divided into fifths (Courtesy: Wikipedia).
  11. bolster (verb) – strengthen, support, reinforce.
  12. indices – plural of index (noun) – measure; guide, indication, sign.
  13. ratify (verb) – give consent (to agreement) or make agreement official; authorize, approve.
  14. lacuna (noun) – a gap/empty space; missing part of something.
  15. deficit (noun) – shortfall, deficiency, shortage.

23MAR17_WL1Note:

  1. Click each one of the words above for their definition, more synonyms, pronunciation, example sentences, phrases, derivatives, origin and etc from http://www.oxforddictionaries.com/.
  2. Definitions (elementary level) & Synonyms provided for the words above are my personal work and not that of Oxford University Press. Tentative definitions/meanings are provided for study purpose only and they may vary in different context. Use it with the corresponding article published on the source (website) via the link provided. 
  3. This word list is for personal use only. Reproduction in any format and/or Commercial use of it is/are strictly prohibited.
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Growth by merger – The Hindu (March 22, 2017)

Growth by merger – The Hindu (March 22, 2017)

The Vodafone Group’s decision to merge its India unit with the Aditya Birla Group-controlled Idea Cellular is a classic case of… For further reading, visit “The Hindu”.

This preview is provided here with permission.

Courtesy: The Hindu

Word List-1:

  1. adage (noun) – proverb, saying, axiom/aphorism.
  2. behemoth (noun) – a large and powerful organization.
  3. resurrect (verb) – revive, restore, re-establish.
  4. flag (verb) – weaken, decrease, decline.
  5. testament (noun) – witness/evidence, proof, attestation.
  6. ravages (noun) – destruction, damage, devastation.
  7. wreak (verb) – inflict, create, cause (a large damage).
  8. middle-of-the-pack (phrase) –  an average one (neither a successful nor a failing).
  9. downsize (verb) – reduce, cut down, trim.
  10. outweigh (verb) – supersede, offset, cancel out.
  11. vault (verb) – leap over, jump up, leapfrog.
  12. at the top of the heap (phrase) – at the highest point of an organization.
  13. consummation (noun) – completion, accomplishment, achievement/attainment.
  14. synergy (noun) – collaboration, coordination, unity.
  15. ambitious (adjective) – determined, forceful/aggressive, purposeful.
  16. entrant (noun) –  new member, beginner; competitor/contender.
  17. staunch (verb) –  restrict, control, reduce.
  18. red ink (noun) – financial deficit/debt.
  19. spectrum (noun) – range; limit, scale.
  20. have one’ work cut out (phrase) – to have a tough task.
  21. lead-up (noun) – circumstances, conditions, situation.
  22. arbitral (adjective) – resulting from the use of an arbitrator to settle a dispute.
  23. tip one’s hand (phrase) – reveal one’s intentions accidentally.
  24. regulatory (adjective) – executive, organizational, management.
  25. hamper (verb) – hinder, obstruct, impede.
  26. exacerbate (verb) – aggravate, make worse/worsen.
  27. fiscal (adjective) – financial, monetary.

22MAR17_WL1Note:

  1. Click each one of the words above for their definition, more synonyms, pronunciation, example sentences, phrases, derivatives, origin and etc from http://www.oxforddictionaries.com/.
  2. Definitions (elementary level) & Synonyms provided for the words above are my personal work and not that of Oxford University Press. Tentative definitions/meanings are provided for study purpose only and they may vary in different context. Use it with the corresponding article published on the source (website) via the link provided. 
  3. This word list is for personal use only. Reproduction in any format and/or Commercial use of it is/are strictly prohibited.
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Mandate for Renewal – The Hindu (March 21, 2017)

Mandate for Renewal – The Hindu (March 21, 2017)

Heading into Assembly elections in Uttarakhand, the Bharatiya Janata Party had a clear edge after months of political turmoil in the State, that… For further reading, visit “The Hindu”.

This preview is provided here with permission.

Courtesy: The Hindu

Word List-1:

  1. concerted (adjective) – strong, intense, vigorous.
  2. turmoil (noun) – confusion, disorder, disruption.
  3. intervention (noun) – interference, mediation, arbitration.
  4. referendum (noun) – public vote; a direct vote in which people cast ballots to decide on a specific issue or policy (Courtesy: VOA Learning English).
  5. tribulations (noun) –  problems, troubles, difficulties.
  6. graft (noun) – corruption, bribery, unlawful practices.
  7. decisive (adjective) – resolute, firm; deciding/conclusive.
  8. anti-incumbency (noun) – a situation which is against elected officials currently in power; discontent against ruling government/ party in power.
  9. persisting (adjective) – continuous, prolonged, existing.
  10. pitch (noun) – talk, patter, persuading words.
  11. lament (noun) – complaint.
  12. stung (past participle of verb sting) – upset, distress, hurt.
  13. defection (noun) – desertion, changing sides, decamping.
  14. formidable (adjective) – frightening, terrifying, threatening.
  15. come start (phrase) – fail to reach a goal.
  16. overwhelming (adjective) – very large, enormous; very strong.
  17. uphill (adjective) – difficult, hard, tough.
  18. bifurcation (noun) – division of something into two branches or parts.
  19. devastating (adjective) – shocking, destructive, severe/terrible.
  20. agrarian (adjective) – relating to cultivating/farming.

21MAR17_WL1Note:

  1. Click each one of the words above for their definition, more synonyms, pronunciation, example sentences, phrases, derivatives, origin and etc from http://www.oxforddictionaries.com/.
  2. Definitions (elementary level) & Synonyms provided for the words above are my personal work and not that of Oxford University Press. Tentative definitions/meanings are provided for study purpose only and they may vary in different context. Use it with the corresponding article published on the source (website) via the link provided. 
  3. This word list is for personal use only. Reproduction in any format and/or Commercial use of it is/are strictly prohibited.
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Wag the dog – The Hindu (March 20, 2017)

Wag the dog – The Hindu (March 20, 2017)

When the tail wags the dog, the dog risks losing control of it altogether. The national leadership of the BJP may or may not have been… For further reading, visit “The Hindu”.

This preview is provided here with permission.

Courtesy: The Hindu

Word List-1:

  1. wag the dog (phrase) – something of lesser significance takes the role of something else of greater improtance purposefully.
  2. hardline (adjective) – strict, tough, extreme.
  3. the fringe (noun) – unconventional, unorthodox, experimental (activity).
  4. wag (verb) – swing, move to and fro, sway.
  5. vociferous (adjective) – outspoken, vigorous, insistent.
  6. firebrand (noun) – radical, revolutionary, an orator expresses opinions strongly about a particular subject.
  7. cede (verb) – surrender, concede, relinquish/give up.
  8. faction (noun) – group, camp, section.
  9. defiant (adjective) – uncooperative/non-compliant, confrontational, challenging.
  10. divisive (adjective) – isolating/separating, dividing; disharmonious.
  11. rhetoric (noun) – bombast, loftiness, hyperbole/extravagant language.
  12. willy-nilly (adverb) – whether one likes it or not; randomly, without planning.
  13. hold (noun) – power, control, authority.
  14. discourse (noun) – debate, argument, discussion.
  15. bound to (adjective) – certain, sure, very likely.
  16. bait (noun) – trap, enticement, temptation/inducement.
  17. implicate in (verb) – involve in, concern with, associate with.
  18. triumphalism (noun) – an attitude or a belief that a particular doctrine, religion, culture, social system is superior to and should triumph all over others.
  19. rein in (verb) – restrict, control, regulate.
  20. standing (noun) – status, social position, level.
  21. persuasion (noun) – character, nature, disposition.
  22. outflank (verb) – circumvent, bypass, throw off.
  23. alter ego (noun) – companion, close/trusted friend, intimate.
  24. the helm (noun) – in charge, responsible, in authority.
  25. beholden (adjective) – indebted, obligated, duty-bound.
  26. clout (noun) – influence, power, control.
  27. mend (verb) – set right, amend, improve

20MAR17_WL1Note:

  1. Click each one of the words above for their definition, more synonyms, pronunciation, example sentences, phrases, derivatives, origin and etc from http://www.oxforddictionaries.com/.
  2. Definitions (elementary level) & Synonyms provided for the words above are my personal work and not that of Oxford University Press. Tentative definitions/meanings are provided for study purpose only and they may vary in different context. Use it with the corresponding article published on the source (website) via the link provided. 
  3. This word list is for personal use only. Reproduction in any format and/or Commercial use of it is/are strictly prohibited.
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Gauntlet at Sukma – The Hindu (March 16, 2017)

Gauntlet at Sukma – The Hindu (March 16, 2017)

It would be tempting, but dangerous, to see the deadly ambush by Maoists in Chhattisgarh’s Sukma district on Saturday as just a desperate act of a fading insurgent group. For further reading, visit “The Hindu”.

This preview is provided here with permission.

Courtesy: The Hindu

Word List-1:

  1. gauntlet (noun) – a severe experience; open challenge.
  2. ambush (verb) – surprise attack, trap, pitfall (a hidden or unsuspected danger).
  3. writ (noun) – power, authority, influence.
  4. insurgent (adjective) – rebellious, rebel, revolutionary.
  5. wake-up call (noun) – something which alerts a person to a problem and makes him/her to do some remedial action.
  6. beef up (phrasal verb) – strengthen, improve, reinforce/consolidate.
  7. mortar (noun) – a short gun for shooting shells (bombs) at high angles.
  8. road-opening party (ROP) (noun) – security personnel deployed on a stretch of road to prevent an ambush by insurgent groups.
  9. make off with (phrase) – steal, run away with, carry/take something illegally.
  10. unprecedented (adjective) – not done or experienced before.
  11. hold (verb) – have, maintain, possess.
  12. formidable (adjective) – frightening, terrifying, threatening.
  13. sway (noun) – control, power, authority,
  14. convoy (noun) – a group of vehicles or ships that are traveling together usually for protection (Courtesy: VOA Learning English).
  15. red corridor (noun) – a region in the east of India that experiences considerable Naxalite–Maoist insurgency (Courtesy: Wikipedia).
  16. undermine (verb) – subvert, weaken/reduce, compromise.
  17. flag (verb) –  indicate, signal, point out.
  18. well-oiled (adjective) – (especially of an organization) operating smoothly.
  19. put forward (phrasal verb) – propose, introduce, present.
  20. might (noun) – strength, force, power.

16MAR17_WL1

Note:

  1. Click each one of the words above for their definition, more synonyms, pronunciation, example sentences, phrases, derivatives, origin and etc from http://www.oxforddictionaries.com/.
  2. Definitions (elementary level) & Synonyms provided for the words above are my personal work and not that of Oxford University Press. Tentative definitions/meanings are provided for study purpose only and they may vary in different context. Use it with the corresponding article published on the source (website) via the link provided. 
  3. This word list is for personal use only. Reproduction in any format and/or Commercial use of it is/are strictly prohibited.
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Phrasal verbs with more than one meaning – Cambridge Dictionary About words blog (Mar 15, 2017)

Phrasal verbs with more than one meaning – Cambridge Dictionary About words blog (Mar 15, 2017)

Phrasal verbs are often difficult to learn because they tend to be formed from fairly common verbs and particles. To make matters worse, many of them have more than one meaning, and some have many, many meanings – pick up has 24 senses in the Cambridge Phrasal Verbs Dictionary! For further reading, visit About words, a blog from Cambridge Dictionary.

This preview is provided here with permission.

Blog post written by: Liz Walter

Courtesy: Cambridge University Press

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On the rocks – The Hindu (March 15, 2017)

On the rocks – The Hindu (March 15, 2017)

The timing of the announcement by Nicola Sturgeon, Scotland’s first minister, to seek a second referendum on independence for Scotland may be no more than strategic. For further reading, visit “The Hindu”.

This preview is provided here with permission.

Courtesy: The Hindu

Word List-2:

  1. on the rocks (phrase) – in difficulty, in trouble, breaking down.
  2. referendum (noun) – public vote; a direct vote in which people cast ballots to decide on a specific issue or policy (Courtesy: VOA Learning English).
  3. overwhelmingly (adverb) – extremely, very intensely, to a great degree.
  4. recede (verb)- diminish, lessen, decrease.
  5. revive (verb) – re-introduce, re-establish, restore/relaunch.
  6. futile (adjective) – pointless, useless, ineffective.
  7. assuage (verb) – decrease, reduce, ease.
  8. red line (noun) – boundary, limit.
  9. counterpart (noun) – a person who serves the same job/function but in a different location; equivalent.
  10. bloc (noun) – alliance, association, coalition.
  11. coherent (adjective) – logical, reasonable, rational.
  12. slump (noun) – steep fall, collapse/decline, tumble/plummet.
  13. mounting (adjective) – increasing, growing, intensifying.
  14. fiscal deficit (noun) – the difference between total expenditure and total income of the government.
  15. champion (noun) – advocate, proponent, promoter/supporter.
  16. run up against (phrasal verb) – experience, encounter, face/meet (a difficulty/problem).
  17. cut much ice (phrase) – have much influence or effect.
  18. tear/rip apart (phrasal verb) – divide, split, disunite.
  19. sovereignty (noun) – autonomy, independence, self-government/rule.
  20. devolution (noun) – decentralization, delegation, distribution.
  21. short-sighted (adjective) – narrow-minded, unimaginative, lacking foresight.
  22. promise the moon (phrase) – excessive/elaborate/fancy promises which can not be realized.
  23. secessionist (noun) –  a person who supports the withdrawal of a group from a larger entity, especially a political entity.
  24. ratify (verb) – give consent (to agreement) or make agreement official; authorize, approve.
  25. undermine (verb) – subvert, weaken/reduce, compromise.

15MAR17_WL2Note:

  1. Click each one of the words above for their definition, more synonyms, pronunciation, example sentences, phrases, derivatives, origin and etc from http://www.oxforddictionaries.com/.
  2. Definitions (elementary level) & Synonyms provided for the words above are my personal work and not that of Oxford University Press. Tentative definitions/meanings are provided for study purpose only and they may vary in different context. Use it with the corresponding article published on the source (website) via the link provided. 
  3. This word list is for personal use only. Reproduction in any format and/or Commercial use of it is/are strictly prohibited.
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