Murky mining – The Hindu (Feb 10 2018)

Murky mining – The Hindu (Feb 10 2018)

The Supreme Court order to halt the murky course that mining has taken in Goa should help restore some balance to the exploitation of iron and manganese ore in the ecologically fragile State. For further reading, visit “The Hindu”.

This preview is provided here with permission.

Courtesy: The Hindu

Word List-1 (To Improve English Vocabulary)

  1. murky (adjective) – questionable, suspicious, dubious/mysterious.
  2. ore (noun) – a natural solid material from which a metal is extracted.
  3. fragile (adjective) – tenuous, insubstantial, unsound.
  4. rapacious (adjective) – greedy, materialistic, extortionate.
  5. lay down (phrasal verb) – formulate, stipulate; prescribe.
  6. disregard (noun) – ignore, take no notice of, overlook/dismiss.
  7. inexplicably (adverb) – in a way something can not be accountable /explainable/ understandable.
  8. cloud (noun) – an indistinct & large quantity of something.
  9. suspicion (noun) – doubt/qualm, question mark, misgiving.
  10. hastily (adverb) – quickly, hurriedly, swiftly/rapidly.
  11. unveil (verb) – present, disclose, make public.
  12. apparently (adverb) – seemingly, evidently, ostensibly.
  13. pre-empt (verb) – act in advance, take over (in advance), get in before.
  14. resumption (noun) – restarting, recommencement, reopening.
  15. sustainable (adjective) – valid, reliable, dependable.
  16. contaminated (adjective) – polluted, adulterated; spoiled.
  17. fouled (adjected) – unclean/dirty, contaminated, polluted.
  18. underscore (verb) – call attention to, emphasize, highlight.
  19. zero tolerance (noun) – a complete refusal to accept certain behavior (Courtesy: VOA Learning English).
  20. indefensible (adjective) – unjustified, baseless, illogical/irrational.
  21. abeyance (noun) – suspension, reserve, postponed; abeyance order (noun) – an order that is temporarily put on hold/suspension.
  22. charter (noun) – service, contract, engagement.
  23. opencast (adjective) – denoting a method of mining in which ore is extracted at earth’s surface by making cut/pit/hole at the surface of the ground (instead of tunneling into the earth).
  24. dust bowl (noun) – waste land.

Note:   

  1. Click each one of the words above for their definition, more synonyms, pronunciation, example sentences, phrases, derivatives, origin and etc from http://www.oxforddictionaries.com/.
  2. Definitions (elementary level) & Synonyms provided for the words above are my personal work and not that of Oxford University Press. Tentative definitions/meanings are provided for study purpose only and they may vary in different context. Use it with the corresponding article published on the source (website) via the link provided. 
  3. This word list is for personal use only. Reproduction in any format and/or Commercial use of it is/are strictly prohibited.
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The Experiment: Everybody’s talking about… #Gridgirls – BBC Learning English (Feb 09 2018)

The Experiment: Everybody’s talking about… #Gridgirls – BBC Learning English (Feb 09 2018)

Source: BBC-Learning English

Terms Of UseThis post is reproduced under licence from www.bbc.co.uk/.  You are not allowed to modify, edit, reproduce, republish the contents of this post for any personal/commercial use and any form of reproduction of the contents of this post is strictly prohibited. You can access to view & listen to the contents (of this post) provided you comply with the Terms of Use of BBC Online Services.
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English @ the Movies: ‘I Dig It’ – VOA Learning English (Feb 09, 2018)

This was originally published on "VOA Learning English" and reproduced here with permission.

Courtesy: Voice of America

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The Zuma hurdle – The Hindu (Feb 09 2018)

The Zuma hurdle – The Hindu (Feb 09 2018)

With Jacob Zuma appearing to be finally willing to resign as President of South Africa, a protracted power struggle could soon draw to a close. For further reading, visit “The Hindu”.

This preview is provided here with permission.

Courtesy: The Hindu

Word List-2 (To Improve English Vocabulary)

  1. protracted (adjective) – very long, prolonged, extended.
  2. revival (noun) – improvement, betterment; restoration.
  3. anti-apartheid (adjective) – opposed to a system of  discrimination  on the basis of race. Apartheid (noun) – racial segregation/discrimination system in (South Africa).
  4. litigation (noun) – legal action, legal process, suit.
  5. overhang (noun) – a part of something spreads out over something else.
  6. mar (verb) – spoil, ruin, impair/damage.
  7. tenure (noun) – incumbency, term of office, period/time in office.
  8. apparatchik (noun) – official; a member of a Communist Party apparat.
  9. nexus (noun) – link, relationship, connection.
  10. tarnish (verb) – spoil, ruin, damage.
  11. dampen (verb) – decrease, reduce, lower.
  12. optimism (noun) – hopefulness, confidence, positiveness.
  13. plunge (verb) – fall sharply, plummet/tumble, drop rapidly.
  14. stem (verb) – stop, restrict, control.
  15. rot (noun) – deterioration, decline.
  16. brazen (out) (adjective) – put on a bold front, stand one’s ground, be defiant.
  17. in the face of (phrase) – despite, notwithstanding, regardless of.
  18. rely on (phrasal verb) – depend on; resort to, bank on.
  19. manoeuvre (noun) – stratagem, tactic/trick, scheme.
  20. hold (someone) to account (phrase) – to require a person to explain or to accept responsibility for his or her actions; to blame or punish someone for what has occurred.
  21. succour (noun) – aid/help/support, assistance, relief.
  22. impeachment (noun) – the act of charging (a public official) with a crime done while in office (Courtesy: VOA Learning English).
  23. pursue (verb) – follow, conduct, take up.
  24. ease out (phrasal verb) – remove someone from the office gradually by unfair & indirect tactics.
  25. in the making (phrase) – developing, burgeoning, up and coming.
  26. populist (adjective) – relating to the politicians who claim that they are representing the common/ordinary people.
  27. successor (noun) – a person who succeeds another.
  28. pragmatist (noun) – realist, practical person.
  29. tycoon (noun) – magnate, baron, mogul.
  30. imperative (noun) – necessary condition, requirement, obligation/duty.

Note:   

  1. Click each one of the words above for their definition, more synonyms, pronunciation, example sentences, phrases, derivatives, origin and etc from http://www.oxforddictionaries.com/.
  2. Definitions (elementary level) & Synonyms provided for the words above are my personal work and not that of Oxford University Press. Tentative definitions/meanings are provided for study purpose only and they may vary in different context. Use it with the corresponding article published on the source (website) via the link provided. 
  3. This word list is for personal use only. Reproduction in any format and/or Commercial use of it is/are strictly prohibited.
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Cease fire – The Hindu (Feb 09 2018)

Cease fire – The Hindu (Feb 09 2018)

The 2003 ceasefire agreement between India and Pakistan is now alive only in the breach, with violations intensifying in number and much damage to life and livelihood along the border. For further reading, visit “The Hindu”.

This preview is provided here with permission.

Courtesy: The Hindu

Word List-1 (To Improve English Vocabulary)

  1. ceasefire (noun) – truce; a temporary stoppage of a war.
  2. breach (noun) – rift, division/difference, disunion.
  3. drift (noun) – the development towards an unwelcoming one; departure, divergence, deviation.
  4. arrest (verb) – stop/block, prevent, restrict.
  5. unfold (verb) – develop, evolve, happen/take place.
  6. unilateral (adjective) – relating to something done by a country without approval/agreement from other countries involved in the situation.
  7. high point (noun) – the most significant part of a period of time.
  8. premiership (noun) – governance, administration, the office/position of a prime minister.
  9. successor (noun) – a person who succeeds another.
  10. heed (verb) – pay attention to, take notice of, be mindful of.
  11. legacy (noun) – consequence, effect/outcome, repercussion.
  12.  spiral (noun) – the process of decline through continuous ups and downs of particular aspect.
  13. rhetoric (noun) – bombast/heroics, hyperbole/extravagant language.
  14. flee (verb) – run away, take flight, escape.
  15. statesmanship (noun) – the skilful management of a country’s external affairs.
  16. brinkmanship (noun) – the art/practice of following a dangerous system to the limit of safety, especially in politics, to get expected results.

Note:   

  1. Click each one of the words above for their definition, more synonyms, pronunciation, example sentences, phrases, derivatives, origin and etc from http://www.oxforddictionaries.com/.
  2. Definitions (elementary level) & Synonyms provided for the words above are my personal work and not that of Oxford University Press. Tentative definitions/meanings are provided for study purpose only and they may vary in different context. Use it with the corresponding article published on the source (website) via the link provided. 
  3. This word list is for personal use only. Reproduction in any format and/or Commercial use of it is/are strictly prohibited.
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