Hopes and fears – The Hindu (Sep 23, 2017)

Hopes and fears – The Hindu (Sep 23, 2017)

It is only with a great degree of caution and circumspection that the interim report of the Steering Committee of the Constitutional Assembly of Sri Lanka can be welcomed.  For further reading, visit “The Hindu”.

This preview is provided here with permission.

Courtesy: The Hindu

Word List-2 (To Improve English Vocabulary)

  1. set off (phrasal verb) – cause, lead to, begin/start/initiate.
  2. informed (adjective) – knowledgeable, well educated; sagacious/intelligent.
  3. envision (verb) – imagine, visualize, envisage.
  4. far-reaching (adjective) – extensive, wide-ranging, radical/comprehensive.
  5. optimism (noun) – hopefulness, confidence, positiveness.
  6. fractious (adjective) – unruly, uncontrollable, unmanageable.
  7. polity (noun) – a state as a political entity.
  8. durable (adjective) – long-lasting, strong, substantial.
  9. equitably (adverb) – fairly, impartially, unbiasedly.
  10. ethnic (adjective) – relating to a population subgroup (cultural, national, traditional/folk) with a common national or cultural tradition.
  11. prosperity (noun) – wealth, success, the good life/well being.
  12. derail (verb) – obstruct, impede, hinder.
  13. extremist (noun) – a person who is with extreme political or religious views and supports  violent actions. fanatic, radical, fundamentalist.
  14. sustained (adjective) – continuous, uninterrupted, non stop.
  15. devolution (noun) – decentralization, delegation, distribution.
  16. unitary (adjective) – relating to a system of government in which power is provided to the central government.
  17. federal (adjective) – relating to a system of government in which power is shared between a central government and individual states.
  18. executive presidency (noun) – In Executive presidency, the enormous & all executive powers shall be vested in the office of president.
  19. subsidiarity (noun) – a principle that holds social & political issues should be dealt with at the most immediate (or local) level, rather than by a central authority.
  20. tier (noun) – grade, level/step, echelon.
  21. vest in (verb) – (phrasal verb) – be provided the power/authority.
  22. first-past-the-post (phrase) – it is an electoral system in which a candidate with the most votes in each constituency wins and becomes the MP/MLA for that seat.
  23. ramifications (noun) – consequence, result, outcome.
  24. devolve (verb) – delegate, pass on, hand over/transfer (power to a lower level).
  25. long-drawn (adjective) – prolonged, protracted, lengthy.
  26. pre-eminent (adjective) – greatest, supreme, distinguished.
  27. founding document (noun) – it is simple referred as the constitution and it defines the terms in which the organisation/country was established and governed.
  28. bipartisan (adjective) – involving cooperation between two (opposite & big)  political parties.
  29. shackles (noun) – restrictions, trammels, restraints; (figuratively) something that prevents people from acting freely.
  30. divisive (adjective) – isolating/separating, dividing; disharmonious.
  31. notion (noun) – idea/thought, belief, concept.
  32. reconciliation (noun) – reunion, appeasement, settlement/compromise.

EDITORIAL WORDS TO IMPROVE ENGLISH VOCABULARY 23SEP17_2

EDITORIAL WORDS TO IMPROVE ENGLISH VOCABULARY 23SEP17_2BNote:  

  1. Click each one of the words above for their definition, more synonyms, pronunciation, example sentences, phrases, derivatives, origin and etc from http://www.oxforddictionaries.com/.
  2. Definitions (elementary level) & Synonyms provided for the words above are my personal work and not that of Oxford University Press. Tentative definitions/meanings are provided for study purpose only and they may vary in different context. Use it with the corresponding article published on the source (website) via the link provided. 
  3. This word list is for personal use only. Reproduction in any format and/or Commercial use of it is/are strictly prohibited.
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Tax trauma – The Hindu (Sep 23, 2017)

Tax trauma – The Hindu (Sep 23, 2017)

For a reform that was cracked up to be India’s biggest tax overhaul since Independence, the roll-out of the goods and services tax is off to a less-than-desirable start.  For further reading, visit “The Hindu”.

This preview is provided here with permission.

Courtesy: The Hindu

Word List-1 (To Improve English Vocabulary)

  1. trauma (verb) – a distressing or disturbing, torment experience.
  2. glitch (noun) – problem, difficulty, issue/complication.
  3. be cracked up to be (phrase) – be believed/said to be (used to hint that something has been explained too positively).
  4. overhaul (noun) – a thorough examination, revamp, recondition.
  5. roll-out (noun) – official launch / introduction.
  6. reiterate (verb) – repeat, say again, restate.
  7. chink (noun) –  weak point, opening, gap.
  8. impasse (noun) – stalemate, deadlock, stand-off.
  9. implication (noun) – consequence, result, ramification/repercussion.
  10. stumble (noun) – fall, collapse, foundering.
  11. reckoning (noun) – calculation, estimation; evaluation.
  12. cramp (verb) – hinder, impede, inhibit.
  13. ramp up (phrasal verb) – increase something.
  14. better off (phrase) – in a more desirable/advantageous situation.
  15. rebound (noun) – an increase in something (value, amount) after a decline.
  16. misplace (verb) – loss, miss, mislay.
  17. trigger (verb) – prompt, provoke, stir up.
  18. unease (noun) –  fright, fearfulness, anxiety/panic.
  19. tweak (noun) – adjustment, modification, alteration.

EDITORIAL WORDS TO IMPROVE ENGLISH VOCABULARY 23SEP17_1Note:  

  1. Click each one of the words above for their definition, more synonyms, pronunciation, example sentences, phrases, derivatives, origin and etc from http://www.oxforddictionaries.com/.
  2. Definitions (elementary level) & Synonyms provided for the words above are my personal work and not that of Oxford University Press. Tentative definitions/meanings are provided for study purpose only and they may vary in different context. Use it with the corresponding article published on the source (website) via the link provided. 
  3. This word list is for personal use only. Reproduction in any format and/or Commercial use of it is/are strictly prohibited.
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English @ the Movies: ‘Getting Ahead of Myself’ – VOA Learning English (Sep 22, 2017)

This was originally published on "VOA Learning English" and reproduced here with permission.

Courtesy: Voice of America

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Freedom from fear – The Hindu (Sep 22, 2017)

Freedom from fear – The Hindu (Sep 22, 2017)

The murder of Santanu Bhowmik, a television reporter, in Mandwai in Tripura on Wednesday has predictably drawn the Communist Party of India (Marxist) and the Bharatiya Janata Party into a blame gameFor further reading, visit “The Hindu”.

This preview is provided here with permission.

Courtesy: The Hindu

Word List-2 (To Improve English Vocabulary)

  1. underscore (verb) – call attention to, emphasize, highlight.
  2. perilous (adjective) – dangerous, risky,  life-threatening.
  3. escalate (verb) – accelerate, increase/intensify, make serious.
  4. incriminate (verb) – make someone appear guilty of a crime, implicate, inform against.
  5. polarize (verb) – to divide into two different contrasting  groups/beliefs, etc,.
  6. expeditiously (adverb) – quickly and efficiently.
  7. crossfire (noun) – gunfire from different directions crossing through the same area.
  8. intimidate (verb) – frighten, threaten, scare.
  9. inhibitory (adjective) – hindering, preventing, restraining.
  10. swift (noun) – fast/prompt, immediate, quick.
  11. rallying (noun) – improvement, betterment, amelioration.
  12. coercive (adjective) – authoritarian, imperious, high-handed.
  13. discourse (noun) – discussion/communication, debate/argument, interchange.
  14. internalise (verb) – accept/agree, personalise, embody.
  15. vigil (noun) – close watch, monitoring, surveillance.
  16. coercion (noun) – force, compulsion, demand/insistence.
  17. flag (verb) – become fatigued, grow tired, weaken/decrease.
  18. shrug aside/off (phrasal verb) – disregard, dismiss, ignore.
  19. incidental (adjective) – less important, secondary, subordinate.
  20. chill (noun) – a sudden & unpleasant feeling (of fear).
  21. abysmal (adjective) – very bad, dreadful, awful.
  22. close to the bone (phrase) – (of a remark) accurate to the truth which makes someone to feel uncomfortable.

EDITORIAL WORDS TO IMPROVE ENGLISH VOCABULARY 22SEP17_2Note:  

  1. Click each one of the words above for their definition, more synonyms, pronunciation, example sentences, phrases, derivatives, origin and etc from http://www.oxforddictionaries.com/.
  2. Definitions (elementary level) & Synonyms provided for the words above are my personal work and not that of Oxford University Press. Tentative definitions/meanings are provided for study purpose only and they may vary in different context. Use it with the corresponding article published on the source (website) via the link provided. 
  3. This word list is for personal use only. Reproduction in any format and/or Commercial use of it is/are strictly prohibited.
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Taper timetable – The Hindu (Sep 22, 2017)

Taper timetable – The Hindu (Sep 22, 2017)

Quantitative easing has concluded in the world’s largest economy — at least for now. For further reading, visit “The Hindu”.

This preview is provided here with permission.

Courtesy: The Hindu

Word List-1 (To Improve English Vocabulary)

  1. taper (adjective) – relating to a gradual reduction.
  2. quantitative easing (noun) – it is an unconventional form of monetary policy where a Central Bank creates new money electronically to buy financial assets, like government bonds. The new money swells the size of bank reserves in the economy by the quantity of assets purchased—hence “quantitative” easing.
  3. unprecedented (adjective) – not done or experienced before.
  4. liquidity infusion (noun) – cash infusion/injection/introduction.
  5. in the wake of (phrase) – aftermath, as a consequence of, as a result of.
  6. walk the talk  (phrase) – a person doing his actions in line with what he says. (not giving false promises).
  7. unwind (verb) – undo; ease up; to close a position with an offsetting trade.
  8. preclude (verb) – prevent, remove, obviate.
  9. taper tantrum (noun) – it is the term used to refer US Federal bank’s trimming of the amount of money it was feeding into the economy and which resulted sudden increase in its treasury.
  10. shrink (verb) – make smaller, diminish, lessen, reduce.
  11. holdings (noun) – stocks, property, and other financial assets.
  12. wind-down (noun) – an activity of bringing something gradually to an end.
  13. caveat (noun) – warning/caution of provision, condition, notice.
  14. outlook (noun) – prospects, expectation, future.
  15. deteriorate (verb) – worsen, get worse, decline.
  16. warrant (verb) – justify, vindicate, validate (a course of action).
  17. undergird (verb) – provide a support/basis.
  18. batter (verb) – damage, ruin, destroy.
  19. notwithstanding (adverb) – nevertheless, nonetheless, in spite of that.
  20. elude (verb) – evade, avoid/dodge, escape.
  21. trajectory (noun) – course, route, path.
  22. inflation (noun) – increase of price level of goods & services & vice versa decrease of currency value.
  23. reflate (verb) – increase government spending, reduces interest rates etc in order to increase demand and encourage economic activity.
  24. ward off (phrasal verb) – prevent, avert, oppose/resist.
  25. let-up (noun) – abatement, decline, decrease.
  26. cue (noun) –  hint, indication, sign/signal.
  27. bode (well) (verb) – augur, portend, predict (a good outcome/result).
  28. current account deficit (noun) – The amount by which money relating to trade, investment etc going out of a country is more than the amount coming in.

EDITORIAL WORDS TO IMPROVE ENGLISH VOCABULARY 22SEP17_1Note:  

  1. Click each one of the words above for their definition, more synonyms, pronunciation, example sentences, phrases, derivatives, origin and etc from http://www.oxforddictionaries.com/.
  2. Definitions (elementary level) & Synonyms provided for the words above are my personal work and not that of Oxford University Press. Tentative definitions/meanings are provided for study purpose only and they may vary in different context. Use it with the corresponding article published on the source (website) via the link provided. 
  3. This word list is for personal use only. Reproduction in any format and/or Commercial use of it is/are strictly prohibited.
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Are You Afraid of Adjectives and Prepositions? – VOA Learning English (Sep 21, 2017)

EG_22SEP17

The 2007 film No Country for Old Men tells the story of a lawman in West Texas. Actor Tommy Lee Jones played the part of the lawman. If you saw the movie, you might remember when he spoke these lines:

“The crime you see now, it’s hard to even take its measure. It’s not that I’m afraid of it. I always knew you had to be willing to die to even do this job.”

Our report today is not about crime.

Instead, it is about one grammatical structure you just heard: an adjective + preposition combination. Jones used it when he said, “afraid of.”

What exactly are these structures? We will tell you, but first we have to give some definitions.

Adjective + preposition in conversation

Adjectives are words that describe nouns.

You will hear English speakers use adjectives in front of nouns or after non-action verbs. Non-action verbs include words like “be,” “seem,” “become,” and so on.*

Here are two examples:

My neighbors have a big dog.
The dog is sick today.

EG1_22SEP17

In the first example, the adjective “big” comes before the noun “dog.” In the second example, the adjective “sick” comes after the verb “be” – a non-action verb.

Susan Conrad and Douglas Biber are language experts. They note that when English speakers use adjectives before a noun, they almost never use a preposition. However, when speakers use adjectives after a non-action verb, they often use a preposition.

Here are two examples:

We had a fine day!
That is fine with me.

In the first example, the adjective “fine” comes before the noun “day.” There is no preposition after “fine.”

In the second example, the adjective “fine” comes after the non-action verb “be.” The adjective “fine” is followed by a preposition: with.

“Fine with” is one example of an adjective and preposition combination. It means good, acceptable, or satisfactory.

In everyday situations, speakers use many adjective and preposition combinations. These adjective and preposition combinations have specific meanings.

There are many possible adjective and preposition combinations. We cannot give you all of them. However, we can tell you about three of the most common ones you will hear when Americans are talking.

These include adjective + of, adjective + for, and adjective + with

Adj. + of

The first common structure you will hear in everyday speech is adjective + of.

Speakers often use adjectives such as “afraid,” “tired,” or “sick” with the preposition “of.”

For example, Americans often use “tired of” and “sick of” to show restlessness or a lack of interest in something. Usually, they use this expression when they feel they have had, seen, or done too much of something.

Bad students, for example, might say the following words:

I’m tired of school.

Yeah! Me, too. And I’m sick of homework.

When the students say “tired of” or “sick of”, they do not mean that they are tired or sick. Instead, they mean that they have spent too much time in class.

We hope you do not feel that way about school!

Adj. + for

A second common structure you might hear in everyday speech is adjective + for.

Speakers often use the adjectives “good,” “great,” or “ready” with the preposition “for.”

Doctors, for example, might say, “Vegetables are good for your health.” Some people might even say, “Vegetables are great for your health.”

In both cases, the adjective + for structure means not causing harm or causing something desired. The main difference is that “great” has a stronger meaning than “good.”

Adj. + with

A final common structure is the adjective + with combination.

Examples include the expressions “fine with,” “happy with,” and “wrong with.”

You heard one of these earlier:

That is fine with me.

This is a casual way of showing approval. How could you use it in an everyday situation?

Here is an example. At a café, you might hear the following words:

Waitress: I’m sorry sir, but we do not have cream. Would you like milk instead?

Customer: Sure, that is fine with me!

In the example, the waitress gives bad news: the café does not have cream. Her customer gives an agreeable response by saying “that is fine with me.” Speakers use those words in many situations – at stores, restaurants, hotels and so on.

What can you do?

The next time you are watching a movie or reading a book in English, try to look for examples of adjective + a preposition. Do the speakers use similar or different adjective and preposition combinations?

Learning adjective + preposition combinations can be difficult. But if you put in hard work, you will be happy with the results.

I’m John Russell.

And I’m Jill Robbins.

John Russell wrote this story of VOA Learning English. George Grow was the editor.

* These are also called linking verbs. The adjective acts as the subject complement – it is describing the subject.

______________________________________________________________

Words in the Story

preposition – n. grammar : a word or group of words that is used with a noun, pronoun, or noun phrase to show direction, location, or time, or to introduce an object

cream – n. the thick part of milk that rises to the top; the part of milk that contains fat

response – n. a reaction or answer

casual – adj. not planned; done without much thought or effort

specific – adj. special; exactly presented or stated

grammatical – adj. of or related to the rules of language

This article was originally published on the www.learningenglish.voanews.com  and reproduced here with permission.

Courtesy: Voice of America

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A time of strategic partnerships – The Hindu (Sep 21, 2017)

A time of strategic partnerships – The Hindu (Sep 21, 2017)

India pulled out all the stops last week to welcome Japanese Prime Minister Shinzō Abe on the occasion of his fourth annual summit with Prime Minister Narendra Modi. For further reading, visit “The Hindu”.

This preview is provided here with permission.

Courtesy: The Hindu

Word List-3 (To Improve English Vocabulary)

  1. Strategic partnership (noun) – it is a long-term interaction between two countries based on political, economic, social and historical factors (Courtesy: IDSA (Institute for Defence Studies and Analyses)).
  2. pull out all the stops (phrase) – make a very great effort, try hard, strive (to achieve something).
  3. passe (adjective) – out of date, outdated, obsolete.
  4. gingerly (adverb) – cautiously, carefully, delicately.
  5. accord (verb) – give, grant, tender.
  6. synergy (noun) – collaboration, coordination, unity.
  7. traverse (verb) – travel/go across, cross, pass over.
  8. amphibious aircraft (noun) – it is an aircraft that can take off and land on both land and water
  9. sentinel (noun) – sentry, security guard.
  10. implicitly (adverb) – completely, absolutely, totally.
  11. status quo (noun) – the present situation, the current state, the existing state of affairs
  12. arbitral tribunal (noun) – it is a panel of one or more adjudicators which is convened and sits to resolve a dispute by way of arbitration. (arbitration (noun) – adjudication, mediation, conciliation/peacemaking).
  13. dispensation (noun) – system, order, scheme/plan.
  14. explicit (adjective) – clear/direct, obvious, straightforward.
  15. adversary (noun) – opponent, rival, nemesis/competitor.
  16. entrapment (noun) – the condition of being caught in a trap.
  17. stand up to (phrasal verb) – defy/confront, challenge, oppose; withstand, survive, come through
  18. persuasive (adjective) – convincing, effective, impressive, valid.
  19. intimidation (noun) – frightening, threatening, oppression.
  20. detente (noun) – restoration of harmony, agreement, compromise/understanding.
  21. dovetail (verb) – joint, join, fit/link (together).
  22. sinews (noun) – The parts of an organization that give it strength.
  23. give someone pause (phrase) – make serious; to make someone to think carefully before doing something.

EDITORIAL WORDS TO IMPROVE ENGLISH VOCABULARY 21SEP17_3Note:  

  1. Click each one of the words above for their definition, more synonyms, pronunciation, example sentences, phrases, derivatives, origin and etc from http://www.oxforddictionaries.com/.
  2. Definitions (elementary level) & Synonyms provided for the words above are my personal work and not that of Oxford University Press. Tentative definitions/meanings are provided for study purpose only and they may vary in different context. Use it with the corresponding article published on the source (website) via the link provided. 
  3. This word list is for personal use only. Reproduction in any format and/or Commercial use of it is/are strictly prohibited.
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Nuclear deal in danger – The Hindu (Sep 21, 2017)

Nuclear deal in danger – The Hindu (Sep 21, 2017)

U.S. President Donald Trump’s opposition to the Iran nuclear deal is not new. But by choosing his first address at the UN General Assembly, in which he listed his administration’s foreign policy priorities,….. For further reading, visit “The Hindu”.

This preview is provided here with permission.

Courtesy: The Hindu

Word List-2 (To Improve English Vocabulary)

  1. tirade (noun) – a long angry speech to criticize something/someone; diatribe, verbal onslaught.
  2. undermine (verb) – weaken, compromise, diminish/reduce.
  3. non-proliferation (noun) – the action of stopping something (particularly of nuclear weapons by the countries).
  4. accord (noun) – pact, treaty, agreement.
  5. call someone out (phrasal verb) – draw critical attention to someone’s unacceptable actions.
  6. medieval (adjective) – prehistoric, primitive, ancient.
  7. pragmatism (noun) – realism, practicability, logical thinking.
  8. aberration (noun) – anomaly, deviation/departure/divergence, mistake.
  9. hostility (noun) – aversion,  unfriendliness/opposition, antipathy.
  10. theocratic (adjective) – relating to the rule by religious leaders in the name of God guiding them.
  11. unravel (verb) – fall apart, come apart, collapse/go wrong.
  12. forge (verb) – build, create, establish.
  13. signatory (noun) –  the one (person/party/organisation/country) which signed an official document/agreement.
  14. precedent (noun) – model, example, previous case.
  15. shortcomings (noun) – fault, flaw, imperfection/defect.
  16. pursue (verb) – undertake, prosecute, follow.
  17. sanctions (noun) – action taken, or an order given to force a country to obey international laws by limiting or stopping trade with that country, by not allowing economic aid for that country, etc (Courtesy: VOA Learning English).
  18. hardline (adjective) – uncompromising, strict/tough, inflexible.

EDITORIAL WORDS TO IMPROVE ENGLISH VOCABULARY 21SEP17_2Note:  

  1. Click each one of the words above for their definition, more synonyms, pronunciation, example sentences, phrases, derivatives, origin and etc from http://www.oxforddictionaries.com/.
  2. Definitions (elementary level) & Synonyms provided for the words above are my personal work and not that of Oxford University Press. Tentative definitions/meanings are provided for study purpose only and they may vary in different context. Use it with the corresponding article published on the source (website) via the link provided. 
  3. This word list is for personal use only. Reproduction in any format and/or Commercial use of it is/are strictly prohibited.
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A big broom – The Hindu (Sep 21, 2017)

A big broom – The Hindu (Sep 21, 2017)

The decision by the Ministry of Corporate Affairs to crack down on so-called ‘shell companies’, disqualify select directors in these entities and debar them from taking board positions for a specified period of time cannot be faulted. For further reading, visit “The Hindu”.

This preview is provided here with permission.

Courtesy: The Hindu

Word List-1 (To Improve English Vocabulary)

  1. crack down on (phrasal verb) – get tough on, take severe measures against, clampdown on.
  2. shell company (noun) -a non-trading company used as a vehicle for various financial manoeuvres.
  3. name and shame (phrase) – to publicly say that somebody has done something wrong.
  4. augean (adjective) – relating to a task which is difficult to solve/complete and it needs so much effort.
  5. stable (noun) – an organization which trains a particular type of person/ produces a particular type of product.
  6. bona fide (adjective) – authentic, genuine, real, true, actual.
  7. fraught with (adjective) – full of, filled with, charged with/loaded with.
  8. the devil is in the detail (phrase) – the details of something are always difficult & problematic part of it.
  9. underlying (adjective) – fundamental, basic, essential.
  10. laudable (adjective) – praiseworthy, commendable, admirable.
  11. inadvertently (adverb) – accidentallyunintentionally; mistakenly.
  12. taint (verb) – harm, hurt, debase/infect.
  13. curb (verb) – limit, restrict, control.
  14. hastily (adverb) – quickly, hurriedly, swiftly/rapidly.
  15. sheer (adjective) – total, complete, thorough.
  16. imperative (adjective) – vitally important, crucial, necessary.
  17. diligence (noun) – carefulness, thoroughness, sedulousness.
  18. mala fide (adjective) – illegal, dishonest (to gain advantage).
  19. onus (noun) – responsibility, duty, burden.
  20. subvert (verb) – undermine, destabilize, weaken.
  21. shortcomings (noun) – fault, flaw, imperfection/defect.
  22. malfeasance (noun) – wrongdoing, deceit, falsehood.
  23. chagrin (noun) – annoyance, irritation/vexation, displeasure.
  24. dissolve (verb) – dismiss, terminate, suspend.
  25. wind up (phrasal verb) – bring to a end, close down, terminate/finish.
  26. extralegal (adjective) –  something not governed/regulated/ by laws.
  27. rigging (noun) – an act of manipulating/intriguing/conduct fraudulently, particularly elections.
  28. insider trading (noun) – it is defined as any confidential price-sensitive knowledge and data that can provide an unfair advantage when buying and selling shares of a publicly traded company.
  29. illiquidity (noun) – (of market) low volume of activity because of less participants.
  30. oversight (noun) – carelessness, inattention, laxity.
  31. money launderer (noun) – a person who secretly moving illegally acquired funds into legal bank accounts or investments.
  32. malady (noun) – serious problem.
  33. insolvency (noun) – failure/collapse;  financial ruin, bankruptcy, indebtedness.
  34. bankruptcy (noun) – insolvency, liquidation, failure/financial ruin.
  35. usher in (phrasal verb) – start/begin, initiate; herald/signal.
  36. stakeholder (noun) – a person with an interest in something.
  37. stringent (adjective) – strict, firm, tough/rigorous.

EDITORIAL WORDS TO IMPROVE ENGLISH VOCABULARY 21SEP17_1

EDITORIAL WORDS TO IMPROVE ENGLISH VOCABULARY 21SEP17_1BNote:  

  1. Click each one of the words above for their definition, more synonyms, pronunciation, example sentences, phrases, derivatives, origin and etc from http://www.oxforddictionaries.com/.
  2. Definitions (elementary level) & Synonyms provided for the words above are my personal work and not that of Oxford University Press. Tentative definitions/meanings are provided for study purpose only and they may vary in different context. Use it with the corresponding article published on the source (website) via the link provided. 
  3. This word list is for personal use only. Reproduction in any format and/or Commercial use of it is/are strictly prohibited.
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India needs to push for a new deal – The Hindu (Sep 20, 2017)

India needs to push for a new deal – The Hindu (Sep 20, 2017)

Global trade and intellectual property are at a crossroads. In a time when multilateral consensus is languishing on a large number of issues, the….  For further reading, visit “The Hindu”.

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Courtesy: The Hindu

Word List-3 (To Improve English Vocabulary)

  1. intellectual property (noun) – Intellectual property (IP) refers to creations of the mind, such as inventions; literary and artistic works; designs; and symbols, names and images used in commerce (Courtesy: WIPO).
  2. at a crossroads (phrase) – at a situation when an important decision ought to be made.
  3. languish (verb) – fail to make progress; fail to be successful/productive.
  4. to the fore (phrase) – to leading/top/greatest position.
  5. trojan horse (noun) – something aimed to secretly overthrow an opponent. sham, misrepresentation.
  6. qualm (noun) – misgiving, doubt/concern, reservation.
  7. supplant (verb) – remove/oust. displace, supersede.
  8. crux (noun) – essence, most important point, central point.
  9. lax patent (noun) – loose patent rules which are not in line with international standards.
  10. rig (verb) – manipulate, arrange fraudulently, misrepresent.
  11. entrenched (adjective) – fixed, inflexible, instilled (habit, belief & attitude).
  12. stratify (verb) – categorize, organize, sort.
  13. amass (verb) – gather, collect, congregate/assemble.
  14. spurious (adjective) – bogus, fake, not genuine.
  15. patriciate (verb) – a noble order or class.
  16. unfettered (adjective) – unconfined, unrestricted, free.
  17. undue (adjective) – excessive, extreme, immoderate.
  18. status quo (noun) – the present situation, the current state, the existing state of affairs.
  19. steeply (adjective) – sharply, suddenly, largely.
  20. beating (noun) – defeat, loss (in a competitive situation).
  21. volatile (adjective) – unpredictable, fluctuating, changeable.
  22. coercive (adjective) – authoritarian, imperious, high-handed.
  23. run-up to (noun) – a period/time before an important event.
  24. soft-pedal (verb) – underemphasize, downplay, understate.
  25. pretence (noun) – fiction, falsification, deception.
  26. vein (noun) – temperament, disposition/attitude, inclination.
  27. pragmatism (noun) – realism, practicability, logical thinking; a pragmatic (practical/logical/realistic) way.
  28. fallacy (noun) – misconception, misbelief, false notion.

EDITORIAL WORDS TO IMPROVE ENGLISH VOCABULARY 20SEP17_3Note:  

  1. Click each one of the words above for their definition, more synonyms, pronunciation, example sentences, phrases, derivatives, origin and etc from http://www.oxforddictionaries.com/.
  2. Definitions (elementary level) & Synonyms provided for the words above are my personal work and not that of Oxford University Press. Tentative definitions/meanings are provided for study purpose only and they may vary in different context. Use it with the corresponding article published on the source (website) via the link provided. 
  3. This word list is for personal use only. Reproduction in any format and/or Commercial use of it is/are strictly prohibited.
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